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Buddha Purnima

    Hindu Of Universe

Gods light is within you, It never leaves you.”

“Just as a candle cannot burn without fire, men cannot live without a spiritual life.”

Buddha

Buddha Purnima, also known as Buddha Jayanthi or Vesak (Vaisakha in Sanskrit) is an auspicious festival celebrating the birth, enlightenment (Nirvana), and death (Pari nirvana) of Lord Gautama Buddha. According to the oldest Buddhist texts, Buddha Purnima is the most auspicious day for Buddhists living all over the world.

As per the teachings of Hindu mythology, Lord Buddha is considered as the ninth avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu.

Buddha Purnima or Vesak is traditionally observed on the full moon day of the lunar month Vaisakha (April – May) in the Hindu calendar, and hence the name Vesak.

Lord Buddha was a great spiritual teacher, Guru, and philosopher.

Lord Buddha, “the enlightened one” had transcended Karma and escaped the cycle of birth.

Gautam Buddha was born on a full moon night in 563 BC and on this very day, He attained enlightenment, and later at the age of eighty he passed away (attained Moksha).

He was a divine-human being whose affection and compassion for living beings became a miracle on earth and His acts were equivalent to God.

Buddha Purnima Rituals: Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti (Vesak) is an auspicious festival that reminds us to follow a simple and honest path laid by Gautam Buddha.

Following are some simple steps to celebrate Buddha Purnima:

• Take a holy bath in the morning and wear only white or orange-colored clothes to maintain purity.

• Decorate the Bodhi (peepal) tree with flags and flowers.

• Place a small statue of Lord Buddha in a water-filled basin over which devotees can pour water.

• Lit lamps and incense sticks around the Bodhi tree and pour water at the roots of the holy tree.

• Sit in front of the holy tree and practice meditation.

• Recite prayers and the holy sermons of Gautam Buddha’s life.

Offer clothes and kheer (sweet rice porridge) to the poor and needy.

• Worship Lord Buddha’s statue and work out your own salvation.

• Buddha Purnima is a festival that reminds honesty, humanity, and freedom. So, on this day give freedom to birds and animals in the cages.

On this auspicious day of Buddha Purnima, one should take a vow to follow ‘Panchsheel’, the five principles of Buddha’s teaching – Not to take Life

• Not to Steal

• Not to Lie

Not to consume Alcohol

Not to commit Adultery

Powerful Mantra to chant on this day: This powerful mantra is helpful to overcome physical, emotional, mental blocks.

The only thing required is not to cling to any outcome. “Om Mani Padme Hum”

‘Om’ – represents the Supreme element.

‘Ma’ – represents Ethics which controls jealousness.

‘Ni’ – signifies Patience that controls passion and desire.

‘Pad’ – represents Diligence that purifies ignorance.

‘Me’ – represents Renunciation that purifies your greed. ‘Hum’ – signifies Wisdom which controls all the above.

Significance of Buddha Purnima: Buddha Purnima or Vesak holds immense religious significance for the followers of Buddhism sects.

East Asian countries like China, Korea, Japan, Thailand, Sri Lanka where Buddhism reached its peak celebrate Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti with a grand ceremony.

On this holy day, a large number of devotees visit Buddhist temples with flowers, candles, and joss-sticks, and lays them at the feet of the teacher which is a symbolic remembrance of the non-sustainability of life.

The followers of Lord Buddha celebrate this festival not only to pay homage to Him but also to recall and implement His divine teachings in their day-to-day life.

According to His teachings, desires, or attachment to the materialistic world is the basic cause of all sufferings.

He gave us the eightfold path which explains that Right belief, Right intention, Right living, Right conduct, Right word, Right thinking, Right efforts, and Right meditation are the keys to keeping away the sufferings as well as to live a happy life.

Legend of Buddha: A divine boy named Siddhartha was born in a Hindu Kshatriya family belonging to the Ikshvaku dynasty, in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal to the king of Kapilavasthu Shuddhodana.

According to ancient Buddhist textbooks, shortly after his birth, a great astrologer named Asita prophesied to King Shuddhodana that his son would either become a popular king or renounce the materialist world to become a sage or holy man.

The astrologer also explained that the future of a prince depends on what life he would see outside the big walls of this palace.

King Suddhodana was quite worried, he only wanted his son to succeed on his throne and thus, kept Siddhartha unaware of the tragic life outside the palace.

Prince Siddhartha was brought up in such a way that he was completely unaware of the pain and difficulties of the common man until he became inquisitive to visit other places outside the palace.

One day prince Siddhartha insisted his chariot driver to take him to the streets, where he can meet people of his kingdom.

During his visit to the streets, He had encountered a series of four sights that moved his heart.

Different Buddhist literatures clearly describes that prince Siddhartha had come across a crippled man, a dead body, a sick person, and finally an ascetic holy man who has triumphed over worldly temptations and attained the highest bliss of life.

 Like the youth of today, he was confused about what he had seen outside His palace.

He wanted clarity and an understanding of the truth of a happy life. Finally, he decided to give up all worldly pleasures and came out of His Kingdom in search of the truth.

One midnight, at the age of 29, he bade goodnight to his wife, son, and father and became a wandering monk.

He went out on a spiritual quest and undergone several austerities during the first seven years of his quest.

He abandoned the pleasures and wandered many places in Nepal and India in search of the real meaning of a happy life.

At last, he got enlightened under a banyan/ Peepal tree at Bodh Gaya (in present-day Bihar, India), where he had meditated for years.

The divine light of enlightenment dawned on Buddha on the Vaisakha Purnima (full moon day in the month of Vaisakha), under that Peepal tree.

Thereafter, he guided people to understand and address the problems of their life with a positive state of mind.

Day-by-day thousands of devotees enjoyed His divine teachings and with deep respect, they started calling Him as Gautama Buddha.

It is believed that Lord Buddha left the mortal world, attained Nirvana on the same date of Vaishakha Purnima.

 He gave rise to a new religious and philosophical movement that was widely accepted by countries of southern and eastern Asia.

In India, Bodh Gaya is a famous place of pilgrimage and Lord Buddha is revered as an avatar of Lord Vishnu.

Summary: Buddha Purnima is the biggest festival for the Buddhist community living all over the globe and they celebrate every moment of it with sincerity and honesty.

It is believed that knowing Gautam Buddha, learning about his life and teachings, brings awareness about the true nature of human life.

Lord Buddha is the spiritual teacher and an ideal guide to achieving mental peace and bliss.

He taught the world that desire and attachments are the main sources for all types of sufferings.

On this auspicious Buddha Day, one should follow the “Eightfold path” to receive His blessings and to have peace of mind.

Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima is a Hindu festival that takes place on the full moon night of the month of Vaisakh to honour Siddhartha Gautam’s birth.

It will be celebrated on May 5 this year.

One of the most significant festivals on the Buddhist calendar is Buddha Purnima, also known as Vesak or Buddha Jayanti.

In most countries in Southeast Asia, it celebrates the Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, and death and is observed on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month (April/May).

Millions of Buddhists around the world celebrate the festival, which is a time for prayer, meditation, and spiritual rebirth.

Buddha Purnima : History

The introduction of the Buddha is accepted to have occurred in Lumbini, Nepal, a while back 2,500 years ago.

Legend has it that after being born Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha took seven steps, each one accompanied by a lotus flower blooming beneath his feet.

On Buddha Purnima, this event is celebrated as the Buddha’s birth.

The Buddha’s enlightenment, or nirvana, is regarded as his most significant event.

As per the Buddhist scriptures, he meditated under a Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, and experienced enlightenment.

Buddhists all over the world commemorate this event by meditating, praying, and showing compassion and kindness to others.

It is believed that Kushinagar was where the Buddha died, also known as Parinirvana.

His final escape from the cycle of birth and death is thought to have come with his passing.

Buddhists observe Buddha Purnima as a day of recitation of the sutras, flower and incense offerings, and temple visits.

Buddha Purnima : Importance and celebration

Buddhists observe Buddha Purnima as a time to reflect on the Buddha’s teachings, reaffirm their commitment to the path of enlightenment, and make an effort to follow in his footsteps in their own lives.

Buddha Purnima is a time for cultural celebrations as well as spiritual practices.

Buddhists celebrate the occasion with parades and festivals in many nations, including India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.

They make traditional dishes like sweet rice porridge and decorate homes and temples with colourful lanterns and flowers.

In nations like Vietnam and the Philippines, the awakening and demise of the Buddha are seen as individual holidays.

Buddha Purnima : Quotes of Buddha

    • “Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth.”

    • “The mind is everything. What you think you become.”

    • “Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without.”

