Hindu Of Universe

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Why Do Women Apply Sindoor?

One of the things that completed me on my wedding day, is when my husband knelt down and applied Sindoor to the parting of my hair.

I have to say I felt very grown up, even to this day if I dress up in my Indian clothes I apply a small amount of sindoor in my parting. 

For me I have always known this as a symbol of a married woman, and devotion to your husband, but wanted to explore more The Jai Jais way of this ancient tradition, which has existed for over 5,000 years and has been mentioned in scriptures such as Puranas and Mahabharata.

In Ramayana, for example, which theologians date back to the 7th century BCE, Sita is said to apply sindoor to please Lord Rama, showing her reverence to her husband.

The red colour of the Sindoor is a symbol of feminine energy. Its is not just a tradition or ritual but can also has health benefits.

Sindoor is made up of turmeric and lime, and can ease stress and strains keeping the mind cool and the brain alert and active.

As the bindi it is placed at the Ajna Chakra close proximity to the brain stimulation focused, concentration and emotional regulation. The parting line is known as Brahmarandhra, the gateway to consciousness.

In astrology the house of Aries known as the, “Mesha Rashi”, this is located in the forehead. Mars which is red in colour is the Lord of Mesha, applying red sindoor is believed to be a symbol of good fortune and auspicious.

This custom has been roots from the Vedic, for peace and a harmonious life with other associated benefits.

Significance of Sindoor in Indian marriage

The significance of Sindoor in Indian marriage goes back to the Vedic century. The custom of wearing Sindoor on the forehead in the parting of hair by married Hindu women is considered auspicious and is being carried on since centuries.

What separates married and unmarried women is the Sindoor that is applied as a red streak on the parting of a woman’s hair. It symbolizes the husband’s long and healthy life.

The first time Sindoor is applied is during the marriage ceremony where the groom recites the slokas and adorns the bride with it. This ceremony is known as Sindoor-Daan and is still carried on in present times.

Scholars say that as per mythology, red is the color of power while vermilion is a symbol of the female energy of Parvati/Sati. As per holy scriptures, Sati is regarded as the ideal wife who sacrificed her life for her husband’s honor and every Hindu wife represents Shakti or Sati. While blessing a married woman it is said, “Akhand Saubhagyavati Bhava” which means “May you always be the one whose husband is alive and may you remain safe from the curse of widowhood”. It is said that Goddess Parvati not only protects the husbands of all the married women who wear sindoor but additionally wards off any evil.Sindoor and its astrological significance

According to Hindu astrology, the House of Aries or Mesha Rashi is situated on the forehead. The Lord of Aries is Mars and its color is red which is believed to be auspicious. This is another reason why red sindoor is applied at the forehead and at the hair partition. Also, both are signs of Saubhagya (good luck). Sindoor is likewise considered as the symbol of the female energy of Shakti.Health significance of Sindoor

The significance of Sindoor pertains to physiological aspects as well. Did you know that Sindoor is prepared by mixing turmeric, lime and the metal Mercury? These ingredients carry numerous benefits on the health that accentuates the benefit of using Sindoor. For instance, the properties of Mercury include controlling blood pressure, reducing stress and activating sexual drive. This is another reason why Sindoor is prohibited for the widows.

Sindoor also helps in keeping the brain active and alert. For best results, Sindoor must be applied right up to the pituitary gland where all our feelings reside.

Interesting facts of Sindoor

Sindoor is applied not only in the hair-partition (maang) but also as a dot on the forehead as Bindi.

Sindoor is one of the 16 embellishments (Solah Shringar) as per Hinduism.

Sindoor is also being applied by the men as “Tilak” on their forehead.

The color of Indian Sindoor is red which is also known as “Kumkum” when it’s mixed with turmeric. It was called “Kasturi” as per ancient Indian scriptures and known as “Vermillion” in English.

Facts about Sindoor

Here are some facts about Sindoor.

The female figurines of Harappa civilization as per the archeological excavation conducted in Mehrgarh (Baluchistan) shows the use of sindoor in hair partition.

Parvati, the essence of all women, blesses grace and power on the married ladies who wear vermillion on their parting.

Sita used to apply sindoor to delight her husband, Lord Rama. Noticing this, Lord Hanuman smeared sindoor all over his body to please Rama. Even today, devotees of Lord Hanuman apply sindoor on God’s idols.

Draupadi, the wife of Pandavas, wiped off her vermilion in repulsion after the event where Dushashan tried to strip off the saree in the Hastinapur court, as per Mahabharata.

The lover of Lord Krishna – Radha, turned Kumkum into a flame-like design on her forehead.

Sindoor is also mentioned in several Puranas, Lalitha Sahasranamam and Adi Shankaracharya’s Soundarya Lahiri.

Sindoor is also offered to Lord Ganesha. The “Sindoor Lal Chadhayo Gajamukha Ko”, popular Ganesh Aarti in the Marathi language says that applying Sindoor to Lord Ganesh will appease the Almighty and remove all obstacles in your way.

Sindoor is also used to worship Goddesses like Shakti and Lakshmi.

Sindoor is applied by Shaivites, Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan on their forehead.

Sindoor and Current Scenario

While Jain women apply sindoor Jain nuns are prohibited from it.

Did you know that Sufi leader Sharafuddin Maneri encouraged Islamic ladies of Bangladesh to apply sindoor, but this move was met with contempt by reformist movements of 19th century?

Sindoor is thrown along with other mixtures into the air during popular festival Holi.

Hindu devotees regardless of men and women apply sindoor on their forehead while visiting a temple or attending a religious ritual. At earlier times, women used to make Kumkum at home but now it is easily available in the market.Scientific Significance of Sindoor

Here are a few scientific reasons behind wearing Sindoor.

Spiritual Progress

In the Hindu religion, married women have been applying sindoor in hair parting since ages. There are logical reasons behind this belief. The parting line of a woman’s hair where sindoor is applied resides the most central spot, the spiritual center called Brahmarandhra, an opening in the crown of the head. This astral aperture is exceptionally sensitive and said to be the doorway to the “absolute” running from the perineum to the crown of the head. This is the place where the partition is made and sindoor is drawn. Also, Sindoor contains Mercury which is the only metal found in liquid form. When you apply sindoor the hair partition, the Mercury present in it works as a medicine to maintain an active brain.

Fighting stress

The custom of ‘Maang baro’ – filling the sindoor in women’s head is conducted during the marriage ceremony. The underlying reason is that the free-spirited girl now shoulders new duties of being a responsible wife and a respectful daughter-in-law. Handling such tasks can lead to pressure. The Mercury in the Sindoor alleviates her stress and gives her mental peace. The therapeutic effects of mercury help a woman to keep her mind calm, composed and poised.

Kindling the Sixth Chakra

Kumkum or Turmeric-based sindoor carries both scientific and spiritual benefits for the ladies. It enhances the power of concentration. The Sixth chakra (third eye or Ajna Chakra) is centered on the forehead between the eyebrows. It’s considered as the channel through which mental power and spirituality can be enhanced.

