Hindu Of Universe

“God’s light is within you, It never leaves you.”

History and Significance: 

Lord Mahavira was born to King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala in the ancient kingdom of Vaishali. There is some debate among the Jains about the exact birth date of Mahvira. While the Swetambar Jains believe he was born in 599 BC, the Degambar Jains believe he was born in 615 BC. As per the Hindu calendar, Lord Mahavira was born on the 13th day of the month of Chaitra. 

At the age of 30, Mahavira renounced all his worldly possessions and became a wandering ascetic, searching for spiritual enlightenment. The legend goes after spending 12 years in exile he attained ‘Kevala Jnana’ or omniscience. 

Lord Mahavira dedicated his life to the teachings of non-violence, truth, non-stealing, chastity, and non-attachment. He preached that all living beings have a soul and should therefore be treated with love, compassion and respect. He also stressed the importance of living a simple, peaceful and virtuous life.

Mahavir Jayant

Jains celebrate Mahavir Jayanti as the day when Trishla Mata gave birth to Lord Mahavir, over 2600 years ago. They celebrate it on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the Indian month Chaitr (March or April). Similar to celebrations in other religions, Mahavir Jayanti commemorates the birth of one who spiritually inspires many.

Lord Mahavir was a Tirthankar who taught how to walk the path to liberation from the cycle of life and death to attain Moksha – abundant, infinite, eternal bliss and how to find the hero within one’s self. On the day of Mahavir Jayanti, the Jains dig deep down within themselves to find the self-control to detach themselves from certain worldly pleasures, instead of collecting temporary, material possessions. For some Jains it is like Christmas – a time for giving the gifts of compassion and friendship to those less fortunate than ourselves, and sharing whatever qualities we have, with those that deserve them.

In His life stories, Lord Mahavir demonstrates non-violence (Ahimsa), courage (Abhay), friendship (Maitri), compassion (Anukampa), love (Vaysalya) and equanimity (Samta) to the utmost degree.

At the heart of right conduct for Jains, lie the five great vows:

  1. Nonviolence (Ahimsa) – not to cause harm to any living beings
  2. Truthfulness (Satya) – to speak the harmless truth only
  3. Non-stealing (Asteya) – not to take anything not properly given
  4. Chastity (Brahmacharya) – not to indulge in sensual pleasure
  5. Non-possession/Non-attachment (Aparigraha) – complete detachment from people, places, and material things

All Paths Laid Down By All Seers Lead To The Same Goal

Jainism, the religion that was rendered an all- India movement by Mahavir, extols jina (the heroic conqueror of the senses), the emotions and the stratagems of the intellect. He called upon all to carry out the duties commensurate to their status and professions, with steady faith and enthusiasm. He declared that all things and beings are holy in their own right and are but pilgrims on the road to Realisation. Any Injury inflicted on any of them is an intervention in that sacred journey and so has to be scrupulously avoided.1

“Namaskar” Is The Message Of Unity

When the senses are allowed to have their way, all kinds of reactions occur. It is only when the senses are brought under unified control that the nature of Divinity can be comprehended. The eyes have the power of sight. The ears can hear. The powers of all the sense organs – seeing, hearing, speaking, etc., are derived from the Divine. It is the Divine that enables the eyes to see, the ears to hear, the mind to think and to have various experiences. It is when all these sensory processes are brought under unified control (by the conquest of the senses) that man becomes a conqueror a “Jina” – as termed by the Jains. Because he had conquered his senses the title of victor was conferred on Mahavira.2

Five-fold Adoration

Jain mode of worship (Jainopasana). The Jains have as their mantra:

Namo arihanthanam

Namo siddhanaam

Namo ayiriyanam

Namo uvajjhayanam

Namo Loye savva sahuunam

Salutations to the great heroes who have conquered desire, etc.

Salutations to those equipped with supernatural powers.

Salutations to the great masters of spiritual wisdom.

Salutations to the great teachers who transmit the wisdom.

Salutations to the good persons of all lands.

