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Nagkesar Tree – Iron Wood – Nag Champa (Mesua ferrea):

This likely includes a few different species of Champa.

Magnolia champaca is most commonly used in Nag Champa incense.

A slow growing tree known for the heaviness and hardness of the timber.

It was once the wood of choice for railway ties, now they use concrete, but it’s still used as structural timber for building.

To get a sense of the density of this wood they say it weighs about 72Lbs per cubic foot.

It’s also appreciated for the deep red colour of the wood.

It’s grown as an ornamental tree due to its graceful shape, lush foliage, and beautiful, fragrant flowers.

Naturally it prefers wet marshy land or river banks in tropical areas, but it still grows in some of the dry, hot, dusty monastery areas where it was planted hundreds of years ago. 

Older trees grow “suckers” or “shoots” from the base of the trunk, which become new trees when the old trunk falls down.

This means that the root systems for some of these trees could be very old.

The beautiful, fragrant flowers that bloom in May – October are bisexual and the fruit usually contains one or two seeds.

Nagkesar .

Ayurveda classifies it as astringent, bitter; light, dry.

It promotes coldness and its post digestive effect is pungent.

They are easy to grow and maintain.

A shallow root system allows them to be grown in pots, though in ideal situations they can grow to 30 metres.

They love light and water.

They will bloom only once in two or three years unless the flower is removed before going to fruit as they use excessive energy to grow seeds.

Nagkesar in Ayurveda: This is a famous herb for the treatment of fever, vomiting, urinary tract disorders, migraine headache etc.

Many herbal jams constitute this herb.

It’s anti-toxic properties are good for urinary tract disorders, gout, excessive itching. Anti-inflammatory properties relieve swelling, oedema and inflammation.

It also gets used to treat recurrent fever, vomiting, nausea, various digestive disorders and excessive thirst.

It can bring vigour to one’s digestion and appetite.

Due to the floral fragrance, it’s used to relieve bad breath and excessive sweating.

It even acts as an effective medicine to treat skin disease such as herpes.

The seed oil of Nagkesar relieves the pain and inflammation of cuts when applied externally; the oil is used for haemorrhoids and piles; it’s said to have anticonvulsant properties.

And it even gets used for respiratory disorders, liver and spleen issues.

Individuals with Vaishakha placement may want to speak with their local herb specialist about using the jam with Nagkeshar on a regular basis.

In Assam they used to get oil from the seeds that they used for lamps to light their homes in the evening.

And the wood is very long burning.

Nag Champa Incense: A very popular incense for yoga, meditation, and religious rituals.

It seems to have a harmonising effect and instills an attitude of serenity and devotion.


Joints, nails, ears

  • Stomach problems, food poisoning, worms, obesity, poor diet, 
  • Liver problems related to addiction or poisoning from chemical or natural  pollution from air, land, and water. 
  • STD due to promiscuity
  • Arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis 
  • Platelets and blood clotting
  • Nervous disordersNo peace of mind, active mind
  • Organic mercury (ruled by Ashlesha) can trigger autoimmune disease 
  • Blockage, clots, bi-polar.
  • Antibodies & antibiotics
  • Bacteria (See Sahtabhisha for the 1000 star blossoms and viruses.

See also the shape of white blood cells).

  • Bacteria, worms, maggots. Infection
  • Hearing problems

Nagkesar plant or Mesua ferrea is a tree with ash colored bark.

It grows to approximately 98 feet height.

The diameter of this tree can be almost six and a half feet wide.

The bark tends to peel off.

In older trees, the bark acquires a darker shade of gray with the brownish red blaze.

The wood is hard as well as heavy.

Its leaves are dark green to grey-blue in colour.

They are simple narrow oblong leaves linked to central rachis on either side by petioles.

The average size of these leaves may be anywhere between three inches to five inches.

The upper side of these leaves is smooth and dark green.

The lower side, however, is blue-gray.  

New leaves, however, are reddish.

The flowers of this tree have four heart shaped petals.

They also have numerous stamens, which are yellow in colour, arranged within a square at the centre.

These flowers are white in colour with a diameter of about four to seven and a half cm. They can be terminal or axillary flowers.

The fruits of this tree are about 2.5 cm to 5 cm in length.

They have a persistent calyx and are oblong shaped.

Each fruit may have one to four dark brown seeds the cotyledons of which are oily as well as fleshy.

These seeds are angular.

Flowers, fruits, stamens, and seeds of this tree are used in Ayurvedic medicinal preparations as well as treatments.

Phytochemicals found in Nagkesar tree include:

  1. Mesuol;
  2. Mammeisin;
  3. Mesuagin;
  4. Mammeigin;
  5. Mesuabixanthone A (R=H);
  6. Mesuabixanthone B (R=Me);
  7. Mesuaferrol;
  8. Mesuaxanthone A (R 1= HandR2 = OMe)
  9. Euxanthone(R=OH)
  10. Mesuaxanthone B (R1 = OH and R2 = H)
  11. Messianic acid
  12. Mesuaferrone A
  13. Mesuaferrone B

Common names of nagkesar plant

The name, literally, translates to Cobra’s saffron.

But it is also known as “Indian Rose Chestnut” or “Sri Lankan Ironwood” in different parts of the world. “Ironwood of Assam” or “Ceylon ironwood” are other names for this tree in English.

Nagkesar tree has different names in different Indian languages.

Hindi: it is known as Naghas or Nagkesar.

Marathi: it is Nagachampa.

Kannada: it is Kanchana or Nagasampinge.

Bengali : Nagesar.

Assamese: Naboor.

Biharis: Nagkeshur.

Malayalam: This tree is known as Naga chempakam or Veluttachempakam in Malayalam.

Oriya: it is known as Nagesvar.

Telugu: it is Nagkesarlu.

Tamil: it is Karunangu or Irul.

Botanical name and family

Botanical name of Nagkesar plant is Mesua ferrea

It belongs to Callophyllaceae family under Malpighiales order.

Geological areas where Mesua ferrea plant grow

In India, this tree is found in Assam, Bengal, Eastern Himalayas, Andaman island, and both Eastern as well as the Western Ghats.

Outside India, it grows in Sri Lanka, Burma, Nepal, Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines, and Indochina.

It requires altitudes of approximately 3300 ft. to 4900 ft. above sea levels.

Nagkesar plant medicinal uses

In Ayurveda, the various parts of this tree are used to treat blood-related disorders, though there are other medical benefits as well.

Following medical benefits are attributable to this tree.

1. Circulatory system

Extracts from this tree are used for treating blood disorders such as Epistaxis, Menorrhagia, Piles, and Metrorrhagia.

Basically, the tree offers compounds which are haemostatic and anti-inflammatory in nature.

Therefore, extracts from this tree are able to stop bleeding by affecting relevant blood capillaries.

It also has soothing as well as astringent like effect.

Some of the phytochemicals found in it have an antiseptic effect and there are other phytochemicals that can be used as cardiotonic agents.

Fresh flowers of this tree are used for treating piles.