Enhances the beauty

Sindoor increases the feminine grace to a large extent and gives divine beauty. Red is also known as the color of love and passion and hence applied by Indian women to win the heart of their husbands. Sindoor signifies that the woman is married and is under the protection of her husband and thus no one should cast an evil eye on her. Also, the color of fire, blood and strength, the shade Red indicates that women should never be considered and should be respected as Shakti (goddess of strength). She can be the spark of fire or a soft flower at her own will to protect herself as well as her motherland.

The significance of Sindoor in Indian marriage holds great aspect both in science as well as in the spiritual path. Do you have more insights? Let us know in the comment section below.

SINDOOR or MAANG TIKA: Why Indian Women put in their Maang?

 ‘Maang Tika’ or ‘Sindoor’ is a symbol of Hindu married women. It represents a symbol of fertility, prosperity, peace and happiness, the saubhagya’. , the female energy. The colour ‘red’ symbolizes fertility and prosperity, the colour of love and passion, and strength. Hence, Sindoor adds a divine beauty to a married woman, who transforms into a responsible wife from a free-spirited girl.

Sindoor is used as a part of decoration or beautification. Indian Hindu women from various states decorate their forehead with a round shaped, red-coloured vermillion. A long line is drawn with vermillion through the middle portion of the hair. The line lies on the most important spot, the spiritual centre of Brahmarandhra.

Mythology: It is believed that Goddess Parvati [wife of Lord Shiva], used to put sindoor on her hair partition. It is believed Goddess Parvati protects the husbands whose wives put sindoor. Centuries after centuries Hindu Indian women use ‘Sindoor’ for their husbands’ long and healthy lives.

Indian states such as Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh etc, use orange coloured vermillion whereas states like Bengal, Tripura, Assam, use red colour the most. It is believed that without the ‘tika’, the attire of a married woman is incomplete. A woman takes pride to put this ‘tika’ on her forehead. This ‘tika’ keeps her away from many evil sights. This Indian tradition has been carried on centuries in ancient India. It is a visible expression of the desire of a married woman for her husband’s longevity.

This custom has its own scientific reasons attached. It is quite usual for a newly wedded bride to get pressurized in an unfamiliar atmosphere. The ‘mercury’, the liquid metal used in vermilion or ‘Sindoor’ helps her in cooling down. In this case, mercury acts as a medicine to deal with pressures. It controls blood pressure and also activates the sexual drive.

Why is it used in Maang?

Kumkum or turmeric based sindoor is scientifically and spiritually beneficial for women. It enhances the power of concentration.

Use of ‘sindoor’ reflects a patriarchal system of society

The application of ‘sindoor’ reflects the patriarchal society. It symbolizes that a married Hindu woman belongs to her husband. This application brings some respect towards the married women; sometimes protect them from evil eyes. This system mostly was effective about one century ago, when women were not economically independent and educated enough to take care of themselves.

Should women be judged on her sindoor?

There was a time when Indian Hindu women were judged by her sindoor.  It was a social and cultural norm. Now the social norms are not that rigid and the perspective is gradually changing.

Nowadays, society does not force any woman to apply ‘sindoor’. It is completely an individual’s choice and related to some romantic idealism-the symbol of ‘belongings’. ‘Sindoor’ is offered on spiritual places too which is not a mandatory application for everyone as it was during our ancient times.

There are many untold stories rather symbols regarding this ‘Sindoor’.

When the shape is round and red: -It signifies that the married woman is firmly planted in her married life, enjoying her life with responsibilities.

When the ‘tika’ looks blurred:— It signifies that the married woman’s involvement in sexual activities.

When the ‘tika’  partially wiped and distorted from forehead:—The signifies the misfortune, which may strike the woman, resulting widowhood.


Sindoor is made up of vermilion, a red powder that is applied as a red streak along the parting of a woman’s hair. It is also known as kumkum or sindur.  It is a symbol of matrimony and is never applied by unmarried women or widows.  It is always applied in the centre and is a symbol of female energy. It is first put on a woman by her husband on the day of her wedding, and becomes a daily ritual thereafter.  Women have adopted different ways of wearing sindoor – at the beginning or along the parting line or as a red spot on the forehead.

Origin and History

 The history can be traced to as back as 5000 years ago when Hinduism started sowing its seeds into the cultural and traditional outlook in India and around. Historians have also discovered that during the existence of Harappan civilization, it was applied along the partition of a woman’s hair and was the most prominent mark of her being married. Besides that, there are legends that revolve around Hindu mythology that indicate Radha, who was Lord Krishna’s wife, turned it into a shape, which resembled a flame onto her forehead. Several other scriptures like the Puranas also mention sindoor and its value for a married woman.

Present Day Scenario

The age old tradition of applying it amongst married Hindu women still has a lot of significance and value. People who make sindoor use vermillion, which is basically a red-orange tint. Prior to this however, it was made using more natural resources like turmeric, alum or lime. The chemicals used these days which include red lead can be toxic and one must handle the powder with extreme care and caution.

Even today, for a married Hindu woman, the sindoor signifies her desire for her husband’s long life and prosperity and is also considered a sign of her never dying love and devotion towards her better half.

On the other hand, with modernization seeping in, the tradition of applying it on a day to day basis is not customary in several sections of Hindu society, and the decision is left entirely to the woman, who may or may not wish to apply it. However, during certain religious festivals like Navaratri and Sankranti, it is customary for a husband to apply it on his wife’s forehead. During other religious events, it is also applied and offered to the various gods and goddesses.

Even the way the it is applied may vary from one woman to the next since everyone has their own particular style of adorning it. Some brides choose to fill in the entire hair line when parted, while others prefer putting it in the form of a dot right at the starting point of the hair partition. But regardless of the length or space that it fills, the sindoor is always applied in the centre.

In recent times, women have also started opting for the sindoor which is applied in the form of a triangle, and is accessorized further with a small diamond bindi.

Global Appeal

Indian cinema has upheld the glory of this symbol in various movies, which even have titles with the name sindoor, for example ‘Sindoor Tere Naam Ka’, which was an Indian movie that came out in 1987. Several female characters in various Hindi movies have been shown with utmost power and courage due to the sindoor being marked on their forehead.

Interesting Facts and Comparisons

When the sindoor is wiped or smudged off it indicates that a woman has just lost her husband and is now a widow

Sindoor is thrown in the air as a sign of prosperity and honor during festivals like Holi

In ancient times it was made at home, but now it is readily available in the market at reasonable prices

The color red signifies strength, blood and fire

Another name for Sindoor is Kumkum

It is also believed that it enhances the levels of concentration

These days, it is available in the form of a liquid or gel which comes in a bottle that resembles the ones used for lip glosses, and women use the tip of the brush to apply it which makes the application easier and less messy

Significance of Sindoor for an Indian Married Woman

Marriage is a sacred institution which marks the beginning of a new life for the bride and the groom. There are many rituals performed during the marriage ceremonies and each ritual has its own importance. But, the most important custom of every Hindu wedding is Sindoor Dana. Here, the groom puts sindoor (red vermilion powder) in his bride’s hair partition, thus symbolising her marital status. In some communities, it is the groom’s mother who does this part to welcome the bride in their family. Putting sindoor is not just a ritual, but signifies a long life for the husband. But, this is just one aspect of it. So, let us tell you more about this important practice.

