Hindu Of Universe

“God’s light is within you, It never leaves you.”

Hindus believe in Sanatana Dharma – a lifestyle with prime importance for righteousness, values to respect every living being in the universe as well as those who left us.

Sanatana” means permanent. Following the principles laid in Sanatana Dharma helps us to uplift ourselves towards divinity.

Culture and traditions as explained in Hindu scriptures makes us see godliness not only in every living being in this universe, but also in those who left their body.

One of the important tradition in Hinduism followed since ancient times is paying homage to our ancestors.

Pithru Paksha is one among such traditions followed by Hindus every year.

It is known as “Shraadh” karma.

Shraadh is a tradition of performing rituals during few days as per the “panchang” (Hindu calendar).

According to Hindu scriptures, the soul will wander in several worlds till it gets the next body.

Soul has to enter the next body based on the law of Karma.

Sanatana Dharma also talks about the liberation in human life.

This is a state where the soul will never take the body anymore.

Moksha or liberation is achieved only through selfless actions or godly activities.

People express their heartfelt gratitude towards their ancestors who passed away in the lineage

during this 16-days of ‘Pithru Paksha’.

Hindus remember their ancestors by offering prayers by way of rituals as per the scriptures on the day of Shraadh or Pitru Paksha.

The 16-day period of “Shraadh” mostly falls in the month of September.

This occasion of Shraadh is also a way of expressing heartfelt gratitude towards our lineage for everything our ancestors have helped in the life and for what we are now.

It is believed that the departed soul becomes satisfied and peaceful when these rituals are performed by their beloved ones.

This helps the soul to burn bad karmas and get a body to reach the state of liberation.

Shraadh days of ‘Pitru Paksha’ commences on the day of ‘Bhadrapada Purnima’ and ends with ‘Sarvapitri Amavasya’.

These days of ‘Pitru Paksha’ are considered inauspicious by the Hindus as death rites are performed during during this time.

So, no new works or business activities or major undertakings are started during this period.

It is also recommended to avoid travel.

Final day in ‘Pitru Paksha’ is known as ‘Sarvapitri Amavasya’, the most important day to perform the rituals as part of “shraadh karma“.

It is also known as ‘Pitru Amavasya’ or simply ‘Mahalaya’.

Meaning of Shradh:

The word “shradh” in Sanskrit is a combination of the words “Sat” and “Adahar“.

Sat means truth or essence and Adhar means foundation or the base.

In this context, it symbolizes the act or the ritual that is performed with faith and sincerity with a noble cause in mind.

In other words, the shraadh is offered with shraddha or devotion.

The order of Shraadh days are – Purnima Shradh, Pratipada Shradh, Dwitiya Shradh, Tritiya Shradh, Chaturthi Shradh, Panchami Shradh, Shashthi Shradh, Saptami Shradh, Ashtami Shradh, Navami Shradh, Dashami Shradh, Ekadashi Shradh, Dwadashi Shradh, Trayodashi Shradh, Chaturdashi Shradh, Amavasya Shradh. Pitru Paksha – ceremony and rituals:

The most important offering is the pinda pradaana – offering of balls prepared with boiled rice, mustard (pinda) and water.

Tarpana ritual is also performed, wherein sesame seeds and water is taken in palms and offered by chanting mantras along with the name of the ancestors.

There is also a tradition of feeding cows, crows, dogs, beggars on this day.

Priests are offered specially cooked food prepared with utmost care and devotion to make sure that the priest is satisfied and fulfilled.

Monetary donation is also offered to priests on this day.

It is believed that food offered to priests, cows and crows reach our ancestors.

Offering of charitable and service oriented activities are another way in which it the shraddha karma day is observed.

These include offering food – Anna daanam, Vidya Daan – support for the education of children, etc.

Those who are in spiritual path practice meditation, chanting of sacred syllables called mantras, offer prayers to their favourite deity, etc.

Pithru Paksha roots is said to have begun from Rig Veda.

It is for those ancestors who left the legacy of their wisdom, protection, love, and material wealth.

As we understand, “ancestors” are parents (who are no more), grandparents, and great-grandparents and great-great- great parents from last seven generations.

People honour departed spouses, children, siblings, aunts and uncles, and parents-in-law also during this occasion.

It is also an occasion even to pay shradh to friends, neighbours, teachers, mentors, and all beloved people who passed away.

Significance: Pithru Paksha is also considered as a time to reflect on the principles of human birth. Hinduism gives high value for bond that exists among all living beings.

Pithru Paksha is also the occasion to realise that our life is not just limited to the body.

It also reminds about our connection with our loved ones transcending the physical realm.

As per several yogic scriptures, the atman or soul is eternal and the human body is peripheral.

Similarly, the emotional connect between the living members and those who left the body continues.

So, Hindus take this opportunity to express their love by being grateful for everything that has been passed on by our ancestors.

This offering during the pithru paksha is considered as the dharma of those who continue to live in this world.

It is beneficial for both who live and those who have passed away.

Those who have passed away will get a push towards the higher realm in their journey towards liberation.

Another benefit is we get closer to the forces of the universe that are beyond human vicinity and control.

Offering of prayers will certainly benefit with good fortunes and auspiciousness.

It also brings prosperity, happiness, good health, longevity, contentment and peace in family life.

Sarva Pitru Amavasya Highly Auspicious Day To Please All Your Ancestors

The  Amavasya Tithi (date) of the Ashvin Month is celebrated in the form of Sarva Pitru Amavasya.

It is also known by the names; Amavasya Shradh or Mahalaya Amavasya. According to the Sanatana religion (Dharma), on this day, people perform donations, virtuous deeds, Tarpan, Bhandara, etc. for the peace of the souls of their ancestors. 

On the Sarva Pitru Amavasya Day, the Shradh Karma of those Pitras are performed whose date of death is not known or ancestors are not known.

It is believed that, by performing Shradh Karma on this day, the benefit of committing virtuous deeds increases many times.

It is a very important day of the Pitra Paksha.

On the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya, a very special and auspicious yoga is being built and performing Shradh Karma of your ancestors in this yoga will fulfill all your wishes. So, let’s proceed further without any delay and learn about the Tithi (date), Puja Muhurta( Worship’s Auspicious Time), Importance, famous Puranic story, and Astrological Remedies.

Sarva Pitru Amavasya : Tithi (Date) and Time

This year Sarva Pitru Amavasya will be celebrated on 14th October, , Saturday.

Start of Amavasya Tithi: On the night of 13th October  from 09:53 P.M.

End Of Amavasya Tithi: On the night of 14th October,  at 11:27 P.M.

Auspicious Time (Shubh Muhurta) of the Sarva Pitru Amavasya

Along with Kutup and Rohini Muhurta, afternoon time is also considered auspicious for the muhurta (auspicious time) of Sarva Pitru Amavasya.

Kutup Muhurat: From the morning of 14th October from 11:44 A.M. to 12:32 P.M. in the afternoon.

Duration: 00 Hours 48 Minutes.

Rohini Muhurat: On 14th October from 12:32 P.M. to 01:20 P.M. in the afternoon.

Duration: 00 Hours 48 Minutes.

Afternoon Time: On 14th October, from 01: 20 P.M. to 03:43 P.M. in the afternoon.

Duration: 02 Hours 23 Minutes

Special Yoga Is Being Made On Sarva Pitru Amavasya

This Year Aindra Yoga is being formed on the occasion of Sarva Pitru Amavasya. Aindra Yoga is considered very auspicious in astrology.

All the works done in this Yoga gets fulfilled and accomplished and success is achieved in those works.

Whenever an Aindra yoga is being formed in any native’s birth chart, then that native achieves huge progress and positivity.

Start Of Aindra Yoga: From 10:04 P.M. at the night of 13th October

End Of Aindra Yoga: To 10:23 P.M. on the night of 14th October.

Importance Of Sarva Pitru Amavasya

Sarva Pitru Amavasya is highly suitable for those who do not have information about the death date of their ancestors, or are unable to perform Tarpan and Pind Daan on other days of Shraddha Paksha.

It is believed that the soul of the ancestors visits the house of their descendants on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya i.e. Amavasya of Ashvin Month with the expectation of performing Shraddha or Tarpan. But if Pind Daan of the ancestors is not done, then their souls go back in sorrow, hence, it is considered very important to perform Shradh of one’s ancestors on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya.

Method Of Sarva Pitru Amavasya

  • Purify yourself by waking up early and taking a bath. You can mix Gangajal in your bathing water.
  • After that offer water to Lord Sun.
  • Prepare satvik food items like Poori, Kheer, Sabzi (Curry), Rice.
  • Remember your ancestors and pray to them to accept the food prepared by your hands.
  • Feed the Satvik food to a Brahmin with respect. 
  • After feeding the Brahmin, offer them donation and Dakshina (money) to him according to your wish and seek his blessings.
  • On this day, feeding cows, dogs, and crows is compulsory.
  • Donate Green fodder on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya.
  • On this day, you must put food items and water on the main gate of your house.

Story (Katha) Of Sarva Pitru Amavasya

According to a legend, In the old period, there were two Pitra deities named Agnishvat and Barhi Pad.

There was a mind-born daughter of theirs named Akshoda. Akshoda performed penance on the Amavasya day (new moon day) of the Ashwin month  to please her ancestors.

By getting pleased for her penance, all the ancestral deities appeared in front of Akshoda.

At that time, Akshoda’s whole focus was on one brilliant and extravagant ancestor named ‘Amavasu’.

She kept staring at him without blinking her eyes and said to him, “Please accept me as a boon, I want your company”.

Hearing these words from Akshoda, all the ancestors got angry.

They cursed her that she will go to the Earth from Pitra lok (ancestral world).

After hearing this, Akshoda realized her mistake and she started seeking forgiveness. Then, Pitra deities showed mercy upon her and said that she would take birth in the form of a Mermaid (half Fish- half girl) on earth.

Lord Brahma’s descendant Great Sage Parashar  will marry that mermaid( Akshoda) and God Ved Vyas ( Lord Visnu’s avatar) will take birth from her womb.

After that, she would get freedom from that curse and will return back to Pitar Lok (ancestral world).

All the ancestors praised Amavasu and gave him a boon that he does not let his mind dwindle against beauty and woman and he controlled his self-control, hence from today onward, this date (tithi) will be known as ‘Amavasu’.

There is a belief that from this day forth, this tithi(date) came to be known as ‘Sarva Pitru Amavasya’.

Perform These Deeds on The Day Of  Sarva Pitru Amavasya

There are some deeds which, when done on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya, helps us in attaining special blessings from our ancestors.