These flowers not only reduce the piles swelling but also restore normalcy by shrinking them.

The bleeding associated with piles is also controlled with the extracts from Nagkesar plant.

When women bleed excessively during their regular menstruation, they become weak and tired.

This condition is known as Menorrhagia.

Products containing Nagkesar are used to prevent excessive loss of blood during such period.

Such products are also used to prevent a white discharge (vaginal moniliasis) in women.

When there is any abnormal uterine bleeding, the condition is referred to as Metrorrhagia.

This condition can also be treated by using specific extracts from Nagkesar parts.

Apart from blood disorders, extracts from this plant are also used to treat cardiac conditions.

2. Nervous system

Extracts from this tree and its parts are used to treat hysteria and debility of the brain.

3. Reproductive system

So far, the reproductive system is concerned, it exhibits some aphrodisiac properties.

4. Urinary system

Extracts from this tree are effective diuretics. Therefore, it increases the production and expulsion of urine from the system. In general, it helps to gain better control over urination.

5. Respiratory system

Extracts from this tree are used to treat cold & cough, asthma natural treatment, etc., as they work as an expectorant.

6. Digestive system

Extracts from this tree can be used to reduce flatulence, i.e., such extracts are carminative.

7. Skin Health

Extracts from this tree are used in Ayurveda to treat ailments such as leprosy.

In general, extracts from this tree can be used in many ways to treat patients arriving with different complaints.  These extracts also exhibit other properties such as these can be used to control fever.

There are different ways of using the extracts from this tree be it as antiseptic or as antipyretic. But the primary benefit associated with Mesua ferrea tree is the reduction in bleeding.

It is also combined with the other Ayurvedic treatments and extracts, for more versatile usage.

Contemporary researchers have from time to time studied the properties of extracts from this tree and confirmed the benefits mentioned in Ayurveda, to a great extent.

Even though extracts are from nagkesar tree, they can be quite potent. The exact potency of any such medication needs to be taken to prevent adverse reactions.

But such potency requirement differs from person to person as patients differ in their constitutions. Therefore, consulting an Ayurvedic physician is necessary before resorting to self-medication.

Mesua ferrea tree ayurvedic qualities

Rasa – Kashaya Tikta – Astringent, bitter
Guna (qualities) – Rooksha (dryness), Teekshna (piercing), Laghu (light to digest)
Vipaka – taste conversion after digestion – Katu – pungent
Veerya – Ushna – Hot
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha.

How to use nagkesar powder

Take 5 Gm nagkesar Powder with water 1-2 hrs after meals 2 times a day. Take first dose after breakfast. If you are mixing it with other herbs, consult your healthcare provider first.

Pregnant or Lactating women, children or any with Known pre-existing condition should take under the advice of health care provider. Keep away from the reach of children.

Nagkesar plant medicinal uses and health benefits are countless. Use as per your requirement.

Nagkesar Uses In Hindu Pujas

Nagkesar, also known as cobra saffron or nag champa, is an evergreen used in Hindu pujas and rituals.

Leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds and bark of the Nagkesar are used in preparing various medicines in Ayurveda.

It is widely used in Hindu pujas and rituals as a fragrant item.

Oil of Nagkesar is used in preparing incense sticks.

To get the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi, Hindus keep Nagkesar leaves or flowers or seeds along with black turmeric in a silver box.

Kamiya sindoor is applied to the box and is kept in the locker.

It is also used in the worship and puja of Shiva.

Nagkesar is an indispensable part of yagna and havan as it drives away negative forces and ushers in auspiciousness.

The medicines prepared using nag champa helps in curing vomiting, fever, migraines, urinary tract infections and gut related diseases.

It promotes digestion and improves appetite.

It is also used treat various skin related ailments including acne and oily skin.

It is also an important component in Chyavanprash.

The flower of Nagkesar is used in healing scorpion or snake bite.

Also known as Ceylon ironwood or Indian rose chestnut, it is the national tree of Sri Lanka.

Nagkesar seeds with tail like stalks are used in Konkani and Maharashtra cuisines.

It is grounded along with other spices and is found in Goda Masala and Malvani Masala.

It is not used alone.

Nagkesar is confused with tailed pepper or cubeb.

Nagkesar look more of the reddish kind and the tailed pepper is mostly black and both have different surface textures.

They also vary in taste and aroma.

Importance and Benefits of Nagkesar Flower in Hinduism

Nagkesar flower is of great importance in Hinduism as it is used in Tantric puja.

One of the important benefits of the plant is that it helps in financial matters.

  • Nagkesar is known as Cobra saffron, Ceylon ironwood and Indian rose chestnut in English.
  • It is also known as Nagchampa in Hindi.
  • Thorlachampa in Marathi.
  • Tadinangu in Tamil.
  • Vainavu in Malayalam

Importance of Nagkesar Flower in Hinduism

  • It is believed that the presence of the Nagkesar tree in a house helps in keeping out poverty.
  • When the flower of the plant is used properly, it helps in creating wealth.
  • Presence of the tree in home helps in maintaining peace and cordial relationship among family members.

 Benefits of Nagkesar Flower

  • To alleviate constant fight in the family keep the nagkesar flower hidden in the home.
  • Having a nagkesar flower in the garden is highly auspicious.
  • On Amavasya make a four-face lamp using clay or dough. Light all four diya using cow ghee and keep it near the main door of the house. Offer nagkesar flower to the lamp. As a result of it money will be returned soon.
  • Take five flowers of Nagkesar, tie it inside a cloth, and keep in money safe during abhijit muhurat in a day (noon). This will bring prosperity.
  • Take a nagkesar flower, keep it inside small silver box, and keep it in puja room for overcoming financial difficulties.
  • Offer nagkesar flower to shivling and then keep it money safe. This will help solving loan and debt related issues.
  • Watering the plant daily will help in avoiding conflicts in the house.

Mesua Ferrea: How to grow and care for it?

What is the Mesua Ferrea plant? 

Mesua Ferrea, commonly known as the Ceylon ironwood tree, is a species in the family of Caryophyllaceae, like dianthus chinensis.

This is a slow-growing tree best known for the hardness of its timber.

It is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree due to its graceful shape, foliage, pink to red leaves, and huge white flowers.

This tree is native to wet, tropical regions of Sri Lanka, India, Southern Nepal, Thailand, Burma, Indonesia, Philippines, and Malaysia.

The tree is the national tree of Sri Lanka.

The harvest action of the tree is in the wild for its wood, which is very hard. Because of its slow growth, this tree is not ideal for timber production.

Mesua Ferrea: Key facts

Common name        Ceylon Ironwood

Botanical name        Mesua Ferrea

Other common names        Cobra Saffron

Family            Calophyllaceae

General description A tree can grow 30m in height. It is a large and evergreen tree.

Flowers          The flowers have four white petals with a bright yellow stamen.

Leaves           The leaves are green, while emerging leaves are red to yellowish pink and drooping.

Fruit/Berries  The fruit is in a capsule shape and chestnut brown color.

There are one to two seeds in each fruit.