A divine blessing

The modern society perceives sindoor as a demarcation line between the married and the unmarried women. But, this is not the case. This practice is much deep-rooted. The ritual has been performed for over 5000 years now. Its use has been well documented in Harappan excavations. Sindoor also finds a mention in the Puranas, Lalitha Sahasranamam and Soundarya Lahharis.

It is suggested that the red colour symbolises power. According to the Hindu mythology, a woman has to adorn sindoor till the time her husband is alive. Even Goddess Parvati (wife of Lord Shiva) and Sita (wife of Lord Rama), use to put sindoor in their hair partition. It is believed that Goddess Parvati not only protects the husbands of all the married women who put sindoor, but also wards off any lurking evil. So, the next time your wife applies it, she is indirectly praying for your long and healthy life. 

The science behind it

The application of sindoor is not just a ritual, but a practice which stimulates good health. On one hand it serves as a longevity prayer for the husband, but on the other it keeps a tab on the woman’s physical well-being. The sindoor is prepared using mercury, turmeric and lime. Mercury acts as a catalyst that helps to ease stress and strain. It also helps in keeping the brain active and alert. Other than this, mercury also helps in controlling blood pressure, activating sexual drive and libidinal energy. This is why, a widow or an unmarried woman is forbidden from applying sindoor.

For a happy married life

From vaastu to feng shui, women make every possible effort to bring in happiness and prosperity in their homes. But, it is this ritual of applying sindoor which can ease all your efforts. According to the Hindu astrology, applying sindoor in the hair partition is considered to be auspicious as it brings good fortune. Besides this, it is believed that putting the red vermilion powder also activates the chakras in the forehead and on the crown. This attracts cosmic and pranic energy, and bestows the couple with prosperity and good health.

So, now you know why the elderly women in Hindu families put emphasis on applying sindoor. From the day a woman gets married, this vermilion colour becomes a part of her entity.

Scientific Reasons, Benefits Behind Wearing Sindoor, Bangles, Toe Rings, Bridal Wedding Traditions!

Sindoor cools us, mehendi is antiseptic, there are many scientific reasons behind the rituals of what a bride and groom wear and experience.

In Hindu marriages, there are many traditions that are followed starting with the Haldi ceremony to the Mehendi ceremony to the time when the bride gets ready with all that jewellery and also the sindoor or vermillion that is smeared on her forehead. Some continue wearing it all after marriage, some make do with just the wedding ring, some traditional and conservative households have women wearing it all from the toe rings to the nose ring to the sindoor. While some of us believe this all a way of tying down and making a mark on the woman that she is now someone’s property, there is another theory I came across which is backed with scientific reasoning to all the paraphernalia. You don’t have to believe it all, but the reasonings are pretty interesting.

These ancient customs have many reasonings and they also aim at bringing a holistic balance between the body, mind and soul as they say.

Mehendi is something most women love a lot. The designs in the market, the artistes, the whole craze around it is amazing. It is not just the bride actually, even the groom has to apply a little. The reason is that henna or mehendi has a antiseptic properties and is very soothing. It has a very cooling effect which takes away the stress and headaches of the bride and groom who are as it is so nervous. It is helpful even in the growth of the nails and protects the person from fungal infections.

Ritual 2: Haldi

During this ceremony, a paste of haldi (turmeric) is applied on the bride and the groom at their respective places. Traditionally, the haldi ceremony is followed so as to bring a natural glow on the face of the couple. Another traditional reason behind this custom is to fend off evil spirits from causing any harm to the couple. Talking about the scientific reason behind this custom, you must first know that turmeric is also called the ‘wonder herb’ because of its various medicinal properties. And thus, the entire process helps the body to receive the best medicinal advantages of turmeric. The turmeric kills bacteria in the skin and makes the couple glow radiantly. The paste is usually prepared by mixing turmeric with oil. Hence, the mixture has a moisturising effect on the skin as well.

Wearing Bangles

Bangles are very important for women and especially in a typical Hindu house. It does not just enhance the look of a bride but it also has health benefits that surprised me as well. Since these bangles go on the wrist, we have many acupressure points, which when the bangles move are pressed on those points which helps you in staying healthy. The friction improves blood circulation

Sindoor or Vermillion

Apart from being the symbol of matrimony for a Hindu woman, sindoor (red vermilion powder) has some great health benefits as well. It contains turmeric, lime, and a minute level of the metal, mercury. When sindoor is applied on the bride’s hair partition, the mercury cools down the body and makes her feel relaxed. It also triggers a sexual drive among them. And this is the reason why, widows or unmarried women are not allowed to wear it

Toe Rings

For many Hindu brides, it is a mandate that they have to wear rings in their second toe. There are two benefits of the same. First, there is a nerve in the second toe, that connects the heart while passing through the uterus. This ring apparently regulates the menstrual cycle and makes the uterus stronger. The other is that the rings conduct the polar energy from the earth to the body, since they are silver-based and silver is a good conductor.

What is Sindoor Daan? Know why is sindoor important for married women

Hinduism Sindoor Daan is one of the most important symbol of matrimony. Sindoor also known as Vermillion is first applied on a woman by her husband on the day of her wedding. The sindoor is first applied on the wedding day and after this moment this becomes a daily ritual for her.

History of Sindoor Daan:

According to Hindu mythology it is said that Mata Parvati wanted to marry Lord Shiva for which she had performed tapas. Seeing her dedication, Lord Shiva accepted the offer of marrying her but he had put one condition before her.

Lord Shiva asked Mata Parvati  to sacrifice her third eye, which was on her forehead. In order to marry hi, she accepted his offer. On their big day, Shiva removed her third eye after which bleeding had started. Thus, this area became the place, where married women apply Sindoor.Importance of Sindoor for married women?

There is a strong believe that putting sindoor not helps in preserving the husband of a married woman but also saves him from evils.

The importance of sinoor is also mentioned in the Puranas, Lalitha Sahasranamam and Soundarya Lahharis.

In Inida, Sindoor Daan plays one of the most important role in a wedding.

Benefits of Sindoor for married women?

It is said that when Sindoor is applied on the bride’s hair partition, the mercury helps cooling down the bride’s body and makes her feel relaxed. It is also believed that sindoor also triggers a sexual drive among them.

This is also one of the main reason that widows or unmarried women are not allowed to apply it.

Why is Sindoor red?

According to Indian astrology, it is believed that Mesha Rashi (Aries) is placed on the forehead of a human body. The Lord of Aries or its ruling planet is Mars which is red in color. The color red is believed to be auspicious. Sindoor which is not only red in color but is also applied on the forehead of the women. This helps in attracting cosmic energy and helps in bringing good fortune.

The Importance of Sindoor and Bindi (Dot)

Hindu women are acquainted with the words ‘sindoor’ and ‘bindi’ and the relative importance of these markings in their lives. This article explores what these two terms are and familiarises readers with their significance and application. An important section of Hindu marriage rituals is the ‘sindoor dana’ ceremony, the moment when the bridegroom applies sindoor at the parting of the bride’s hair, also known as the bride’s maang.