  • According to astrology, one must worship the Peepal tree (Eucalyptus) on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya. It is believed that, along with deities and goddesses, our ancestors also reside on the Peepal tree. So, one must light a Diya lamp beneath a Peepal (Eucalyptus) tree.
  • If because of any reason, one is not able to perform Tarpan in the whole Pitra Paksha, then they must perform Tarpan on this day.
  • One must take a bath in any sacred river, reservoir, or a pond. If this is not possible, then mix Gangaajal in your water during bathing.
  • One must perform a donation in the name of their ancestors on this day.
  • On the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya, light a diya lamp and keep Poori and sweets at the main gate. It is believed that, if you do this, then your ancestors do not leave your house with an empty stomach and the illumination of the diya lamp shows the way to leave the home peacefully and go to their world.
  • On this day, one must serve food to Brahmins.

Avoid These Work On This Day

  • Never let anyone leave your house with empty hands on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya. If any poor or needy comes to your home, then you must feed food to them.
  • Do not disrespect anyone on this day even by mistake.

This may make your ancestors unhappy.

  • Do not consume tamasic food on the day of Sarvapitri Amavasya.

Apart from this, avoid consuming horse gram, lentils and flaxseed.

Perform These Remedies On The Day Of Sarva Pitru Amavasya, It Will Eliminate All The Sufferings!

By adopting many remedies on this day, one gets relief from Pitra Dosh and many types of problems go away. So let us know about these measures:

  • Perform Tarpan For Ancestors

If you are not able to perform tarpan of your ancestors in the Pitru Paksha, then put some black Sesame seeds in a  vessel of water and perform Tarpan by remembering your ancestors.

By doing this, one can make his ancestors happy and get rid of Pitra Dosha.

  • Donate These Items

Donate Rice, Salt, Atta (Wheat Flour), Jaggery, Black lentil ( Black Urad Dal), and Desi Ghee on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya.

It is believed that by doing this, peace prevails in one’s life and all the work starts accomplishing automatically of the natives.

  • Feed Spinach To A Cow

Feed  green Spinach to a Cow on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya to please ancestors and get rid of financial problems. Performing this will prove very fruitful for the natives.

  • Worship a Peepal (Eucalyptus Tree)

Worship a Peepal (Eucalyptus) tree in the morning and evening and offer water to it. Light a Diya Lamp made from Pure Ghee and take 11 or 21 revolutions of a Peepal tree.

  • Chant This Mantra

Take a bath in a sacred river or a pond on this day and chant this mantra ‘ Om Pitra Ganaye Vidhmahe, Jagatdharini Dhimahi, tanno Pitro Prachodayat’ at least 108 times during the bath.

Donating these 7 things during Pitra Paksha gives financial benefits

Pitru Paksha is going on. It is the Navami of Pitru Paksha and it is called Matra Navami. It is said that on the days of Pitru Paksha, by donating things a person can become rich. Today we are going to tell you about the donations.

Black sesame – Black sesame is the most important thing about Shraddha Paksha. By donating black sesame seeds during Shraddha Paksha, it is received directly by the fathers, and by doing this, the ancestors get happy and bless the whole family.

Donation of land – It is said that the donation of land is the biggest donation during Shraddh. By donating land, one gets freedom from unintentional sins.

Silver – It is said that forefathers love items made of silver, because of this it is best to donate items made of silver to the ancestors.

Clothing – Donating clothes to your ancestors also brings great benefits. In fact, people who donate clothes get all kinds of happiness in life.

Jaggery and salt – Donating jaggery and salt during Shraddha Paksha are considered beneficial.

Donation of footwear – Donating footwear is beneficial for the peace of the ancestors’ soul.

Umbrella and Gamchha- Donating umbrella bring happiness in the family and makes ancestors happy.

List Puja of items used in Shradh Ritual

Shradh ritual in Hindu religion is dedicated to dead ancestors.

It is an important annual ceremony for majority of Hindus.

Here are the puja items used in Shradh ritual.

  • Banana leaf
  • Copper plate
  • Cooked rice
  • Darbha or Kusha grass – ring of darbha and the grass spread as seating
  • Bhringaraj leaves
  • Tulsi leaves
  • Black sesame or til
  • Til mixed with water
  • Uncooked rice or barley
  • Honey
  • Black Gram
  • White flowers (red flowers are not used in Shradh)
  • Sandalwood paste
  • Betel nut and leaf

In some regions, people cook favorite food of the dead person.

Please note that not all items will be used in all regions.

This is to give a general idea regarding items needed for Shradh.

Shradh Puja Samagri

All the essential pooja items or puja samagri which are required or to be used to perform the Shradh Puja.

Here’s a full list of commonly used essential puja samagri or pooja items for Shradh Puja :

  • Photo or Portrait of the Deceased Ancestor.
  • Pinda or cooked rice balls mixed with ghee and sesame seeds.
  • Kaale Til ka Beej (Black Sesame Seeds)
  • Safed Til ka Beej (White Sesame Seeds)
  • Fresh Flowers especially marigold and lotus.
  • Gaaye ka Doodh (Cow’s milk)
  • Ghee (Clarified Butter)
  • Shahad (Honey)
  • Sugar.
  • Dahi (Curd)
  • Haldi Powder (Turmeric Powder)
  • Kumkum (Vermilion)
  • Chandan Paste (Sandalwood)
  • Paan ke patte aur Supari (Betel Leaves and Nuts)
  • Fresh Fruits.
  • Kapur (Camphor)
  • Agarbatti (Incense Sticks) and Agarbatti Holder (Incense Holder)
  • Silver or Brass Plate or Thali
  • Yagnopavit (Sacred Thread)
  • Ganga Jal (Holy water)
  • Kalash (Copper Pot)
  • Rice Grains.
  • Red cloth.
  • Black cloth.
  • Haldi Powder (Turmeric Powder)
  • Haldi ki Gaanth (Turmeric Root)
  • Moli (A Sacred Thread)
  • Panchamrit (A mixture of cow’s milk, curd, ghee, honey and sugar)
  • Kesar (Saffron)
  • Dry fruits like almonds, cashews, raisins and pistachios.
  • Dhoti, Saree or other traditional clothes.
  • Ghanti (A Puja Bell)
  • Aarti Thali.
  • Diya (Oil Lamp)
  • Matchbox.
  • Small Idols or Pictures of Deities like Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Goddess Lakshmi.

Please note that the exact/specific puja samagri list may vary slightly depending on individual family traditions and customs or rituals and customs followed by different communities and regions.

It is always recommended to consult family’s someone knowledgeable person or local pandit or priest before conducting the puja.

It is necessary to perform the puja with a pure heart and follow the proper procedures and rituals to receive the blessings of God or Goddess.

Shradh Puja Samagri List  (FAQ):

Q: What is Shradh Puja ?

Ans : Shradh Puja also known as Pitru Paksha or Mahalaya is a ritualistic worship ceremony performed to honor and pay homage to one’s departed ancestors or departed loved ones.

It is believed that during this period the souls of the departed are remembered, honored and offered food and prayers for their spiritual well-being to seek their blessings.

Q: When is Shradh Puja observed ?

Ans : Shradh Puja is observed during the Pitru Paksha period which is a 16-day lunar phase that falls in the Hindu calendar month of Bhadrapada (September-October).

It usually begins on the Full Moon day (Purnima) and concludes on the New Moon day (Amavasya).

Q: What is the significance of Shradh Puja ?

Ans : Shradh Puja is considered highly significant as it is a way to remember and honor departed ancestors.

It is believed that by performing this puja one can seek the blessings of their ancestors and to clear any ancestral debts or karmic obligations and bring peace to their departed souls.

Q: Can anyone perform Shradh Puja ?

Ans : Shradh Puja is traditionally performed by the descendants of the deceased ancestors.

However, anyone who wishes to remember and pay respects to departed souls can participate in the puja with reverence.

Q: Can Shradh Puja be performed for ancestors who are unknown or have no descendants ?

Ans : Yes, Shradh Puja can be performed for ancestors who are unknown or have no descendants.

It is a compassionate act to honor all departed souls including those who may not have any surviving descendants.

How to Do Pitru Paksha Puja Process at Home 

Our Assurance:

  1. Vedic and experienced Pandits
  2. Rituals performed on time
  3. Professional guidance and effective support
  4. High-quality service and a positive devotee experience
  5. Puja performed as per Tithi, Gotra, and Language

Pitru Paksha Service by the Last Journey

Pitru Paksha is a 16-day lunar cycle that includes Mahalaya Amavasya (Pitru Amavasya) when food is offered to ancestors.

The souls of three preceding generations of one’s ancestor reside in Pitru–loka, a place between heaven and earth, and performing Pitru Tarpan (Tarpanam), Shradh Puja (Pind Daan) / Shraddha during Pitru Paksha are obligatory for ancestors.

For Hindus, Pitru Paksha is a fortnight dedicated to honouring their ancestors and paying off their karmic debts.

During this fortnight, Hindus undertake Shraddha (Tithi).

Every Hindu is required to do Pitru Paksha/Mahalaya Paksha rites on an annual basis, following the correct procedures.

Book Experienced Pandits

This puja done by a knowledgable pandit would provide good fortune to their descendants, as well as positive energies for advancement.

The descendent also receive material assistance from the pitra/forefathers.

As material hurdles or challenges are removed, this can considerably assist the individual in spiritual advancement.

This puja is extremely strong and has a positive impact on one’s health as well as the treatment of major illnesses.

This is done to aid in the recovery of chronic diseases and other bodily ailments.

Those who are constantly afflicted should perform this pooja to speed up their healing.

High-Quality Professional Service

Giving the ultimate token of respect to ancestors through offerings is a kind act. Dedicating a few days annually from a busy schedule to honour one’s ancestors and seek blessings from previous generations is considered to be one of the most significant religious acts an individual should make in life. 

Last Journey is ready to assist you in creating an exclusive and personalised honour for you and your loved one.

Positive Devotee Experience

The deceased soul is honoured with a Shradh ritual.

his ceremony is held every year on the same tithi that the soul died away.

The Karta receives the full benefit of this ceremony if it is performed with absolute faith and a calm mind.

Their ancestors’ blessings will always be with them. 

By conducting this ceremony, one gains Pithrus’ blessing, which will assist them in achieving their goals without difficulty. 

Pitru Paksha Puja  Shradh Puja 

Pitru Paksha is a 16 day period in Hindu calendar when Hindus pay homage to their ancestors (Pitrus).

Pitru Paksha literally means “fortnight of the ancestors” and follows the fortnight immediately after the Ganesh Chaturthi festival.