Mesua Ferrea: Distribution

The tree is common in wet tropical regions and particularly dominant in East Asia. 

Mesua Ferrea is native to India, Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

It is a canopy tree on land along the streams and in shallow soil.

The tree is generally located at an elevation of 1500m.

Mesua Ferrea: Varieties

The following are varieties for Mesua Ferrea:

  • Mesua Ferrea var. coromandeliana 
  • Mesua Ferrea var. ferrea
  • Mesua Ferrea var. salicina 

Mesua Ferrea flowers

Mesua Ferrea flowers, also known as Nagakesara, are renowned for their stunning beauty and rich cultural significance.

The flowers are traditionally used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine for their anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties.

In Southeast Asia, they are used to make perfume and for religious offerings.

The flowers are also believed to be auspicious and are used in various Hindu and Buddhist rituals.

Mesua Ferrea flowers are a testament to the plant’s enduring cultural and medicinal significance.

How to grow Mesua Ferrea?

Mesua Ferrea Tree grows well where annual temperatures vary between 30-35 degrees Celsius.

When dormant, the plant can even sustain at -2 degrees Celsius.

The tree prefers annual rainfall ranging from 3,000 to 4,000mm.

The young trees are pretty, and can tolerate shade but require more sunlight as the tree grows larger. The tree requires a well-drained, moist soil condition.

The ph of the soil preferred is 5-5.5 but can tolerate anywhere from 4.3 to 6.9.

The Mesua Ferrea tree grows reasonably slowly and, therefore, cannot be grown for plantations.

The tree starts producing seeds when the tree is ten to fifteen years old.

Mesua Ferrea: Uses

There are multiple uses for this tree: 

·         Culinary uses

The seeds are edible.

The seeds need to be well-cooked and composed of 76% oil.

The fruit is wrinkled when ripe and represents a chestnut in shape, size, and taste.

The young leaves eaten raw have a sharp flavor.

·         Medicinal uses

A mix of pounded kernels and seed oil is used for dressing wounds.

A paste of the fruit can be applied to boils.

A paste made from the flowers can be used as a treatment for dysentery.

A traditional medicine made via the stamens of the flowers of this tree combined with seeds of another plant helps as anti-diarrhea.

·         Agroforestry uses

The tree serves as an essential shade provider.

It is an integral part of under planting in teak plantations.

·         Other uses

The seeds produce yellowish oil used industrially.

The oil is used as fuel for lighting. The flowers are used for dyeing fixed colors.

The fragrant flowers are used to stuff pillows and even make cosmetics.

The wood of the tree is used for heavy construction and heavy-duty flooring.

Mesua Ferrea: Care tips

It requires a warm and humid climate for the best growth.

However, the tree can tolerate moderate climate conditions.

Porous and fertile soil is required, especially for the young trees.

Preferably shade is needed for young trees.

As the tree grows more prominent, the tree requires more sunlight.

New growth begins from seeds extracted from the fruits of the tree.

The seeds should be left to dry out in the sun to split and then shade-dried.

The seeds are only viable for a short time after extraction from the fruit. 

The tree performs well in free-draining clay and loam soils that are moderately acidic. Additionally, the tree performs well in full to partial sun exposure.

Mesua Ferrea: Toxicity

The resin excreted is poisonous if ingested.

In some laboratory tests, the flowers have been shown to terminate pregnancies or cause a lack of implantation. 

Mesua Ferrea: Propagation

The seeds are easy to manage, and the germination is excellent and quick.

Germination happens around 30-70% and within 11-14 days.

The seeds lose viability within 2-4 months. Seedlings raised in containers are best used for planting.

The tree should be planted in rich and well-drained soil with good shading.

The seedlings are planted in the ground after a year when their growth is 30cm.

The following propagate rules and pretreatment should be undertaken:

  • Freshly dried seeds with brown color provide 100% germination.
  • Seeds soaked in cold water for 24 hours help hasten germination. 
  • Around 400 plants are needed at a spacing of 5m x 5m for planting. 
  • No treatment is required before propagation. 

Mesua Ferrea: Mythical and cultural significance

Mesua Ferrea, commonly known as the Ironwood tree, holds great mythical and cultural significance in various cultures.

In Hindu mythology, it is associated with Lord Vishnu and is believed to possess healing and purifying properties.

In traditional medicine, various parts of the tree are used to treat a range of ailments.

The tree also holds cultural significance in Southeast Asia, where it is considered a sacred tree and used in various religious and cultural ceremonies.

Overall, Mesua Ferrea remains an important symbol of cultural heritage and traditional knowledge.


Mesua Ferrea is a slow-growing evergreen tree grown in level or undulating land along streams and ridges.

The tree is mainly used ornamentally or in the wild.

It is highly used for its medicinal benefits in Ayurveda or traditional medicine.

The wood is thick and robust, however, due to the slow growth of this tree, the wood is used sparingly.

Considered a national tree in Sri Lanka and a sacred tree of India, this tree is highly renowned and attractive. 


Get benefits in these diseases from Nagkesar

Its trees are found in abundance in the eastern part of ‘Nagkesar’ Himalaya, East Bengal, Assam, Verma, South India etc.

Dried flowers of ‘Nagkesar‘ are used for making medicines, spices and colours.

Silk is usually dyed with their color.

In Sri Lanka, a thick, yellow oil is extracted from the seeds, which is used for lighting lamps and medicines.

Many types of items are made from its wood.

The wood is so good that only by hand-painting it shines like a varnish.

In Ayurveda, Nagkesar is considered astringent, hot, dry, mild and cures fever, itching, foul smell, leprosy, poison, thirst, nausea and sweating. Vaidyas also give it in bloody piles.

It is also called ‘Nagchampa’.

benefit in these diseases by ‘Nagkesar’ – in Ravipushya Yoga or in any auspicious time, keep Nag Kesar, Jasmine flowers, Koot, Tagar, Kumkum, Cow’s Ghee in all these things.

Then when you have to go somewhere for some special work, then apply this tilak.

By doing this, there is definitely success in the work.

Benefits of hiccups –Nagkesar has antioxidant properties that help to overcome the problem of hiccups.

First of all, mix four grams of Pili Nagkesar with ten grams of butter and sugar candy and take it twice a day in the morning and evening, it will stop hiccups.

First of all, take sugarcane juice in a cup.

Now take one spoonful of this juice mixed with the powder of Nagkesar flowers, it will stop hiccups.

Benefits in Abortion- Women who have problem of abortion.

The possibility of miscarriage can be removed by mixing a little powder of Nagkesar with sugar candy and drinking it with milk.

Second remedy: First prepare a powder by taking equal quantity of Nagkesar flowers, Vanshlochan, Mishri.

Now take one spoonful of this powder and consume it twice a day in the morning and evening, it will benefit you a lot.

Beneficial in menstruation women who have trouble during menstruation – Do those women do this? First of all, take Nagkesar, white sandalwood, Pathani Lodhra, bark of Ashoka tree in equal quantity.