This red/orange red powder is first applied at this moment and thereafter the bride is expected to apply it daily. However, this tradition is not followed strictly by all Hindu brides today. For many Hindu brides, this is just a symbolic wedding ritual that is not repeated. The sindoor is safely stored, however.

Symbolism of Sindoor

The bright red colour of the sindoor symbolizes the energy and passion of married life. It is also believed that its application in the parting of the hair symbolizes the red river of life. In India, in the state of Bihar, the colour of sindoor is more orange than red. The application of sindoor is a tradition that goes back to thousands of years. Even female figurines excavated from the Harappan caves are seen with traces of sindoor.

There are different ways in which sindoor is applied by married women. While some apply it all along the parting of their hair, others apply only a tiny dot at the point where the parting of their hair meets the forehead. Some even use a sindoor paste instead of powder. It is believed that with the application of sindoor, women hope for the longevity of their husband’s life.

Consequently, when a woman is widowed her sindoor is removed. This is usually done by her mother-in-law or her sister-in-law. Along with this, the woman has to remove other symbols of her marital status such as her bangles, nose ring, toe ring and so on.

Symbolism of Bindi (Dot)

Another item of dressing that was originally worn only by married women is the bindi or dot. The word bindi comes from the Sanskrit word ‘bindu’, meaning dot. While sindoor is worn by married ladies alone, bindis are worn by both married and unmarried women today.

Traditionally, bindis were made of vermillion and were a deep red or maroon in colour. It took considerable expertise to create the perfect round dot on the forehead. However, over the years, bindis have become great decorative ornaments and nowadays they are available in various colours, shapes, sizes and with shiny stones in them. The most popular bindis today are the sticker/adhesive bindis made of felt. These are disposable and can be stuck to the forehead.

In recent years, sporting a bindi is akin to a fashion statement and nowadays it is worn by people belonging to different religions, residing in different regions of the world. The placement of the bindi is of some importance. It is placed on the forehead between the two eyebrows and this unique positioning of the bindi is believed to be at the sixth chakra or the ajna, an area of concealed wisdom. This gives energy and promotes the concentration powers of the wearer. It is also believed that the bindi acts as a protector of the wearer.

Importance of Applying Sindoor In Indian Culture

In every prevailing society, there are numerous practices that can be traced back to the beginning of civilization. India, as one of the oldest civilizations of human history and perhaps the only one which is still flourishing in all its glory, is full of such practices. Among them is the applying of sindoor at the parting of hair by the married Indian women. It is a very sacred practice and a symbol of matrimony.

What is Sindoor

Sindoor is vermilion red in color and is also called just Vermilion. It is made up of turmeric and cinnabar. Its real importance lies in its symbol. Sindoor could only be applied by married Hindu women and its practice is strictly forbidden for a widow woman. Although, in some cultures, sindooram can be applied by unmarried women also. A woman usually starts applying sindoor by herself when her husband for the first time applied it on her maang (the Hindi word for the place where sindoor is applied). After that, it becomes a part of her daily life.

Sindoor is known by different names in many vernacular languages, some of them as sindur and kumkuma. Many legends and rituals are also associated with the practice of applying sindoor. The wiping of sindoor or its absence from the parting of the hairs of a married woman demonstrates widowhood.

The Beginning of The Tradition

It is unclear at what point in human history, the practice of applying sindoor started. But there are numerous historical pieces of evidence that state that this practice was observed by women during Harappan Civilization. For instance, the female idols of Harappan times excavated by the archeologists hint towards the practice of applying sindoor.

This traditional practice might even have started even before the Harappan civilization. In Mahabharata, one of the most famous epic of human history, the application of sindoor is mentioned. On one occasion in the Mahabharata, Draupadi sweeps away her sindoor because of the happenings in her city. It signifies its significance in terms of prosperity.

Significance of Applying Sindoor

In Hinduism, the significance of sindoor can be comprehended by the fact that it has been mentioned in Puranas several times. Adi Shankaracharya, a great theologian, has also written extensively about the importance of applying sindoor by married Hindu women. Apart from Hinduism, married Jain women also observe this practice.

How To Apply Sindoor

The method of applying sindoor differs from place to place and culture to culture. Some cultures, or some women, observe the filling of the complete parting hairline with vermillion. And some women just fill sindoor at the end of the hairline. As with many other rituals, the method of applying sindoor has also evolved with time. Nowadays many women of modern era, put sindoor in a triangular form at the parting of hairs where the head of the triangle point towards the nose.

The tradition of applying sindoor by married Indian women has stood the test of time. Not many of the ancient practices have achieved to do so. And for this, the credit should be given to the Indian women who are proud of their legacy and heritage that has been passed down through generations.

Traditional to Modern: 8 Different Styles Of Wearing Sindoor

What do most Indian brides have in common? It’s the famous sindoor. Other than the newlywed glow, you’ll often find brides sporting a red tint on their foreheads. The marker of a wedded woman, sindoor, brings along a sense of tradition and culture to your attire. Although it’s a very small part of your ensemble, it plays an important role. Whether you are a newlywed bride or one who sports this go-to accessory everyday (or during festivals), here are 8 ways in which you can style your sindoor. These modern sindoor styles pair well with Indian ethnic wear, as well as your contemporary western looks! Here’s how you can style them correctly.

Different Styles Of Wearing Sindoor

Sindoor comes in different forms. You have loose powders, liquids, and crayon pencils. They come in a variety of red to orange hues. Depending on your desired look and how long you want it to last, you can take your pick from the array of sindoor products. Scroll down to see 8 different styles of wearing sindoor and how you can pair it with your Indian and western wear.

The Minimal Line

This modern sindoor style fits in well with the traditional wear, as well as your basic jeans and t-shirt combo. A small, thin line that starts slightly below your hairline and goes down half an inch into your parting is controlled and minimal. It still gives off those bridal vibes like no other.

The Traditional Bride

If you want to take the traditional route without going too over the top, this modern sindoor style will tickle your fancy. Great to pair with centre-parted hair that is tied into a low bun or low ponytail, this style works best with a saree or lehenga.

The Modern Bahu

Go in for a deeper red hue with this modern sindoor style! An amazing go-to for the newlywed bride who wants to show off her traditional side, while sticking to a more contemporary and modern Indian attire, this can be achieved best with a liquid or crayon sindoor stick.

The Simple Dot

Don’t fill your parting entirely with this sindoor look. A wash of colour just below your parting is enough to make a statement. Pair it with your favourite bindi and you’re good to go!

The Faded End

Start strong at your hairline and then fade the sindoor into your hair. This modern sindoor style goes well with sarees, as well as jeans.

The Royal Bride

If you want a modern sindoor style that reeks of royalty, then this one needs to be your go-to. The intense pigment that goes all the way down to the crown of your head looks best on slicked-back hair with a middle parting.

The Accessorised Sindoor

Feel free to pair your sindoor with a bindi. Now you can go small and tiny or you can go full-on bahu, and accessorise with one that screams bling! Either way, this modern sindoor style will look totally classy.

The Barely There

Whether you opt for a centre parting or a side parting, this modern sindoor style will look absolutely gorgeous. It’s one of those styles that is versatile –– open hair or tied up, jeans or saree, it literally matches well with anything.