It begins on the first day of the fortnight (Padyami) ending with the new moon day known as Pitru Amavasya.

We owe a karmic debt to our ancestors.

By dutifully performing ‘Pind daan’ during Shradha, we can pay homage to our Pitrus or ancestors.

Pitra Paksha is a 16 day period in Hindu calendar where we pay homage to their ancestors.

About Pitru Paksha

Pitrupaksha is derived from two Sanskrit terms – Sat (Truth) and Aadhar (Basis).

The 16 days is also known as Shraddha, where an offering or devotion is made to the pitrus.

As per the ancient Indian history, when Karna passed away during the war of Mahabharat and his soul reached heaven, he didn’t get to eat regular food.

Instead, he was given gold and jewels to eat.

His soul got frustrated and he addressed this issue to Indra (Lord of Heaven) as to why is he not being served the actual food.

Lord Indra revealed the actual reason that he donated all these things to others throughout his life but never gave the same to his ancestors.

Then Karna replied that he didn’t know of his ancestors and after hearing him out, Lord Indra allowed him to return back to Earth for the period of 16 days so that he can donate food to his ancestors.

This 16-day period came to be known as Pitru Paksha.

According to ritual beliefs, individuals participate in the occasion, or if any of their family members are planning to celebrate it, they must not consume any non-vegetarian food for 16-days, referred to as Pitru Dosh.

Pitru Paksha Calendar

Date    Day     Shraadh

29 September           Friday Poornima Shraadh

30 September           Saturday        Dvitya Shraadh

1 October       Sunday          Tritiya Shraadh

2 October       Monday          Chaturthi Shraadh

3 October       Tuesday         Panchami Shraadh

4 October       Wednesday   Shashti Shraadh

5 October       Thursday       Saptami Shraadh

6 October       Friday Astami Shraadh

7 October       Saturday        Navmi Shraadh

8 October       Sunday          Dashmi Shraadh

9 October       Monday          Ekadashi Shraadh

11 October     Wednesday   Dwadashi Shraadh

12 October     Thursday       Triyodashi Shraadh

13 October     Friday Chaturdashi Shraadh

14 October   Saturday Sarva Prit Amavasya Pitru Paksha Puja Mantra

Pitru Puja Mantra is:

ॐ पितृगणाय विद्महे जगत धारिणी धीमहि तन्नो पितृो प्रचोदयात्.

ॐ देवताभ्य: पितृभ्यश्च महायोगिभ्य एव च। नम: स्वाहायै स्वधायै नित्यमेव नमो नम:.

ॐ आद्य-भूताय विद्महे सर्व-सेव्याय धीमहि।

Pitru Paksha Puja Rituals

Pitrupaksha is the beginning of a waning phase of the lunar cycle. During these 16 days, multiple rituals are done to offer respect to the dead members of the family through Shradh and Tarpan.

Puja rituals include Aasan Shuddhi, Shareer Shuddhi, Pavtrikaran, Ganga Ahvahan, Shikha Bandhan, Swastivachan, Shanti Paath , Sankalp, Dev Tarpan, Rishi Tarpan, Pitra Tarpan, Pind Daan, Panch grass rituals etc.

Importance of Pitrupaksha

According to traditional beliefs, the family’s unhappy souls usually return to earth to visit their loved ones until they attain Moksha.

Therefore, to ensure that the deceased member’s soul has attained Moksha, the Pind Dann ritual is performed by the family members in which they satisfy the soul’s hunger and thirst.

It is an act appeasing the soul that no longer exists in its physical form.

All these prayers and rituals are done to free the soul and help them be released from the life, death, and birth cycle.

Apart from satisfying the souls, Pitrupaksha is also essential for the people who are deceased with Pitru dosh.

It is the curse of dead members or ancestors on the family members, due to which they cannot complete their tasks or live life in an ideal manner.

To get rid of or eliminate Pitru dosh, family members or individuals offer food to crows during Shradha rituals.

If the crow accepts that food, then ancestors are believed to be pleased.

But, if they refuse the same, the souls are displeased, and individuals are still under Pitru dosh.

Puja Samagri for Performing Pitru Paksha Puja

The puja samagri (ritual materials) required for Pitru Paksha Puja or shradh puja at home are as follows:

  • A clean, white cloth
  • A pot of water
  • A handful of rice
  • A handful of sesame seeds
  • A handful of barley
  • A handful of kusha grass
  • A diya (lamp)
  • An incense stick
  • Flowers
  • Sweets
  • A picture of the ancestors

Pitrupaksha/Sharadh Vidhi

  • During Sharadh rituals, the eldest family member or son takes a bath in the holy water, gets dressed up with new clothes, and wears a ring made of Kush grass (a symbol used to invoke souls).
  • A chowki or low-heightened wooden table is covered with white cloth, and barely or black sesame seeds are spread on it with the photo of an ancestor placed on the same. All this setup is done in the south corner.
  • The dressed-up family member invites ancestors for Pind Daan and offers rice balls with goat’s milk, honey, and sugar.
  • The ritual is further followed by Tarpan, in which water and flour are mixed with black sesame seeds, barely Kush and all of these are offered to the ancestor’s soul.
  • Once all the rituals are done and food is offered, all these foods are served to the needy and poor while seeking ancestor’s blessings.

Remedies During Pitru Paksha

Many remedies can be done during Pitru Paksha or shradh puja procedure to help the ancestors and to bring good fortune to the living.

Some of the most common remedies include:

  • Shraddha and Tarpan: Shraddha is a ritual offering of food and water to the ancestors, while Tarpan is a ritual offering of water to the ancestors. These rituals are performed to appease the ancestors and to help them attain moksha.
  • Fasting: Fasting is another common remedy that is done during Pitru Paksha. Fasting is done to show respect to the ancestors and to pray for their blessings.
  • Donation: Donation is also a common remedy that is done during Pitru Paksha. Donations can be made to temples, charities, or other organizations that help the poor and the needy.
  • Puja: Puja is a ritual worship of the ancestors. Puja can be performed at home or at a temple.
  • Mantra Japam: Mantra Japam is the repetition of mantras (sacred words) to the ancestors. Mantra Japam is done to appease the ancestors and to help them attain moksha.
  • Katha Kathan: Katha Kathan is listening of stories about the ancestors. Katha Kathan is done to learn about the ancestors and to pray for their blessings.

FAQs Related To Pitru Paksha Puja

1. What does it signify if a baby is born during Pitrupaksha?

A Newborn birth during Pitrupaksha is celebrated as a start to something positive and is known as a lucky message from ancestors.

Some rituals also believe that a newborn during Pitrupaksha marks the birth of a deceased ancestor in a different soul.

2. Can I cut my Hair or Nails during Pitrupaksha?

The person following Sharadh for the 16 days must not cut his beard, hair or nails. However, other family members can do the same.

Moreover, a person performing Shradh must also not wear dirty clothes during the 16 days.

3. What are the Benefits of Shradh?

It helps family members relieve mental and physical ailments and provides harmonious family relations.

5. Can we do Puja during Pitru Paksha?

Vedic experts advise conducting religious ceremonies or pujas during Pitru Paksha for the well-being or resting of the soul of their ancestors.

6. What are the rules and precautions to be followed during Pitru Paksha?

Pitru Paksha rules and precautions include no non-vegetarian food, no alcohol, no new clothes, not engaging in any impure activity, no long-distance travel, and not cutting hair or nails.

7. What are the benefits of performing Pitru Paksha Puja?

A few benefits of performing pitru paksha pooja include appeasement of the ancestors, attainment of good fortune, breaking bad karma, and strengthening the family bond.


Pitru Paksha Puja

Pitru Paksha is a 16-lunar day period when Hindus pay homage to their ancestors (Pitru’s), especially through Tarpana, Pinda Danam (Food offerings) and Shraaddha.

According to Hindu mythology, a person born in this world has to pay back debts (Vrinam) to

1. God (Deva),

2. Sages (Rishi),

3. Mother (Matru),

4. Father (Pitru) among several other debts.

Debts to Gods are paid by the way of daily pooja’s, yagnas, vrathas etc.

Debts to Rishis are paid through Pada pooja, Thirtha Snana etc. Debts to parents are paid back through Tarpana, Pinda Danam, Go Danam, Bhu Danam etc.

As per the Shastras, the souls of three preceding generations of one’s ancestors (both mother’s and father’s side) reside in Pitru Loka, a realm between heaven and earth. Pitru pooja mainly involves doing Tarpana and Pinda Danam to three preceding generations of ancestors.

Pitru pooja is also done for family members who have died before reaching their old age.

Doing Pitru pooja makes sure the ancestors’ souls get mukthi.

As per Shastras, one has to do pooja’s to ancestors (Pitru’s) every day.

If doing pooja everyday is not possible, then the pooja has to be done every month during Amavasya or Sankramanam.

If it’s not possible to do pooja during Amavasya or Sankramanam, Pitru pooja has to be done on the death anniversary of the ancestors.

If the pooja is not done on their death anniversary day, the pooja needs to be done during Pitru paksha – the 15 day period between Bhadrapada Bahula Padyami to Amavasya.

If it’s not possible to do pooja during all the days of the Pitru paksha, the pooja needs to be done atleast on a single day during the Pitru paksha.

As part of the Pitru Paksha Pooja, Moksharchana will be done to Ganesha in the name of the ancestors’ (Pitru’s).

Devotees interested to conduct Pitru paksha pooja are advised to utilize this opportunity.

Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha, the 15-day lunar period when Hindus pay homage to their ancestors would begin from September 20 onwards this year. According to the Hindu Panchang, it usually falls in the lunar month of Ashwin that begins on the full moon day of Bhadrapada or the next day of the full moon day. The Pitru Paksha will conclude on October 6 i.e. Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya.

As per the Hindu beliefs, these 15-16 days mark the presence of ancestors on the earth who come down to bless their offsprings and their children. Hindus offer foods to dogs, cows and crows as part of the ritual. It is believed that the food given to these animals and birds is fed to deceased ancestors.


The eldest member of the family, particularly the eldest son, begins the ritual by wearing clean clothes and a ring made of kush grass after a holy bath. Kush is a symbol of kindness and is used to invoke ancestors.

After that, a wooden table covered with a white cloth is kept in the south direction. Black sesame seeds and barley seeds are spread on the table and a picture of the ancestor is placed on it.

Devotees then invite their ancestors and offer ‘Pind’ in the form of rice balls which are usually made with ghee, honey, rice, goat’s milk, sugar and occasionally barley.