    • “All that we are is the result of what we have thought.”

    • “Better than a thousand hollow words is one word that brings peace.”

Buddha Purnima : This year, Buddha Purnima will be celebrated on May 5, .

Every year, it is observed on the full moon day of the Baisakh month (April or May). Take a look at puja time, significance, some motivational quotes by Buddha, and wishes.

Buddha Purnima : Buddha Purnima is also known as Buddha Jayanti, Vesak, Vaishaka, and Buddha’s Birthday.

It is observed on the full moon day of the Baisakh month annually, that is April or May. This year, it will be celebrated on May 5, .

It is believed that on Buddha Purnima, Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.

The day is not far away, so take a look at the puja timings, its significance, some inspirational quotes by Lord Buddha, and wishes to share on the day.

Buddha Purnima is a significant day as on this day Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.

The day is commemorated by Buddhists and Hindus across the world and is a major festival in countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Thailand, Tibet, China, Vietnam, Mongolia, Cambodia, Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, etc. 

and every country celebrates the festival in their own way.

Buddha Purnima :  Tithi and Puja Time

As per sources, the tithi of Purnima is expected to begin on May 4,  – 11:44 PM, and will end at 11:03 PM on May 5, .

The birth name of Gautama Buddha was Siddhartha Gautama.

He was born c. 6th–4th century BCE, Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, Shakya republic, Kosala kingdom (now in Nepal).

Buddha’s birth anniversary is observed as Buddha Purnima.

It is believed that on this day, he attained enlightenment. He died at Kusinara, Malla Republic, Magadha kingdom (now Kasia, India). 

Buddha Purnima : Story

Prince Siddhartha was the name given to Lord Buddha at birth.

His mother Maya was a Koliyan princess, while his father Suddhodana was the leader of the Shakya tribe.

He once discovered a dead body, a sick man, and an elderly man.

He desired to look into the causes of the sorrow.

At the age of 29, he left his home in search of the causes of all his sorrow.

He then looked into other teachings, entered a deep meditation, and when he awoke at the age of 35 with all the solutions, he was popular as Mahatma Buddha.

He gave all the people sermons on how to live a spiritually-based life. He exhorted them to follow a spiritual path.

 

Buddha Purnima : Significance

Lord Buddha preached Dharma (duty), non-violence, harmony, and kindness. At the age of 30, he left his worldly possessions and princedom to lead a life in search of truth and also to seek penance in the hopes of liberating himself from suffering.

It is believed that on this day, on the full moon day of May, three major events occur in the life of Lord Buddha. Firstly, Lord Buddha was born as Siddhartha Gautama in Lumbini.

Secondly, after some years of hardships, he attained enlightenment under the shade of the Bodhi tree.

Thirdly, after teaching several years of truth, he passed away when he was eighty years old at Kusinara. 

Buddha Purnima : Celebration

On this day, people across the world offer prayers to Lord Buddha and seek knowledge and wisdom.

Some people may visit Buddhist temples and make donations to the needy. Some devotees meditate, observe fasts, read the holy scriptures of the Buddhist religion, etc.

Also, people celebrate Buddha Purnima by sharing wishes and quotes of Lord Buddha with their near and dear ones.

Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima commemorates the birth, attainment of enlightenment and passing away of Lord Buddha.

Also called Buddha Jayanti and Vesak, the festival is observed on the full moon day of the lunar month, which corresponds with the months of April-May. 

On this day, devotees from around the country wear white clothes, exchange greetings and preach his teachings (dharma).

One of the most vibrant celebrations can be witnessed in Bihar’s Bodhgaya, where Lord Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment under a banyan tree.

The popular Mahabodhi Temple, which shelters a tree that has grown from the original banyan tree, is lit up with bright lights, decorated with flowers and welcomes devotees, pilgrims and visitors from around the world.

Sarnath (near Varanasi) in Uttar Pradesh also lights up for this festival as this is where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon to his disciples.

To mark the day, a large fair is held here and relics of the lord are taken out on caparisoned elephants for display. 

About Buddha Purnima

Lord Buddha was born as Siddharth Gautam, as the prince of Lumbini in around 500 BC.

However, he soon realized the real pains and sufferings of life and attained enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya.

He travelled across the country to preach Dharma to others.

Sarnath was the first place where he preached his teachings. Later he became the founder of Buddhism.

He attained Nirvana in the kingdom of Kushinagar and his followers have been preaching and following his teachings ever since.

Buddha Purnima became an officially recognized festival in the middle of the 20th century, but it had been celebrated for hundreds of years after Lord Buddha Died.

In 1950 the Buddhists met in Sri Lanka to decide on how to spread awareness about the religion.

They came up with the decision that the full moon of Vaishakh would be celebrated as Buddha Purnima to honour his life, and death.

How Do We Celebrate Buddha Purnima in India?

These are the rituals during Buddha Purnima:

  1. Ceremonies Before the Sunrise – During the dawn the Buddhists gather at a place of worship to celebrate Buddha Purnima.

They observe the festival with prayers and dance dedicated to Lord Gautam.

In some areas, devotees perform physical exercises and even martial arts.

Some places witness the march of the devotees.

It is to show that you are grateful to life and your health.

Some people sing hymns in praise to the lord.

  • Buddhist Flag is Hoisted – At the rise of the sun on the day of Buddha Purnima, the temples and other religious sites hoist the Buddhist flag.

The modern flag of Buddhists has its origin in Sri Lanka, and it is of colours blue, red, orange, white, and yellow.

All these colours have different meanings behind them.

Blue is the representation of compassion.

Red symbolizes the blessings. Orange represents wisdom. White symbolizes the purity of Dharma.

And Yellow is for the Middle path, i.e. to abstain from the extremes.

  • Donations – Buddhism is the religion that preaches humanity and teaches compassion, humility, and respect for all living beings.
  • Donation is one way to show compassion. On Buddha Purnima, several temples host donations, and participants donate money or food to the monks.
  • Caged Birds are Freed – Similarly, to show compassion, some people grant the most precious thing to the caged birds and animals, i.e. freedom on the occasion of Buddha Purnima.

What to Do During Buddha Purnima in India?

Buddha Purnima falls in May and is a holiday across the country.

You can pay a visit to the shrines and attend the ceremonies to learn about Buddhist culture.

The practices and rituals are all related to soul cleaning and can help you experience peace.

On the day of Buddha Purnima, government offices are closed, and stores and businesses may be closed too.

All the businesses managed by Buddhists are closed.

Also, You can visit the Buddhist temple and donate money or food for the monks to pay a tribute to Gautam Buddha on the occasion.

Buddha Purnima

All You Need to Know about Buddha Purnima

Indians celebrate a lot of different festivals in a year, and Buddha Purnima is one of the greatest and most significant ones among them.

Buddha Purnima is an Asian festival celebrated according to the traditional Hindu calendar and Buddhist calendars.

It holds immense religious significance for the followers of Buddhism as it commemorates the birth anniversary of Lord Buddha.

This year, it falls on Friday, 5 May .

People nowadays celebrate every festival with enthusiasm but don’t know the importance of those festivals.

So, this Buddha Purnima, not only celebrate it with your family and friends but also read this article to know the importance of Buddha Purnima.

What is Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima celebrates the birth of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha.

It is celebrated on the Full Moon Day of Vaisakh.

For Buddhists, Buddha Purnima is the most significant day, because on this day three important events of the Buddha’s life took place: His birth, His attaining enlightenment, and His death, Paranirvana. On this day, people celebrate the Thrice Blessed Festival.

Birth of Gautama Buddha

Today, we are going to learn about the birth of Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhartha Gautama Buddha

Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini, which is now part of Nepal.

It’s been more than 2,500 years since he was born and this year 5th of May  will be his 2585th Birth Anniversary.

His father was King Suddhodana, the head of the Shakya clan in the developing state of Kosala and his mother was Queen Maya Devi who died seven days after giving birth to Gautama Buddha.

Gautama Buddha was raised in a prosperous family, but the suffering he witnessed in the world deeply troubled him.

He, therefore, gave up his life at the age of 29, he left his palace and began a spiritual quest, seeking enlightenment and finding a way to end human suffering.

He spent many years studying and meditating, until one day he had a special experience that helped him understand how to overcome suffering.

He spent the rest of his life teaching others about compassion, mindfulness, and non-attachment to worldly desires, which became the foundation of Buddhism, a new religion.

Importance of Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti, also known as Vesak or Vaisakhi Buddha Purnima, is an auspicious day that marks three significant events in the life of Gautam Buddha – his birth anniversary, enlightenment, and death. 