This five-fold adoration helps remove the evil effects of all sinful acts. Experiencing the meaning of this mantra gives one the sum of prosperity. The Jains declare that when one merges in this universal adoration, one is liberated and attains moksha.3

In Jainism also, the same truth was taught by Mahavir. When the senses are allowed to have their way, all kinds of reactions occur. It is only when the senses are brought under unified control that the nature of Divinity can be comprehended. The eyes have the power of sight. The ears can hear. The powers of all the sense organs – seeing, hearing, speaking, etc., are derived from the Divine. It is the Divine that enables the eyes to see, the ears to hear, the mind to think and to have various experiences. It is when all these sensory processes are brought under unified control (by the conquest of the senses) that man becomes a conqueror a “Jina” – as termed by the Jains. Because he had conquered his senses the title of victor was conferred on Mahavira.4


Lord Mahavir, born as Vardhamana Mahavira, was born in 599 BCE in Kundagrama, near Vaishali, in present-day Bihar, India. He renounced worldly life at the age of 30 and spent the next 12 years in deep meditation, austerity, and spiritual pursuits. At the age of 42, he attained enlightenment and became a Tirthankara, who led others across the river of existence to the shore of liberation.

Mahavir Jayanti holds immense significance in Jainism as it commemorates the birth of a spiritual leader whose teachings emphasise non-violence (ahimsa), truth (satya), non-stealing (asteya), celibacy (brahmacharya), and non-possessiveness (aparigraha).

His philosophy revolves around the concept of karma and the path to achieving liberation (moksha) by leading a life of righteousness, simplicity, and compassion towards all living beings.

On Mahavir Jayanti, Jains visit temples to offer prayers, participate in religious processions, and listen to discourses on Lord Mahavir’s life and teachings.

Many devotees engage in charitable activities, such as donating food, clothes, and money to the less fortunate, as a way of practising compassion and generosity.

Mahavir Jayanti: History

Lord Mahavira was born on the 13th day of Chaitra, the 10th month of the Hindu calendar. According to the Swetambar Jains, he was born in 599 B.C., while the De Gambar Jains believe he was born in 615 B.C. However, the exact birth date of Mahvira is disputed among the Jains.

After renouncing his worldly possessions at the age of 30 and becoming a wandering ascetic, Mahavira spent 12 years in exile. He attained ‘KevalaJnana’ or stunted knowledge after spending his time in exile.

Mahavira devoted his life to non-violence, truth, non-stealing, chastity, and non-attachment. He emphasized the importance of treating all living organisms with love, compassion, and respect.

Mahavir Jayanti 2024: Significance

Mahavir Jayanti is significant as it is a day to reflect on the spiritual journey of one and make a new commitment to the teachings of Lord Mahavir. It is a time to pay attention to his teachings of non-violence, compassion, and the importance of living a simple and austere life.

Mahavir Jayanti celebrates the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir and also allows to reflect on the importance of family and community. It is a day to celebrate shared rituals and cultural practices. Mahavir Jayanti’s message of non-violence and peace reflects the teachings of modern-day saints.

Mahavir Jayanti is a significant festival in Jainism. It is a time to celebrate the life and teachings of Lord Mahavir. The festival also has a strong focus on social service and helping others in need.

How Is Mahavir Jayanti Celebrated?

Some of the common traditions include religious processions, prayers, chants, and sermons.

The day of Mahavir Jayanti is observed with a variety of rituals, including the installation of an idol of Lord Mahavira, also known as ‘Lord of Charity’. The idol is installed in the center of the city and is decorated with flowers and an abhishekam, a ritualistic bathing ceremony.

As a mark of respect and reverence, the faithful offer sweets and fruits to Lord Mahavira. However, on this auspicious day, the community also engages in acts of kindness and compassion, such as feeding the poor and needy and distributing clothes to those who need them.

Another common tradition followed by the faithful on Mahavir Jayanti is a strict fast. It is considered to be a way to purify the mind and body, and to reaffirm one’s commitment to the principles of Jainism.

This holiday has much cultural importance, so public figures often greet celebrators via television and radio broadcasts. Mahavir Jayanti is not fixed to the Gregorian calendar, so its date varies. It is always celebrated in March or April. During this holiday, people celebrate the teachings of Mahavira. It is a day of humility and happiness.

The Life and Teachings of Lord Mahavira

Lord Mahavira was born into a noble family in Bihar, India during the 4th century BCE. During his life, Lord Mahavira was known as Vardhamana. In many ways, Vardhamana is similar to Buddhism’s Siddartha Gautama.

Like Siddartha, Vardhamana left his comfortable home to find truth in the world after being sheltered from the outside world. After mingling with people from various cultures and backgrounds, Vardhamana learned much about the world and the sources of suffering. Eventually, Varhamana decided to focus his efforts on fasting and meditation.

Through this process, Varhamana found enlightenment. He discovered that humans must eliminate greed and their connection to worldly possessions to end their limitless pursuit of desires. With his knowledge, Varhamana journeyed in India and other areas of Asia to spread Jainism. During this time, Varhamana’s kingdom experienced a period of extreme prosperity.