Pind is followed by ‘Tarpan’ where water mixed with flour, barley, kush and black sesame and offered. Once the Pind and Tarpan are done, the poor and needy people are offered food.


As per Hindu Puranas, it is believed that Hindus owe a karmic debt to their ancestors and they try to pay that by performing ‘Pind Daan’ during Shradh.

It is said that Pind Daan performed by the succeeding generations on earth fulfil their ancestors’ unfulfilled desires and ensure their entry to heaven.

Pitru Paksha In Sanatan Dhrama

Pitru Paksha or the fortnight of the dead has its own significance in Hinduism or Sanatan Dhrama and it is an annual occasion when Hindus offer food and other things to their ancestors. In Sanatan Dharma, a person has three debts called Dev Rin, Rishi Rin and Petra Rin and an individual has to pay these debts to free him-self from these debts. In Pitru Paksh, Hindus remember their dead ancestors and pay off their debts to dead ones by making offerings and by performing tarpana.
Hindus anxiously wait for the arrival of Pitra Paksha so that they get the opportunity to liquidate their debts to their dead relatives.

However Pitru Paksha is considered by Hindus to be inauspicious ,given the death rite performed during the ceremony, known as Shraddha or Tarpana .

In southern and western India ,it falls in second Paksha (fortnight).

Hindu lunar month of Bhadrapada (September) and follows the fortnight immediately after Ganesha Utsav.

It begins on the Pratipada (first day of the fortnight ).
Pitru Paksha-fortnight of the parental ancestors is a 16 -lunar day period in Hindu calendar when Hindus pay homage to their ancestors -Pitrs ,especially through food offerings.

The period is also known as Pitri paksha,Pitr Paksha,pitri Pokkho,sorah Shraddha ,Kanaget,Jitiya Mahalaya in Bengal,Apara Paksha,and akhadpak ,Pitru pandharaveda or pitru paksh in Marathi.

Pitru Paksha is considered by Hindus to be inauspicious ,given the death rite performed during the ceremony called as Shraddha or Tarpana .

This period ends with the no moon day known as Sarvapitri Amavasya ,pitri Amavasya ,PEDDALA Amavasaya,Mahalaya Amavasaya.

The end of pitru paksha is named as Mahalaya.

Pitur paksha is considered by Hindus to be inauspicious ,given the death rite performed during the ceremony ,known as Shraddha or Tarpana .

The end of Pitur paksha and the beginning of Matri Paksha is named as Mahalaya .

Most years,the autumnal equinox falls within this period that is the sun transitions from the northern to the southern hemisphere during this period.In north India and Nepal ,and cultures following the purnimanta calendar or solar calendar ,this period may correspond to the waning fortnight of the luni-solar month ashvina ,instead of Bhardrapada.
The performance of Shraddha by a son during Pirtu Paksha is considered compulsory by Hindus ,to ensure that the soul of the ancestor goes to heaven .In this context ,the scripture Guruda Purana says,”there is no salvation for a man without a son.”

The scriptures preach that a householder should propitiate ancestors(Pitris) ,along with the gods (devas) ,elements (bhutas) and guests.

The scripture Markandeya Purana says that if the ancestors are content with the shraddhas,they will bestow health,wealth,knowledge and longevity and ultimately heaven and salvation -moksha upon the performer.

The performance of Sarvapitri amavasya rites can compensate a forgotten or neglected annual Shraddha ceremony ,which should ideally coincide with the death anniversary of the deceased.

The ceremony is central to the concept of lineages.
Shraddha involves oblations to three preceding generations by reciting their names as well as to the lineage ancestor-gotra.

A person thus gets to know the names of six generations( three preceding generations,his own and two succeeding generations -his sons and grandsons in his life,reaffirming lineage ties.

Anthropologist Usha Menon of Drexel university presents a similar idea-that Pitru Paksha emphasizes the fact that the ancestors and current generations and the next unborn generation are connected by blood ties.

The current generations repay their debt to the ancestors in Pitru Paksha.

This debt is considered of utmost importance along with a person’s debt to his gurus and his parents.

This debt has to paid back to the dead ancestors,gurus,gods and gusts and Sharddas performed to give peace to their souls and in return get the blessings from the those who had left the mortal frames and are in the Pitru Lok.

Pitru Paksha also known as Shradh, is a lot more than just not eating non veg ,no shopping ,no celebrations ,and all about the negative things attached! Pitru Paksha (Shardh) is a 16-day period of paying homage to your ancestors who have departed from the materialistic world ,as per Hindu calendar.

The period is marked by offering prayers,food and daan to the needy and the priests in the temple.

All the rituals are performed in respect and remembrance of the ancestors who left for heavenly abode and to wish them well wherever they are.
Hearing that Indra replied to Karna that he only donated gold and jewels to people during his life and never offered food and water in the name of ancestors.

To this Karna told Indra that he did not know about his ancestors because he was blessed by Surya deva ,the Lord of light and day to his mother and he had no clue of his ancestors .

After this Karna was sent to earth for a period of 15 days so that he could perform Shradha of his dead ones and donate food and water,Since then ,this period of 15 days is regarded as pitru Paksha.

As documented in Gharud Purana Shard holds major significance in the first year of death of a person.

As per the ancient scriptures ,it is believed that soul starts traveling to Yamapuri on the 14th day of death and reaches there in 17 days.They again travel for 11 months to reach the court of Yamraj.

it is said that till the time the soul reaches the court ,it has no access to food ,water and clothes .
The daan ,tarpan and offerings that we perform during Pitru Paksha reaches these souls and satisfy their hunger and thirst .

The Shrada puja is performed by a male member ,mostly the eldest male member of the family ,or oldest son .

The Shrada requires the participation of a karta -the doer and a pandit -the priest .

The puja begins when a pandit comes home and to perform a havan ,after the haven rice is offered to the departed souls ,which uis followed by offering food to the pandit .

The puja concludes with Daksihna and Daan to the pandit and the needy people .

A part of the food that is prepared is offered to cows ,dogs ,and crows .

In case the date or thiti of the deceased is not known to anyone then the Shradh ceremony is performed on Amavasya .

Thus 16 -day ritual of pitru paksha also known as Shraadha paksha is an important part of Hindu life .
It is the time for Hindus to break away from everyday life and pay homage to ancestors .

Sacred rituals and offerings take place throughout the two weeks of pitur paksha. These traditions each have deep -rooted meanings for the people of the Hindu faith. In Hinduism ,death is part of the greater cycle of life and rebirth ,known as samsara or flowing around .

As part of this greater life cycle ,death practices and rituals are key within the religion of Hinduism.

Hindus traditionally follow traditional death rituals and rites that stem from ancient religious principles, Pitru Paksha is just one of those traditional death rituals ,but it is the one that takes up more than two weeks of time each year her life ,each individual must find a way to repay those debts .

One debt is known as the ancestral loan or pitru Runa. Pitru paksha is the time every year when everyone has the opportunity to make a payment towards their ancestral loan debt .

Thus dan ,food ,water and other offerings should be made by Hindus to the dead ancestors during the 15 day period called Pitru paksha .

Let our ancestors be satisfied and bestow peace ,prosperity and health and wealth to those making food and water offerings to them during the pitru paksha.

Pitru Paksha  and its Significance

What is Pitru Paksha?

Pitru Paksha also known as Shraddha Paksh or Kanagat is a 16 lunar day’s period when everyone pays respect and honour to our ancestors and pay homage by offering a variety of food and feed to cows, dogs and crows.

It is believed that the offered food reaches the ancestors and make them appeased and satisfies them in all the forms.

Mythological texts also that before Dev Pooja, everyone should worship their ancestors. Gods are also pleased when ancestors are pleased.

This is the reason that while living in Indian society or culture, the elders of the house are respected in all the aspects and manner.

Why do we perform Pitru Paksha?

The day we celebrate Pitru Paksha for our ancestors is called shraddha karma, and it is performed accordingly.

It is also believed that if the souls of our ancestors are not satisfied according to law, they do not get liberation and their soul wanders after the death.

There is also an astrological reason to celebrate Pitru Paksha. Pitru dosha is considered very important in astrology.

When the person reaches near success, even when he is dispossessed of success, problems in childbirth, loss of wealth, then astrologer may suggest that this is due to the strong possibility of Pitru dosha.

When does Pitru Paksha or Shraddha Paksha occur?

Pitru Paksha generally falls in September or October.

According to Indian Amavasyant calendar, it falls in the lunar month of Bhadrapada and falls in the lunar month of Ashwin according to Indian Purnimant Calendar.

Though calendars are different shraddha rituals are performed on similar days.

About Pitru Paksha

This year, the Pitru Paksha falls between September 29,  and October 14,  and if one’s ancestors are deceased on any day from Patipada – 1 lunar day to Amavasya -30th lunar day, then one must celebrate or offer appeasement on that day.

The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Sarvapitri Amavasya is the most important day of Pitru Paksha because if anyone does not remember or is not aware of the Tithi, then the offerings can be made on the last day which is called Sarva Pitru Amavasya day.

Apart from all this, these days have special significance for Hindus.

According to Puranic literature, Tarpan (offering food and water to ancestors) and Daan (offering to the poor to appease and satisfy the souls of ancestors) are performed respectively.

What is the key significance of Pitru Paksha?

According to Vedic Astrology, the Gods on the planet Earth moves to the North (Gol) and the South (Gol) passes close to the Earth along with Chandra Lok on the full moon of Bhadrapada month.

The souls of our ancestors wait for this month throughout the year.

They reach the door of their home on their death date in the south direction through Chandra Lok and after receiving their (offerings) respect; they happily leave their new generation and bless them respectively.

Which are the holy places for performing Shraaddh Rituals or Pitru Paksh Puja?

There are some significant holy places in India where you can perform Shraddha rituals for your ancestors so that their souls stay in peace and they may be happy.

As per Hindu Mythology, Varanasi, Gaya, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Nasik, Rameshwaram, Yamuna Nagar, Chanod are some holy places where you can perform these rituals.

Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha or Shradh Paksha is a 16-day long period that holds utmost significance among Hindus. During this period, people worship their ancestors and perform rituals to honour them.

Pitru Paksha also known as Shradh Paksha holds great significance in Hinduism.

It is a 16-day-long period where people worship their ancestors and forefathers and perform rituals such as Pind Daan and Pitra Puja to honour them.

As per Hindu legends, performing rituals like Pitra Puja brings salvation to the ancestors, who during this period, visit their loved ones and accept various food offerings.

This year, Pitru Paksha begins on 29th September and ends on 14th October. 