Pure Love Sindoor

A matte finish sindoor that comes in two shades of red and maroon, this product has super high coverage. Its long-lasting formula is smudge-proof and water-resistant and dries immediately post-application. Unlike some sindoors, this one is free from lead and mercury. The brush tip applicator allows for a quick and precise application, whether you want to go with the dramatic bride look or keep things on DL, the applicator lets you take control.

Why Hindu Women apply Sindoor?

Applying Sindoor is a symbol of Married woman in Hinduism, during the marriage ceremony, the groom applies sindoor to bride forehead amidst Mantras,

The place where sindoor is applied, is just above the brahmarandhra and adhami center, applying sindoor on the hair-parting (maang) and as a dot on the forehead keeps the energy intact, peace of mind and connected,

It is also a sign that woman is married, like in west married woman wear ring symbolizing they are married,

If real sindoor is applied on forehead, it acts as energy retainer and helps one to sync mind, body and soul, in ancient times, both male and female use to apply teeka, some used chandan, some turmeric and while woman mostly sindoor, as a mark of focal point, so anyone who sees us first, focus on the mark or dot of teeka applied, keeping negative energies away.

History and Significance of Sindoor

Sindoor or vermilion holds a lot of importance in Indian society. The tradition of application of sindoor in the parting of hair by married Hindu women is considered extremely auspicious and is being carried on since centuries.

Symbolic of Married Hindu Woman

In traditional Hindu society, wearing sindoor is considered must for married Hindu women. It is a visible expression of their desire for their husbands’ longevity. Traditionally, therefore, widow’s did not wear vermilion.

Sindoor is applied for the first time to a Hindu woman during the marriage ceremony when the bridegroom himself adorns her with it. The ceremony is called Sindoor-Dana and is very much in vogue even in present times. Religious scholars say that there has been no mention of this ceremony before the Grihasutras hence it is considered to be a relatively new practice.

The tradition of wearing Sindoor by married women has been explained with the help of mythology. Scholars say that red is the color of power while vermilion is a symbol of the female energy of Parvati and Sati. Hindu mythological legends regard Sati as the ideal wife who gave her life for her husband’s honor. Every Hindu wife is supposed to emulate her. Hindus believe that Goddess Parvati protects all those men whose wives apply vermillion to their parting of the hair.

History of Sindoor

The tradition of wearing Sindoor or Vermillion is said to have traveled through more than 5,000 years of Hindu culture. Female figurines excavated at Mehrgarh, Baluchistan, show that sindoor was applied to the partition of women’s hair even in early Harappan times. Besides, legends say that Radha, the consort of Lord Krishna, turned the kumkum into a flame like design on her forehead. In the famous epic Mahabharata, Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, is believed to have wiped her sindoor in disgust and despair. Use of Sindoor has also been mentioned in The Puranas, Lalitha Sahasranamam, and Soundarya Lahharis.

Power of Sindoor

Sindoor is pure and powerful. It has been given a lot of importance in our culture. Sindoor is used in religious ceremonies. It is offered to the Gods and is considered very auspicious. When a woman applies sindoor on her head it is to tell people that she is married. No unmarried woman in India is allowed to apply sindoor on their head. It is a symbol of purity and power.

Lord Shiva And Sindoor

In the wedding of Bhagwan Shiva with Parvati, this tradition was followed and Bhagwan Shiva applied sindoor on the head of Parvati. Since this, the tradition has been followed in all Hindu weddings. It is compulsory Hindu married women to apply sindoor. This tradition is still followed in Hindu weddings. However, some women today do not prefer to use the Sindoor and they consider it too traditional.

Theories Behind Sindoor Tradition

Some say that it was used by women to make themselves look more attractive. There is no mention of applying sindoor in our Vedas. However, the wife of Shiva, Parvati and the wife of Bhagwan Rama, Sita used to wear sindoor.

It is said that women who wear sindoor ensure that their husbands are protected from all evil and have a long life. The color of sindoor attracts the husband to the wife and helps to build the marriage. The woman whose husband is dead should not wear sindoor at all. It was also an attempt to ensure that unmarried women and widows don’t look very attractive.

There is also a belief that the sindoor in the olden days were a little poisonous in nature so that if the honor of a woman is attacked she could consume the sindoor and commit suicide.

Changing Value Systems

The tradition of wearing sindoor is as old as 5000 years. This is a custom that is an integral part of our culture and tradition. Some people also feel that wearing sindoor is a way to oppress the woman and make them feel that they belong to a man. It is not something that independent women should do. Some women also feel that why should they wear sindoor whereas men do not wear anything to prove that they are married. However, some feel that wearing sindoor makes the marriage strong. It brings the man and the woman closer. The sindoor if applied regularly can become very powerful and can also act as a protection for the husband. It is advised that the forehead of a married woman should never be blank.

Significance of Sindoor

The house of Aries is on the forehead and to control this house red sindoor is applied on the forehead. The color of Aries is red. The sindoor is made by mixing turmeric, lime, and mercury. This is exactly why the sindoor can control blood pressure and also improves sexual drive. Mercury also helps women to deal with stress.

The sindoor must be applied up to the pituitary gland where all the feelings stay. This helps the women to control their emotions better. When they can control their emotions they can take better care of their husbands and of the other members of the family.

As sindoor improves sexual drive it is not recommended for unmarried women and widows. A young girl does not have many responsibilities in her father’s house but as she becomes married her responsibilities increase. Suddenly when too many responsibilities come on her she may get pressurized and loose her control this is why wearing sindoor was so important for these women. Sindoor is also considered to be the symbol of the female energy of Parvati and Sati.

Sindoor Daan

Applying sindoor is considered very auspicious and no marriage in Hinduism is complete without it. The tradition of applying sindoor by the groom on the bride is called sindoor daan. The red color of sindoor also symbolizes power and strength. The touch of sindoor makes the marriage auspicious and strong.

Sindoor vs Tilak

The fact that sindoor is considered as a symbol of power can be made out of the fact that even men would apply Tilak on their foreheads before they would go to the battlefield. This sindoor would give them the strength to fight the enemies. Tilak was done usually done by the wife if the husband was going to the battlefield.

In ancient India, sindoor was prepared in the house. Today sindoor can be purchased in the shops. Sindoor is offered to Bhagwan Ganesha and also to Bhagwan Hanuman. It is said that Bhagwan Hanuman used to smear his body with sindoor to please Bhagwan Rama. Sindoor is also offered to Goddess Parvati and Shakti

Use of Sindoor During Festivals

Both Sindoor and kumkum have social and religious significance attached to them. In North India, it is customary for a husband to apply sindoor on his wife’s forehead during important festivals such as Navaratri and Sankranti. Besides, Sindoor and kumkum are also offered to Gods mostly in temples dedicated to Shakti, Lakshmi, and Vishnu.


Sindoor or vermilion is supposed to be a sacred red powder as long as Hindu religious beliefs are concerned. The Hindu married women use a touch of Sindoor above their forehead to show their marital status. The Hindus use Sindoor while worshipping the Hindu Gods and Goddesses.