Many people converted to Jainism with the hopes that they would be able to experience a similar state of happiness. After achieving moksha, or purity of the soul, Varhamana died. In 425 BCE, Varhamana became known as Lord Mahavira, the final tirthanka and omniscient teacher of the dharma. Many people celebrate Mahavir Jayanti to reflect on their own actions and the teachings of Lord Mahavira.

After achieving enlightenment, Lord Mahavira preached five principles that would lead to prosperous living and inner peace. The first of these principles is ahimsa. The principle of ahimsa states that all Jains should refrain from violence in any circumstance. The next principle is satya. When following the principle of satya, people always tell the truth.

The third principle is asteya. People who follow asteya do not steal from others. These individuals live in moderation and only take what they are given. The fourth principle is brachmacharya. This principle requires Jains to exhibit traits of chastity; they must not excessively participate in sensual acts.

The final principle is aparigraha. This teaching connects all of the previous principles. By following aparigraha, Jains become mindful and eliminate their desires for possessions.

Celebratory Activities

Jains participate in many activities that allow them to bond with their family members and show respect for Lord Mahavira.

Procession: One of the most popular activities for Mahavir Jayanti is the procession an idol of Mahavira. This activity involves Jain monks carrying a statue of Mahavira throughout the streets on a chariot. During this parade, communities gather to recite special rhyming prayers, or bhajans, that honor Mahavira

Statue Washing: People often wash statues of Mahavira with water and fragrant oils. This symbolizes the purity of Mahavira. It also serves the practical purpose of cleaning the beautiful religious statues for regular worship during the year.

Visit Temples: During Mahavir Jayanti, people from across the world visit Jain temples in India. In addition to visiting active temples, people also go to ancient historical sites that are related to Mahavira and Jainism. Some of the most popular locations are Gomateshwara, Dilwara, Ranakpur, Sonagiri and Shikharji.

Donations: To demonstrate their humble lifestyle choices, many Jains donate money, food, and clothing to temples during Mahavir Jayanti. The monks often take what they need and donate the remaining items to less fortunate people.

Mahavir Jayanti 

When the seriousness of the world wasn’t felt, and it saw the contrast between wealthy and deprived, a legend was driven to start a mission of living a life filled with peace and prosperity. Yaas, that’s Mahavir Jain, the 24th and the final Tirthankar who established Jainism in India. Mahavir Jayanti is the celebration of his glorious birth anniversary, which holds the utmost importance among Jains. It is also well-known as ‘Mahavir Janma Kalyanak’.

Mahaveer Jayanti – History And Significance

When Mahavira was born, the surroundings became greatly peaceful and experienced serenity. Gods and Goddesses from the paradise offered reverence to the Tirthankara. They bathed the infant in a ceremony and gave him the names Mahavira and Vardhaman. Regarding the birth of Mahavira, there is also a famous legend related to HIS mother.

Dreams Of Trishala, Mother Of Mahavir Jain

Right before Mahavir’s birth, his mother Trishala had 16 dreams each presenting different objects. Here are those dream symbols and their significance:

  1. A white elephant: A child of great moral values will be born.
  2. A lion: Leadership.
  3. Goddess Lakshmi:- Wealth and prosperity
  4. The Full Moon: Peace and support
  5. A pair of jumping fish: Charming appearance.
  6. The Sun: Higher Knowledge.
  7. A lake full of lotus flowers: Compassion.
  8. A celestial palace: Spirituality.
  9. A throne of rubies and diamonds: Being the world teacher.
  10. A garland:- Popularity and admiration from society.
  11. A bull: A well-known religious teacher who will share knowledge and peace.
  12. Mandara flowers:- Sympathy and courtesy.
  13. A Golden pot: Wealth.
  14. A vessel full of gems : Dignity and Wisdom.
  15. Rough ocean: Infinite attainment.
  16. Residence of Nagendra: Clairvoyance.

It was at the age of 30 that he left earthly pursuits and began meditating. He meditated under an Ashoka tree for 12 years continuously and got enlightened.

Mahaveera travelled across India and conveyed lessons to eliminate superstition and several false beliefs. He instituted Dharma to set morals, ethical values, and honesty. His preaching was inclined towards total non-violence. He had brought light to the importance of meditation and fasts for humans to attain a lot of virtues.