According to the traditional Hindu calendar, Buddha Purnima is observed on the Purnima (full moon day) in the month of Vaisakh. However, as per the Buddhist calendar, there are two full moon days in the month of May

As per the Gregorian calendar, the day falls on May 5,  this year. But why is Buddha Purnima celebrated on this particular day? 

It is because it is said that Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born on the Purnima Tithi (full moon day) in 563 BC in Lumbini Grove (modern-day Nepal).

After six years of renouncing his position as a Prince and facing hardships, he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree at Bodh Gaya to become Gautama Buddha, which was also the full moon day of May.

The seeker, after 45 years of preaching his Truth, passed away at the age of eighty at Kusinara – on the full moon day of May.

How is Buddha Purnima Celebrated? 

Buddha Purnima  is commemorated by Buddhists and Hindus all over the world, particularly in the Asian countries of India, Nepal, Tibet, China, Bhutan, Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Korea, Singapore, Indonesia Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia; however, each country has its own way of celebrating Buddha Purnima.

On Buddha Purnima, Buddhists and followers of Buddhism across the world devote themselves to praying, fasting, meditating, and recalling the teachings of Lord Buddha.

In the wake of Buddha Purnima, the Buddhist monasteries, houses, and temples are all flamboyantly decorated with garlands and colourful flags.

The popular ceremony includes worshipping the statue of Baby Buddha as it marks a new beginning.

In India, people traditionally take dips in the holy river Ganga to wash away their sins.

They also visit the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya to pray.

In China, people observe the festival by visiting pagodas and lighting incense, candles, and lanterns, while the Japanese celebrate the day with flowers and organise ‘Hanamatsuri’ (Flower Festival) where Buddha statues are decorated with flowers and bathed with a special flower juice.

Buddhists in South Korea give out free food and light up lotus lanterns to mark the auspicious day.

Here are Some Important ‘Buddha Purnima Quotes’

Buddha’s quotes offer profound wisdom for a mindful and fulfilling life. They stress the power of the mind, the value of compassion and love, and the inevitability of suffering.

Famous quotes include “

The mind is everything” and “In the end, only three things matter.”

These quotes remain influential today, inspiring people around the world and often celebrated during Buddha Purnima.

“The mind is everything. What you think you become.”

“The way is not in the sky. The way is in the heart.”

“To understand everything is to forgive everything”

“To conquer oneself is a greater task than conquering others”

“Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth.”

Buddha Purnima Wishes

Here are a few wishes you can send to your loved ones on Buddha Purnima:

  1. May the teachings of Lord Buddha guide you towards a path of righteousness, happiness, and peace. Happy Buddha Purnima!
  2. On this auspicious day, let’s take a moment to reflect on Buddha’s teachings and strive to follow them in our daily lives. Wishing you a joyous Buddha Purnima!
  3. May the divine blessings of Buddha bring you hope, courage, and inner peace. Have a blessed Buddha Purnima!
  4. Let us celebrate the birth of Lord Buddha and the enlightenment he brought to the world. Happy Buddha Purnima!
  5. On this holy occasion, let’s vow to spread love, kindness, and harmony in the world. Wishing you a happy and peaceful Buddha Purnima!

Buddha Purnima

About mighty Gautama Buddha

Lord Gautama Buddha is one of the supreme and immensely educated godheads.

The mighty Buddha is the founder and the harbinger of Buddhism.

He discovers tremendous importance in Buddhism and Hinduism sects.

The commanding Lord Gautama Buddha is the eighth incarnation of Lord Krishna and the seventh manifestation of Lord Vishnu.

His values and morals help inferior human beings become better people. 

Significance of Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima finds extensive importance in Vedas and ancient texts.

This day marks the birth anniversary of the legend Gautama Buddha.

It is believed that on this very day, Lord Buddha attained the most significant stages of enlightenment.

The great teachings and knowledge of Lord Buddha formulate the base of Buddhism. Buddha Purnima is also revered as a thrice-blessed festival.

Three critical events linked with Gautama Buddha’s life took place on Buddha Purnima.

Lord Buddha was born on this day; he even attained enlightenment on Buddha Purnima only.

The death of the mighty legend took place on Buddha Purnima, and he achieved samadhi in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. 

How to celebrate Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima is celebrated by worshipping Lord Buddha.

Devotional programs are organised to celebrate the supreme divinity, Buddha.

Worshippers wear white clothes and celebrate the aura of Lord Brahma.

They consume only vegetarian food and meditate.

Devotees organise puja ceremonies and grand processions to mark the glorious day.

Tales and legends are narrated in Lord Buddha’s glory.

Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya Bihar is worshipped on this day. 

Benefits of celebrating Buddha Purnima

Following are a few important ways to observe Buddha Purnima:

  •  Buddha Purnima brings the blessings and glory of Lord Buddha.
  •  It brings proficiency and wisdom to life.
  •  Devotees can cherish calmness and serenity in life by celebrating Buddha Purnima.
  •  It fulfils life with peace of mind and rejuvenation.
  •  The enchanting festival guides us towards the path of spiritual awakening and enlightenment.
  •  It helps get rid of sins and evil deeds of peaceful life.
  •  The pious festivity brings an optimistic aura and positive energies.
  •  It shatters ill-spells and evil forces.
  •  The festival helps attain the highest stages of peace and bliss.

If you want to seek all the above boons, then get in touch with us.

We will guide you about this beautiful festival with utmost precision.

Our team will guide you about this auspicious ritual, which will help you extract a multitude of boons from this festival. 

What Is Buddha Purnima & How To Celebrate It?

Buddha Purnima is the celebration to mark the birth anniversary of Siddhartha Gautam or Gautam Buddha.

It is the major festival of Buddhism and is celebrated with enthusiasm and zest throughout not just India but around the globe wherever the Buddhist population resides.

On this auspicious occasion, people who follow Buddhism around the world offer their respect to Lord Buddha by performing puja and visiting holy shrines.

History of Lord Buddha

Gautam Buddha was born as Siddhartha to Suddhodana and Maya, king and queen of the Shakya clan. Long before his birth, it was foretold that he would either be a great ruler or a monk.

So he was confined in the palace by his father until the age of 29 when he finally went out.

He saw three sights, an old man, a sick man, and a dead body which deeply moved him and made him realize that life is full of sorrow.

He understood that everything is temporary in this world.

After this incident, he spends the next six long years in a forest to study the doctrines and yogic austerities.

It is said that he spent seven weeks in the shade of a Bodhi tree until he reached enlightenment or Nirvana.

He then later barked on the journey to preach his wisdom and message of peace for 45 years. He finally left the world at the age of 80.

Significance of Buddhism Purnima

Buddha Purnima is the celebration of Buddhism which stands for peace, non-violence, and harmony.

Buddha Purnima celebrates  Gautam Buddha’s birthday, enlightenment, and death. It is the birth anniversary of Lord Buddha who was the founder of Buddhism.

The day also honors the philosophers, spiritual guides, religious leaders, and mediators who got liberated from the cycle of birth and rebirth. 

It is a celebration of love and compassion.

Buddha Purnima falls on a full moon day in the month of Vaisakh (April/May) according to the Hindu calendar.

According to Hindu mythology and beliefs, Buddha was the ninth incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

How to celebrate Buddha Purnima?

Devotees of Buddhism visit temples, and light candles, and incense sticks.

They pray and offer sweets and fruits before the statue of lord Buddha.

Many Buddhists go to viharas to observe a rather longer-than-usual, full-length Buddhist sutra, akin to a service.

The dress code is generally pure white.

Sermons and teachings of Buddha are held and attended by followers of Buddhism all over the world to celebrate and honor this auspicious occasion.

And, devotees obtain from consuming non-vegetarian food as well.

There is a ritual/tradition of distributing and consuming kheer as the Buddhist lore, a woman named Sujata offered Buddha a bowl of milk porridge on this day.

Kheer is first offered to Lord Buddha as Prasad.

Along this, sweet dishes and fruits are consumed and distributed to celebrate the occasion.

Followers of Buddhism keep a statue of Buddha in a bowl filled with flower petals and water.

They offer honey, Joss sticks, candles, fruits, and flowers while singing hymns.

In many parts of the world, devotees release birds, animals, and insects from cages as a “symbolic act of liberation, empathy, and compassion for all living beings”.

This is one of the important teachings of Buddha. The relics belonging to Gautam Buddha are taken out for public display in a procession for devotees to view on this occasion.

In India, large fairs take place in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh, a major pilgrimage site where Buddha is said to have delivered his first sermon after attaining enlightenment.

Bodhgaya, a major Buddhist site, celebrates the auspicious occasion with much enthusiasm.

Buddha Purnima is essentially the celebration of Gautam Buddha and his universal teachings that are still relevant.