Sindoor- A symbol of strength for Hindu married women

If you have grown as a girl child in India, there is every reason that you have adorned your forehead with a red powder from your mothers’ cosmetics. All this in good fun!

This bright red powder called Sindoor or Kumkum is the Hindi name for vermillion. It is applied as a red streak along the hair parting of a married Hindu woman. It symbolizes strength and belongingness for every married Indian woman.

Sindoor is applied for the first time on a woman by her husband during the marriage ceremony. Among the so many beautiful ceremonies like the Mehndi ceremony, Haldi ceremony, this is considered the most sacred ritual and soul-stirring moment of the wedding ceremony.

“Ek Chutki Sindoor” (one pinch of vermillion) is the much talked about scene from the popular Bollywood movie. This may signify the importance of Sindoor to the younger generation. But the importance of this bright powder can be dated back to the time of the Puranas. According to ancient scriptures, it is believed that Lord Shiva applied Sindoor on the head of Parvati during their wedding ceremony.

Ever since applying Sindoor is integral to every Hindu wedding.

Sindoor also symbolizes the female energy of Sati, the ideal wife who sacrificed her life to save her husband’s dignity. Hindu mythology says that it is in good interest that every Hindu wife emulate her.

Traditionally, every Hindu married woman must apply Sindoor till the time her husband is alive. However, the tradition is losing its significance among the younger generation.

Sindoor is also a mark of respect and love of a wife towards her husband. Since red color symbolizes power, the red shading also means control.

Additionally, Sindoor has many medicinal properties and symbolic reasons behind adorning it by married Indian women.

Let us quickly learn some of these-

It is believed to control blood pressure and regulate female hormones, especially the ones that are secreted from the pituitary gland. It, therefore, helps control feelings

According to ancient beliefs, Sindoor is believed to activate sexual desire and for this reason, it is prohibited for spinsters and widows

It is supposed to be a good stress reliever and concentration booster

According to Hindu mythology, Goddess Parvati ensures the safety of spouses whose wives apply Sindoor and also saves them from malice.

The turmeric component of Sindoor cures anxiety and helps keep the mind alert

And of course, Sindoor signifies auspiciousness, sacredness, and happiness that a woman brings to her new house after her marriage

What is Sindoor made of?

The main components of Sindoor are turmeric and lime.

Amazing Sindoor Ritual “Sindoor Khela”

Bengalis celebrate a beautiful ritual, “Sindoor Khela”, each year on the last day of Durga Pooja. In this ceremony, all married women apply Sindoor on Goddess Durga and then on each other to seek the divine blessings of the Goddess.

In short, the beautiful red color of Sindoor enhances the beauty and grace of Indian women. It’s the most graceful accessory that accentuates womanhood in the most pious form.

Why Do Indian Ladies Wear Sindoor? A Comprehensive Look

Have you ever wondered why married Indian women sport a vibrant red mark on their hair? From ancient folklore to modern myths, the reasons behind this practice called sindoor intrigue many.

At its vibrant core lies sindoor, a mystical red powder made from the mineral vermilion. For generations, Hindu brides have adorned this sindoor, sparking curiosity about its significance.

Some say it symbolizes fertility and marital status. Others believe it wards off ill will. As per Hindu legends, the beloved goddess Parvati gifted this sindoor to devotees. So, does its alluring hue enhance allure or honor the wife-husband bond?

Unravel these sindoor secrets and myths behind its beguiling powers that have captured the Indian bride’s crown for centuries. A storied tradition or source of empowerment, what’s your take on this vermilion mystery?

What is Sindoor in Indian Culture?

Sindoor, sometimes referred to as vermilion powder, is a traditional part of Hindu wedding ceremonies in India. It is a bright red or orange-red colored powder that is usually made from turmeric or lime mixed with mercuric sulfide. Here are some important facts about sindoor in Indian culture:

Sindoor is a traditional red powder made from turmeric and lime. It has a bright orange-red hue that stands out vividly against the skin.

Women apply it in a vertical line, streak, or dot between the eyebrows and along the hair parting called the maang or mangalya.

Sindoor comes in different consistencies, from dry powder to paste. Traditional homemade sindoor uses natural ingredients, while modern varieties may contain synthetic pigments.

Other traditional names for sindoor include kumkum, Kasturi, and Kesar.

The History and Origins of Sindoor

Legend has it that sindoor traces its origins back to ancient Hindu scriptures. As per ancient texts like the Vedas and Puranas, sindoor symbolized a married woman’s love and commitment to her husband.

The exact origins of sindoor are unknown, but it has been used for centuries in India, dating back over 5,000 years.

Ancient texts like the Sanskrit epics Mahabharata and Ramayana mention sindoor, as do old literary works in various Indian languages.

Historical evidence indicates sindoor was used irrespective of marital status. But around the 10th century CE, it became exclusively associated with married Hindu women.

Some believe it originated as protection from evil spirits and the evil eye. Sindoor’s red color signifies power and strength.

Others link it to fertility, passion, sensuality, blood, life energy, and marital bliss.

It is believed that in earlier times, married women would rub turmeric paste or haldi on their forehead and hair parting as a natural protection from sun damage. Gradually, this practice evolved into wearing sindoor.

The Cultural Significance of Sindoor for Hindu Women

For Hindu women, wearing sindoor is considered auspicious and sacred. It is an integral part of their identity as married individuals. The vibrant streak of red sindoor in the maang or parting of the hair indicates that a woman is married.

Not wearing sindoor would mean she is widowed or separated. So, sindoor plays a key role in how married Hindu women present themselves culturally.

The Different Types of Sindoor

There is no set recipe for sindoor. It comes in different varieties based on the region. Common sindoor types include mercuric sulfide sindoor, haldi sindoor, lac sindoor, and rubia cordifolia sindoor. Each variant lends the woman a distinguishing cultural identity.

What is the Significance of Sindoor in Hindu Religion?

Sindoor holds deep spiritual and religious symbolism in Hinduism:

Sindoor signifies a married woman in Hindu culture. It represents her sacred bond with her husband.

The red powder is thought to foster the longevity of marriages and enhance love between couples.

Not wearing sindoor indicates a woman is widowed or separated. For married women, it is an essential part of bridal solah shringar (16 wedding adornments).

Sindoor is prominently mentioned in Hindu scriptures as a pure, propitious substance:

The Lalitha Sahasranamam venerates the Goddess’s sindoor tilaka or vermilion mark.

Sindoor is said to please Lord Ganesha and invoke Lakshmi’s blessings.

It is associated with Parvati, wife of Shiva. Sindoor is a symbol of the divine feminine Shakti energy.

It is integral to married Hindu women’s solah shringar representing culture, identity, and values.

So, in essence, sindoor is the most visible manifestation of a Hindu married woman’s grihasta (householder) duties and her tie to religion. Its vibrant hue is reminiscent of divine marital bliss and celestial union.

Who Puts Sindoor on the Bride?

At traditional Hindu wedding ceremonies, the application of sindoor is a pivotal ritual:

The groom, as the woman’s new pati or husband, is honored with placing the first vermilion line or bindi of sindoor in her maang.

Then, her in-laws, especially the sasuraal waale or husband’s family who are now her own, ceremonially apply sindoor to finalize her married status.