Being a fortunate event for the Jain people, Mahaveer Jayanti is observed with great pomp at all the Jain temples. It is majorly celebrated in temples of Pawapuri in Bihar, Girnar and Palitana in Gujarat, Shri Mahavirji Temple in Rajasthan, and Parasnath Temple in Kolkata. Many Jains carry out charitable deeds to attain the blessings of liberation. A few of them give lectures in the temples nearby to spread the goodness of Jain doctrine. People also prepare customary food on this day and serve it to the needy.

Mahavir Jayanti Traditions And Rituals

  1. Maintain austerity and conduct fasting throughout the day.
  2. Adorn the puja altar or room with flowers.
  3. Cleanse the idol of Mahavir by doing Abhishekam using water and milk.
  4. Offer sweets, flowers, and fruits to the deity.
  5. Chant Mahavir Jayanti prayers.
  6. Serve clothes, money, food or any basic needs to the poor.

Many Jain temples are seen with a new flag at the top of them on this day. Moreover, some groups also carry out a procession carrying the idol of Mahaveer.

The Navkar Mantra

Chanting the below Navkar mantra is said to be favorable on Mahaveer Jayanti:

Namo Arihantanam
Namo Siddhanam
Namo Ayariyanam
Namo Uvjhayanam
Namo Loye Savva Saahunam
Aiso Panch Namahkkaro
Savva Paav Panasano
Manglanancha Savvesim
Padhmam Havei Mangalam

Meaning Of The Above Mantra:

I pay homage to all Arihantas (enlightened beings)
I pay homage to all Siddhas (liberated souls)
I pay homage to all Acharyas (religious experts)
I pay homage to all Upadhyays (religious teachers)
I pay homage to all Sadhus (Sages).

The five-fold tribute destroys all sins.

It is truly the most auspicious of all mantras.

Wishing you all a Happy Mahavir Jayanti.

Teachings of Mahavir

Mahavir’s teachings revolve around the principles of ahimsa (non-violence), satya (truthfulness), asteya (non-stealing), brahmacharya (chastity), and aparigraha (non-attachment).

He emphasised the importance of leading a life of righteousness, compassion, and spiritual discipline. His profound philosophy continues to inspire millions of followers across the globe.

How do people celebrate Mahavir Jayanti?

Mahavir Jayanti is a festival marked with prayers and fasting. Moreover, devotees observe fasting and engage in meditation, self-reflection, and recitation of sacred scriptures to purify their minds and deepen their spiritual connection with Lord Mahavir.

On this day, an idol of Lord Mahavira is carried on a chariot by devotees and taken on a procession called ‘rath yathra’ as religious rhymes and prayers are recited along the way.

Temples are also decorated with flags and flowers, and offerings are made to the poor and needy to spread the word of harmony and peace. The act of charity and giving is a big part of the celebration, and followers of Jainism are encouraged to practise charitable acts.

In addition, Jain communities organise charitable activities such as food donations, blood drives, and environmental initiatives as a way of practising compassion and selflessness, in alignment with Mahavir’s teachings.

Who was Mahavira? 

As stated above, you all must have known that the occasion of Mahavir Jayanti is observed to mark the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavira, who was the founder of Jainism and was born in 599 BC. But where was Mahavira born? Lord Mahavira was born at Kundagrama near Vaishali in Bihar. He was initially named Vardhaman Mahavira by his parents. Although Lord Mahavir was born into a royal family, he was never pleased by the royal and luxurious life, therefore, at the age of 30, Lord Mahavir decided to give up his throne and live a life of spirituality. He developed a deep interest in Jainism and practised it for twelve years before attaining omniscience. Lord Mahavira taught some valuable lessons on humanity and spiritual truth and all his teachings are still practised by his devotees. 

He taught us the following principles of life and believed that all of these are essential to leading a peaceful life:

  • Nonviolence (Ahimsa), which teaches us to cause no harm to any living being.
  • Truthfulness (Satya), which teaches us the importance of speaking the truth.
  • The principle of non-stealing (Asteya) restrains us from stealing or taking ownership of something which does not belong to us.
  • The principle of non-attachment (Aparigraha) tells us not to be obsessed with any materialistic things.

All his teachings form the main pillars of Jainism, which is popularly known as ‘Jain Agamas’.

Why Do We Celebrate Mahavir Jayanti?

Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavira, who was known to be the last and 24th Tirthankara of Jainism. This spiritual occasion is celebrated all over India where the devotees visit different Jain shrines and temples to learn about all the preachings that were taught by Lord Mahavira and seek his blessings for a healthy and prosperous life. They spend their time meditating and reciting the verses as taught by Mahavira. Many devotees also keep a strict fast on this auspicious day of Mahavir Jayanti. They believe that this will help them gain spiritual strength over any materialistic possession. On this day, people eat fruits and avoid grains, as well as onion, garlic, and other similar food items. Another important aspect to observe this day is to teach people the significance of ahimsa (non-violence), humanity and harmony as preached by Lord Mahavira.

On this day, large crowds of devotees can be seen on all the temples and Jain shrines from the early morning. Many temples even offer free lunches and alms for the poor on this day. 

5 Interesting Facts on Mahavir Jayanti

Every festival in India is celebrated grandly with lots of love and joy. Each of them also holds a significance and story behind them. Similarly, there are also some interesting facts that you will love to know about Mahavir Jayanti:

  1. Mahavir Jayanti which is also the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir is celebrated mainly amongst the Jain community, also in some parts of  Rajasthan and Gujarat. 
  2. Vaishali, in Bihar which is regarded as the birthplace of Mahavira, celebrates this auspicious day in a grand manner. This occasion is also known as Vaishali Mahotsava. 
  3. On the morning of Mahavir Jayanti, various grand processions are held. You can come across grand chariots having the images of Lord Mahavira. These processions are led by several devotees including old and young crowds. Some people also take part in charitable activities like offering clothes and food to the needy. 
  4. On this day, the Jain shrines are decorated beautifully and include images of all the Tirthankars. The celebration rituals of Mahavir Jayanti also include meditation, offering food and flowers, bathing the idols of Lord Mahavira and lighting lamps in front of the Tirthankars.
  5. Some of the famous Jain pilgrimage destinations in India where Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated in a grand manner are Palitana, Ranakpur, Shravanbelagola, Dilwara Temple, Khandagiri Caves and Udayagiri Caves.

What Does this Festival Teach Us?

The beautiful and joyful festival of Mahavir Jayanti teaches us the basic lesson on humanity and how love, truth and non-violence can help us lead a peaceful life. Mahavir Jayanti is observed to celebrate the teachings of Lord Mahavira, which not only teaches us humanity but also tells us to be more considerate towards the difficulties faced by the other living creatures. This festival teaches us to be kind and helpful to animals, humans and anyone who is in a state of suffering. 

Thus, the festival of Mahavir Jayanti holds very significant importance in our life. Share these interesting facts and learnings with your kids and friends and celebrate this festival in a memorable way.

Lord Mahavir: Life

Originally Mahavira’s name was Vardhamana and he was born about 599 BC

, several scholars believe this date to be as much as 100 years early that is then Mahavira probably lived at about the same time as the Buddha, whose traditional birth date has also been reassessed. Lord Mahavira i.e. Vardhamana left his home to find the truth in the world. He lived an ascetic life, wandering about, begging for food, and wearing little. After mingling with several people from different cultures and backgrounds, he learned about suffering, pain, etc. in the world. Then, he focused his efforts on fasting and meditation. Through this process he found enlightenment. He always emphasises that humans should eliminate greed and their connection to worldly possessions to end their limitless pursuit of desires. He travelled throughout South Asia to teach Jain philosophy.

Lord Mahavir: Teachings

He taught that the observance of the vow ahimsa (non-violence), satya (truthfulness), asteya (non-stealing), brahmacharya (chastity), and aparigraha (non-attachment) is necessary to elevate the quality of life. Do you know that the teachings of Lord Mahavira were compiled by Gautama Swami (Chief disciple) and were known as Jain Agamas?

Eight cardinal principles encompassed the spiritual philosophy of Lord Mahavira and of them three are metaphysical and five are ethical. He believed in the external existence of the Universe that it is neither created nor can be destroyed. According to him, Universe is made up of six eternal substances that are souls, space, time, material atoms, a medium of motion, and a medium of rest. These components independently change to create the multifaceted reality that mortals exist in. He also introduced the philosophy of Anekantavada (principle of non-absolutism) which refers to the pluralism of existence. The multifaceted reality is better explained with syadavad or the principle of Seven Fold predictions. 

How is Mahavir Jayanti celebrated?

On this day followers of Jainism do prayers, fast, etc. On this day basically, Holidays are popular in the eastern state of Bihar. Jains participate in several activities that allow them to bond with their family members and also show respect to Lord Mahavir like a procession, statue washing, visiting temples, donations, etc.  