Significance Of Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha marks the most sacred 16 days when people pay homage to their dead forefathers and ancestors.

Pitru Paksha or Shradh Paksha starts from Bhadrapada Purnima and ends on Mahalaya Amavasya.

During this 16-day period, people perform rituals like Pind Daan and Pitra Puja to bring peace and moksha to their ancestors. Legends believe that during this period, ancestors visit their families and are offered food and water.

Food and water offerings to the ancestors play a crucial role as they bring satisfaction.

 Shradh Paksha is not considered auspicious among Hindus, and they perform it just like death rituals.

Those who observe Shradh Paksha ought to follow certain rules and refrain from eating certain foods and buying new clothes, houses, utensils, appliances, etc. 

What To Avoid During Pitru Paksha 

During the 16-day-long Pitru Paksha, those performing the rituals should avoid a long list of food items especially non-vegetarian food, alcohol, eggs, etc.

Apart from this, tamasic food such as onion, garlic, and brinjals should be avoided.

Food items like chickpeas, black urad dal, masoor dal, mustard greens, cucumber, black salt, and black mustard seeds along with rice, wheat, channa sattu, potatoes, and radish should also be avoided.

People should refrain from the consumption of paan, tobacco, and supari. Also, eating stale food should be avoided.

What To Eat During Pitru Paksha

People performing Shradh Paksha rituals should only consume a simple and satvik diet. It is believed that the satvik diet helps in promoting better mental peace and spiritual growth.

Eating a tamasic or rajasic diet can affect the mental balance.

It is advisable to drink sufficient water to stay hydrated during the period.

Rules To Follow

Since the 16-day long period of Pitru Paksha is considered extremely inauspicious, people refrain from starting new works like marriage and others.

Buying a new house or vehicle, buying and wearing new clothes, celebrating an occasion, and more should be avoided. People should also avoid cutting hair and nails.

As per legends, the rituals should not be performed in any iron vessel as only four types of metals are considered ideal for use i.e. copper, silver, bronze, and gold. 

It is believed that any hungry stranger or animal should not go back thirsty and hungry and should not be disrespected.

It is written in ancient scriptures that people should pay extra attention towards feeding brahmins, cows, dogs, and ants.

One should not visit ancient temples and maintain celibacy during these days.

Pitru Paksha:

A Comprehensive Guide to Ancestral Worship and Bhagwat Puja

Pitru Paksha: A Comprehensive Guide to Ancestral Worship and Bhagwat Puja


Pitru Paksha, a term derived from the Sanskrit words “Pitru” meaning ancestors, and “Paksha” meaning phase or fortnight, is a sacred observance in Hindu culture.

It spans 16 days and is also known as Shraddha, during which offerings and devotions are made to honor one’s ancestors.

This period holds deep spiritual significance, and at its core lies the Bhagwat Puja—a profound ceremony that seeks to pay homage to departed souls and invoke their blessings.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the origin and significance of Pitru Paksha, the rituals associated with it, the importance of Bhagwat Puja, and the remedies performed during this sacred fortnight.

The Origin of Pitru Paksha

The origin of Pitru Paksha can be traced back to ancient Indian history, with roots deeply embedded in the epic of Mahabharata.

The story revolves around the noble warrior, Karna, who met an unusual fate in the afterlife.

Upon his death during the Mahabharata war, Karna’s soul ascended to heaven, but to his surprise, he received gold and jewels instead of the food he yearned for.

Perplexed, Karna approached Lord Indra, the ruler of heaven, to inquire about this celestial offering.

Lord Indra revealed a profound truth to Karna.

He explained that throughout his lifetime, Karna had been a generous donor to others, but he had never offered anything to his ancestors. Karna, who was unaware of his lineage during his earthly life, was deeply moved by this revelation.

In response, Lord Indra granted him permission to return to Earth for a period of 16 days to perform rituals and offer food to his ancestors.

These 16 days became known as Pitru Paksha, dedicated to the appeasement and salvation of departed souls.

Observing Pitru Paksha: Rituals and Traditions

Pitru Paksha, which marks the beginning of the waning phase of the lunar cycle, is a time when multiple rituals are performed to show respect to deceased family members through acts of Shradh and Tarpan.

The rituals are believed to provide solace to the souls of ancestors, elevate their status in the afterlife, and invoke their blessings for the well-being of the living.

Here are some of the key rituals and their significance:

  • Aasan Shuddhi: The process of purifying the seat where the rituals will be conducted. It symbolizes the sanctification of the space where the ancestors are invoked.
  • Shareer Shuddhi: A ritual purification of the body to cleanse and prepare the individual for the offerings to be made to their ancestors.
  • Pavtrikaran: The purification of water, which plays a central role in the rituals, as water is considered a sacred medium for connecting with the ancestors.
  • Ganga Ahvahan: Invoking the divine river Ganga and symbolically bringing its purifying waters to the ritual space.
  • Shikha Bandhan: Tying a sacred thread, often made of Kusha grass, on the wrist or finger of the individual performing the rituals. It signifies the connection with the ancestors.
  • Swastivachan: Invoking blessings and auspiciousness to ensure the smooth conduct of the rituals.
  • Shanti Paath: Recitation of prayers for peace and harmony, both for the living and the departed souls.
  • Sankalp: A solemn declaration of the individual’s intent and purpose for performing the rituals, including the names of the ancestors being honored.
  • Dev Tarpan, Rishi Tarpan, and Pitra Tarpan: Offering oblations of water and other sacred substances to various categories of beings, including gods, sages, and ancestors.
  • Pind Daan: A significant ritual where rice balls mixed with sesame seeds and barley are offered to the ancestors. It symbolizes providing sustenance to the departed souls.
  • Panch Grass Rituals: Using five types of sacred grasses during the rituals to create a symbolic boundary and connect with the ancestors.

Pitru Puja Mantra:

ॐ पितृगणाय विद्महे जगत धारिणी धीमहि तन्नो पितृः प्रचोदयात्।

ॐ देवताभ्यः पितृभ्यश्च महायोगिभ्य एव च। नमः स्वाहायै स्वधायै नित्यमेव नमो नमः।

ॐ आद्य-भू

ताय विद्महे सर्व-सेव्याय धीमहि।

Importance of Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha is rooted in the belief that the souls of deceased family members return to Earth to visit their loved ones until they attain Moksha or liberation from the cycle of birth and death.

By performing rituals such as Pind Daan and Tarpan, family members seek to satisfy the hunger and thirst of the departed souls.

These acts of appeasement are essential to ensure that the souls can transition to a state of Moksha, breaking free from the eternal cycle of life, death, and rebirth.

Pitru Paksha also holds significance for individuals affected by Pitru dosh, a perceived curse from deceased ancestors that can disrupt one’s life and goals.

To alleviate or eliminate Pitru dosh, family members or individuals perform rituals and offer food to crows during Shradha rituals.

If the crows accept the food, it is believed that the ancestors are pleased.

However, if the crows refuse the offering, it indicates the displeasure of the souls, and the individuals may continue to be afflicted by Pitru dosh.

Puja Samagri for Performing Pitru Paksha Puja

The puja samagri (ritual materials) required for Pitru Paksha Puja or Shradh Puja at home typically includes:

A clean, white cloth

A pot of water

A handful of rice

A handful of sesame seeds

A handful of barley

A handful of Kusha grass

A diya (lamp)

Incense sticks



A picture or representation of the ancestors

Performing Pitru Paksha/Sharadh Vidhi

The Pitru Paksha rituals are usually performed by the eldest family member or the son.

The key steps in performing these rituals include:

Taking a bath in holy water and wearing new clothes.

Wearing a ring made of Kusha grass, symbolizing the invocation of ancestral souls.

Preparing a sacred space with a white cloth and spreading barley or black sesame seeds on it. Placing a photo of the ancestor on this setup, typically in the south corner.

Inviting the ancestors for Pind Daan and offering rice balls with goat’s milk, honey, and sugar.

Performing Tarpan, where water and flour are mixed with black sesame seeds, barley, and Kusha grass and offered to the ancestors’ souls.

After completing the rituals, the food offered to the ancestors is distributed to the needy and poor, seeking the blessings of the ancestors.

Remedies During Pitru Paksha

Many remedies can be performed during Pitru Paksha to aid the ancestors and bring good fortune to the living.

Some of the most common remedies include:

  • Shraddha and Tarpan: These rituals involve offering food and water to the ancestors to appease them and help them attain Moksha.
  • Fasting: Fasting is observed as a mark of respect to the ancestors and is done to seek their blessings.
  • Donation: Making donations to temples, charities, or organizations that assist the poor and needy.
  • Puja: Conducting puja or ritual worship of the ancestors at home or in a temple.
  • Mantra Japa: Reciting sacred mantras dedicated to the ancestors to appease them and facilitate their journey to Moksha.
  • Katha Kathan: Listening to stories and narratives about the ancestors to learn about their lives and seek their blessings.

The Evolution of Pitru Paksha in Modern Times

Pitru Paksha has evolved over the centuries to adapt to changing times and lifestyles.

In today’s world, while traditional rituals are still observed with devotion, there is a growing awareness of the importance of maintaining ancestral connections, even in the face of global migration and technological advancements.

Technology has played a significant role in preserving ancestral connections.

Families scattered across the globe can now participate in Pitru Paksha rituals through video conferencing and virtual offerings, ensuring that the sacred traditions are upheld even in distant lands.


Pitru Paksha is a time-honored tradition that highlights the deep-rooted connection between the living and their ancestors.

It is a period of reflection, reverence, and remembrance, where rituals are performed to honor and seek blessings from departed souls.

The Bhagwat Puja, at the heart of Pitru Paksha, serves as a conduit for invoking these blessings and ensuring the well-being of both the living and the departed.

As the world continues to evolve, the essence of Pitru Paksha remains unchanged—the recognition that the bonds of family and heritage extend beyond the physical realm, and the belief in the enduring presence and influence of our ancestors in our lives.

It is a reminder that, in honoring our past, we find strength and guidance for the future, ensuring a continuous thread of love, respect, and tradition through the generations.

May the observance of Pitru Paksha and the performance of Bhagwat Puja bring peace, prosperity, and spiritual growth to all.

Pitru Paksha Daan 8 Things You Should Donate To Receive Blessings Of Your Ancestors

Pitru Paksha is a time when ancestors visit us.

Therefore, donating things that can help them stay comfortable will help you receive their blessings.

These are also remedies to attract wealth, health, prosperity, and peace into your home and life.

In Hindu mythology, Pitru Paksha is one of the most significant times when people can connect with their ancestors.