Now take a spoonful of powder from it and consume it with one spoonful of water, this can remove the problems occurring during your menstruation.

Take equal quantity of powder of Nagkesar flowers and sugar candy and mix it well.

Now by taking one teaspoon of this powder with water in the morning and evening, problems occurring before menstruation can be removed.

Nagkesar, which is beneficial in injury, has anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-septic and antioxidant properties, which prevent the infection from ripening in the wound and remove the infection in it, for this you take nagkesar oil and apply it to your body’s pain.

Or apply it on the affected area, it will give you great relief and the wound will also heal quickly.

Beneficial in Stomach Disease– Anti-bacterial and antioxidant properties are found in Nagkesar which helps in removing gastric problem, for this you prepare a decoction by taking equal quantity of the root and bark of Nagkesar and consume this decoction in the day.

Consuming two or three times you can get rid of stomach irritation or gastric problem.

Beneficial in nose disease, first of all, prepare a paste by taking some leaves of Nagkesar. After the paste is ready, you apply it on your head, it will cure your cold problem completely.

First of all, prepare a powder by grinding water chestnut and nagkesar flowers in equal parts.

Now take this powder in the amount of one spoon two or three times a day, it will cure the problem of bleeding from your nose.

Effective in rheumatism, first of all take nagkesar oil and apply it on the part of the joints of your body, in addition to this, if you want, you can also massage your joints with this oil.

You will also benefit a lot.

You can take the oil of Nagakesar seeds and massage it on your joints, it can reduce the problem of joint pain as well as arthritis.

Nagkesar is an exotic havan and puja herb.

While performing Shiv puja Nagkeshar is used.  

On every Monday, Mahashivaratri, Sunday and Shani Pradosh, small quantity of Nagkeshar is offered to Lord Shiva.

 It is also used as an offering in yagna.

It makes the yagna more powerful and brings auspiciousness.


Nagkesar is an evergreen fancy tree that is found in the greater part of the Asian nations.

Different pieces of Nagkesar are utilized either alone or in blend with other therapeutic herbs for their medical advantages.

Nagkesar is advantageous in diminishing cold and hack as it expels overabundance bodily fluid from the lungs.

This likewise gives alleviation from specific side effects of asthma.

Taking Nagkesar powder alongside nectar or tepid water on more than one occasion per day diminishes fever by bringing down the body temperature because of its antipyretic property.

It additionally oversees draining heaps, loose bowels and stomach disturbance because of its astringent property.

As per Ayurveda, Nagkesar is useful for improving processing because of its Laghu (simple to process) property.

Applying Nagkesar oil may be valuable in overseeing skin issues just as counteracting skin diseases because of its antimicrobial and solid injury mending property.

It’s topical application additionally decreases agony and aggravation because of its pain relieving and mitigating properties.

nagakesara: unveiling its health benefits, applications


Ayurveda, a holistic approach to health that has been practiced for 5,000 years continues to fascinate people all over the world.

It uses a variety of herbs and natural ingredients to treat any kind of disease, caused due to the imbalance of doshas.

One such revered herb is Naga Kesara.

It has been used as a cornerstone herb for many treatments due to its unique properties.

In this blog, we will discuss the significance, applications, and uses of this remarkable herb.

Nagakesara with the scientific name Mesua ferrea, Ceylon ironwood is an evergreen tree native to the Indian subcontinent.

It has beautiful and fragrant flowers, commonly known as an Indian rose chestnut, or Cobra’s saffron, due to its distinctive saffron-like aroma.

One of the most unique characteristics of Nagakesara is its fragrant waxy flowers, which are highly used in rituals.

These flowers are typically harvested for their essential oil, which has a rich, sweet, and slightly woody fragrance.

The oil is used in aromatherapy, traditional Indian attars (natural scents), and perfumes.

Nagakesara in Ayurveda

One of the founding scriptures of Ayurveda, the Charaka Samhita, makes numerous references to Nagakesara.

In Ayurveda, it is categorized as “Tikta Skandha,” which refers to bitter herbs due to their bitter flavor, lightness, and hot potency in accordance with Ayurvedic principles.

This classification is crucial because it enables Ayurvedic practitioners to comprehend potential health implications and adjust treatment methods accordingly.

Ayurvedic Benefits of Nagakesara

Nagakesara benefits involves:

  • Digestive Aid: Nagakesara is often used to treat digestive disorders. It stimulates the digestive fire Agni, by breaking down the food and absorption of nutrients. It helps alleviate symptoms like diarrhea, indigestion, bloating and excessive salivation.
  • Anti-inflammatory: Its anti-inflammatory properties make it beneficial for managing various inflammatory conditions, including joint pain, muscle inflammation, swelling, and skin conditions like eczema.
  • Antioxidant: The herb is rich in antioxidant compounds, such as flavonoids which combat oxidative stress, slow down the aging process, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and boost overall health.
  • Anti-Diabetic Effects: It also has the potential to regulate blood sugar levels. So, it is useful for individuals with diabetes.
  • Menstrual Health: This herb is considered beneficial in women’s health and menstrual disorders. It can help alleviate menstrual pain, and manage excessive bleeding, and irregularities.
  • Hemostatic Agent: Nagakesara is a powerful hemostatic agent, which means it helps stop bleeding. This property has made it essential for managing bleeding disorders and injuries.
  • Respiratory Health: Due to its anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator effects, it is beneficial for treating respiratory conditions, such as asthma, cough, and bronchitis.
  • Skin Care: This herb is a valuable ingredient for Ayurvedic skincare. It can help treat skin conditions, promote a healthy complexion, and combat signs of aging.
  • Aids Weight Loss: It helps to boost metabolism, which plays a vital role in weight management.
  • Mental Health: Nagakesara’s also helps to improve mental health by alleviating stress and anxiety.

Modern Applications

Some of the modern applications of Nagakesara follows:

  • Wound Healing products: Due to their hemostatic properties, it has been used in wound healing products.
  • Dental Care: The herb’s antibacterial qualities are helpful in dental care products to prevent gum infections and preserve oral cleanliness.
  • Cosmetics: Its essential oil is used in cosmetics, perfumes, and many skincare products due to its delightful aroma and skin-nourishing qualities.

How to use Nagakesara

Nagakesara can be incorporated into your daily routine in various forms:

  • Nagakesara Powder: Nagakesara blossom powder is available in the market. Mix 1 tsp of powder with the honey or warm water to reap the benefits.
  • Nagakesara Oil: Its essential oil is used in massage and aromatherapy. It can also be applied to the skin after being diluted with a carrier oil.
  • Ayurvedic Formulations: Nagakesara is a key ingredient in various Ayurvedic formulations and herbal medicines. Consult our Ayurvedic doctor for specific health needs.
  • Tea: It can be prepared by steeping a few dried flowers in hot water, offering an alternative way to enjoy the infusion of floral flavors.

If you are taking any other medicines or lactating, consult our Ayurvedic doctor to know the dosage and guidelines to follow.  