The day brings people together in unity to spread the message of love, compassion, and empathy.

Buddha Purnima  (बुद्ध पूर्णिमा)

Buddha Purnima is also called Vaishakh Purnima.

It is the birth anniversary of Gautam Buddha and also his Nirvana day. Bhagwan Buddha attained enlightenment on this day.

Today, more than 50 crore people in the world believe in Buddhism.

Buddha is the ninth incarnation of Vishnu for the Hindu religionists.

Therefore, this day is also considered sacred for Hindus.

For this reason, a place called Bodhgaya in Bihar is a holy place of pilgrimage for Hindus and Buddhists. Here he meditated harshly and finally he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree at Bodh Gaya on the day of Vaishakh Purnima.

Since then, this day is known as Buddha Purnima.

Buddha Purnima is the biggest festival day for the followers of Buddhism.

In different countries, ceremonies are held according to the customs and culture of the country.

Buddha Purnima is also special for Hindu religious people:

It is described in the Hindu scriptures that Bhagwan Buddha was incarnated on this day, which is the 9th incarnation of Bhagwan Vishnu.

That is why Buddha Purnima is important not only for the followers of Buddhism but also for those who believe in Hinduism.

It has been said that doing charity on this day benefits a lot.

Followers of Hinduism pay homage to ancestors on this day.

Donate for the peace of the ancestors’ souls.

On the day of Buddha Purnima, people who believe in Buddhism are lit at the houses and decorate the house with flowers.

Buddha Purnima, also known as Vesak, is the most important festival for the followers of Buddhism across the world.

This auspicious day marks the birth, enlightenment and death of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, and is celebrated by Buddhist sects with much fervour.

The festival falls on the first full moon day (Purnima) of the Hindu month of Vaisakha, which corresponds to April-May in the Gregorian calendar.

Buddha Purnima will be observed 

Buddha Purnima History and Significance

Although the date and time of Lord Buddha’s birth and death are uncertain, the assumptions are that he lived between 6th and 4th century BC.

He was born as Prince Siddhartha in Lumbini, Nepal.

According to legends, he was prophesied to become a great king or a great sage, much before his birth.

Grown up with princely luxury, Siddhartha remained shielded from the hardships of human life till he was in his late 20s.

Upon encountering sickness, old age and death, the 29-year-old prince decided to leave his royal palace and set out on a quest to find an answer to the cause of all suffering.

Over the next few years, he investigated many different teachings but could not find liberation until one night he went into deep meditation and woke up with all the answers that he had been seeking.

This is how at the age of 35, Siddhartha Gautama became the Buddha or the Awakened One.

For the remaining of his life, he preached the Dharma to lead other people along the path of Enlightenment.

Gautama Buddha breathed his last at the age of 80 in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh.

It is said that all three important events in the life of Gautama Buddha – his birth, enlightenment and salvation – fall on the same day of the year.

Owing to this happenstance, the day holds immense value in Buddhism.

The decision to celebrate Buddha’s birth anniversary on the first full moon day of Vaisakha was taken by the World Fellowship of Buddhists in May, 1960.

Buddha Purnima Celebrations across India

On the occasion of Buddha Purnima, many devotees visit Buddhist shrines and spend the day there reciting hymns and sermons about the life of Lord Buddha and his teachings and principles.

Flowers and candles are offered to worship the Buddha’s idol, which is placed in a basin full of water.

Buddha’s teachings are followed with sincerity on this day and thus, devotees avoid non-vegetarian food, offer goods and kheer to the poor, and generally wear white clothes to maintain purity.

Best Places to Observe Buddha Purnima in India

•             Sarnath

•             Bodhgaya

•             Arunachal Pradesh

•             Ladakh

•             Sikkim

HISTORY OF BUDDHA PURNIMA

Buddha Purnima (also known as Buddha Jayanti) celebrates the birth of Prince Siddharta Gautama — a Nepali prince (circa 563-483 B.C.) who later went on to become known as the Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

The word ‘Purnima’ is Sanskrit for ‘full moon’, which explains why it is celebrated on a full moon day, and ‘Jayanti’ means ‘birthday’.

The word Buddha is given to those who attain ‘bodhi’ or wisdom, hence the name was ascribed to Siddartha once he attained enlightenment.

It is commonly celebrated during the month of ‘Vaisakhi’ in Hindu/Buddhist lunar calendars.

However, Buddha’s followers never officially celebrated his birthday, though, for many centuries, festivals to honor Buddha were held.

In fact, the celebration of Buddha Purnima was not formalized until modern times.

It was only in May 1950, at the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists in Colombo, Sri Lanka, that Buddha Purnima was officiated as a celebration during Vesak.

It was agreed upon that the day of the full moon in May would be auspicious, due to Buddha attaining nirvana on a full moon day.

The reason why Buddhism began to gain popularity was due to the teachings of non-violence, respect for life, and a more equal approach to the role of women — concepts that were very much in keeping with both tradition and modern ideas of progress.

Thus, many countries around the world began to become primarily Buddhist nations, especially in Asia.

Buddhism itself branched into sub-sects as each culture adapted and assimilated the main tenets.

Today, Buddhism is practiced in different forms all over the world, and it is especially inclusive because it does not celebrate any deities (as other religions do).

The philosophical bent of Buddhism gives it popularity across various groups of people.

HOW TO OBSERVE BUDDHA PURNIMA

1. Listen to Buddhist teachings

Buddhist teachings were originally passed on through word of mouth or stone carvings. Thanks to modern-day technology, we have access to the teachings of Buddha right at our fingertips.

Listen to a TED Talk by the Dalai Lama, or any podcast on Buddhism.

Or read a book.

2. Learn how to meditate

It is always a good idea to slow down and pause amidst the stresses of daily life. Mediation is fast becoming a common practice among diverse cultures.

Attend a class, or try your own meditation routine — there is no one-size-fits-all. Just remember to relax!

3. Donate to an important cause

Since Buddha’s teachings are primarily about care and respect for living things, this is a great opportunity to find a cause you feel strongly about and donate to it.

It could be anything from animal shelters to homes for the elderly, just as long as you can show that you care.

5 DIFFERENT WAYS BUDDHA PURNIMA IS CELEBRATED ACROSS ASIA

1. Avoiding meat

In India, pilgrimages are made to key places in Buddha’s life and Buddhists avoid eating meat.

2. China lights up

The Chinese celebrate by visiting pagodas and lighting incense, candles, and lanterns.

3. Japan celebrates with flowers

‘Hanamatsuri’ (Flower Festival) is where statues of Buddha are decorated with flowers and bathed with a special flower juice.

4. Free food in South Korea

South Koreans celebrate by giving out free food and lighting up lotus lanterns.

5. Thai devotees chant

Buddhists in Thailand gather in temples and chant prayers together.

WHY BUDDHA PURNIMA IS IMPORTANT

1. Known as a ‘thrice-blessed festival’

Buddha Purnima unites Buddhists all over the world for a common cause — to celebrate the three main events of the life of Buddha: his birth, enlightenment, and nirvana.

It builds awareness of the teachings of Buddha in a way that respects all cultures.

2. Historical significance

Buddha Purnima commemorates the life of a historical figure whose teachings have changed the lives of millions.

Whether Buddha is viewed as a spiritual or philosophical figure, there is no doubt about the impact his words have had on people for centuries, and continue to have.

3. It’s adaptable and evolving

Buddhism teaches us a way of life.

You don’t have to be a follower of Buddha to appreciate the relevance of his teachings on wisdom, concentration, and discipline, even today.

There is something there for everyone, all it requires is an open mind.

Buddha Purnima

When is Buddha Purnima in ?

The Buddhist and Hindu calendars’ Vaisakha month and the Vikram Samvat calendar primarily observe Buddha’s birthday, which is determined by the lunisolar calendars of Asia.

It is celebrated on the full moon day of the Buddhist calendar month of Vaisakha in the historical locations of the Buddha’s life, modern-day India and Nepal.

The date varies from year to year in the Western Gregorian calendar but usually falls in April or May.

Why Is Buddha Purnima Celebrated?

Buddha Purnima, also known as Vesak or Buddha Jayanti, commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death (or parinirvana) of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

It holds profound significance for Buddhists worldwide as a day of reflection, meditation, and acts of kindness.

It celebrates the life and teachings of Buddha, emphasizing the principles of compassion, non-violence, and mindfulness.

On this day, followers engage in rituals such as visiting temples, offering prayers, and practising generosity.

Buddha Purnima serves as a reminder of the timeless wisdom and enlightenment that Buddha imparted, inspiring devotees to strive for inner peace and spiritual awakening.

