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Mithuna Sankranti 

 Hindu Of Universe  “

God’s light is within you, It never leaves you.”

What is Mithun Sankranti?

Mithuna Sankranti is known as ‘Asharh’ in Eastern India, ‘Aani’ in Southern India and ‘Mithunam onth’ in Kerala.

This is the day when the sun transits from Vrishabha (Taurus) rashi to Mithuna (Gemini) rashi.

These changes of the Sun are considered to be crucial according to the astrological affect and one should perform puja on this these days.

This day is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm in Odisha and the festival is known as Raja Parba.

Mithuna Sankranti

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When is Mithun Sankranti in  ?

It is a four days festival where devotees welcome the rains and celebrate with joy and happiness.

It is the time when unmarried girls dress themselves beautifully with ornaments and married women enjoy indoor games and take break from household work.

It is also Raja Parba in Odisha. 

Rituals of Mithuna Sankranti 

On this day, Lord Vishnu and goddess Earth are worshipped.

People of Odisha wear traditional clothes and special puja is given to the grinding stone, which depicts the mother earth.

The stone is decorated with flowers and vermillion.

It is believed that like the earth gets ready to receive rainfall, similarly young girls get prepared for marriage and pray to the almighty.

Another common ritual of Raja Parba is to tie swings on the bark of banyan tree and girls enjoy themselves swinging and singing on it.

There are different kinds of swing sets that are used like ram doli, dandi doli and chakri doli.

It is said that mithuna Sankranti is very auspicious for donating clothes to the needy people.


Like all other Sankranti festival, it is sacred to pay homage to ones ancestor on this day and many people visit temples on riverbanks to perform it.

Food to be eaten on Mithun Sankranti

Poda-pitha is a delicacy made in Odisha especially on Raja Parba and Mithuna Sankranti, which is made with jiggery, coconut, camphor, molasses, butter, and rice powder.
One should avoid eating rice grains on this day as per rituals.

The Importance of Mithun Sankranti

People sing the raja gita, a popular folk song of the state.

Men and women walk barefoot on earth to welcome the rain and a lot of dancing and singing takes place.

Hindus also believe in fasting on Mithuna Sankranti to please the Sun God and ensure that the coming months of their life are more peaceful and happy.

The temple of Lord Jagannath in Odisha is decorated and devotees flock in large number to worship the Lord and his wife Bhudevi (Goddess Earth).

Mithuna Sankranti

Raja Parba, also referred to as Mithuna Sankranti, is a vibrant festival honoring womanhood that spans three days in the beautiful region of Odisha, India.

The significance of the second day of this celebration marks the commencement of the solar month of Mithuna, heralding the onset of the rainy season.

The onset of the third Solar month in the Hindu calendar is signified by Mithuna Sankranti.

Each of the twelve Sankranti events throughout the year holds significant auspiciousness for the performance of charitable deeds.

It is believed that only a specific time frame before or after each Sankranti moment is ideal for engaging in activities associated with the occasion.

For Mithuna Sankranti, the period of sixteen Ghati(s) following the Sankranti moment is deemed as propitious, and this window from the Sankranti occurrence to sixteen Ghati after is designated for all charitable actions.

Giving or contributing clothes during Mithuna Sankranti is regarded as particularly auspicious.

Presently, Mithuna Sankranti falls on either the 14th of June or the 15th of June.

In South India, this Sankranti event is referred to as Sankramanam.

What is Mithuna Sankranti Festival?

Mithuna Sankranti, also known as Ashadha Sankranti, is a significant Hindu festival that marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Gemini.

Celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm in various parts of India, Mithuna Sankranti falls on the day when the Sun moves from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn.

This auspicious occasion holds cultural and religious significance for devotees who engage in various rituals and traditions to seek blessings and prosperity.

Mythology of Mithuna Sankranti

During the initial three days of the festival, it is widely believed that Bhumi, the Hindu earth goddess and one of Vishnu’s consorts, undergoes menstruation.

The fourth day is designated as Vasumati Snana, signifying Bhumi’s ceremonial bath.

The term “Raja” originates from the Sanskrit word “rajas,” denoting menstruation, with a menstruating woman referred to as “rajasvala.”

Throughout the medieval era, the festival gained popularity as an agricultural celebration honoring the reverence of Bhumi, revered as Jagannath’s consort, a local manifestation of Vishnu.

A silver statue of Bhumi is housed in the Puri Temple alongside Jagannath.

Rituals of Mithuna Sankranti

On Mithuna Sankranti, devotees wake up early in the morning and take a holy dip in rivers or sacred water bodies.

They offer prayers to the Sun god, Lord Vishnu, and other deities, seeking blessings for a fruitful year ahead.

Special puja ceremonies are conducted in temples and homes, where offerings of fruits, flowers, and sweets are made.

Many people also fast on this day as a form of devotion and gratitude.

One of the key rituals of Mithuna Sankranti is donating food, clothes, and other essentials to the needy and underprivileged.

This act of charity is believed to bring good karma and blessings to the giver.

Additionally, flying kites is a popular tradition associated with this festival, symbolizing joy, freedom, and positivity.

Significance of Mithuna Sankranti

Mithuna Sankranti holds immense cultural significance as it signifies the beginning of the monsoon season in India.

Farmers view this festival as an auspicious time to sow their crops and pray for a bountiful harvest.

The festival also symbolizes the transition from the scorching heat of summer to the refreshing rains, bringing hope and renewal to the land.

Moreover, Mithuna Sankranti serves as a reminder of the importance of unity and harmony among people.

It encourages individuals to come together, celebrate diversity, and spread love and positivity in their communities.