With its array of properties and aroma, it gained a remarkable place in Ayurveda. Incorporating this herb into your routine will benefit your health and well-being.

But, remember what’s effective for one person might not yield the same results.

It is advisable to consult an experienced doctor to know the recommendations based on your prakriti.

Nagkesar – Benefits, Uses, Side Effects & More!


Mesua ferrea Linn, also known as Nagkesar in Hindi, and Ceylon ironwood in English is a tree with high ornamental value.

Mesua ferrea or nagkesar is a medium to a large-sized evergreen tree with a short trunk widely distributed in Kerala, Assam, Tamil Nādu, Western, and the Eastern Ghats in India.

The flowers and leaves of Nagkesar are used for a variety of conditions.

Properties of Nagkesar:

  • It may have beneficial properties for liver
  • It may be an appetizer.
  • It may be an expectorant (used to treat cough)
  • It may have diuretic (expelling excess water from the body) properties
  • It may have antipyretic (reducing fever) properties 
  • It may have analgesic (pain-relieving) properties
  • It may have hemostatic (ceasing bleeding)properties
  • It may have anti-inflammatory properties
  • It may have antibacterial properties
  • It may have anti-fungal activity
  • It may show anti-arthritic properties
  • It may have anti-oxidant activity.

Potential Uses of Nagkesar

Different parts of Nagkesar may be used to treat a variety of conditions, either alone or in conjunction with other herbal remedies.

Some of the potential uses of brinjal are described as follows.

Potential Uses of Nagkesar in Piles: 

Piles or hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels that can occur inside or around the anus.

This makes defecating difficult with continuous throbbing pain accompanied by bleeding stools. 

Bleeding disorders occur due to an imbalance in pitta (heat) dosha. 

Nagkesar may have some effect in the management of bleeding piles as may help in pacifying pitta dosha, resulting in a balance in the body’s heat.

Nagkesar may help to shrink pile lumps, decreasing inflammation, reducing pain, and arresting bleeding. 

The paste obtained from the flowers of Nagkesar can be used for treating piles.

However, more studies on humans are required to validate this claim.

Potential Uses of Nagkesar for Arthritis: 

Arthritis occurs due to an imbalance in Vata dosha and the gathering of Ama (toxins) in the joints. 

Nagkesar may help balance Vata dosha and it might aid in reducing joint pain due to its Ushana (heat) property.

However, every person has a different response to different herbs.

Therefore, it is better to consult a doctor before you use tea tree oil for your acne problems.

Potential Uses of Nagkesar for Skin:  

The kernels of Nagkesar may be helpful in skin eruption.

The oil obtained from Nagkesar can be used for skin infections, scabies, and wounds. 

Nagkesar also contains antiseptic and disinfecting properties. 

Nagkesar taken with red sandalwood might be made into a paste and used on the skin to fade away the dark marks on the face and to obtain glowing skin.

It is better to consult a dermatologist for your skin related problems.

They will be the best person to guide you with your condition.

Potential Uses of Nagkesar on the Central Nervous System: 

Nagkesar contains potential anticonvulsant properties and may be used in curing seizures.

Other central nervous system depressant effects like loss of muscle tone, ptosis (drooping of upper eyelids), and sedation might be observed with Nagkesar.

Though studies show the benefits of Nagkesar in different health conditions, these studies are insufficient and require further studies to establish the true scope of benefits of tea tree on human health.

In addition, every person may respond differently to this herb.

Therefore, it is essential to consult a doctor before using Nagkesar for any medical condition.

How to Use Nagkesar:  

  • Mesua ferrea is available in different Ayurvedic formulations like dasamoolarishta, kanakasava, mahakaleshwara, lakshadi Taila, Nagakesaradi Churan, Kumaryasava, and various other churnas that are used to cure many conditions. 
  • The parts of Nagkesar used for treatment are Buds, bark, leaves, seeds, stamen, and fruits.  
  • Your Ayurvedic physician will prescribe you the form and dosage according to your health condition. 

Your Ayurvedic physician will prescribe you the form and dose as per your requirement. However, we advise you not to replace or change your current medications with any ayurvedic or herbal preparations made from the nagkesar.

Side Effects of Nagkesar:  

Nagkesar can be safely taken with other herbal medicines, vitamins, or remedies and no side effects are observed.

However, if you see any side effects, seek immediate medical help from your physician who has prescribed it to you and get proper treatment to overcome your side effects.

Precautions and Warnings to be Taken with Nagkesar: 

Nagkesar must be taken under the supervision of a medical doctor in situations like pregnancy, breastfeeding, and diabetes.

There is a lack of research regarding the safety of nagkesar in pregnant and breastfeeding women, so its use should be avoided during these times. 

It is better to keep nagkesar away from small children and older people to avoid harmful reactions in the body.

Flower Tree: Nagakesara or Ceylon Ironwood is a medium, evergreen, slow-growing tree with a rounded crown (15-20m in height and sometimes more).

The tree produces large, white, fragrant flowers which has golden centers of stamens.


Botanical Name— Mesua ferrea Linn.


Synonyms— Ahi Puspa, Ibha, Kanakãhva, Kañcanãhvaya, Kiñijilkam, Kesaram, Cãmpeyam, Natam, Nagam, Naga Kiñjilkam, Naga Puspam, Naga renuka, PaficabhUvayam, Piñjaram,Phani pannagam, Rukmam, Suvarnam, Hema pusam.

 Classification according to Caraka, Susrutha & Vagbhata

Susruta Samhita : Elãdi, Vacãdi, Anjanãdi, Priyangvadi ganasCaraka Samhita

Astanga Sangraha : EIädi, Vacädi, Anjanadi, Priyangvadi ganas

Asanga Hdaya : Elãdi, Vacãdi, Añjanãdi, Priyangvadi ganas

Assam            Naboor

Bihar  Nagkeshur

Bengali          Nagesar

English          Iron-wood of Assam, ceylon Iron wood.

Hindi  Naghas, Nogkesar

Kannada       Kanchana, Nagasampige

Malayalam     Nagachempakam, veluttachempakam

Marathi           Nagachampa

Punjabi          Naga kesar

Tamil  Irul, Karunangu

Telugu           Naga kesarãlu

Oriya   Nageshvar


(i) Mesua ferrea Linn—

It is a medium sized tree; bark ash-coloured.

Leaves- 8- 12 by 3-4 cm. oblong-lanceolate, acute acuminate, glabrous above and glaucous beneath, petioles 6-8 mm. long. Flowers- white coloured, 2-2.5cm. deameter, axillary or terminal, stamens are numerous, golden-yellow coloured.

Fruit- 2.5-3 cm. long.Ovoiad.seed- 1-4, angular, smooth, chestnut brown in colour.

Distribution & Habitat.

eastern Himalayas, Bengel, Assam, eastern and western ghats and Andaman Islands.

(ii) Ochrotarpus longifolius Benth & Hook f—(tree)

Leaves- thickly coriaceous, 16-20 cm. by 5-6.5 cm., oblong, obtuse, glabrous, petioles 6 mm. long. Flowers- numerous, in short fascicles on tubercles from the axils of fallen leaves, orange red coloured; stamens many, sterile in female flowers

Fruit 2.5 cm. long. obliqualy ovoid, single seed.