Is Buddha Purnima A National Holiday?

No, Buddha Purnima is not a national holiday. It is a gazetted holiday in India, therefore, government offices, post offices, and banking institutions will remain closed.

This holiday is observed prominently in regions such as Sikkim, Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bodhgaya, Spiti district, Kinnaur, and various parts of North Bengal, including Kalimpong, Darjeeling, and Kurseong.

Additionally, it is celebrated in Maharashtra, which is home to 77% of India’s Buddhist population.

On this day, Buddhists congregate at Viharas to partake in a protracted Buddhist sutra, which is akin to a religious ceremony.

Buddhist devotees visit Buddha temples, pray, light candles and incense sticks, and present fruits and sweets to the statue of the Lord.

People usually dress in white, do not consume non-vegetarian food and distribute kheer, as according to Buddhist lore, on this day a woman named Sujata offered Buddha a bowl of milk porridge.

Many followers also free caged birds on this day as a symbol of empathy and compassion for all living beings, one of the most important teachings of Lord Buddha.

Buddha is said to have given his first sermon after gaining enlightenment in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh, a popular Buddhist pilgrimage site in India.

Every year, a sizable fair is held there.

Also, the relics of Buddha are taken out for public display in a procession.

Buddha Purnima history and significance

Although the exact year and time of Lord Buddha’s birth and death are undisclosed, he is thought to have lived between the 6th and 4th centuries BC.

In Lumbini, Nepal, he was born Prince Siddhartha. According to tradition, he was predicted to become a great king or philosopher long before he was born.

Siddhartha, having grown up in royal privilege, was sheltered from the hardships of human life until his late twenties.

When the 29-year-old prince was confronted with sickness, old age, and death, he chose to flee from his royal palace and embark on a mission to discover the source of all pain.

Over the next few years, he examined many different teachings but was unable to discover enlightenment until one night, when he went into a great meditation and awoke with all the answers he had been seeking.

This is how Siddhartha Gautama became the Buddha or the Awakened One at the age of 35.

He preached the Dharma for the rest of his life to guide others on the path to Enlightenment.

At the age of 80, Gautama Buddha passed away in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh.

All three major events in Gautama Buddha’s life—his birthday, awakening, and salvation—are said to occur on the same day of the year.

As a result of this convergence, the day has great significance in Buddhism.

The World Fellowship of Buddhists decided in May 1960 to commemorate Buddha’s birth anniversary on the first full moon day of Vaisakha.

Buddha Purnima  celebration in Pakistan

Buddhists from many sects visit Gautama Buddha temples on Buddha Purnima day.

 They spend their time there listening to monks deliver sermons.

Some Buddhists devote their days to visiting temples and chanting old poems.

On this day, special festivities are organized in Lord Buddha’s temples.

These temples feature a variety of cultural, religious, and social events.

People travel from all over the world to attend these festivities, which recount Gautama Buddha’s life story.

One time, the Pakistani government sent an invitation to a delegation of 50 Buddhist monks, devotees, and journalists from Sri Lanka who were visiting Pakistan to celebrate the Vesak Festival.

Members of the Buddhist monks would go on a tour around the Buddhist holy sites and perform religious ceremonies.

Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima is a Hindu festival that takes place on the full moon night of the month of Vaisakh to honour Siddhartha Gautam’s birth.

It will be celebrated

One of the most significant festivals on the Buddhist calendar is Buddha Purnima, also known as Vesak or Buddha Jayanti.

In most countries in Southeast Asia, it celebrates the Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, and death and is observed on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month (April/May).

Millions of Buddhists around the world celebrate the festival, which is a time for prayer, meditation, and spiritual rebirth.

Buddha Purnima : History

The introduction of the Buddha is accepted to have occurred in Lumbini, Nepal, a while back 2,500 years ago.

Legend has it that after being born Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha took seven steps, each one accompanied by a lotus flower blooming beneath his feet.

 On Buddha Purnima, this event is celebrated as the Buddha’s birth.

The Buddha’s enlightenment, or nirvana, is regarded as his most significant event.

As per the Buddhist scriptures, he meditated under a Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, and experienced enlightenment.

Buddhists all over the world commemorate this event by meditating, praying, and showing compassion and kindness to others.

It is believed that Kushinagar was where the Buddha died, also known as Parinirvana.

His final escape from the cycle of birth and death is thought to have come with his passing.

Buddhists observe Buddha Purnima as a day of recitation of the sutras, flower and incense offerings, and temple visits.

Buddha Purnima : Importance and celebration

Buddhists observe Buddha Purnima as a time to reflect on the Buddha’s teachings, reaffirm their commitment to the path of enlightenment, and make an effort to follow in his footsteps in their own lives.

Buddha Purnima is a time for cultural celebrations as well as spiritual practices. Buddhists celebrate the occasion with parades and festivals in many nations, including India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.

They make traditional dishes like sweet rice porridge and decorate homes and temples with colourful lanterns and flowers.

The Importance Of Buddha Purnima And Where To Celebrate Lord Buddha’s Festival

One of the most significant festivals celebrated by the Buddhists, Buddha Purnima or Vesak, marks the birth, enlightenment and parinirvana (passing away) of Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

So, the purpose of this festival is to remind us to follow Buddha’s way of life, which eventually leads to enlightenment.

If you are a spiritual seeker or wish to go beyond the veil of regular life, learning about the importance of Buddha Purnima would really interest you.

If you are spiritual and a traveller, you can visit some places to witness one-of-a-kind Buddha Purnima celebrations.

So, let’s delve into the rich significance of Budha Purnima and explore some of the best places to celebrate this sacred event.

The Legend of Lord Buddha

Buddha Purnima celebration will hold greater significance to you when you get a glimpse of Lord Buddha’s life and how He attained Nirvana before bringing Buddhism to people.

The legend says that Buddha was born as Siddhartha Gautam in the 6th century BCE in Lumbini,

Nepal, as the prince and heir of the Shakya kingdom.

Despite being born into a life of luxury and comfort, Siddhartha never felt fulfilled.

During his encounters with the outside world,

Siddhartha witnessed suffering, sickness,

old age, and death—realities that his sheltered life had shielded him from.

Deeply moved by these experiences,

he embarked on a spiritual quest to seek answers to the profound questions of existence: the nature of suffering and the path to liberation.

So, he renounced his princely status and wandered in the jungles of ancient India, meditating and performing austerity under various teachers. However, he wasn’t satisfied with it and finally sat under a Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, India, to meditate and firmly declared not to rise until he attained enlightenment.

Engaging in deep meditation, he confronted the temptations and challenges posed by Mara, the embodiment of desire, doubt, and fear.

In a moment of profound realisation, Siddhartha transcended the illusions of the ego and attained enlightenment, becoming the Buddha, or the awakened one.

Buddha Purnima Significance – Birth, Bodhi, Dharma, and Parinirvana

As mentioned above, the Buddha Purnima significance can be divided into four main sections: birth, bodhi or enlightenment, Dharma teachings, and parinirvana or passing.

Let’s learn about them in detail below.

1. Birth of Buddha

Legend has it that Buddha’s birth was accompanied by auspicious signs and prophecies foretelling his future greatness. His birth heralded the beginning of a new era—a beacon of hope and enlightenment for humanity.

2. Bodhi or Enlightenment

Perhaps the most significant event commemorated on Buddha Purnima is Gautama Buddha’s enlightenment.

It was on this auspicious day, after years of rigorous meditation and spiritual quest, that Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, India.

Buddha’s enlightenment represents the pinnacle of human achievement—the awakening to ultimate truth and liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth (samsara).

3. Core Teachings of Dharma

Buddha Purnima also commemorates Gautama Buddha’s first sermon, known as the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta or “Setting in Motion the Wheel of Dharma.”

After attaining enlightenment, Buddha travelled to the deer park in Sarnath, near Varanasi, India, where he delivered his inaugural discourse to his five former companions.

In this sermon, he expounded the Four Noble Truths—the truth of suffering, the cause of suffering, the cessation of suffering, and the path to the cessation of suffering—and the Noble Eightfold Path.

The Dharma offers profound insights into the nature of existence and the human condition, inviting individuals to embark on a transformative journey towards self-discovery and liberation.

4. Parinirvana or Nirvana (His Passing)

Buddha Purnima also commemorates the passing of Gautama Buddha, known as Parinirvana.

According to Buddhist tradition, he passed away at the age of 80 in Kushinagar, India, attaining final liberation from the cycle of birth and death.

His death is viewed not as an end but as the ultimate culmination of his teachings and spiritual journey.

Buddha’s Parinirvana signifies the transcendence of suffering and the attainment of ultimate peace and liberation.