In conclusion, Mithuna Sankranti is a joyous festival that celebrates the changing seasons, cultural traditions, and spiritual beliefs of the Hindu community.

Through its rituals and observances, this auspicious occasion fosters a sense of gratitude, generosity, and togetherness among devotees, making it a cherished event in the Indian calendar.

Significance Of Mithuna Sankranti

Bhubaneswar: On Mithuna Sankranti, a drift in the position of the sun is observed.

This change is considered highly significant as per astrology.

Thus, devotees irrespective of their cultural backgrounds perform Puja on this crucial day.

The Mithuna Sankranti meaning and significance is something one should be aware in order to enjoy this Hindu festival with a perspective.

Mithuna Sankranti is called with distinct names amongst different states, and individuals with different cultural backgrounds celebrate it with varied rituals.

For example, in Kerala, Mithuna Sankranti is known as ‘Mithunam Onth’, whereas it is called ‘Aani’ in South India.

‘Asharh’ in Eastern India and in Odisha, Mithuna Sankranti is called Raja Parba.

As per the Hindu mythological, the transition of Sun’s position from Vrishabha to Mithuna Rashi also marks the commencement of the agricultural year.

Devotees pray with a lot of conviction for the first rains.

This is to ensure smooth natural irrigation in the farms and to improve the quality and life of food grains.

In fact, as per traditions, there are 16 Ghatis in different geographical regions dedicated to the Mithuna Sankranti celebration, wherein all Dan-Punya activities are practiced on the day of the Sankranti.

Mithuna Sankranti Celebration is done with a lot of gusto and enthusiasm across the nation.

It is a highly popular and one of the much-awaited festivals in India.

From donating clothes, food grains to dancing for a good harvest during the annual year, all the activities are done on a major scale in many Indian states.

Devotees also observe fasts for Surya Dev/ Sun as it considered auspicious.

It also said that those who observe fast on Mithuna Sankranti get all their wishes granted.

Mithuna Sankranti 

Raja Parba, another name for Mithuna Sankranti is a traditional festival celebrated in the Indian state of Odisha.

 It is primarily a celebration of womanhood, fertility, and the onset of the monsoon season.

The festival holds historical and mythological significance in Odia culture.

Raja Sankranti  : History

The origins of Raja Parba can be traced back to ancient times when agricultural communities relied heavily on the monsoon rains for a successful harvest.

The festival is believed to have its roots in the worship of Mother Earth and her fertility.

It is also associated with the legend of Goddess Bhudevi, who is believed to undergo her menstrual cycle during this period.

Consequently, the first day of the festival, known as Pahili Raja, is dedicated to the cleansing and purifying rituals of Mother Earth.

Over the years, Raja Parba has evolved into a celebration of femininity, agriculture, and the arrival of the monsoon.

It is a time when the community comes together to rejoice in the abundance of nature and express gratitude for the blessings of life.

Mithuna Sankranti  : Significance

Raja Parab is an agriculture-oriented festival, mostly observed in the coastal districts of Orissa for three days. 

Mithuna Sankranti holds cultural and astronomical significance.

It marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Gemini (Mithuna) according to the Hindu calendar.

This event is celebrated to honour the changing seasons and the agricultural cycle.

The festival marks preserving the cultural heritage and traditions associated with this unique festival. 

During this festival, Mother Earth or “Basu Mata” is considered to be a menstruating woman.

Hence digging of soil or tempering it in any way is strictly prohibited.

Mother Earth is given rest just like a woman imposed with several restrictions.

According to another folklore, the festival is observed to respect Bhudevi, Lord Jagannath’s wife. 

It is also considered one of the chief festivals of unmarried girls or potential mothers. 

It symbolizes new beginnings, fertility, and growth.

Devotees often take ritual baths in sacred rivers, offer prayers, and perform charitable acts.

The festival brings communities together, fostering unity and spirituality.

Mithuna Sankranti  : Celebration

The festival Raja Sankranti derives its name from the Sanskrit word, ‘Raja’ which means menstruation.

So, during Raja Parba, women take a break from their daily chores and indulge in various cultural activities.

They dress up in traditional attire, play games, sing folk songs, and swing on beautifully decorated swings known as “pithas.”

These swings are symbolic of the joy and fertility associated with the festival.

It is believed that swinging on these pithas brings good luck and prosperity.

Mithuna Sankranti also showcases the close bond between brothers and sisters.

On the second day of the festival, known as Mithuna Sankranti, sisters apply a special medicinal paste on their brothers’ bodies and pray for their well-being.

Special varieties of cake are prepared with rice powder, molasses, coconut, camphor, ghee etc go in the name of Podapitha (burnt cake).

The size of the cake varies according to the number of family members.

Cakes are also exchanged among relatives and friends.

Young girls do not take rice during this festival and sustain only on different types of cake, puffed rice and vegetable curry.

People indulge in different types of fun activities within the community.

Special ‘Yatras’ and ‘Gotipua’ dance events are arranged at community levels.

In conclusion, Raja Parab is a vibrant and culturally significant festival celebrated in the Indian state of Odisha.

It commemorates and rejoices in the onset of the monsoon season, honouring the Earth’s fertility and expressing gratitude for the bountiful harvests to come.

People engage in various joyful activities, including swinging on decorated rope swings, playing traditional games, and relishing delicious food.

The festival promotes a sense of unity, happiness, and rejuvenation as individuals and communities come together to celebrate the beauty and abundance of nature.