Facts about Lord Mahavir

  • Some believe that Lord Mahavira was also known by Tirthankara before birth.
  • Lord Mahavira is also known as Vardhamana. It is said that he is called by five different names.
  • When he was 30 years old, he left his kingdom and family.
  • It is said that Lord Mahavira meditated for around 12 years.
  • He has given five theories to live a stress-free life.
  • He is the last Tirthankara of Avasarpini which represents the present time cycle. 
  • According to the Kalpa Stra, Mahavira lived in Astikagrama, Champapuri, Prstichampa, Vaishali, Vanijagrama, Nalanda, Mithila, Bhadrika, Alabhika, Panitabhumi, Shravasti, and Pawapuri for the first 42 monsoons of his life.
  • After achieving omniscience, he spent thirty years travelling around India lecturing on his philosophy, according to the Śvētāmbara. Nonetheless, according to the Digambara, he continued to preach to his devotees while in his Samavasarana.
  • He organised his followers into a four-fold order namely, monk (Sadhu), nun (Sadhvi), layman (Shravak), and laywoman (Shravika).
  • Mahavira had 159,000 male lay followers and 318,000 female lay followers, according to the Kalpa Sutra, in addition to 14,000 male ascetics and 36,000 female ascetics.
  • His advocacy for world peace, a better rebirth, and eventually liberty served the purposes of his spiritual ideals.

How is Mahavir Jayanti Celebrated?

People celebrate Mahavir Jayanti in different ways across the country. But some of the most popular practices are listed below:

1. Visit Jain Temples

On Mahavir Jayanti, people visit different Jain temples spread across the country. In addition to Jain temples, people also visit other historical sites associated with Jainism and Lord Mahavir. Some of the most popular spiritual locations include Gomateshwara, Sonagiri, Ranakpur, Dilwara, and Shikharji.                      

2. Worship Lord Mahavir

Worshiping Lord Mahavir is also a common practice on Mahavir Jayanti. People worship the statues of Lord Mahavir with flowers and fragrant oils. They thoroughly clean his statues with water and fragrant oils.

3. Processions

Processions are also common on Mahavir Jayanti. Jain monks carry the statue of Lord Mahavira on a chariot. People gather to pray to Lord Mahavira. 

4. Charity and Donations

On Mahavir Jayanti, people from the Jain community donate food, clothes, and money to temples. 

Why is Mahavir Jayanti Celebrated?

Mahavir Jayanti is immensely important to Jains. People of the Jain community celebrate this day to celebrate the birth of Mahavir. Jains spend the day reflecting on and spreading the teachings of Lord Mahavir. 

People observe peace and harmony on this auspicious day and celebrate it with great joy and enthusiasm.

Where Is Mahavir Jayanti Celebrated in India?

Mahavir Jayanti is an important religious festival for Jains in India. It is celebrated by the Jain community in:

  • Rajasthan
  • Gujarat
  • Karnataka
  • Haryana
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Vaishali in Bihar

History and Background of Mahavir Jayanti

Mahavir Jayanti is a day spent commemorating the life, values, and teachings of Lord Mahavir. Jains across the world gather together to celebrate the knowledge imparted by Mahavir, who is believed to be born on this day in Kundalagrama of Muzaffarpur districts in Bihar.

For the people of the Jain community, Mahavir Jayanti holds great significance. It is a day spent contemplating, practicing, and spreading the principles popularised by Lord Mahavir. These include nonviolence (Ahimsa), truthfulness (Satya), non-stealing (Asteya), chastity (Brahmacharya), and non-attachment (Aparigraha).

What Is the Significance of Mahavir Janma Kalyanak?

Mahavir Janma Kalyanak marks the birthday of Lord Mahavir, who was born in Kundalagrama in Bihar to King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala in 599 BC. However, his birth date is still up for debate among many people. Swetambar Jains believe Lord Mahavir was born in 599 BC, while Digambar Jains believe he was born in 615 BC. According to the Hindu lunisolar calendar, he was born on the 13th day of the month of Chaitra. Thus, this day is celebrated as Mahavir Jayanti across the world.

When he was 30 years old, Lord Mahavir abandoned his worldly possessions and chose the path of spirituality.

Who is Lord Mahavir?

Lord Mahavir who is also known as Vardhamana Mahavira, was an Indian spiritual leader and the founder of Jainism, one of the major religions of India. For 12 years, he lived as an ascetic in exile, abstaining from all worldly pleasures. Through meditation and a very simple lifestyle, he achieved ‘Kevala Jnana’ or complete knowledge. He then began to be known as Sage Vardhamana. He advocated for non-violence and was renowned for the mastery of his senses. His quest for truth and spiritual liberation ultimately led to his enlightenment at 72.