Distribution & Habitat

Along western ghats of Konkan and Malabar area, Tamil nadu.

 Chemical constituents

(i) Mesua ferrea— Mesuol , Mesuaxanthofle B- and euxanthofle 4- a1kylcoumnu0l MammeiSin ,Mamiflegin & mesuol from seed oil (Phytochem. 1971,10,1131). mesuaferrofle glycoside- cyclohaxodione- mesuaferrol, sitosterol.

Octadecatriefloic and hexadecanolic acids are present in seed oil

(ii) Ochrocarpus longifolius— Mammca surgia,Kosterml.

4- alkylated coumarins-

Surangin A and B.

Squalene, Cycloartenol,


stigmasterol and bsitosterol.

Vitexjn and mesojnositol

Important Yogas or Formations

Kanakasava,catujataka,eladichurna,kesaradi kasayam.


Rasa Kasäya, Tikta

Guna Rüksa,  Tiksna, Laghu

Virya – Usna/Anusna

Vipaka – Katu

Karma – Kapha- Pittahara Pramãthi, Grãhi, Paean,

Visahara, otha hara, Kandughna, Ku!haghana

Indications-. Raktaras Raktatisãra, Rakta Pradara, Kustha, Visarpa, Jvara, Chardi, Vãta rakta, sopha, Vãta roga, siro roga, Trsnã, Visa roga,

Clinical Studies

It found to be useful in female patients suffering from Sveta pradara (vaginal monaliasis).

Important research work going on

1.Anti fungal activity

2.Anti bacterial activity

(1) Rakta Aras— Naga kesara cürna (2-3gm) shall be administered orally along with butter and sugar (C.S.Ci.14/210)

(2) Hikkã— Nagakesara cürna (2-4gm) is given orally with honey and sugar along with (S.S.Ut.50/24)

(3) Rakta Pradara— Nagakesara cürna is to orally administered while consuming plenty or butter-milk daily

(4) Sveta Pradara— Naga kesara is soaked in the buttermilk and administered orally for 3 days (V. S. & Y. R.)

(5) Rakta Atisãra— Nãga kesara cUrna with sugar (V. S.)5.

(6) Pumsavana— The lady who wants to have a female child should consume Nagakesara along with ghee (5gm dose daily) during the period of ovulation (Rtu kãla)- (R. M.)

(7) GarbhaStapana Powders of Naga kesara and Püga (beetle nut) are mixed together and given orally (Va.Se.)

Common names
Kannada: Nagasampige, Nagakesara.
Malayalam: Nanga, Peri.
Sanskrit: Bhujangakhya, Kanchana, Kesara.
English: Indian Rose chestnut.

Description:  Evergreen trees, up to 30 m tall; often buttressed at base; bark smooth, ash-colored, grey, turning dark brown, exfoliating in large, white flakes.

Leaves opposite, decussate, very variable, linear –lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, 6-15 x 2-4 cm, obtuse or acute at base, acute, acuminate or cuspidate at apex, shiny; new leaves crimson red turning pink and ultimately becoming dark green; lateral nerves very fine, nearly parallel;  petioles slender, 5-12 mm long.

Flowers axillary and terminal, usually solitary, bisexual, white, showy, sweet-scented.

Sepals 4 in 2 pairs, imbricate, fleshy, persistent.

Petals white with brown or purple veins, obovate or obcordate, cuneate.  

Stamens numerous, forming a globose, yellow mass. Ovary bilocular, ovules 2 in each locule.

Fruit ovoid to globose with a conical point, 2.5-3.5×3-4 cm, supported by adpressed  accrescent sepals.   

Seeds 1-4, ca 2.5 mm long, smooth with a shiny, dark brown testa.

Flowering : January – March.
Fruiting    : May – October.

Distribution:Almost throughout India, including Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Nepal,Bangladesh, SriLanka, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam Cambodia, Thailandand Malacca.

Uses: Refined seed oil is suitable for soap making.

Wood dark red or deep reddish brown, hard, strong, heavy, used for railway sleepers, bridges, posts, beams, construction work, electric poles, boat building, well construction, agricultural implements, crushers, bearings, tool handles, golf club heads, walking sticks, musical instruments and cabinet work.

A good fuel wood.

The reddish brown volatile oil from flower is used for perfuming soaps.

The tree is lopped for fodder. Planted as avenue tree. Bark tonic after child birth, used in anaemia; bark and flower bechic; bark and unripe fruit sudorific; bark, unripe fruit and flower astringent; leaf and flower antidote for snakebite and scorpion sting; flower-bud used in dysentery; flower stomachic, expectorant, used in piles, burning of feet; seed oil used in skin diseases and rheumatism.  

In Ayurveda anthers are used in diseases of head, throat, urinary bladder disorders, poisoning, nausea, vomiting, leprosy, erysipelas, thirst and piles.

It is an ingredient of “Nagakeshara-adichurna” used for bacillary dysentery and of “Nagakeshara yoga” used for piles.

Botanical Name : Mesua ferrea Linn.

Family : Clusiaceae

Introduction :

It used as lepana for visarpa (bala rogas). Susrutha & Vagbhata used synonyms of this plant, this also coming under chaturjataka.

Names in different Indian languages :

English : Iron-wood, Mesu

Hindi : Nagakesar

Kannada : Nagasampige

Malayalam : Nagappuvu,nanku,nagachempakam, vayanavu,churuli,eliponkhu

Sanskrit : Nagapushpah, nagakesarah

Tamil : Nagakesaram ,Sirunagappo,nanku

Telugu : Nagakesaramu, gajapuspam

Unani : Naarmushk

Synonyms :

Naagapushpa, Chaampeya, Naaga, Naagakinjalika, Ahipushpa, Ahi Puspa, Kanakãhva, Kañcanãhvaya, Kiñijilkam, Kesaram, Cãmpeyam, Natam, Nagam, Naga Kiñjilkam, Naga Puspam, Naga renuka, Piñjaram,Phani pannagam, Rukmam, Suvarnam, Hema pusam

Classification according to Charaka, Susrutha & Vagbhata :

Susrutha : Elãdi, Vacãdi, Anjanãdi, Priyangvadi ganas

Vagbhata : EIädi, Vacädi, Anjanadi, Priyangvadi ganas

Varieties & adulterants – (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) :

(1) Naga kesara – Mesua ferrea Linn

(2) Pacima kesara – Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth & Hook, f., (lal varieties)

(3) Punnaga – Calphyllum inopylrur linn

(4) Karu Nagakesara – Cinnamomum wightii/ C. tamala

(5) Dillenia pentagyna-malabar naga kesara

Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm

Morphology :

It is a medium sized tree; bark ash-coloured.

Leaves- 8- 12 by 3-4 cm. oblong-lanceolate, acute acuminate, glabrous above and glaucous beneath, petioles 6-8 mm. long.