Mithuna Sankranti Phalam

  • Good for animals
  • Commodities cost would be expensive
  • Brings excess suffering
  • Good health for people, affinity among nations and increase of grain stocks

Sankranti Property

Phalam Indication

Naam / Name

Dhvankshi

Vara Mukha / Facing

Pashchima / West

Drishti / Sighting

Ishana / North-East

Gamana / Going To

Uttara / North

Vahana / Vehicle

Varah / Boar

Upa Vahana / Secondary Vehicle

Vrishabha / Bull

Vastra / Clothes

Neela / Blue

Ayudha / Weapon

Khadga / Sword Variant

Bhakshya Padartha / Food

Bhiksha / Begged Food

Gandha Dravya / Poultice on Body

Surkha Chandan

Varna / Cast

Sarpa / Snake

Pushpa / Flower

Bakula

Vaya / Age

Gatalaka

Avastha / State/Condition

Rati / Love

Karana Mukha / Facing

Pashchima / West

Sthiti / Position

Khadi / Standing

Bhojana Patra / Food Vessel

Tamra / Copper

Abhushana / Jewelry

Moti

Kanchuki / Top Cloth

Bhurja Patra / Palm Leaf

Mithuna Sankranti or Sankranthi

Mithuna Sankranti marks the beginning of the third Solar month in Hindu calendar.

All twelve Sankranti(s) in the year are highly auspicious for Dan-Punya activities.

Only certain time duration before or after each Sankranti moment is considered auspicious for Sankranti related activities.

For Mithuna Sankranti sixteen Ghati(s) after the Sankranti moment are considered Shubh or auspicious and the time window from Sankranti to sixteen Ghati after Sankranti is taken for all Dan-Punya activities.

During Mithuna Sankranti gifting or donating clothes is considered highly auspicious.

Currently Mithuna Sankranti

In South India Sankranti is called as Sankramanam.

About Mithuna Sankranti:

Mithuna Sankranti is also known as Asharh or Aani in Sothern India and Mithunam Onth in Kerala.

On this day the sun transits from Vrishabha (Taurus) to Mithuna (Gemini).

The change of the Sun’s position is considered to be crucial according to the astrological effect.

Hence, devotees perform puja on this day. Mithun Sankranti is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm in Odisha where the festival is known as Raja Parba.

The festivities lasts for four days where devotees welcome the rains with joy and happiness.

Unmarried girls dressed in beautifully attire and ornaments. Married women take a break from household work.

Devotees sing the Raja Gita, a popular folk song. Men and women walk barefoot to welcome the rain with dancing and singing.

Significance:

Mithuna Sankranti marks the occasion of Sun moving into Gemini or Mithuna which is known as Mithuna Sankramanam.

It is one of the most auspicious occasions according to Hindu traditions and customs.

It marks the onset of the agricultural year all across Odisha.

People welcome first rains officially by celebrating this festival.

For Mithuna Sankranti, sixteen Ghati(s) after the Sankranti moment are considered auspicious and the time window from Sankranti to sixteen Ghati after Sankranti is taken for all Dan-Punya activities

During Mithuna Sankranti donating clothes is considered highly auspicious.

People pray to God for best harvest after the rain.

The festival is meant to have some relaxation time.

Hence, the event is the famous festival.

It is believed that fasting on Raja Parba or Mithuna Sankranti to please the God Sun ensure prosperity, peace, and happiness in life.

Legend:

Mithuna Sankranti is celebrated for four days.

There is an interesting depiction associated with the festival.

The celebration is held in the form of Vasumati Gadhua, which marks the fourth and final day where a prosperous bath is given to Goddess Earth who is considered as a wife of Lord Vishnu.

Lord Jagannath Temple in Puri has a silver idol of Bhudevi which is adorned with grandeur.

On this day, Lord Vishnu and Bhudevi (Goddess Earth) are worshipped.

On the fourth day, the ritual of Vasumati bath is performed.

Womenfolk bath the grinding stones as a symbol of Goddess Earth and give a bath with turmeric paste and vermilion.

They also offer the fruits to the Bhudevi Goddess.

Men and women walk barefoot on earth to welcome the rain with great enthusiasm, dancing, and singing.

Celebrations and Rituals:

Lord Vishnu and Goddess Earth are worshipped on Mithun Sankranti.

Devotees wear traditional clothes, and special puja is performed for mother earth.

The stone is decorated with flowers and vermillion. It is believed that the earth gets ready to receive rainfall.

Another ritual of Raja Parba is to tie swings on the bark of banyan tree, and girls enjoy themselves swinging on it.

It is sacred to pay homage to the ancestor on this day. Poda-pita is a delicacy made in Odisha especially on Mithuna Sankranti, which is made with jaggery, coconut, camphor, molasses, and butter.

One should avoid eating rice and grains on this day.

Legends of Mithuna Sankranti

Mithuna Sankranti is celebrated for four days because of an interesting mythological depiction associated with it.

Goddess Earth or Bhudevi is the wife of Lord Vishnu who is known to experience menstruation covering the period of initial three days.

The grand celebrations is held in the form of Vasumati Gadhua, which marks the fourth and final day on which a prosperous bath is given to Bhudevi.

Lord Jagannatha Temple in Puri consists of a silver idol of Bhudevi adorned with grandeur.


Mithuna Sankranti – A Reflection of Indian Customs and Traditions

Unmarried girls dress in beautiful attire and celebrate Raja Parba along with their friends and family.

Raja Dholi Khela is an interesting event observed as a part of the festival in Odisha during which girls wishing for a good husband get onto swings.

As a part of the traditions, girls sing Raja gita and others play card games and Ludo.

The four-day festival begins with the first day observed as Pahili Raja.

Several traditional events are organized such as swaying upon various swings named as Ram Doli, Dandi Doli and so on.

The second day is celebrated as Raja, which is simply known as Mithuna Sankranti. Basi Raja is the third day, which marks the completion of menstruation period.