This ritual signifies the bride now belongs to her new family and home. The groom and in-laws’ role underscores their acceptance and blessing of the woman into their household.

Why Do Indian Brides Wear Sindoor?

Indian brides wear sindoor for significant religious, social, and personal reasons:

As an expression of their married state and newfound responsibilities as patnis.

To honor age-old Hindu wedding traditions and mark their transition into a new identity and phase of life.

Sindoor symbolizes their commitment to marital duties according to religious texts. Wearing it fulfills customary expectations and social mores.

On an emotional level, it makes brides feel cherished, protected and enfolded in their new family as bahus after marriage.

So, in essence, sindoor is as much a religious observance as it is a cultural tradition for Hindu brides to showcase their married identity.

The Health Benefits of Wearing Sindoor

Intriguingly, sindoor provides certain natural health advantages too:

Sindoor’s main ingredient kusumba or cinnabaris acts as a sunscreen, shielding the maang parting from harmful sun rays.

It keeps the hair and scalp cool due to safranin pigment’s thermoregulatory properties that minimize excessive body heat.

So, in ancient times, sindoor served both symbolic and practical benefits for Hindu women working in hot, sunlit outdoors. Even today, its cooling, protective merits remain integral to a married woman’s well-being.

The Controversy Surrounding Sindoor

However, not everything about sindoor sparks joy. Certain aspects remain debated:

Traditionalists defend sindoor as an auspicious tradition, while some feminists criticize it as another patriarchal custom subjugating women.

Safety concerns loom over sindoor’s mercury content, which could possibly impair health, though research shows negligible risk in usual applications.

Does sindoor truly empower or rather subjugate? Only open yet nuanced discussion can provide equitable answers in changing times. At their heart, traditions must uphold no harm.

Sindoor in Popular Culture

Meanwhile, in entertainment, sindoor stirs both nostalgia and modern fascination:

Bollywood movies glorified ideal Indian brides and their sindoor-adorned wedding splendor for generations.

In Indian literature from ages past, sindoor described the bloom of young love and new Companionships.

Artworks lavishly portray sindoor, highlighting women’s elegance across diverse regions and eras.

So, while contentious, sindoor retains its compelling allure and romance deeply woven into the subcontinent’s cultural fabric and social mores.

The Symbolism of Sindoor in Hindu Mythology

Ancient Hindu epics amplify sindoor’s meaning through mythological heroes:

As per the Ramayana, Sita’s willingness to undergo an “agni pareeksha” (fire ordeal) won her Rama’s hand, so she always wore sindoor as a symbol of their eternal love.

The Symbolism of Sindoor in Hindu Mythology

Ancient Hindu epics amplify sindoor’s meaning through mythological heroes:

As per the Ramayana, Sita’s willingness to undergo an “agni pareeksha” (fire ordeal) won her Rama’s hand, so she always wore sindoor as a symbol of their eternal love.

In the Bhagavata Purana, Radha’s love for Krishna grew each time she saw his reflection in her sindoor, emphasizing its role in divine passion and devotion between married couples.

These legends immortalize sindoor as love’s testimony bridging mortals and divinity while exemplifying how true relationships must withstand any test.

Different Regional Variations of Sindoor Application

Sindoor traditions also manifest in exciting localized diversity:

North Indian customs like wider maang sindoor are traced to Persian bridal bindis.

In southern states, sindoor mixes with kumkum, resulting in various hues and arc designs over the forehead and cheeks too.

Regional beliefs further weave the sindoor with legends. For instance, in Assam honors marriage as Bhagawan Brahma’s blessing according to the Bhagavata Purana.

This thriving regional lore attests to how Indian femininity blossoms in sindoor’s myriad cultural expressions across the spectrum of female experiences.

Modern Significance of Sindoor for Hindu Women

With changing times, sindoor’s relevance for Hindu women is perceived differently, too:

Today, views on sindoor are changing with women’s evolving social roles.

Some progressive women see it as a patriarchal symbol and reject it. Others view it as empowering and proudly embrace the tradition.

Hindu feminists aim to redefine traditions like sindoor by highlighting gender equality and women’s autonomy.

Intercaste and interfaith marriages are relooking at wedding rituals, including sindoor. Modern brides apply it in creative new styles.

Debates continue on whether sindoor oppresses or empowers women. But many believe women should have the freedom to choose what a tradition means to them.

Younger brides value both tradition and individuality, so experiment with delicate sindoor styles balanced with other jewelry.

It sparks nostalgia for diaspora communities distant from familiar customs yet desiring cultural continuity.

Sindoor let outsider weddings incorporate Indian touches, respecting diverse beliefs yet fostering a sense of shared heritage.

So while traditions morph, sindoor endures – a proud badge both treasured yet liberating in its versatility, synchronicity of past and present joyously blended.

The Future of Sindoor in Indian Culture

It seems sindoor will remain significant for generations to come:

Younger Hindu brides find new, meaningful ways to define femininity, aligning with traditional and modern aspirations.

Digital media ensures Sindoor’s living history and diverse stories touching all ages worldwide, multiplying its relevance.

Academia highlights sindoor’s holistic development, portraying complex identity negotiations sensitively.

Indeed, sindoor’s journey through the ages reassures us that even as mores change, certain symbols emphasizing life’s sacred bonds and our shared spirituality may well endure forever.


Sindoor’s timeless legacy stands the test of changing societal tides. Its symbolic power lies not in rigid tradition but in nuanced meaning to each woman. While views evolve on feminine empowerment, at sindoor’s core, they remain tied to two souls in devotion’s dye.

Daughter, daughter-in-law, wife, or mother – its versatility transcends labels. Whether an auspicious ritual, remembrance of those lost, or a vibrant reminder of the loved one, sindoor is life’s profound mysteries simply woven in a thread.

For some, it liberates; for others, it anchors, but all find belonging in its loving embrace. As the past meets the future on today’s canvas, perhaps solutions lie not in “or” but inclusive “and”.

For though customs morph, love, protection, and celebration of relationships accord sindoor a sanctified place, nourishing shared heritage through unique expressions of individuality. Such reconciliations ensure Sindoor, as a woman, forever blossoms.

Does Saraswati wear sindoor?

Yes, according to Hindu mythology and traditions, Goddess Saraswati is often depicted wearing sindoor. Sindoor is considered a symbol of auspiciousness and is associated with married women in Hindu culture. The red vermillion powder is applied on the parting of the hair and sometimes on the forehead.

Which Colour sindoor is best?

Traditionally, the most commonly used colors for sindoor are maroon, blood red, and orange-red. Maroon sindoor is a popular choice and is often considered classic and elegant. Orange-red sindoor is also considered auspicious and is believed to bring good luck.

Which finger do you use for sindoor?

In Hindu culture, the sindoor is traditionally applied on the parting of the hair or the forehead using the ring finger of the dominant hand (usually the right hand for most people). The ring finger is believed to be connected to the heart and is considered auspicious for applying sindoor. However, it’s essential to note that the specific finger used for applying sindoor can vary among different traditions and personal preferences. Some may use the middle finger or even the thumb.