It is believed that they visit us from heaven in the 16 days this event is observed.

Many also believe that our ancestors come to live with us and eat the food or drink beverages prepared at home.

Many folklores say that people must do things in these 16 days so that our ancestors can be happy and bless them.

Donating a few things is one such task that can help you receive the blessings of your ancestors.

It is a way to help someone and make them a little better.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Clothes

During search Pitru Paksha, many people invite priests and underprivileged people to their homes for a meal.

It is believed that if you donate clothes to them, your ancestors will bless you.

You can give them a dhoti, stall, or cap.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Jaggery

Jaggery is sweet and an organic form to consume sugar.

It is believed that if you donate jaggery with food, it can attract prosperity, wealth, and good luck into your life and home.

Many people also believe that jaggery leaves ancestors feeling satiated and satisfied.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Black Sesame Seeds

If you have been dealing with several issues, giving away black sesame seeds can help to make your life better.

It can help the stars align in your favour, and things might take a positive turn.

It also reduces the impact of anything bad that is about to happen.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Food

During search Pitru Paksha, donating food is one of the biggest contributions a person can make to society.

If you do it, it is believed to improve the health of your family members, attract prosperity (Wallet Colours That Attract Money And Prosperity) into your home, and remove obstacles from your life.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Ghee (Clarified Butter)

Clarified butter or ghee made with cow’s milk is considered good for health, and it also has importance in astrology.

If you donate ghee during search Pitru Paksha, it will have a positive impact on your family, reduce tiffs between your loved ones, and establish peace at home.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Footwear

It is believed that when ancestors descend on the Earth, they need footwear for walking. If you donate chappals to the needy, your ancestors will bless you.

It will also remove Rahu and Shani dosha from your birth chart.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Gold And Silver

When you donate a silver moon or gold during search Pitru Paksha, it is believed to have a positive impact on your health, and your family members will live in peace and harmony.

Pitru Paksha Daan: Donate Salt

Donating salt during search Pitru Paksha is associated with warding off negative energies.

If your ancestors were struggling to clear their debts while alive, this remedy will help them get relief, and they will bless you.

Donate on the Pitru Paksha Mahalaya Amavasya

Ancestors are eagerly waiting for blessings. 
Lord Krishna’s blessings are the best gift for the forefathers. 
Lord Krishna is pleased when cows and devotees are served.


Pitru Paksha Daan

Donation during Pitru Paksha, What to donate on Pitru Pksha?, Dana / Danam on Mahalaya Paksha

According to Itihasa there is ten types of Daan. Go, Bhu, Til, Swarna, Grita, Vastra, Dhanya, Gud, Rajat and Lavan.

These 10 types of Daan are considered as Maha Daan.

You can donate these things to a poor family or to a priest.

You can donate any thing as you wish. You can also do anna daan on this day.

Donating food is also gratest charity.

You also can dontate anything like vegetables, fruits, beans, flour, sugar, salt, grains and cerals.

Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha or Shradh Paksha, is a period dedicated to the ancestors as per Hindu rituals.

It’s believed that during Pitru Paksha’s 15-day period, ancestors descended on earth.

That’s why during this period Shradh rituals are performed for the departed soul.

During Pitru Paksha, the eldest son of the deceased person performs the Shradh by making offerings to the ancestors who are said to be in Pitru Loka.

These days are considered to be the most sacred time and those who offer Shradh follow many restrictions and eat only Sattvik food.

Pitru Paksha  Date

According to the Hindu calendar, Pitru Paksha, or Shradh Paksha, begins on Purnima Tithi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada.

This year Purnima Tithi falls on September 29.

The Pitru Paksha will end on the Amavasya Tithi of Krishna Paksha, on October 14.

This is also known as Sarva Pitru Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya.


As per Hindu mythology, it is believed that the souls of the deceased ancestors of up to three generations reside in Pitru Loka, which is the realm between heaven and the earth.

It is believed that when a person from the next generation dies, the previous generation is taken to heaven bringing them closer to God.

Only the last three generations in Pitru Loka are offered the Shradh rites.

Pitru Paksha is an auspicious time of the year to perform Tarpan, Shradh and Pind Daan for the forefathers.

Those who perform the Shradh rituals make the dough by mixing water with white flour, black sesame seeds, barley, and kusha grass, and offer the Tarpan to their ancestors.

It is believed that the deceased ancestors were pleased with Tarpan and showered their blessings.

Interesting facts about Pitru Paksha

❀  It is widely believed that donating food items to Brahmins actually satisfies the ancestors and contributes to completing the puja.

❀  It is believed that the deceased ancestors come in the form of crows on earth in search of food and water and feeding those crows is valued equivalently to feeding the forefathers.

❀ On the other hand, ants are also offered food items, especially sugar and jaggery. The ants are considered to be the “fire” element.

❀  Apart from ants and crows, dogs are also fed during the Pitru Paksha as they are believed to guard the doors of heaven. The dogs denote the “water” element.

❀  According to Hindu beliefs, cows are also offered food during these auspicious days to satisfy the “earth” element.

Pitru Paksha Rules: Dos and Don’ts of Shraddha

Pitru paksha is a 16 days period of Shraddha (sraddh) from Bhadrapada purnima to Sarva pitru amavasya.

It is also known as Shraddha Paksha.

In these period; Hindus pay homage to their ancestor, especially through food offerings.

Pitru Paksha is considered by Hindus to be inauspicious, given the death rite performed during the ceremony, known as Shraddha or Tarpan.

It is highly recommended that the observer should follow pritu paksha rules; and the rituals of shraddha should be performed in a proper manner.

Tithi: Pitru paksha dates and their importance

What is the Importance of Pitru Paksha and Why It is Important?

According to the Hindu calendar, pitru paksha puja vidhi is a long sixteen-day period where you pay respect to your ancestors who have left this earthly world.

Offering prayers, food, and daan to the poor and temple priests during this time is a tradition.

The purpose of all ceremonies and prayers is to honour and remember ancestors who have departed for the heavenly home and to wish them well wherever they may be.

What are Pitru Paksha and Pitra Dosh?

Hindus remember their ancestors or predecessors during a crucial 16-day period known as Shradh or pitru paksha every year.

 People make offerings of food and prayers to their ancestors to comfort their spirits; it is said that doing so brings wealth and happiness into the home.

A paternal fault in a person’s horoscope known as pitra dosha, sometimes known as pitru dosha, can be attributed to three main factors: the influence of plants, ancestors’ deeds, and one’s own karma.

As a result of someone’s ignorance or negligence for their elderly or ageing parents.

Occurred as a result of a curse from a stranger or unidentified person who has been harmed by your karmas.

As a result of a curse from one’s ancestors or owing negative karma to one’s ancestors.

Importance of Shradh:

It is only natural to wonder where the numerous food items from Shradh come from the forefathers.

Additionally, there is no concrete evidence to support the idea that the creature gives birth after dying.

These questions have also been satisfactorily answered in the scriptures.

The heavenly ancestors, such as Agniswat and Vishwadev, effortlessly make poetry available to the ancestors with the aid of gotra.

If the father has worshipped Yoni, he obtains the “meal” offered in shradh puja  by turning into nectar there.

They are accomplished in the human yoni in the form of ana and in animal yoni in the shape of a straw.

She finds satisfaction even in the nagadi yonis by obtaining it in the form of substances after engaging in shraddhya indulgent gratification.

The Significance Behind Shradh:

According to science, the rituals entail cleansing our minds in order to free ourselves from the shame of unfinished business from our ancestors.

According to medicine, the ritual of doing Shradhs was created to rid oneself of the guilt and the ensuing mental sickness.

Debt & the Notion of Shradha

Debt is the result of our forefathers’ unfulfilled wishes during their lifetimes.

The family’s eldest son is automatically given the duty of fulfilling them, and this duty must be done.

If not, it manifests in the family as a guilt condition and may show up clinically as loss of riches, loss of direction, courage, and health. In mythology, these issues were referred to as Pitra Dosh.

Psychological Components of Shradha

Shradh is a form of attachment disorder or guilt disorder in which you are either attached to the memories of the deceased, which continue to bother you in your day-to-day activities and dreams, or you are guilty of having fallen short of some of their wishes, which guilt constantly brings to mind in both your waking and sleeping hours.

The Pitru Paksha from a Spiritual Perspective:

According to legend, at this time, we are overcome with unpleasant feelings like resentment, remorse, inflated ego, unfulfilled wants, etc.

Therefore, the original purpose of the pitru paksha rules was to encourage generations to overcome all their unfavourable feelings by being grateful.

Pitra Paksh also aids in our psychological detachment from ageing parents who are no longer with us.

For this reason, Shraadh must be conducted one year after death.

We’re meant to be able to distance ourselves after this year.

But Pitra Paksh is a time for both detachment and remembering for family members who are still close to the deceased.

The Pitru Paksha  Start and End Dates:

The Pitru Paksha will begin on September 10,  and conclude with Sarv Pitri Amavasya on September 25, .

Do’s and Don’ts During Shradh Paksha:

Guidelines for Pitru Paksha:

Give everyone only satvik food

Give food to the dogs, crows, and cows

Every day, do amavasya shradh  by giving the Brahmin food and clothing

During these days, pitra dosh holders must do pind daan in order to appease their ancestors and bring them peace

Pray by performing Pitru Tarpan with the assistance of a skilled priest or brahmin

Things to Avoid During Pitru Paksha:

The purchase of a new house and car is regarded as unlucky

During these days, one must refrain from engaging in any auspicious activity

During these days, refrain from consuming alcohol and non-vegetarian cuisine

It is not advisable to participate in these happy occasions like weddings and engagements

Do not buy anything for yourself on shradh puja date, including clothing, shoes, or anything else

Haircuts, nail trims, and shaving are not permitted during Pitru Paksha

Shradh Rules, Process, and Items:

The male family member who does the ekadashi shradh  puja is typically the eldest son or male family member.

A Karta (the doer) and a pandit are required for the shradh (the priest).

The puja starts when a pandit performs a havan at their residence.

Following the havan, rice is served to the deceased as well as meals for the pandit.

Dakshina and Daan are given to the pandit and those in need to end the puja.

Crows, dogs, and cows are also given a portion of the prepared food.

The Shradh rituals are carried out on Amavasya, the final day of the shradh paksha, if no one knows the deceased’s date or tithi.

How to Perform Shraddha Ceremony at Home?

Get up early, and bathe before shradh puja vidhi. Wearing an angavastra and a dhoti, do Sandhyavandanam first and then Madhyanam.

Then, take another bath. Face the East at home in India while sitting in a clean dhoti and angavastra.