Vasumati Snan – An Ode to Bhudevi

People wearing traditional Odiya costumes observe the final day of Mithuna Sankranti by showing their gratitude to Goddess Earth.

Referred locally as Bhudevi, devotees perform special pujas to seek her divine blessings apart from a sacred bath to a grinding stone.

Perhaps, the stone is considered to be a replica of Bhudevi that people consider to celebrate.

It is beautifully decorated with turmeric powder, different flowers, sandalwood, and vermilion.

The festival bears significance to nature and womenfolk in a direct fashion. The way earth gets ready to receive early rainfall, young girls too are known to get prepared for a perfect matrimonial alliance.


Everyone looks forward to celebrate the specific event of tying rope swings to banyan trees to have a good time with their family members, relatives and friends.

The whole atmosphere turns into a colorful one with girls trying to outdo each other by wearing beautiful clothes. 

Gotipua dances too are organized in villages reflecting typical Odiya culture.

Mithuna Sankranti

Different names for Mithuna Sankranti are used in its place of it.

In other areas, it has different names; it is known as Aani in the regions of India that are situated in the southern parts of India.

Mithuna Sankranti is known as Mithunam Onth in the areas of Kerala.

There are significant transitions of the Sun on this day.

The Sun’s position also changes today, without sound effects on the environment.

A welcome ceremony is arranged on any of the four days of the festival.

In the welcome ceremony, there is an excellent welcome to the rain rained by the Vishnu according to the mind setup of Hindus.

Happiness is also welcomed on Mithuna Sankranti.

Benefits of Mithuna Sankranti

There are great features that are related to Mithuna Sankranti.

As you know that the Sun is considered the God of Hindus.

To honor God, the Mithuna Sankranti is celebrated and welcomed by offering Puja to it.

Festivals also mark the start of the agricultural year.

In addition, the rain welcome ceremony is also arranged on this day where all the women and children wear white clothes.

The white garments are the representation of happiness that Vishnu suggests.

Acts on Mithuna Sankranti

The first suggested act is Puja in the acts listed on Mithuna Sankranti.

The Puja on this event is presented for the Earth, considered the Goddess according to the Hindus.

Other than the Earth, the Puja act is also suggested to Vishnu.

The Stone is also submitted to the Earth.

 For this purpose, the Earth is decorated with different items, and flowers are included.

Vermilions are also used for stone decoration.

Hindus believe that by the Puja of Earth, the Earth becomes happy, and then it can receive the rain from the Vishnu that causes happiness in the Society.

Mithuna Sankranti

According to astrology, there is such a planet, which never turns retrograde, rather it always remains straight.

There are 12 Sankranti in a year, one of which is ‘Mithun Sankranti’.

On the day of Mithun Sankranti, the Sun transits from Taurus to Gemini. In the month of Jeth, the sun god enters Gemini.

Because of this, it is called Mithun Sankranti.

Worshiping Suraj Dev is considered to be of special importance on this day.

From the point of view of astrology, if the Sun God is pleased, then auspicious results can be obtained.

This festival is considered very special among all the festivals.

Mithuna Sankranti Importance

Mithun Sankranti is considered very auspicious in the scriptures.

On the day of Mithun Sankranti, Suraj Dev is worshiped according to the rules and regulations.

This festival is considered very important in Hinduism.

On the day of Mithun Sankranti, works of charity are done to get virtuous results. Mithuna Sankranti festival is considered a sign of change in nature.

According to the scriptures, it is believed that the rainy season starts on this day.

When the Sun God leaves Taurus and enters Gemini, the direction of the zodiac signs changes in all the constellations.

When the Sun moves from Kritika Nakshatra to Rohini Nakshatra, there is a possibility of rain.

Along with this, people pray to God for rain for good farming.

Mithun Sankranti is also called the Raja festival.

On the day of the Raja festival, a fast is observed to please Lord Suraj Dev.


Auspicious Work on Mithuna Sankranti

On the day of Mithun Sankranti, one gets up before sunrise and takes a bath.

After this, water is offered while chanting the mantra ‘Om Ghrini Suryaya Namah’ while seeing the rising sun for the worship of the Sun God.

Red roli, red flowers are mixed in the water given to the Sun.
After offering Argh to the sun, the mantra of the sun is chanted 108 times by sitting in a red seat and facing the east.
Devotees give gifts or donate clothes during Mithun Sankranti.

Devotees also worship Lord Surya and visit Haridwar, Rishikesh, and other prominent places to take a holy dip in the river Ganges and offer water to the Sun.

Mithuna Sankranti Punya Kaal

  • On the day of Mithun Sankranti, people wake up before sunrise and take a bath.
  • Then aarti is performed by showing incense and a lamp to the Sun God. Then Surya Dev is saluted and circumambulated 7 times.
  • On this day a pledge is taken to donate to the poor and needy.
  • Green-colored items are donated on the day of Mithun Sankranti.
  • Donating spinach, moong, and green clothes on the day of Mithun Sankranti is considered very fruitful.
  • By fasting without eating salt on the day of Mithun Sankranti, all the problems go away.
  • A copper plate or a copper pot is used to worship the Sun God.
  • Red sandalwood, red flowers, and a ghee lamp are kept on the plate. Can keep lamp, copper or earthen lamp.
  • The water offered to the Sun God is not allowed to fall on the ground. This water is offered in a copper vessel.
  • Then this water is poured into a tree plant.

Mithuna Sankranti Puja Vidhi

  • Sil Batta is worshipped as Bhudevi on the day of Mithun Sankranti.
  • On this day Silbatta is bathed with milk and water.
  • After this, sandalwood, vermilion, flowers, and turmeric are offered on the Sil Batta.
  • Tributes are paid to ancestors or ancestors on the day of Mithun Sankranti.