Flowers- white coloured, 2-2.5cm. deameter, axillary or terminal, stamens are numerous, golden-yellow coloured.

Fruit- 2.5-3 cm. long.Ovoiad.seed- 1-4, angular, smooth, chestnut brown in colour.

Distribution & Habitat :

Along western ghats of Konkan and Malabar area, Tamil nadu.

Chemical constituents :

Xanthones, euxanthone, mesuaxanthones,A and B,Mesuol , Mesuaxanthone B- and euxanthone MammeiSin ,Maminegin ,mesuol , mesuaferrofle glycoside- cyclohaxodione- mesuaferrol, Octadecatriefloic and hexadecanoic acids

Karma :

Kapha- Pittahara Pramãti, Grãhi, Pachan, Visahara, sotha hara, Kandughna, Kushtaghana,antidysenteric. ,astringent, haemostatic, anti-inflammatory, stomachic, antibacterial, antifungal

Indication :

Raktaras Raktatisãra, Rakta Pradara, Kustha, Visarpa, Jvara, Chardi, Vãta rakta, sopha, Vãta roga, siro roga, Trsnã, Visa roga,cough, bleeding piles,metrorrhagia, leucorrhoea, fever, ulcers

Part used :

Flower, Stamens, leaf

Dosage :

Dosage : Powder of stamens 1-3g. orally.

Leaf juice : 10-15 ml

Powder :  2-4 g

Decoction :  50-100 ml

External uses :

Lepana in visarpa

Internal uses :

Central nervous system : it is useful in brain debility and hysteria.

Digestive system : It is an appetizer, mainly digestive, antidipsetic, antiemetic, antihaeniorrhoid, astringent and vermicide. It also acts as a haemostatic in bleeding piles.

Circulatory system : it is used in cardiac debility, rakta pitta, and blood disorders.

Respiratory system : It is used in cough induced by kapha, dyspnoea anti hiccoughs

Reproductive system : It is used as an aphrodisiac

Urinary system : Diuretic, hence useful in retention of urine.

Skin : Kushthaghna..

Temperature : Febrifuge. Useful in fever.

Satmikaran : It is used as a .tonic and antidote,

Important Yogas or Formations :

Kanakasava,catujataka,eladichurna,kesaradi kasayam.

Therapeutic Uses :

(1) Rakta Aras— Naga kesara cürna (2-3gm) shall be administered orally alongwith butter and sugar (C.S.Ci.14/210)’

(2) Hikkã— Nagakesara cürna (2-4gm) is given orally with honey and sugar along with (S.S.Ut.50/24)2.

(3) Rakta Pradara— Nagakesara cürna is to orally administered while consuyming plenty or butter-milk daily

(4) Sveta Pradara— Naga kesara is soaked in the buttermilk and administered orally for 3 days (V. S. & Y. R.)4.

(5) Rakta Atisãra— Nãga kesara churna with sugar (V. S.)5.

(6) Pumsavana— The lady who wants to have a female child should consume Nagakesara along with ghee (5gm dose daily) during the period of ovulation (Rtu kãla)- (R. M.)’.

(7) Garbhasrava– Powders of Naga kesara and Püga (beetle nut) are mixed together and given orally.

Indigenous Names Of Nagkesar

This herbal plant is known by many interesting names in English such as Cobra’s Saffron, Ironwood of Assam, Indian Rose Chestnut, and Ceylon Ironwood.

Various vernacular names for this powerful plant are:

  • Hindi- Nagkesara, Pila Nagkesar
  • Gujrati- Sachunagakeshara, Nagchampa, Pilunagkesar
  • Sanskrit- Kesara, Nagapuspa, Naga, Hema, Gajakesara
  • Urdu-Narmushk, Nagkesar
  • Punjabi-Nageswar
  • Assamese-Negeshvar, Nahar
  • Bengali- Nageshvara, Nagesar
  • Kannada-Nagsampige, Nagakesari, Kanchana
  • Malayalam-Nangaa, Nauga, Peri, Veluthapala, Nagppu, Nagappovu
  • Marathi-Nagkesara
  • Oriya-Nageswar
  • Tamil-Naugu, Naugaliral, Nagachampakam, Sirunagappu,
  • Telugu-Nagachampakamu

How To Identify Nagkesar Plant

Nagkesar is a small to the medium-sized evergreen tree and a beautiful flowering indigenous herbal verdure often also adored for its ornamental value.

Nagkesar tree grows up to 13 m tall with a wide trunk spreading up to 90 cm in diameter.

The tree is recognised all over the world for producing a very hard, and sturdy quality wood.

The leaves are narrow, oblong, and deep dark green with an underside that appears whitish.

The younger lot of leaves are in hues of yellowish pink. 

Nagkesar flowers are pearl white and yellow and they bloom after about three to five years of planting.

The fragrant white flowers ooze a fabulous fragrance. Its yellow-colored stamens extracts are used in making perfumes and astringents.


Nagakesar is replete with various biochemical components such as essential oil, fatty acids, and oleoresin.

Mammeisin is its main chemical constituent which is obtained from the seeds, while stamens provide two novel flavanones mesuaferrone-A and mesuaferrol-B.

It also contains mesuaxanthofle A and B, sitosterol, leucoanthocyanidin and ferruol A and B, coumarins, xanthones, pyranoxanthones, flavonoids, terpenoids and steroids.

Ayurvedic Properties of Nagkesar

Owing to its powerful ayurvedic actions, Nagkesar plant showcases immense medicinal value hence is used for treating chronic health conditions. 

It has Kashaya (Astringent),

Katu (Pungent),

and Tikta (Bitter) rasa,

and the guna or pharmacological action of this herb is found to be Laghu (Light).

The potency is considered to be Virya (absolutely hot).

Medicinal Properties Of The Respective Parts

Nagkesar plant being astringent, hot, harsh, aromatic, ulcerative, and emollient in its medicinal course has been used as a home remedy since ancient times to heal wounds, promote blood flow, treat skin woes, and a lot more.

Every part has potent benefits to treat many chronic health anomalies.

Either alone or in conjunction with other herbal remedies, the following parts of this plant are used to treat a variety of conditions.

Flower And Stamens: Nagkesar florets and flowers contain anti-bacterial, anti-fungal properties and astringent properties which help in curing blood and skin diseases.

The flower extracts are very effective in the treatment of bleeding piles.

Seed oil: Essential oil from resin exuding from Nagkesar bark and seeds is applied to relieve pain and inflammation.

Kernels of Nagkesar are made into a paste and topically applied to treat eczema and various skin eruptions.

Roots: The root of this plant is known to be a very effective antidote for snake bites and scorpion poison.

Root extracts are also used in herbal tonics for the management of bronchitis and gastritis or stomach inflammation.

Stem Bark: The bark of Nagkesar possesses a laxative and stomachic effect which helps in curing low appetite problems, burning sensations in the stomach, piles, abdominal pains, and problems of urinary and vaginal discharge.

Leaves: The carminative and pain-relieving properties of the leaves help in treating headaches, sore eyes, and burning sensations in the feet.