To carry out the ceremonies in India, use a pancha patra made of copper, brass, or silver.

Get all the shradh puja samagri.

Glass, iron, steel, and plastic should not be used. You can book a pandit ji for pitru dosh puja. Perform the Achaman to start the rituals.

20 things that should not be done during pitru paksha

Keep in mind the sanctity of the rituals during Shradh period.

Shradh paksha or Pitru Paksha based on Hindu calendar is starting from September 24 Monday and ending on October 8 Monday this year. Shradh is a ritual that is performed by children or relatives of dead ancestors for the peace of the departed soul.

Our ancestors are very near and dear to us as our lives rest firmly on the foundation of their sacrifice.

Pitru Paksha is the special time of the year when Hindus pay respect to their ancestors by performing few rituals and forbidding themselves to do certain things. It is believed that during Bhadrapada Maas, for 16 days from Purnima to Amavasya the souls of our dead ancestors come to earth in the form of energies.

These energies may affect our lives according to their wishes.

During this period, food, clothes and donations are offered to Brahmin priests who help to perform Shradh rituals. Animals like cows, dogs and crows are fed.

In Hindu religion, Brahmins are considered to be the primary servants of God and they are the link between a common man and the supreme power.

They are an integral part of all religious ceremonies and rituals.

There is a famous story behind feeding Brahmins – the famous Mahabharata character Kunti putra Karna donated a lot of wealth as charity to poor and needy people during his lifetime but he never offered food to them.

When Karna went to heaven after his death, he was offered many luxurious and materialistic pleasures but was not given any food.

Karna understood the cause and requested Yamraja to send him back to earth for 15 days in order to donate food to Brahmins and poor.

Yamaraja accepted his request and sent him to earth for a fortnight. When Karna returned back, he was greeted with abundant food.

It signifies Brahmin bhoj and feeding poor people is an effective ritual to gain fulfilment after life.

Pitru Paksha is the most auspicious time concerning our dead ancestors.

Keeping them happy by way of various good deeds is one of the practices of attaining mukti or salvation.

Follow few simple rules and benefit during Shradh:

  • During Pitru Paksha avoid eating foods like rice, non-veg, garlic, onion and outside food. Eat only home-made satvik food. Avoid cooking or eating brinjal as well.
  • Don’t use masoor, kali urad, chana, black jeera, black salt, black mustard and any impure or stale food product in Shradh food.
  • The person performing Shradh rituals should not cut his nails.
  • He should not have a shave or haircut.
  • He should not wear dirty clothes.
  • He should not use leather made products like belt, wallet or footwear while performing Shradh rituals.
  • If you are performing Shradh rituals and chanting mantras, never pause it to talk with someone. It may bring negative energy.
  • Addiction destroys your good deeds and donations during Shradh. Many a times people chew tobacco, smoke cigarette or consume alcohol. Don’t indulge in such bad practices. It hampers fruitful result of performing Shradh karma.
  • Avoid making physical relations. Be on a celibacy mode.
  • Don’t tell lies or use harsh words or curse others.
  • If possible, don’t wear slippers in the house for all 16 days.
  • Avoid using black or red flowers and extremely scented or odourless flowers for Shradh pooja and rituals.
  • Taking frequent meals on the day of Shradh by the person performing Shradh rituals is also prohibited.
  • Don’t use iron vessels for rituals. Instead use gold, silver, copper or bronze vessels to please your ancestors.
  • Don’t use iron in any way of seating. Use a seating of silk, wool, wood etc.
  • Don’t buy or wear new clothes during Shradh period.
  • Don’t enter a new home, start a new business or new venture or celebrate birthday etc. during this fortnight.
  • Don’t bring home new materialistic things lie new car etc. during this period.
  • Shradh Karma shouldn’t be performed during evening, night, dawn or dusk.
  • Don’t wash clothes on Shradh day.

 During Pitru Paksha, pray earnestly to God and your ancestors to cleanse your past karmas and bring happiness and prosperity to your life.

Pleasing Brahmins, poor and needy and your other good deeds can please the souls of your ancestors! 

Pitru Paksha Dos and Don’ts for 16-day Shraddh period

Pitru Paksha : Shraddh honours our deceased ancestors and prays for their peace and well-being. In this article, we provide a comprehensive guide to Shraddh dos and don’ts, so you can ensure that the rituals are performed in an auspicious and respectful manner.

Ancestors have a special significance in Sanatan Dharma, and Pitru Paksha emphasises their worship.

During this time, fasting is observed until food and water are offered to honour ancestors. Paying respect to ancestors facilitates the fulfilment of wishes and increases financial prosperity.

In contrast, neglecting ancestral worship can lead to difficulties in life and adverse economic outcomes.

Pitru Paksha

When it comes to Pitru Paksha, the Garuda Purana offers guidance on what to do and what not to do:

What Not to Do During Shraddh

  1. Avoid Meat and Alcohol: Avoid meat and alcohol during Pitru Paksha, as it can displease your ancestors and bring them negative influence.
  2. Restrict Vegetable Consumption: During this period, greens and certain vegetables are prohibited. Your Kul Pandit (family priest) should guide you regarding specific dietary restrictions according to local customs.
  3. Respect Animals and Birds: Avoid harming or harassing animals and birds during Pitru Paksha to avoid angering the ancestors.
  4. Honour Elders: The Pitra Dosh (ancestral curse) can cause discord in the family. Do not disrespect or dishonour your family elders.
  5. Avoid Auspicious Activities: Avoid auspicious activities during Pitru Paksha.
  6. New Clothes: The Garuda Purana discourages wearing new clothes during this time.

What to Do During Shraddh

  1. Offer Water and Food: Offer your ancestors water and food daily and seek their blessings for success and happiness.
  2. Light a Lamp: As part of your daily evening aarti (ritual worship) for your ancestors, light a mustard oil lamp facing south each evening.
  3. Observe Righteousness: Perform virtuous acts and observe celibacy during Pitru Paksha.
  4. Donate to the Needy: Support the poor and Brahmins according to your financial ability by providing them with food, water, and money.
  5. Engage in Charity: During Pitru Paksha, participate in acts of charity and social service. Providing food and grains to animals and birds is another way to serve them.

You can honour your ancestors and seek their blessings for a prosperous and harmonious life by following these customs and avoiding prohibited actions.

Pitru Paksha: Dos and Don’ts of Shraddha Ceremony

Pitru Paksha, also called Shraddha Paksha, is a fortnight of Shraddha, extending from Bhadrapada Purnima (full moon) to Sarva Pitru Amavasya.

During this time, Hindus honor their ancestors by making food offerings. It is not a period for conducting auspicious events as death rites are performed at this time.

There are many rules to be observed during Pitru Paksha, as it is important that the rituals of Shraddha or Tarpanam should be performed properly.

The rules to be followed are given below. Avoid the activities mentioned below, if you want your ancestors to accept your offerings.

1. Do not perform any auspicious work on Pitru Paksha days.
2. Do not purchase any new vehicle or other items.
3. Avoid non-vegetarian food totally.
4. Those performing Shraddha rituals should not cut their nails. Neither should they shave or get a haircut.
5. Avoid tobacco, cigarettes, or alcohol. Such things will hinder you from getting the results of performing Shraddha rituals.
6. Avoid wearing slippers in the house for the entire 16 days.
7. Supposedly, Pitrus may come to your home in any form during Pitru Paksha. Hence, do not harm any animals like cows, cats, or dogs that come to your house. Instead, give them food and treat them kindly.
8. Those performing the Shraddha should strictly observe celibacy.
9. Avoid eating gram, cumin, lentils, black salt, cucumber, gourd, mustard greens, etc.
10. Iron vessels should not be used for rituals. Use silver, gold, copper, or bronze vessels.
11. If Shraddha Karma is done at certain places, it gives special benefits. Such places include Gaya, Badrinath, and Prayag, where ancestors can get salvation.
12. For the Pind Daan and Tarpan, use your land alone. Ancestors will not get the donation given at the door of another person.
13. Shraddha Karma shouldn’t be done during evening, night, dawn, or dusk.
14. During Pitru Paksha, give plenty of food to brahmins, cows, dogs, cats, ants, and crows.

As this period is considered inauspicious, Shraddha rituals should be done under the guidance of knowledgeable priests.

The Shraddha is performed on the exact lunar day when the ancestor died.

But some special days are allotted for those who died in a certain manner or enjoyed a certain status in life.

Sarva Pitru Amavasya, also called Mahalaya Amavasya, is the most important day during Pitru Paksha.

On this day, Shraddha can be performed for all ancestors, irrespective of the lunar day they died.

 Those who forgot to perform Shraddha, too, can do it on this day.

Shraddha rituals performed on this day are considered as beneficial as those conducted in Gaya, a very holy place to perform the rite.

Vastu Dos and Don’ts to Observe During Pitru Paksha

In Hinduism, the ritual of Shraddh is achieved during Pitru Paksha, also known as Shraddh Paksha.

It is a date of 16 lunar days that falls during the Bhadrapada month, according to August-September.

Throughout this period, people pay homage to their departed ancestors by offering food and water.

There is confidence that the ancestors visited Earth during this time to receive these aids. Rendering to Vastu, there are certain rules that one must follow to invite pleasure and ancestors’ blessings.

Pitru Paksha Consequence

Pitru Paksha grips great importance to most Hindus and is regarded as an ideal time for rituals such as Pitru Tarpan, Pind Daan and Sharddh. During this 16-day period, people visit blessed places such as the River Ganga at Haridwar, Varanasi Prayagraj and other rivers to provide food, water and other offerings to their ancestors.

Also inviting peace and prosperity into the household, performing these rituals is valuable as it brings the blessings of the ancestors and assists in removing any Pitru Dosha.

Pitru Paksha Vastu

• Shradh rituals should be achieved each day by offering food and clothes to Brahmins.

• The rituals should be achieved by a qualified Brahmin or priest, who can perform the Pitra Tarpan procedural and eat the meal served at home.

• Food items such as onion, garlic, meat, egg, etc. must be circumvented during this time. Correspondingly, one should refrain from consuming alcohol.

• One should forage cows, crows and ants.

• Vastu experts say that one should avoid buying new clothes or shoes during Pitru Paksha. Correspondingly, one must avoid organising promising events such as Griha Pravesh, Marriage, etc. or acquiring a new house, jewellery, vehicle, etc. during Pitru Paksha.

• Certain activities, for example, haircuts and clipping nails, should not be done during Shraddh.

• Circumvent placing pictures of ancestors in the pooja room, bedroom or kitchen, as it can cause dissonance in the family.