  • On the day of Mithun Sankranti, Poda, Pitha, a sweet made of jaggery, rice flour, coconut, and desi ghee, is prepared.

  • Rice is not taken on this day.
  • Donating to Brahmins, the poor, and the needy on the day of Mithun Sankranti can please the Sun God.


Story of Mithuna Sankranti


It is said that nature has blessed women with menstruation.

Due to this boon, one gets the happiness of motherhood.

According to Mithun Sankranti’s story, women have menstruation.

Similarly, Bhudevi, this Mother Earth had menstruation for 3 days in the beginning.

This is considered the symbol of the development of the earth.

Bhudevi remains in menstruation for 3 days and on the fourth day, Bhudevi is called Silbatta.

He is given a bath.

Mother Earth is worshiped on the day of Mithun Sankranti.

The silver statue of Bhudevi, the wife of Lord Vishnu, is still present in the Jagannath temple of Odisha. On the day of Mithun Sankranti, there are many benefits of worshiping and fasting according to the rules and regulations.


Importance of donation on Mithuna Sankranti

Bathing in a holy river or water tank on the day of Mithun Sankranti is considered to be of great importance.

If it is not possible to bathe in a holy river on this day, then bathing can be done at home by adding Ganges water to the water.

After bathing, water is offered to the Sun God.


By offering water to the sun on the day of Mithun Sankranti, prosperity in life, respect in society, high position, prestige, and blessings of the Sun God can be obtained.

Rituals of Mithuna Sankranti?

Lord Vishnu and Goddess Earth are worship on this day.

People of Odisha wear traditional clothes and a special puja is dedicate to the grinding stone which represents mother earth.

The stone is decorate with flowers and vermilion.

It is believe that as the earth prepares for rain, similarly young girls prepare for marriage and pray to the Almighty.

Another common ritual of Raja Parba is tying swings to the bark of a banyan tree and girls enjoy swinging and singing on it.

There are different types of swings that are use like ram doli, dandi doli and chakri doli. It is say that Mithuna Sankranti is very auspicious for donating clothes to needy people.

Like all other Sankranti festivals, it is sacred to pay homage to one’s ancestor on this day and many people visit temples on the banks of rivers to perform it.

Significance of Mithun Sankranti?

People sing raja gita, a popular folk song of the state.

Men and women walk the ground barefoot to welcome the rain, and there is much dancing and singing.

Hindus also believe in fasting on Mithuna Sankranti to please the Sun God and ensure that the coming months of their lives are more peaceful and happy.

The temple of Lord Jagannath in Odisha is decorating and devotees gather in large numbers to worship the Lord and his consort Bhudevi (Earth Goddess).

Mithuna Sankranti  

Mithuna Sankranti  on the occasion of the Sun moving into another constellation called Gemini or Mithuna.

Known as Mithuna Sankramanam in South India, it is consider one of the most auspicious occasions according to Hindu traditions and customs.

People in Odisha celebrate it as Raja Sankranti, a four-day festival consisting of several interesting activities.

It marks the beginning of the agricultural year across Odisha and is call Raja Parba.

More precisely, people welcome the first rains officially by celebrating this festival.

History of Mithuna Sankranti  ?

Mithuna Sankranti is celebrate for four days because of the interesting mythological depiction associated with it.

The Earth Goddess or Bhudevi is the consort of Lord Vishnu who is know to experience menstruation covering a period of the first three days. Great celebrations are held in the form of Vasumati Gadhu, which is the fourth and last day when Bhudevi is giving a prosperous bath.

The temple of Lord Jagannath in Puri consists of silver idols of Bhudevi decorated with grandeur.

Mithuna Sankranti   – a reflection of Indian customs and traditions?

Single girls dress up in beautiful dresses and celebrate Raja Parba along with their friends and family.

Raja Dholi Khela is an interesting event observed as part of a festival in Orissa where girls desirous of a worthy husband get on the swings.

As part of the traditions, girls sing Raja Gita and others play card games and Ludo.

The four-day festival begins with the first day observed as Pahili Raja.

Several traditional events are holds like swinging on different swings name Ram Doli, Dandi Doli and so on.

The second day is celebrate as Raja which is simply know as Mithuna Sankranti.

Basi Raja is the third day which marks the completion of menstruation.

Vasumati Snan – Ode to Bhudevi?

People in traditional Odiya costumes observe the last day of Mithuna Sankranti by showing their gratitude to the Earth Goddess.

Locally referred to as Bhudevi, devotees perform special pujas to seek her divine blessings, apart from a holy bath down to the whetstone.

Perhaps the stone is consider to be a replica of Bhudevi, which people consider to be a celebration.

It is beautifully decorate with turmeric powder, various flowers, sandalwood and vermilion.

The festival has a direct meaning for nature and women.

As the earth prepares for the early collisions, young maidens are also know to prepare for the perfect marriage alliance.

Everyone looks forward to celebrating the specific event of tying rope swings to banyan trees to have a good time with their family members, relatives and friends.

The whole atmosphere turns colorful and the girls try to outdo each other by wearing beautiful clothes.

Also, Gotipua dances are organize in villages reflecting typical Odiya culture.

MITHUNA SANKRANTIRITUALS OF MITHUNA SANKRANTI

 In Eastern India, Mithuna Sankranti is known as ‘Asharh,’ in Southern India as ‘Aani,’ and in Kerala as ‘Mithunam onth.’

The sun transits from Vrishabha (Taurus) rashi to Mithuna (Gemini) rashi on this day.

According to astrological influence, these shifts in the Sun are critical, and one should perform puja on certain days.

In Odisha, this day is observed with great zeal, and the festival is called as Raja Parba.