The paste of Nagkesar leaves is applied to the head and chest to manage common cold and cough

Ayurvedic Indications Of Nagkesar

Since the ancient ages, Nagkesar is one of the most recognized therapeutic plants that is mentioned time and again in several texts and scriptures illustrating the excellent qualities of this magnificent herbal plant for various indications which include:

Kusthahara- Treats skin disorders

Pachanahara- Helps in digestion

Amahara- Treats indigestion

Javarhara- Useful in fever

Trutahara- Relieves excessive thirst

Dahahara- Relieves burning sensation

Visarpahara- Helpful in herp

Sheersharujhahara- Useful in headache

Chardihara- Relieves vomiting

Mehahara- Treats urinary tract disorder

Hikkanigrahana- Controls hiccups

Health Benefits Of Nagkesar

Treats Leukorrhea

Leucorrhoea is the flow of a whitish, yellowish, or greenish discharge from the vagina. While it is considered normal in adolescents and adults, sometimes it could be due to infections from bacteria, yeast, or other microorganisms.

Nagakesar has been found useful to improve Agni (digestive fire) and combat this uncomfortable problem that could be painful and itchy at times.

Cures Chronic Piles

Bleeding piles or haemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels that can occur around the anus.

This makes defecating difficult and is accompanied by bleeding stools.

This causes an imbalance in pitta dosha.

Nagkesar helps to create a balance in the body’s heat by pacifying pitta dosha by shrinking pile lumps, decreasing inflammation, reducing pain, and controlling anal bleeding.

Treats Skin Diseases

Nagkesar is used to prevent the symptoms of skin diseases like hives and psoriasis.

Nagkesar oil has a curative property and is extremely effective to treat skin infections, scabies, and wounds besides soothing inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory properties.

The flower extracts of Nagkesar are used as an astringent as they contain antiseptic and disinfecting properties that reduce skin eruption.

Nagkesar taken with sandalwood can be made into a paste and used on the skin to fade away the dark spots on the face and to get glowing skin.

Alleviates Joint Pain

Joint pain is a common problem as we grow old leading to weak bones and osteo arthritis.

Arthritis occurs due to an imbalance in Vata dosha and the gathering of Ama (toxins) in the joints.

Anti-arthritis benefits of Nagkesar powder alleviate joint pain.

The topical application of essential oil from extracts from Nagkesar seeds also aids quick relief from all arthritis-related pains.

Keeps Headaches And Migraines At Bay

Nagkesar helps to reduce stress-induced headaches by relaxing tensed muscles.

It also helps to manage migraines and various forms of discomforting headaches.

Treats Asthma

Nagkesar is also used in reducing asthmatic troubles.

The hot potency of this herb has the property of expelling phlegm and curing breathing distress which helps to reduce the symptoms of asthma.

Aids Relief From Excessive Menstruation Bleeding

Excessive bleeding during menstruation is a very common problem that women face.

Menstrual bleeding on the higher side is not generally a cause of concern, but excessive bleeding causes weakness, and discomfort and leads to further problems in the later stages.

This problem is also known as menorrhagia.

Nagkesar consists of hemostatic properties that help to cure excessive bleeding problems and provide long-term relief from many forms of menstrual diseases.

Combats Cough and Respiratory Anomalies

Nagkesar can effectively expel mucus from the body.

This helps to get rid of unwanted bacteria-ridden phlegm thus treating chronic cough and respiratory issues. Its anti-inflammatory benefits are also beneficial in reducing inflammation of the lungs.

Effect On Doshas

Nagkesar pacifies all the three doshas- Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. It has an astringent and bitter taste and a hot potency.

It is also blessed with Katu and Tikta rasas which are bitter and pungent tastes respectively, besides Laghu or light Guna and the ushna virya which is its hot potency.

These power-laden pacifying properties of Vata, and Pitta (fire and air) doshas as well as Kapha (earth and water) doshas in the body are a boon in curing diseases related to these abnormalities.


It is extremely necessary to consult an ayurvedic doctor or practitioner for the correct dosage of this herb depending upon particular conditions.

However, in general dosage of Nagkesar for adults is:

Nagkesar Powder:  1/2 to 1 teaspoon once or twice a day

Nagkesar Oil: 5 to 10 drops can be applied once a day

Nagkesar Powder Application: 1 teaspoon of powder can be applied with normal water or rose water

Side Effects of Nagkesar

Nagkesar can be safely taken with other herbal medicines and vitamins, and there are no known side effects of this herb, however, it is safe to seek medical advice in case of some underlying disease.

5 Amazing Health Benefits of Nagkesar

Nagkesar (Mesua ferrea), also known as Cobra Saffron, Ceylon Ironwood, Indian rose chestnut, and Sirunagappu is an important herb in Ayurveda.

Nagakesar is an evergreen ornamental tree that produces beautiful and fragrant flowers.

Nagkesar tree is found across Asia in almost all countries including India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand, Malaysia, and Sumatra regions.

The amazing health benefits of nagkesar has made it one of the prominent herbs in the Ayurvedic system.

Nagkesar in Ayurveda:

The leaves, seeds, roots, and fruits of Nagkesar are used in Ayurveda for its medicinal properties.

According to Ayurveda, Nagkesar pacifies all the three doshas- Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.

It has an astringent and bitter taste and cold potency.

The main chemical constituents of Nagkesar include Mensuol, Silosterol, fatty acids, cyclohaxodine, mesuanic acid and, a and b- amyrin.

It also has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antimicrobial, wound healing, anti-fungal, antibacterial, and digestive properties.

Here are a few amazing health benefits of Nagkesar.

Health benefits of Nagkesar

1. Nagkesar for bleeding

One of the biggest health benefits of Nagkesar is its ability to arrest bleeding.

It is mainly used in Ayurveda for treating bleeding disorders caused due to Pitta imbalance. It helps in the treatment of piles, menorrhagia, and epistaxis.  

2. Nagkesar for digestion

Nagkesar is very helpful for managing indigestion. It helps clear the weak digestive fire caused due to aggravated Kapha.

It also improves the digestive fire and helps in boosting the digestive power. 

3. Nagkesar for fever

Nagkesar is an amazing herb for reducing fever and its symptoms.

Since it has the ability to pacify all the three doshas, Nagkesar can be used for different types of fever caused by different types of doshas. 

4. Nagkesar for asthma

Nagkesar pacifies the vitiated Vata dosha and deranged Kapha dosha in the lungs responsible for asthma.

It helps in removing the excess mucus from the lungs and provides relief from breathlessness. 

5. Nagkesar for women

Nagkesar is extremely beneficial for women suffering from excessive bleeding during menses.

It acts as a hemostatic and acts on the blood capillaries to cure excessive bleeding.

It also acts as an aphrodisiac.

Nagkesar is an amazing medicinal plant that is found all over India.

But the uses and health benefits of the Nagkesar are still unknown to many people.

So, it is time that we realize the full potential of the Nagkesar and use it for the betterment of our health.