It serves as a reminder of the impermanence of life and the inevitability of death, urging individuals to cultivate wisdom and virtue in the present moment.

Buddha Purnima is a celebration of not just Buddha but also human potential and the miracles our bodies hold, just waiting to be unleashed, first within us and then in the world.

Top places you can visit for the Buddha Purnima celebration

Now that you have a clear understanding of who Buddha is, and his journey towards enlightenment, it is time for you to unleash the traveller in you and visit these places to celebrate the Buddha Purnima festival with Gautam’s devotees.

So, here are the top places to visit for the Buddha Purnima celebration.

1. Lumbini, Nepal

Lumbini, located in Nepal, holds paramount importance in Buddha’s life as it was His birthplace.

To start your journey, you can visit the Maya Devi temple which is dedicated to Buddha’s mother, Queen Mayadevi.

The temple houses the Marker Stone, which is believed to be the exact birthplace of Gautam Buddha.

Devotees gather at this temple to pay their respects to the Lord on Buddh Purnima.

Next, you can head over to the Sacred Garden, a UNESCO Heritage Site in Lumbini encompassing several temples, monasteries, and monuments built by Buddhist devotees worldwide.

During Buddha Purnima, the Sacred Garden comes alive with colourful decorations, prayer flags, and offerings as devotees gather to celebrate the occasion.

Ashoka Pillar, erected by the Indian Emperor Ashoka during the 3rd century BCE, bears inscriptions that confirm Lumbini as the birthplace of Buddha.

Ashoka became one of the most staunch devotees of Buddha and left a life of violence after experiencing Buddha’s energy.

It is a revered site that devotees visit during Buddha Purnima celebrations.

Monastic Zone organises special prayers, meditations, rituals, and cultural performances to celebrate Buddha’s life on Buddha Purnima.

The place houses several monasteries that tell Buddha’s life story.

2. Bodh Gaya, India

Buddha Purnima celebrations cannot be done without visiting where He attained enlightenment – Bodh Gaya.

The Mahabodhi Temple, a UNESCO Heritage Site, is the focal point of Buddha Purnima celebrations.

Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment 2500 years ago, sitting near the Bodhi Tree, which is now rooted in the Mahabodhi temple.

The devotees pay their homage via prayers, rituals, meditations, and circumambulation of the temple as they listen to the teachings of revered monks and soak in the peace surrounding the temple.

Many cultural and spiritual events are also organised at the temple on the day of Buddh Purnima to enrich the experience of devotees who visit the temple from around the world.

3. Sarnath, Varanasi, India

Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha delivered his first sermon, the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta. Buddha Purnima in Sarnath offers devotees a unique opportunity to connect with the foundational teachings of Buddhism and immerse themselves in the spiritual ambience of this sacred site.

One of the primary locations to celebrate Buddha Purnima in Sarnath is at the Dhamek Stupa, a massive structure built on the spot where Buddha is believed to have delivered his first sermon.

Devotees gather here to offer prayers, meditate, and participate in religious rituals, commemorating the momentous occasion of the Buddha’s teachings.

Additionally, various monasteries and temples in Sarnath organise special events and cultural programs during Buddha Purnima.

These may include teachings by revered monks, meditation sessions, chanting of sutras, and traditional performances.

Visitors can engage in spiritual practices, gain insights into Buddhist philosophy, and deepen their understanding of the Dharma.

4. Kathmandu, Nepal

The importance of Buddha Purnima can also be witnessed in Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, which houses Boudhanath Stupa, one of the largest stupas in the world and also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Devotees circumambulate the stupa, spinning prayer wheels and chanting mantras, while decorated monasteries and temples host religious ceremonies and cultural performances, tuning the atmosphere quite vibrant.

Swayambhunath, or Monkey Temple, is another iconic Buddhist site where the festival is celebrated.

Set atop a hill, the stupa is surrounded by tranquillity and peaceful vibes, and devotees pay their homage to the Buddha on the day of the festival.

You can also head to Kopan Monastery, located on the outskirts of Kathmandu, which is one of the most well-known places to learn more about Tibetan Buddhism.

You can engage in spiritual practice, learn about spirituality and philosophy from lamas and teachers present there, or simply meditate and soak in the calm air of the place.

Lumbini Peace Park is another place to visit for the Buddha Purnima celebration, as the place organises several events, including meditation sessions, contemplative parks, lectures on Buddhist teachings, and more.

Lastly, you can drive to a pilgrimage site called Namo Buddha, which has a legend that tells that Buddha, in one of his past lives, sacrificed his own body to feed a starving tigress and her cubs at this site.

The site is thus associated with Buddha’s previous lives.

5. Dharamshala, India

The sacred Buddha Purnima is observed with a profound reverence in the serene Himalayan town of Dharamshala.

The celebrations commence with devotees gathering at the revered Tsuglagkhang Complex, home to the Dalai Lama and a major centre of Tibetan Buddhism.

The complex is adorned with colourful prayer flags and intricate decorations, creating a vibrant atmosphere of divinity and devotion.

You will also see Tibetan monks leading solemn processions, carrying sacred relics and chanting sacred texts, offering their prayers as they circumambulate the stupas, and seeking blessings for peace and enlightenment.

Buddha Purnima in Dharamshala is also marked by cultural programs, including traditional dance performances, lectures on Buddhist philosophy, and exhibitions showcasing Buddhist art and artefacts.

If nothing else, Buddha Purnima in Dharamshala is a great time to find a quiet corner and meditate under the moonlight.

6. Kushinagar, India

The ancient town of Kushinagar, located in Uttar Pradesh, is the final resting place of Buddha. Devotees gather at the Mahaparinirvana Temple and Ramabhar Stupa on the auspicious day to pay their respect to the Holy being.

The rituals to honour Lord Buddha begin at dawn with devotees praying, chanting mantras, offering flowers and candles to the sacred sites associated with His final days, and more.

Monasteries like Mathakuar Kot and Rambhar Stupa organise cultural programs, such as traditional dance performances, lectures on ways of life, and reciting Buddhist scriptures, attracting visitors from around the world to participate in the popular event.

What separates Buddha Purnima celebrations in Kushinagar from other Buddhist sites is that the festival lasts a whole month! Even Hindu temples perform pujas and hold special ceremonies to honour Lord Buddha.

So, if you are visiting Kushinagar for Buddha Purnima celebrations, make sure to book your stay for at least a week to soak in the grand festivity.

7. Tawang, India

The picturesque town of Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh, a predominantly Buddhist region, is another popular site to celebrate Buddha Purnima.

The day begins with devotees congregating at the majestic Tawang Monastery, one of India’s largest and most intricately designed monasteries.

Here, monks lead prayers, chant sacred texts, and perform rituals to commemorate the birth, enlightenment, and parinirvana of the Buddha.

Locals offer butter lamps and light incense, participate in cultural performances and rituals, and thank the Lord for blessing them with His light.

Last year, the Indian Army and locals celebrated the mega event together due to tension with China, thus fostering harmony and respect between the residents and the military personnel and upholding the values and teachings of Buddha.

Buddha Purnima

Indians celebrate a lot of different festivals in a year, and Buddha Purnima is one of the greatest and most significant ones among them. Buddha Purnima is an Asian festival celebrated according to the traditional Hindu calendar and Buddhist calendars.

It holds immense religious significance for the followers of Buddhism as it commemorates the birth anniversary of Lord Buddha.

People nowadays celebrate every festival with enthusiasm but don’t know the importance of those festivals.

So, this Buddha Purnima, not only celebrate it with your family and friends but also read this article to know the importance of Buddha Purnima.

What is Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima celebrates the birth of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha. It is celebrated on the Full Moon Day of Vaisakh. For Buddhists, Buddha Purnima is the most significant day, because on this day three important events of the Buddha’s life took place: His birth, His attaining enlightenment, and His death, Paranirvana.

On this day, people celebrate the Thrice Blessed Festival.

Birth of Gautama Buddha

Today, we are going to learn about the birth of Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhartha Gautama Buddha

Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini, which is now part of Nepal.

It’s been more than 2,500 years since he was born and this year 5th of May  will be his 2585th Birth Anniversary.

His father was King Suddhodana, the head of the Shakya clan in the developing state of Kosala and his mother was Queen Maya Devi who died seven days after giving birth to Gautama Buddha.

Gautama Buddha was raised in a prosperous family, but the suffering he witnessed in the world deeply troubled him.

He, therefore, gave up his life at the age of 29, he left his palace and began a spiritual quest, seeking enlightenment and finding a way to end human suffering.

He spent many years studying and meditating, until one day he had a special experience that helped him understand how to overcome suffering.