It is a four-day event during which believers greet the rains with love and happiness.

It’s the time of year when unmarried girls deck themselves out in jewels and married women relax by playing indoor activities and taking a break from domestic chores.

The activities of donating or gifting clothes are regarded extremely fortunate for this Sankranti.

RITUALS OF MITHUNA SANKRANTI

Lord Vishnu and goddess Earth are revered on this day.

Odisha’s people dress traditionally, and a particular puja is performed on the grinding stone, which represents Mother Earth.

Flowers and vermillion are carved onto the stone. It is said that, in the same way that the land prepares for rain, young girls prepare for marriage and pray to the almighty.

Another frequent Raja Parba practise is to hang swings to the bark of a banyan tree, which the girls enjoy swinging and singing on.

Ram doli, dandi doli, and chakri doli are some of the swing sets that are popular.

Mithuna Sankranti is said to be a lucky day for donating clothes to those in need.

It is sacred to pay tribute to one’s ancestor on this day, as it is on all other Sankranti festivals, and many people visit riverbank temples to do so.


IMPORTANCE OF MITHUNA SANKRANTI

The raja gita, a traditional folk song from the state, is being sung.

To greet the rain, men and women walk barefoot on the ground, and there is a lot of dancing and singing.

Fasting on Mithuna Sankranti is also practised by Hindus in order to appease the Sun God and make the next months of their lives more calm and cheerful.

Devotees go in vast numbers to worship Lord Jagannath and his wife Bhudevi at the Lord  Jagannath temple in Odisha (Goddess Earth).

People enjoy singing the Raja Gita, which is a collection of traditional songs.

The singing is also accompanied by traditional dancing.

Both the man and the lady celebrators stroll barefoot on their motherland, honouring and relishing the rain.

TRADITIONAL ITEMS ON MITHUNA SANKRANTI

Poda-Pitha is a traditional Mithuna Sankranti and Raja Praba meal cooked with rice powder, jaggery, butter, coconut, molasses, and camphor.

On Mithuna Sankramanam, however, individuals forgo eating rice grains.

Mithuna Sankranti

 When Sun enters from one zodiac sign to another, that event is called Sankranti. 

According to Hindu calendar, the Sun travels in all the 12 zodiac signs throughout the year, according to which it travels in 1 zodiac every month. 

And when the Sun travels in one zodiac and enters another, it is called Sankranti.

Mithun Sankranti is also one of those which is considered one of the important religious festivals in Hinduism. 

Generally, even though its importance may not be that much, but religiously, this festival has a lot of importance. 

Not only the Mithun Sankranti, but all the Sankrantis that come in the year have a lot of importance in religious terms.

According to Hindu calendar, new month starts with Mithun Sakranti which is third month of Hindu calendar.

On this day, the Sun enters Gemini from Taurus. Hence it is called Mithun Sankranti.

This change in planets has good and bad effects, so worship has special significance on this day.

Traditions of Mithun Sankranti: –

  • In Hinduism it is considered very auspicious to donate and gift clothes on the day of Mithun Sankranti.
  • On this day, there is a law to worship Lord Vishnu and Mother Earth.
  • In Orissa, special poojas are organized on this day by wearing traditional nutrients.
  • In the worship of Mother Earth, a stone is decorated with various types of flowers and other items of decoration and at the same time, the rain ritual is welcomed.
  • In celebration of Raja Parba, the girls swing on the banyan tree and swing and sing traditional songs.
  • Donating clothes to the needy on Mithun Sankranti is considered very good. Doing so gives great merit .
  • Consumption of rice on this day is considered prohibited.
  • Like all other Sankrantis, it is considered good to do pooja etc. in this sankranti for the peace of the ancestor’s soul.

The Predictions Are Based On Moon Signs.

Aries

The 5th house lord Sun is in the 3rd house of younger siblings, short distance travel and communication etc.

The transit of the Sun in Gemini can cause some kind of confusion regarding your children.

In your personal life, you have a happy and fun time.

Short-term travel by business and salespersons will give encouraging results.

The main concern can be regarding the education of your children.

You would want to explore the creative side during this period.

Aries natives in professions related to sales and marketing, Media or Journalism will be benefited.

Your administrative and leadership abilities will enhance during the transit, the natives who are in the field of sports and athletics will get the opportunity to showcase their talent.

You can also see improvement in your relationship with your father.

Remedy:

  1. Doing Surya Namaskar daily will prove beneficial.
  2. Worship the ruling deity of Lord Sun that is Lord Shiva.

Taurus

The Sun being the 4th lord will transit in the 2nd house of wealth, family and communication.

Sun transit indicates that expenses on the renovation of home are likely.

During this period you will be interested in investing in properties or fixed assets.

The money will surely come to you.

During this period you will be more inclined towards spending your time with your family and loved ones.

There would be authority and tone in your speech, therefore you need to control your authoritativeness to get desired results while dealing with others.

At work, there can be favours from top management, those involved in the business will get benefited from deals and negotiation.

You need to be careful about issues related to Face and eyes, also take precautionary measures to save from viral infection.

Remedy:

  1. Worship Lord Surya.
  2. Recite Aditya Ritesh Stotram or Gayatri Mantra for pleasing Sun.

Gemini

The Sun being the lord of the 3rd house will be transiting in the 1st house of self and personality.

 During this transit, you will be inclined to make new intelligent moves to push ahead your prospects.

You may also tend to spend more money on your friends’ circle or travelling.

As far as career is concerned, natives might get overloaded with work and responsibilities.

On the business front, things will remain satisfactory for you. You will enjoy greater vitality in this period so take proper care of your body and review your state of health and appearance.