Once he started gaining followers, he organised them into four primary groups which include monks (Sadhu), laymen (Shravak), nuns (Sadhvi), and laywomen (Shravika).

Spiritual Destinations to Visit During Mahavir Jayanti

There are several Jain temples located across the country. However, the ones listed below hold great importance amongst the Jain community. They visit the following spiritual destinations on Mahavir Jayanti.

1. Dilwara Temple, Rajasthan

Located near Mount Abu in Rajasthan, these temples are believed to be built in the 12th century. These temples are dedicated to different Tirthankara and are home to over 360 miniature idols of Tirthankara. 

2. Ranakpur Temple, Rajasthan

The temple is believed to be built during the 14th and 15th centuries. The temple is one of the most important spiritual destinations visited on Mahavir Jayanti.

3. Gomateshwara Temple, Karnataka

The temple is located in Shravanabelagola. It is home to an 18m tall statue of Gomateshwara, the first Tirthankara. 

4. Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh

There are several Jain temples in the eastern section of this UNESCO World Heritage Site. One of them is the Prashvantha temple, which was built during the 10th century. 

5. Palitana Temples, Gujarat

The temples are situated in the Shatrunjaya Hills in the Bhavnagar district of Gujarat. There are around 3,000 Jain temples in this area.

Final Word

Mahavir Jayanti is one of the most important festivals in Jainism, celebrated to mark the birthday of Lord Mahavir, the founder of Jainism. The festival promotes peace, harmony and the teachings of Lord Mahavir. The festival holds great significance for the people of the Jain community and is celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm.

Importance of Mahavir Jayanti Festival

This one-of-a-kind day is dedicated to the conception of Lord Mahavir, a Jain saint who is known amongst the most famous saints to have ever lived on the earth. Like the spirituality itself, Mahavir Jayanti is observed with modesty and elegance.

Lord Vardhamana Mahavira was born as a prince in Vaishali, a remote city in southern Maharashtra. Despite the fact that he was supposed to be Tyrant, he abandoned the earthly life at the age of 30 and thus achieved enlightenment, leaving all the worldly pleasures and sins behind. His philosophies influenced many believers, and he was known for his fearlessness, intellectual insight, and integrity.

History Of Mahavir Jayanti Celebrations

To understand the essence of Mahavir Jayanthi, one must first know about Lord Mahavir’s superiority.

The son of King Siddhartha and Queen Trisala was Lord Vardhamana Mahavira. As per mythology, Lord Mahavira was a son of Devananda, the wife of Brahmin Rishabhdeva, and moved to Trisala’s womb by God’s wonder. Trisala, the pregnant woman, had 16 dreams until he was conceived, whom archaeologists perceived as indicating that the boy would be either a King or a ‘Tirthankara.’ Indeed, the boy grew up to be a great man who, at the age of 30, gave up all material possessions and given this world his great teachings.

Lord Mahavir is regarded as one of the holiest and most accomplished missionaries of peace and harmony.  Lord Mahavir preached a vision of redemption and peaceful coexistence, and his ideas inspired a large number of people.

He gave a five-point principle for all believers to follow: ‘Ahimsa,’ ‘Asteya,’ Brahmacharya, Satya, and Aparigraha.’ Jainism takes these oaths in order to live in unity and tranquillity. Lord Mahavir’s observations were focused on empirical interpretations of existence and life’s underlying message. A bit similar concepts are mostly implemented by many people today, not just Jain religions.

Mahavir Jayanti Celebration

During Mahavir Jayanthi, people arrange ceremonial commemorations that include bows and arrows, horses, elephants, shouters, and instrumentalists. In remembrance of the great saint, several stories about Saint Mahavir are told to youngsters. The famous saint’s symbolic scriptures and insights are placed.

On this special day, money, food, and clothes are given to the needy, as a significant tradition. Several of the significant Jain shrines where Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated include Girnar and Palitana in Gujarat, Shri Mahavirji in Rajasthan, Pawapuri in Bihar, and Parasnath Temple in Kolkata.

Tirthankara & When It Is Celebrated?

Mahavir Jayanti is a major Festival for Jains all around the world, especially in India. Lord Mahavir, the 24th and final Tirthankara of the Jain religion and the son of King Siddhartha and Queen Trisala, was born on this day. A Tirthankar is known to be the Jain dharma’s Leader. This terminology highlighted the role of Tirtha’s creator, who attains Nirvana and assists others in doing so.