He spent the rest of his life teaching others about compassion, mindfulness, and non-attachment to worldly desires, which became the foundation of Buddhism, a new religion.

Importance of Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti, also known as Vesak or Vaisakhi Buddha Purnima, is an auspicious day that marks three significant events in the life of Gautam Buddha – his birth anniversary, enlightenment, and death.

According to the traditional Hindu calendar, Buddha Purnima is observed on the Purnima (full moon day) in the month of Vaisakh.

However, as per the Buddhist calendar, there are two full moon days in the month of May

As per the Gregorian calendar, the day falls on May 5,  this year.

But why is Buddha Purnima celebrated on this particular day?

It is because it is said that Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born on the Purnima Tithi (full moon day) in 563 BC in Lumbini Grove (modern-day Nepal).

After six years of renouncing his position as a Prince and facing hardships, he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree at Bodh Gaya to become Gautama Buddha, which was also the full moon day of May.

The seeker, after 45 years of preaching his Truth, passed away at the age of eighty at Kusinara – on the full moon day of May.

How is Buddha Purnima Celebrated?

Buddha Purnima  is commemorated by Buddhists and Hindus all over the world, particularly in the Asian countries of India, Nepal, Tibet, China, Bhutan, Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Korea, Singapore, Indonesia Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia; however, each country has its own way of celebrating Buddha Purnima.

On Buddha Purnima, Buddhists and followers of Buddhism across the world devote themselves to praying, fasting, meditating, and recalling the teachings of Lord Buddha.

In the wake of Buddha Purnima, the Buddhist monasteries, houses, and temples are all flamboyantly decorated with garlands and colourful flags.

The popular ceremony includes worshipping the statue of Baby Buddha as it marks a new beginning. In India, people traditionally take dips in the holy river Ganga to wash away their sins.

They also visit the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya to pray.

In China, people observe the festival by visiting pagodas and lighting incense, candles, and lanterns, while the Japanese celebrate the day with flowers and organise ‘Hanamatsuri’ (Flower Festival) where Buddha statues are decorated with flowers and bathed with a special flower juice.

Buddhists in South Korea give out free food and light up lotus lanterns to mark the auspicious day.

Here are Some Important ‘Buddha Purnima Quotes’

Buddha’s quotes offer profound wisdom for a mindful and fulfilling life.

They stress the power of the mind, the value of compassion and love, and the inevitability of suffering.

Famous quotes include “The mind is everything” and “In the end, only three things matter.”

These quotes remain influential today, inspiring people around the world and often celebrated during Buddha Purnima.

The mind is everything.

What you think you become.”

The way is not in the sky.

The way is in the heart.”

“To understand everything is to forgive everything”

“To conquer oneself is a greater task than conquering others”

“Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth.”

Buddha Purnima Wishes

Here are a few wishes you can send to your loved ones on Buddha Purnima:

1. May the teachings of Lord Buddha guide you towards a path of righteousness, happiness, and peace. Happy Buddha Purnima!

2. On this auspicious day, let’s take a moment to reflect on Buddha’s teachings and strive to follow them in our daily lives. Wishing you a joyous Buddha Purnima!

3. May the divine blessings of Buddha bring you hope, courage, and inner peace. Have a blessed Buddha Purnima!

4. Let us celebrate the birth of Lord Buddha and the enlightenment he brought to the world. Happy Buddha Purnima!

5. On this holy occasion, let’s vow to spread love, kindness, and harmony in the world. Wishing you a happy and peaceful Buddha Purnima!

Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima : Buddha Purnima is also known as Buddha Jayanti, Vesak, Vaishaka, and Buddha’s Birthday. It is observed on the full moon day of the Baisakh month annually, that is April or May.

This year, it will be celebrated

It is believed that on Buddha Purnima, Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.

The day is not far away, so take a look at the puja timings, its significance, some inspirational quotes by Lord Buddha, and wishes to share on the day.

Buddha Purnima is a significant day as on this day Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.

The day is commemorated by Buddhists and Hindus across the world and is a major festival in countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Thailand, Tibet, China, Vietnam, Mongolia, Cambodia, Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, etc. and every country celebrates the festival in their own way.

The birth name of Gautama Buddha was Siddhartha Gautama. He was born c. 6th–4th century BCE, Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, Shakya republic, Kosala kingdom (now in Nepal).

Buddha’s birth anniversary is observed as Buddha Purnima.

It is believed that on this day, he attained enlightenment.

He died at Kusinara, Malla Republic, Magadha kingdom (now Kasia, India).

Buddha Purnima : Story

Prince Siddhartha was the name given to Lord Buddha at birth.

His mother Maya was a Koliyan princess, while his father Suddhodana was the leader of the Shakya tribe.

He once discovered a dead body, a sick man, and an elderly man. He desired to look into the causes of the sorrow.

At the age of 29, he left his home in search of the causes of all his sorrow.

He then looked into other teachings, entered a deep meditation, and when he awoke at the age of 35 with all the solutions, he was popular as Mahatma Buddha.

He gave all the people sermons on how to live a spiritually-based life.

He exhorted them to follow a spiritual path.

Buddha Purnima : Significance

Lord Buddha preached Dharma (duty), non-violence, harmony, and kindness.

At the age of 30, he left his worldly possessions and princedom to lead a life in search of truth and also to seek penance in the hopes of liberating himself from suffering.

It is believed that on this day, on the full moon day of May, three major events occur in the life of Lord Buddha.

Firstly, Lord Buddha was born as Siddhartha Gautama in Lumbini.

Secondly, after some years of hardships, he attained enlightenment under the shade of the Bodhi tree.

Thirdly, after teaching several years of truth, he passed away when he was eighty years old at Kusinara.

Buddha Purnima : Celebration

On this day, people across the world offer prayers to Lord Buddha and seek knowledge and wisdom. Some people may visit Buddhist temples and make donations to the needy.

Some devotees meditate, observe fasts, read the holy scriptures of the Buddhist religion, etc.

Also, people celebrate Buddha Purnima by sharing wishes and quotes of Lord Buddha with their near and dear ones.

Buddha Purnima : Inspirational Quotes by Lord Buddha

1. “If you knew what I know about the power of giving you would not let a single meal pass without sharing it in some way.”

2. “No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.”

3. “Learn this from water: loud splashes the brook but the oceans depth are calm.”

4. “Radiate boundless love towards the entire world.”

5.  “A disciplined mind brings happiness.”

6. “It is better to conquer yourself than to win a thousand battles. Then the victory is yours. It cannot be taken from you.”

7. “Peace comes from within.  Do not seek it without.”

8. “Your work is to discover your work and then with all your heart to give yourself to it.”

9. “Three things can not hide for long: the Moon, the Sun and the Truth.”

10. “Every human being is the author of his own health or disease.”

Significance Of Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima, or Vesak, falls on the full moon day of the month Vaishakha.

The day commemorates birth, death and the enlightenment of Lord Buddha, all of which is said to take have taken place on the same day.

Lord Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha.

Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini, now in modern-day Nepal, and raised in the Shakya capital of Kapilvastu, which may have been either in what is present day Tilaurakot, Nepal or Piprahwa, India around the year 563 B.C.

He was raised in a sheltered and secluded realm of the royal courts, oblivious of the real world outside.

It was on one of his journeys with his charioteer, where he sees a diseased man, an old man, a corpse, and was deeply disturbed.

Upon asking, his charioteer replied that such is the fate of every man, and no amount of material comforts could help one avoid the miseries of life and old age.

It was at that instant, Prince Siddartha pledged to leave all his princely comforts behind strive for moksha.

He headed towards the forest to lead a life of an ascetic.

It was after this great enlightenment that he earned the name Gautama Buddha (the one who is enlightened).

He was just 29-years old when he sought out to find answers to his questions about life and left his royal life and married life behind.

Through his years on earth, he imparted his hard-earned knowledge to several followers, and whoever was ready to listen to him.

On Buddha Purnima, the statue of Buddha is placed in a basin filled with water and decorated with flowers.

Devotees also sing hymns, praising Buddha and his teachings and principles.

They bring along humble offerings like flowers, joss sticks and candles. Following the Buddhist ideals of non-violence and compassion, devotees refrain from killing of any kind on this day.

They eat simple vegetarian food.

In some parts of Sri Lanka, liquor shops and meat shops are also shut on the occasion of Vesak.

 In some countries, a ritualistic practice of releasing birds, insects and animals as a ‘symbolic act of liberation’ is also carried out on Buddha Purnima.

In India, Buddha Purnima is celebrated by paying a visit to common Viharas, where Buddhists observe a longer than usual and full-length Buddhist sutra, which is similar to a service.