It is advised to keep your ego in check, otherwise, temperamental issues can create ups and downs in your relationship.

Remedy:

  1. Chanting the ‘Ram Raksha Stotra’ daily will be beneficial for you.
  2. Donate wheat, jaggery, dark vermilion coloured cloth on Sunday to make the Sun stronger.

Cancer

The lord of 2nd house Sun is transiting in the 12th house of expenses, salvation and loss. Cancer natives can face some health issues related to headache, fever, health and eye problems.

Sun transiting in your house of foreign gains, the transit will bring gains and benefits from a foreign land.

12th house is the house of loss, therefore it is advised to avoid huge investments during this period or do proper scrutiny and evaluation before investing.

During the transit do not trust people too much, as they might disappoint you.

You need to maintain proper communication with your spouse to avoid any misunderstanding.

Maintain a check on your eating habits and maintain a proper diet it would be wise to go for health checkups.

middle-aged and above being troubled by old health issues and they need to have a regular check-up to become aware of variations.

Remedy:

  1. Worshipping ‘Maa Gauri” form of Goddess Durga will bring auspicious results.
  2. Do the Jap of planet the Sun’s Mool Mantra: “ॐ ह्रां ह्रीं ह्रौं स: सूर्याय नम:। / oṃ hrāṃ hrīṃ hrauṃ sa: sūryāya nama:।”

Leo

The lord of 1st house Sun is transiting in the 11th house of Gain and incomes.

Leo natives will become ambitious.

Your main life focus will be to excel in communication and networking.

Natives in the profession of Marketing and sales, HR and writers will have success.

You will finally achieve the success that you were waiting for so long.

A long-awaited profit may finally cross your path, you will be influential, administrative, and very well organised during this period.

You will also get support in or work-related from the government.

As far as personal life is concerned you may expect to begin a new relationship.

Personal life will be very conducive and you will be spending quality time with your family and friends.

This transit will turn out to be very favourable for your desires and wishes, as long as you are not greedy, selfish or stubborn in your approach.

Remedy:

  1. Wearing Ruby stone in your ring finger in copper or gold will bring favourable results.
  2. Pour water to the Sun every day in the morning after taking a bath and put red flowers in a brass/bronze vessel.

Virgo

The lord of 12th house Sun is transiting in the 10th house of career, anime and fame. The Sun in this house is at its directional strength so this time will be the peak in your career.

A lot of new opportunities await you outside in the world, you have to take a deep glance as it depends all on your potential and efforts.

 As far as business is concerned you will earn a lot of profit, name and fame in your career.

The professional looking for a job will be able to get one.

Sun is considered as the prime significator of the father therefore, you will receive a lot of support from him.

In terms of health, you need to remain careful from viral infection.

In personal life, some issues can make you feel uncomfortable.

It is advised to go for morning or evening walks to avoid any negativity that may prevail.

Remedy:

  1. Donating Jaggery on Sunday in temples or to poor people will prove beneficial.
  2. Take precautions in consuming excess salt or rice in any form.

Libra

The lord of the 11th house Sun in the 9th house of religion, father, spirituality, journey and luck and fortune indicates that some ego clashes with your father or father-like figure may happen.

The transit of the Sun in the 9th house can bring in a lack of luck and opportunities.

It is advised to put in a lot of effort and hard work to achieve your goal.

Your income patterns may likely get a smooth flow.

You would be acting fearlessly so better to evaluate your options before making final decisions.

No major health issue will be your concern.

However, if you have any trouble related to the respiratory system health checkup is advised.

It is advised to on your communication skills for your progress and prosperity

Remedy:

  1. Worship Tulsi plants and pour water, as it will bring you auspicious results.
  2. Always wash hands after touching footwear, this will reduce the malefic effect of the Sun.

Scorpio

The lord of your 10th house Sun will be transiting in the 8th house of transformation and uncertainty.

You may have to face a lot of ups and downs in your professional life Additionally you might feel anxious and disrupted.

You may face some changes in relations with your in-laws, joint assets with the spouse, surgeries, secret affair occult etc.

At this time it is advised to stay in the background and work in a low profile without gaining any unnecessary attention.

Detectives or those in secret agencies or in secret services in the government will get benefited during this time.

The most important thing this time is to build trust both in personal and professional life and reinforce your close bond.

Remedy:

  1. Wearing a Ruby stone in the ring finger will bring auspicious results.
  2. If possible keep fast on Sundays, refrain taking any salt during fast to make your planet sun stronger.

Sagittarius

The Lord of your 9th house Sun is transiting in the 7th house of marriage, partnership and relations.

Your temper may be a big problem in your personal life.

Those seeking to get married may get delayed due to some reasons.

Married couples should not get involved in ego battles.

Business partnerships may suffer during this period so try and maintain good relations.

Those in Management and communication-related professions will see rise and growth in their career.

This is a good time to find an agent to represent you, reach out to someone or get a new business.

Enhance your networking as this will give you fresh energy and vitality now.

Remedy:

  1. Mix Kumkum in a copper vessel with water and offer it to Lord Sun.
  2. Perform Rudrabhishekam Pooja at home

Capricorn

The lord of your 8th house is transiting in the 6th house of Debt, enemies and diseases. This period will be good for Capricorn natives.

During this period you will feel competitive.

Also, you will recover quickly if you face any disease.

 If you are dealing with any legal issues or case the decision will come in your favour.

This is a good time to get rid of debts and loans if any.

You may suffer from a specific physical ailment.

You may have to put in a lot of effort to prove yourself within the professional sphere.

This is a good time to hire an assistant, streamline your work and get things done in order to get organized and more efficient and flexible going forward.