He was born in Kundalagrama, Bihar, on the 13th day of the Hindu calendar month Chaitra in 599 BC, but he is responsible for the congregation of Jainism. Digambar Jains, on the other extreme, claiming he was born in 615 BC.

About Lord Mahavir

Lord Mahavir was the son of the Ikshvaku Dynasty’s prince Vardhamana. Despite the fact that he was predicted to be a King, he abandoned his family at the age of 30 in pursuit of evidence in the universe, giving up all of his earthly belongings, particularly his clothes. He relocated, practising yoga and abstinence, leading an uncommon and iconoclastic life.

He came to know about different hardships and terrible suffering that people encounter throughout his journey and eventually acquisition of knowledge. He resumed his movements after administering the medication, teaching the idea of total liberation from the cycle of reincarnation, existence, discomfort, sorrow, and death – and how anyone can accomplish Moksh.

Facts of Lord Mahavir:

  • He has been known by five groups of communities.
  • He left his territory and relatives when he was 30 years old.
  • Lord Mahavira is believed to have had vipassana meditation for 12 years.
  • They have five principles on how to spend a beautiful life.
  • He divided Socrates adherents into four groups: monks (Sadhu), nuns (Sadhvi), laymen (Shravak), and laywomen (Shravak) (Shravika).
  • His primary priority in education is to demonstrate well how to break free from either the phases of conception, life, suffering, misery, and death. Often, reach a state of self-bliss that lasts for the rest of one’s life. Empowerment, Alice in chains, unlimited freedom, or Moksha are terms used to describe this state.

As a result, historians might conclude that Lord Mahavira founded Jainism. He was the first Tirthankara, and Mahavir Jayanti commemorates his birthday. Time

Mahavir Jayanti Rituals

  • Maintain a strict dietary regimen and fast during the day.
  • Flowers should be placed on the puja altar or in the room.
  • Wash Mahavir’s idol by performing Abhishekam with water and milk.
  • Offer the deity sweets, flowers, and fruits.
  • Chant the Mahavir Jayanti mantra.
  • Serve the needy with clothing, money, food, or anything else they require.

Mantras For Mahavir Jayanti

Namokar Mantra is a Jains’ regular prayer.

Nearly every day, Jains drop to their knees and recite the Navkar-mantra, a fundamental prayer. This offering of honorific and gratitude is the beginning of all excellent performance and occurrences.

AUM namo ariha.ntaaNa ariha.ntaaNa ariha.ntaaNa ariha.

AUM namo siddhanaM, AUM namo aayariyaanaM,
AUM namo aayariyaanaM Namo loye savva sahUNaM namo
uvajjhaayaanaM namo uvajjhaayaanaM namo uvajjhaayaanaM namo uvajjhaayaanaM aiso pancha namokkaaro savva paavappaNaasaNo
ma.ngalaaNaM cha savvesiM paDmaM hawaii ma.ngalaM
Namokar Mantra in Hindi

ॐ नमो अरिहंताणं । ॐ नमो सिद्धाणं । ॐ नमो अायरियाणं ।
ॐ नमो उवज्झायाणं । ॐ नमो लोए सव्वसाहूणं ।
एसो पंच नमोक्कारो सव्व पावप्पणासणो ।
मंगलाणं च सव्वेसिं, पढमं हवइ मंगलं

Namokar Mantra’s meaning

All Arihantas have my utmost respect (enlightened souls)
Both Siddhas have my utmost respect (liberated souls)
All Acharyas have my respect (religious leaders)
All Upadhyayas have my respect (religious teachers)
Both Sadhus have my respect (saints and monks).

The most auspicious of all things is this five-fold salutation, which destroys all sin.

  • Aiso pancha namokkaaro: These five salutations have a lot of strength.
  • Savva paavappaNaasaNo: It’s eradicating all sins,and this is what it’s all about.
  • mangalavaNaM cha savvesiM: The first happiness among all forms
    Padmam hawaii ma.ngalam: of happiness.

Jains don’t really pray to Gods, the Tirthankaras, or monasteries for any rewards or material benefits according to the above offering. They should not address their prayers to a particular Tirthankara or monk. Jains derive guidance from the five virtuous for the righteous trajectory to genuine self and maximum liberation from life’s suffering by standing at attention to them. Right intention, pure faith, this is what Jains do.