As mentioned earlier, Buddhists refrain from eating non-vegetarian food.

Kheer is one of the most widely prepared delicacy of the day.

Hard and pungent spices are also avoided in the preparation, so are ingredients like onion and garlic.

Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima commemorates the day of enlightenment of Gautama Buddha and is celebrated by Buddhists living in East and South Asia.

It is believed that Buddha attained enlightenment (nirvana) on the full moon day of May.

Every year, Buddha Purnima is celebrated on the day of the full moon and it will be celebrated

In Buddhism, nirvana or enlightenment is the highest state that one can achieve and every Buddhist must aspire to attain it.

In this article, we have shared more information about Buddha Purnima, what it means and its significance for Buddhists.

Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima is a holy occasion for Buddhists, who celebrate this day by praying and meditating.

This occasion falls on the day of the full moon in May and commemorates the day on which Gautama Buddha was born, attained enlightenment, and passed away.

Buddha Purnima is also called Vesak by Buddhists.

In the Buddhist calendar, the day of Vesak is the most important.

Even the United Nations recognises this day because of the message of peace that it spreads.

Learn more about Buddha Purnima from the overview shared in the table below.

When is Buddha Purnima

The date of Buddha Purnima varies every year and is based on the lunar cycle.

This day is observed only on the full moon day of May and is the most important day in the year for Buddhists.

Buddha Purnima  date and time is determined by Buddhist priests, who call the auspicious time to celebrate the day the ‘tithi’.

Since the lunar calendar determines the date of Buddha Purnima, it is celebrated on a different day every year.

History of Buddha Purnima

The history of Buddha Purnima dates back ages ago when Buddha or Prince Siddhartha was born. Check out the complete timeline of the day here.

•In 563 BC Prince Siddhartha was born in May on the full moon day.

•He gave up on his title as prince and dedicated himself to meditation to understand the meaning of life and get rid of all suffering.

•It is believed that he attained enlightenment on a full moon day in May. This day is known as Buddha Purnima, “purnima” meaning full moon night.

•Later, he passed away, again on a full moon night.

Buddha Purnima Facts

Vesak is the most awaited day of the year for all Buddhists.

On the occasion of Buddha Purnima, here are some interesting facts about this day.

•The day of Buddha Purnima is recognised by the United Nations General Assembly, which encourages all the member states to observe this day.

•The day of Vesak spreads the message of peace and non-violence.

•Hindus believe that Buddha was the ninth avatar of Vishnu. So, many Hindus also celebrate Buddha Purnima.

•This occasion falls on a different date each year because it falls on the day of the full moon in the month of May.

•On the day of Buddha Purnima, many pilgrims visit shrines that are believed to be visited by Buddha himself.

How is Buddha Purnima Celebrated?

Buddha Purnima, or Vesak, is a big occasion that is celebrated in many different parts of the world. The following points share a glimpse of how some people celebrate this occasion.

•On Buddha Purnima, people attend sermons or teachings of Buddha, recited by a Buddhist priest.

•Places like Bodhgaya and Sarnath are believed to be holy shrines for Buddhists. So, every year on Buddha Purnima, these places organise fairs and other events.

•Buddhists offer flowers and prayers to a statue of Buddha on this day.

•On Buddha Purnima, people also offer “dana” in the form of food or clothes to the needy.

•People spread the teachings of Gautama Buddha far and wide on this day.

FAQs on Buddha Purnima

Q1. What is Buddha Purnima and why is it celebrated?

Buddha Purnima is a holy occasion celebrated by Buddhists around the world to commemorate the day on which Buddha attained enlightenment.

Buddhists from South Asia and East Asia celebrate this day with much fervour as Buddha Purnima is the most important day of the year for them.

Q2. When is Buddha Purnima ?

Buddha Purnima  falls As per the official tithi, Buddha Purnima will be celebrated The date of Buddha Purnima changes every year because it depends on the lunar calendar.

Q3. Buddha Purnima is celebrated in which state?

Buddha Purnima is celebrated in many states in India because Indian Buddhists live in all parts of the country.

Buddha Purnima is an important occasion for Buddhists and it is also celebrated in Nepal, South Asian and East Asian regions.

Q4. Is Buddha Purnima and Vesak same?

Yes, Buddha Purnima and Vesak are the same. Both refer to the same occasion, the day when Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment and left this world.

This day is extremely important for the Buddhists, who celebrate Buddha Purnima by offering prayers and meditating.

Q5. Why is Buddha Purnima celebrated on full moon day?

Buddha Purnima is celebrated on a full moon day because Lord Buddha was born on a full moon day.

He also attained enlightenment and passed away on a full moon day in May.

Therefore, the day of the full moon in the month of May is celebrated as Buddha Purnima every year.

Q6. How is Buddha Purnima celebrated?

Buddha Purnima is celebrated by offering prayers to Lord Buddha.

Buddhists also like to meditate on this day, read Buddhist scriptures and strive to attain nirvana, or enlightenment, just like Buddha.

The Mahabodhi Temple of Bodhgaya, where Buddha attained nirvana, also hosts a grand event on the day of Vesak.

Buddha Purnima

Introduction of Buddha Purnima (Buddha Jayanti)

Buddha Purnima, also widely known as Buddha Jayanti, marks the birthday of Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

Celebrated with great reverence and joy, this auspicious day commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Siddhartha Gautama, who became known as the Buddha.

Across the globe, particularly in countries with significant Buddhist populations such as India, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, and Sri Lanka, Buddha Purnima holds immense spiritual significance and is marked by various rituals and ceremonies.

Buddha Purnima Date

In , Buddha Purnima will be observed.

The date of Buddha Jayanti is determined by the lunar calendar, falling on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month, which typically occurs in April or May in the Gregorian calendar.

The lunar alignment on this day is believed to be particularly powerful, reflecting the extraordinary life and teachings of Buddha.

History of Buddha Jayanti

The historical roots of Buddha Purnima trace back to the life of Lord Buddha himself, born in 623 B.C. in Lumbini, modern-day Nepal.

Raised in a life of luxury as Prince Siddhartha Gautama, he left his palace at the age of 29 in search of the truth, after encountering the inevitable human experiences of sickness, old age, and death.

His intense meditation under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya led to profound enlightenment, and from then on, he was known as ‘Buddha’ or ‘the Enlightened One.’

The celebration of Buddha Purnima originated as a way to honor his teachings of compassion, peace, and liberation from suffering.

Significance

Buddha Purnima holds deep religious and cultural importance.

It is a time for Buddhists to reflect on the life and teachings of Buddha, emphasizing the principles of non-violence, harmony, and empathy.

Devotees engage in various rituals such as:

•Visiting temples: Buddhists visit temples to listen to monks recite ancient verses and participate in the ceremonial hoisting of the Buddhist flag.

•Offerings and meditation: Devotees offer food, candles, and flowers, especially lotus flowers symbolizing purity and enlightenment, and engage in meditation practices.

•Alms-giving: Giving alms to the needy is a significant part of the day, representing Buddha’s teachings on generosity and kindness.

Common FAQs About Buddha Jayanti

What are the main rituals performed on Buddha Purnima?

On Buddha Purnima, major rituals include special prayers, meditation sessions, sermons on the life of Buddha, and the practice of the Eight Precepts.

Pilgrims also bathe and dress Buddha statues in pure water, symbolizing a fresh start and the removal of past sins.

How do different countries celebrate Buddha Jayanti?

In Nepal and India, large groups gather at stupas like Swayambhunath and Bodh Gaya for prayers and songs.

 In Sri Lanka, elephants are decorated and participate in parades.

Meanwhile, in Thailand and Myanmar, water festivals occur, and people pour water over Buddha statues for cleansing and blessings.

Why is Buddha Purnima significant to Buddhists?

Buddha Purnima encapsulates the core of Buddhism, reflecting on the life and insights of Buddha that form the foundation of the religion.

It’s a day of remembrance, gratitude, and renewal of commitment to living a moral and compassionate life.

Are there any specific foods or activities associated with Lord Buddha’s birthday?

While there is no specific food mandated, vegetarian dishes are commonly consumed out of respect for the Buddhist practice of non-violence.

Activities like freeing caged birds symbolize the liberation of the soul and the spreading of goodwill.

Finally, Buddha Purnima in  is a significant spiritual milestone, offering a chance to celebrate and reflect upon the teachings of Lord Buddha.

The day serves not only as a cultural and religious observation but also as a reminder of the enduring legacy of peace and kindness that Buddha instilled in his followers.

As we approach this sacred day, embracing its values can lead to personal and communal harmony and understanding.

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