Remedy:

  1. Feed wheat and Jaggery to a bull on Sunday to overcome the malefic aspect of Sun
  2. Keep serving your father in maintaining a respectful relationship with him, keep pampering him with gifts from time to time and help him in his work whenever you can, thereby getting the blessings of the Sun.

Aquarius

The lord of your 7th house is in the 5th house of Education, children and romance.

The transit can affect the health of a few children.

Those in business will flourish and use the tactics to rise above their competitors.

It is advised to avoid any kind of gambling and betting during this transit.

Investing in long-term schemes is advised.

You will feel happy and positive during this period.

This period also gets your creative side active and you can spend happy moments and recreational activities.

It is the best time to rekindle your love for a hobby or inject fresh life into a creative project.

is advised to stay focused as your kids may get enjoyed and performed badly in the studies.

You will not be able to focus properly on your spiritual practices.

You have to take good care of your health as you may suffer from acidity and stomach pain.

Remedy:

  1. Donating copper on Sundays will be very beneficial.
  2. Avoid bribing any person, government official or cheating government, pay taxes and else it can make your Sun weaker in the horoscope.

Pisces

The Lord of your 6th house Sun is transiting in the 4th house of Comfort, mother and luxuries.

Sun in the fourth house may bring you some misery and you may feel heavy on emotions, the transit will take your comfort away from you for a while.

However, you will recognise and accept it and will become action-oriented.

Work would start very ambitious but the result may take some time to come your way.

It is better to have patience and deal with the situations.

Take care of your mother as her health may suffer during this period.

There may be a surprise visit of your maternal uncle at your place or you may visit the family.

Family occasions seem very likely to occur.

You have a good time mostly.

You should keep away from any kind of intoxication otherwise be ready for trouble.

Remedy:

  1. Wearing pokhraj stone on your index finger in the chanting guru mantra will provide you with auspicious results.
  2. Keep fast on Sunday and refrain from any non-veg food and alcohol.

Understanding Sankranti: What is Sankranti?

In the rich tapestry of Indian traditions, Sankranti refers to the movement of the Sun from one zodiac sign to another.

It occurs twelve times a year, each time signifying the beginning of a new solar month.

Significance of Mithuna Sankranti

Mithuna Sankranti specifically marks the Sun’s transition into the zodiac sign of Gemini, known as Mithuna in Sanskrit.

This celestial event holds great significance in Hindu astrology and is celebrated with fervor and joy across the country.

When is Mithuna Sankranti  ?

Date of   Mithuna Sankranti , according to the Hindu lunisolar calendar.

It heralds the onset of the month of Ashadha and marks the beginning of a new phase in the solar cycle.

The Significance of Mithuna Sankranti:

Mithuna Sankranti symbolizes the onset of the monsoon season in India, bringing relief from the scorching heat of summer.

It is a time of rejuvenation and renewal, as nature comes alive with vibrant hues and the promise of abundance.

Spiritual Significance

In Hindu mythology, each Sankranti holds profound spiritual significance. Mithuna Sankranti is believed to be auspicious for embarking on new endeavors, seeking blessings for success and prosperity.

It is also a time for introspection and spiritual growth, as devotees reflect on the cyclical nature of existence and the eternal rhythm of the cosmos.

Traditional Customs and Rituals

On Mithuna Sankranti, devotees offer prayers to the Sun God, expressing gratitude for the life-giving energy that sustains all living beings. 

Special puja ceremonies are conducted, and offerings of fruits, flowers, and grains are made to invoke divine blessings.

Community Celebrations

Mithuna Sankranti is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm across India.

People come together to enjoy festive feasts, fly colorful kites, and participate in cultural events and fairs.

It is a time for bonding with loved ones and spreading joy and goodwill.

Consulting an Astrologer:

For those curious about the astrological significance of Mithuna Sankranti and its impact on their lives, consulting an astrologer can provide valuable insights.

An experienced astrologer can offer personalized guidance based on one’s birth chart and planetary positions, helping individuals navigate life’s challenges and make informed decisions.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, Mithuna Sankranti   heralds the arrival of a new season and a new chapter in the cosmic drama of existence.

As we celebrate this auspicious occasion, let us embrace the spirit of renewal and growth, seeking blessings for success, prosperity, and spiritual fulfillment.

Trending FAQs about Mithuna Sankranti:

What is the significance of Mithuna Sankranti in Hindu astrology?

Mithuna Sankranti marks the Sun’s transition into the zodiac sign of Gemini, signifying new beginnings and the onset of the monsoon season.

It is believed to be an auspicious time for embarking on new ventures and seeking blessings for success and prosperity.

How do people celebrate Mithuna Sankranti across India?

People celebrate Mithuna Sankranti with festive feasts, kite-flying competitions, cultural events, and puja ceremonies dedicated to the Sun God.

It is a time for bonding with loved ones and spreading joy and goodwill in the community.

Are there any specific rituals associated with Mithuna Sankranti?

Devotees offer prayers to the Sun God and make offerings of fruits, flowers, and grains to invoke divine blessings.

Some also perform special puja ceremonies and observe fasting as a mark of devotion and gratitude.

How can consulting an astrologer enhance my understanding of Mithuna Sankranti’s significance?

An experienced astrologer can offer insights into the astrological significance of Mithuna Sankranti and its impact on one’s life based on their birth chart and planetary positions. They can provide personalized guidance and predictions, helping individuals make informed decisions and navigate life’s challenges.

Is Mithuna Sankranti considered an auspicious time for new beginnings and ventures?

Yes, Mithuna Sankranti is believed to be an auspicious time for embarking on new endeavors, whether it’s starting a new business, beginning a journey, or undertaking spiritual practices.

It is considered a time of renewal and growth, symbolizing the promise of new opportunities and blessings.

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