• The pictures should be located in the Vastu-recommended North direction.

Pitru Paksha : Date and timings

Date, Shraddh, Tithi begin and end time

September 29, , Purnima Shraddh, 6:49 Sep 28 to 3:26 PM, Sep 29

September 29, , Pratipada Shraddh, 3:26 PM, Sep 29 to 12:21 PM, Sep 30

September 30, , Dwitiya Shraddh, 12:21 PM, Sep 30 to 9:41 AM, Oct 1

October 1, , Tritiya Shraddh, 9:41 AM, Oct 1 to 7:36 AM, Oct 2

October 2, , Chaturthi Shraddh, 7:36 AM, Oct 2 to 6:11 AM, Oct 3

October 3, , Panchami Shraddh, 6:11 AM, Oct 3 to 5:33 AM, Oct 4

October 4, , Shashthi Shraddh, 5:33 AM, Oct 4 to 5:41 AM, Oct 5

October 5, , Saptami Shraddh, 5:41 AM, Oct 5 to 6:34, Oct 6

October 6, , Ashtami Shraddh, 6:34, Oct 6 to 8:08 AM, Oct 7

October 7, , Navami Shraddh, 8:08 AM, Oct 7 to 10:12 AM, Oct 8

October 8, , Dashami Shraddh, 10:12 AM, Oct 8 to Oct 9, 12:36

October 9, , Ekadashi Shraddh, 12:36, Oct 9 to 3:08 PM, Oct 10

October 10, , Magha Shraddh, 05:45 AM Oct 10, to 8:45 AM, Oct 11

October 11, , Dwadhashi Shraddh, 3:08 PM, Oct 10 to 5:37 PM, Oct 11

October 12, , Trayodashi Shraddh, 5:37 PM, Oct 11 to 7:53 PM, Oct 12

October 13, , Chaturdashi Shraddh, 7:53 PM, Oct 12 to 9:50 PM, Oct 13

October 14, , Sarva Pitru Amavasya, 9:50 PM, Oct 13 to 11:24 PM, Oct 14

Pitru Paksha Rules: Dos and Don’ts of Shraddha

Pitru paksha is a 16 days period of Shraddha (sraddh) from Bhadrapada purnima to Sarva pitru amavasya.

It is also known as Shraddha Paksha.

In these period; Hindus pay homage to their ancestor, especially through food offerings.

Pitru Paksha is considered by Hindus to be inauspicious, given the death rite performed during the ceremony, known as Shraddha or Tarpan.

It is highly recommended that the observer should follow pritu paksha rules; and the rituals of shraddha should be performed in a proper manner.

Tithi: Pitru paksha dates and their importance

If you are going to perform shraddha on Pitru paksha; then you should follow these pirtu paksha rules.

Don’t do these activities on this period; otherwise your ancestors will not accept your offerings.

Follow these rules in Pitru Paksha – Dos and Don’ts

According to the scriptures, do not do any auspicious work in pitru paksha days.

Do not buy any vehicle or new items during this time.

Also, do not consume non-vegetarian food at all.

The person performing Shraddha rituals should not cut his nails.

He should not have a shave or haircut.

Don’t chew tobacco, smoke cigarette or consume alcohol.

Don’t indulge in such bad practices. It hampers fruitful result of performing Shraddha karma.

If possible, don’t wear slippers in the house for all 16 days.

It is believed that Pitru comes in your home in any form in the fortnight of Pitru Paksha. Therefore, in this fortnight, no creature should be disrespected.

Rather, any creature coming to your door should be given food and be hospitable.

The person performing the Shraddha in the Pitru Paksha should strictly observe Brahmacharya.

In Pitru Paksha, it is considered forbidden to eat some things, like- gram, lentils, cumin, black salt, gourd and cucumber, mustard greens etc. should not be eaten.

Don’t use iron vessels for rituals. Instead use gold, silver, copper or bronze vessels to please your ancestors.

If Shraddha Karma is done at a particular place then it gives special fruits. In these places Gaya, Prayag, Badrinath; the ancestors get salvation.

Those who cannot perform Shraddha Karma on these holy pilgrimages for any reason can donate tarpan and bodies to any holy place in their home courtyard.

But for the tarpan and pind daan, use your plot only.

The ancestors do not get the donation given at the door of another or at the door of another person.

Black sesame has special significance for the donation of ancestral body.

Therefore, black mole should be used for Shraddha Karma.

For this, do not forget to use white sesame.

Shradh Karma shouldn’t be performed during evening, night, dawn or dusk.

In Pitru Paksh, cows, brahmins, dogs, ants, cats and ravens should eat as much as possible. And all of these should not be recognized as loss.

Things to Remember on Pirtu Paksha

Pitru paksha period is considered very inauspicious.

So shraddha rituals are performed carefully in guidance of knowledgeable pandits or brahmins. Before that you should know these important points.

You should know: Pitru paksha puja vidhi

Which day to perform Shraddha?

The shraddha is performed on the specific lunar day during the Pitru Paksha, when the ancestor usually a parent or paternal grandparent died.

There are exceptions to the lunar day rule; special days are allotted for people who died in a particular manner or had a certain status in life.

Importance of Sarvapitri amavasya

Sarva pitru amavasya is the most important day of the Pitru Paksha.

It is intended for all ancestors, irrespective of the lunar day they died.

Those who have forgotten to perform shraddha can do so on this day.

A shraddha ritual performed on this amavasya is considered as fruitful as one conducted in the holy city of Gaya, which is seen as a special place to perform the rite.

You should know: Why Hindus Perform Pind Daan At Gaya

Who should perform Shraddha?

It is essential that Shraddha be performed by the son usually the eldest or male relative of the paternal branch of the family, limited to the preceding three generations. However, on Sarva pitru amavasya or matamaha, the daughter’s son can offer Shraddha for the maternal side of his family if a male heir is absent in his mother’s family.

Pitru Paksha FoodThe food offerings made to the ancestors are usually cooked in silver or copper vessels and typically placed on a banana leaf or cups made of dried leaves.

The food must include Kheer (a type of sweet rice and milk),

lapsior other beans (a sweet porridge made of wheat grains), rice, dal (lentils),

the vegetable of spring bean (guar) and a yellow gourd (pumpkin).

You may like: Why Crows are given food During Pitru Paksha

Pind Daan – Rites of ShraddhaThe male who performs the shraddha should take a purifying bath beforehand and is expected to wear a dhoti.

He wears a ring of darbha grass.

Then the ancestors are invoked to reside in the ring.

The shraddha is usually performed bare-chested, as the position of the sacred thread worn by him needs to be changed multiple times during the ceremony.

The shraddha involves pind daan, which is an offering to the ancestors of pind (cooked rice and barley flour balls mixed with ghee and black sesame seeds), accompanying the release of water from the hand.

It is followed by the worship of Vishnu (in form of the darbha grass, a gold image, or Shaligram stone and Yama.

The food offering is then made, cooked especially for the ceremony on the roof.

The offering is considered to be accepted if a crow arrives and devours the food; the bird is believed to be a messenger from Yama or the spirit of the ancestors. 

A cow and a dog are also fed, and Brahmin priests are also offered food. Once the ancestors (crow) and Brahmins have eaten, the family members can begin lunch.

Pitra Paksh and its effects  Do’s and Don’t during this Shrads

Pitra Paksha or Shradh is a very important part of the Hindu calendar. It is a 16 lunar days long period dedicated to the ancestors, offering homage to them by offering them food on the day of their demise.

Commonly these days are called Shradhs derived from the word ‘shraddha’ which means immense admiration or devotion for something. 

This fortnightly event starts from the first day i.e. Pratipada of Ashwin month that falls in September and ends on the Amavasya i.e. no moon day that is called Pitra Amavasya or Sarv Pitri Amavasya. Pitri paksha is immediately followed by Devi Paksha or Navratri.

Why do we perform Shradh

It is believed that the Lord of Pitri Lok, Yama release all the souls of ancestors to reside on the earth with their successors during Pitra Paksha.

The families offer food and clothes to their ancestors according to their day of death during these days of Pitri Paksha.

On the last day of these rites, i.e. on the day of Pitri Amavasya or the Sarv Pitri Amavasya, shardha for all the ancestors is performed so that if death day of any forefather is not known to the family then his offerings be done on this common day.  

Who should Perform Shradh

The son, generally the eldest son of the family perform Shradh tarpan for the ancestors of the family.

All sons can also perform Shradh.

In case there is no son in the family, then the daughter, grandson, or the brother of the deceased can perform Shradh.

Every deceased should be offered Shradh.  

“Dos” during Pitra Paksha 

  • Pindadan should be done during Shradhs. It is offerings of rice, cow’s milk, ghee in the form of a Pinda i.e. a rounded heap to the ancestors. it should be performed with complete devotion and whole-heartedly.
  • Tarpan should be done by offering water with black sesame seeds to the Pitras for their appeasement.
  • Brahmins should be offered food cooked with devotion along with donations.  
  • Special food made with milk like kheer is indispensable for Shradhs in Hindus. Curd should also be offered. 
  • Food should be offered in utensils made of bronze and copper as they are considered auspicious along with silver utensils. 
  • Food is also offered to God, crow, dogs, and cows. 
  • Only vegetarian food should be consumed during Shradhs. Some people even don’t eat garlic and onion during Shradhs.
  • If for three consecutive years the Shradh Karma has not been done, then the dead gets vehement, so to calm them Tripindi Shradh is done.
  • Offer water to the banyan tree regularly.
  • Offer water to the rising Sun with sesame seeds.
  • Perform the Pitr Dosh Nivaaran Puja
  • Perform the Sarv Yoni Karmic Puja 

“Don’ts” during Pitra Paksha

  • Generally, the Shradh should not be performed during the transition period from one prahar (one-eighth of a day) to another, in the evening or at night and a time close to these times.
  • Avoid using onion or garlic in the food prepared as offerings during Shradh.
  • Avoid eating non-vegetarian food during Shradha.
  • Do not purchase a new house, clothes, ornaments, utensils, or any other new thing for your house during Shradha as this period id not considered auspicious.
  • Do not celebrate or perform anything auspicious during these times like a wedding, the celebration of a newborn baby, or house warming, etc.
  • Postpone important things relating to documentations.
  • Avoid constructing a house or new property.
  • Do not go for a haircut.

Benefits of performing Shradh

 Pitras get satisfied if Shradh is performed with devotion.

They bless the family with Long-life, success, heaven, fame, nourishment, strength, riches, animals, happiness, wealth, and prosperity.