Sindooor or vermillion holds lot of importance in Indian society. The tradition of application of sindoor in the parting of hair by married Hindu women is considered extremely auspicious and is being carried on since centuries.

Symbolic of Married Hindu Woman

In traditional Hindu society, wearing sindoor is considered must for married Hindu women. It is a visible expression of their desire for their husbands’ longevity. Traditionally therefore, widows did not wear vermilion.

Sindoor is applied for the first time to a Hindu woman during the marriage ceremony when the bridegroom himself adorns her with it. The ceremony is called Sindoor-Dana and is very much in vogue even in present times. Religious scholars say that there has been no mention of this ceremony before the Grihasutras hence it is considered to be a relatively new practice.

The tradition of wearing Sindoor by married women has been explained with the help of mythology. Scholars say that red is the color of power while vermilion is a symbol of the female energy of Parvati and Sati. Hindu mythological legends regard Sati as the ideal wife who gave her life for her husband’s honor. Every Hindu wife is supposed to emulate her. Hindus believe that Goddess Parvati protects all those men whose wives apply vermilion to their parting of hair.

History of Sindoor

Tradition of wearing Sindoor or vermillion is said to have traveled through more than 5,000 years of Hindu culture. Female figurines excavated at Mehrgarh, Baluchistan, show that sindoor was applied to the partition of women’s hair even in early Harappan times. Besides, legends says that Radha, the consort of Lord Krishna, turned the kumkum into a flame like design on her forehead. In the famous epic Mahabharata, Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, is believed to have wiped her sindoor in disgust and despair. Use of Sindoor has also been mentioned in The Puranas, Lalitha Sahasranamam and Soundarya Lahharis.

Significance of Sindoor

According to Hindu astrology, Mesha Rashi or the House of Aries is on the forehead. The Lord of Mesha is Mars and his color is red. It is believed to be auspicious. This is why red sindoor is applied at the forehead and at the parting of the hair. Both are signs of saubhagya (good fortune). Sindoor is also considered to be the symbol of the female energy of Parvati and Sati.

Use of Sindoor During Festivals

Both Sindoor and kumkum have social and religious significance attached to them. In North India, it is customary for a husband to apply sindoor on his wife’s forehead during important festivals such as Navaratri and Sankranti. Besides, Sindoor and kumkum are also offered to Gods mostly in temples dedicated to Shakti, Lakshmi and Vishnu.

Physiological Significance of Sindoor

It is interesting to note that that the application of sindoor by married women carries physiological significance too. This is so because Sindoor is prepared by mixing turmeric-lime and the metal mercury. Due to its intrinsic properties, mercury, besides controlling blood pressure also activates sexual drive. This also explains why Sindoor is prohibited for the widows. For best results, Sindoor should be applied right upto the pituitary gland where all our feelings are centered.

Why Do Women Apply Sindoor in India after Marriage? You’ve probably seen that every married woman applies sindoor (vermilion) on her head in India to present as a symbol of marriage. But have you ever wondered why women adorn the choice with sindoor? There is not only a religious reason for applying this but also a scientific reason as well.

Importance of Applying Sindoor in India

According to Hindu communities, wearing sindoor is regarded as vital because it is a visible sign of a woman’s marital status as a Hindu Married Woman, and discontinuing to wear it usually implies widowhood. It is also a visible expression of their desire for their spouses to live a long life.

According to scientific research, the area on the head where women apply sindoor, known as Brahmarandhra, and Adhmi, is a sensitive part of the body. It’s also believed that the particular part of a woman’s head is more sensitive than a man’s. Sindoor’s element regulates the electrical energy that flows through the body from this part. It also protects against adverse side effects from the outside world.

Sindoor, also known as pasupu kumkuma, is a similar coloring ritual of Hindu cultures. It is first applied to the woman by her husband on her wedding day, known as the Sindoor Daanam Ritual. She then applies it daily.

According to mythology, Radha, wife of Lord Krishna, wore the kumkum on her forehead that changed into the shape of a flame. In the epic Mahabharata, the Pandavas’ wife Draupadi also removed her sindoor in disgust and sorrow at the tragedies in Hastinapura. According to the epic Ramayana, Mata Sita applied sindoor to please her husband.

According to scientists’ research, the red colour is a sign of power and sindoor is a symbol of a female’s strength.

Women after marriage, have been wearing sindoor on their heads to symbolise their position as respectable daughters-in-law for far too long.

There are a variety of beliefs that have made this ritual a must-do. Even now, every Hindu wife applies sindoor on her forehead on a daily basis. The tradition of wearing Sindoor by married women has been explained with the help of mythology and it plays an essential role in defining a woman’s journey as a bride. Those who wore maang-bhar ke sindoor (forehead full of sindoor) were said to be esteemed as their husband’s bride in ancient mythology.

Why do Hindu women apply sindoor ?

Hindu society follows its customs, traditions and culture. For thousands of years, these are passed over generations. Vibrancy of the society reflects in them.  Every Hindu follows these age old traditions and performs rituals, as mentioned in sacred books of religion. Initially, they must have been passed on to next generation, verbally. Later, they would have formed part of religious scriptures in Hinduism, called as Shastras.

Spiritual reasons for Sindoor

It is intriguing to know, that most of our Ancient Hindu rituals and traditions, are based on scientific principles. It reflects the knowledge, wisdom and progressive approach of our ancestors, few thousand years ago. We are making an attempt to discuss such traditions and their logical reasons.

As per Hindu tradition, married women apply Sindoor (Vermilion) in the parting line of their hair (called Maang in Hindi), forming a small red stripe. It is auspicious for all Hindu married women. However, unmarried girls (kumarika) and widows are forbidden to apply the same. In other words, “Sindoor on forehead represents status of a woman”. Presence of Sindoor means that, the woman is married.  It is one of the five tokens of marriage (saubhagya lakshana). Others being, flowers in the hair, Mangal sutra, toe ring, turmeric on the face. Women from different regions or communities, follow different tokens.

During marriage, an important ritual is that, groom applies Sindoor, five to seven times, on the forehead of bride, along with chanting of marital mantras. It is called “Sindoor Daan”.  The marriage is effected post this ceremony. The tradition says that, applying Sindoor, every day, increases the life of the woman’s husband. It is a visual expression of a desire for their husband’s long life. It helps women spiritually, enhancing mental power. Red colour represents love and passion. Hence, it is applied by women to win hearts of their husbands. It also represents that, she is under protection of her husband and nobody should dare to cast an eye on her. Red colour also represents fire and strength. It suggests that, women can assume of form of Goddess to fight atrocities.

Wearing of Sindoor also has astrological aspect. As per Hindu astrology, location of Mesh Rashi (Astrology based on Moon sign) is on the forehead. The Lord of Mesh rashi is Mars and red depicts him. Hence, wearing red sindoor on forehead is considered auspicious astrologically, too.

As per Puranas, Goddess Parvati also wore sindoor. It is believed that, during marriage of Lord Shiva with Parvati, he applied sindoor on her hair and tradition of sindoor began from there. It is also believed that, she shared this sacred tradition with women of her times and it was passed on to next generations. She is one of the most revered Goddesses for Hindus. They draw lot of inspirational power from her. Hindu women believe, that, they will be protected by Parvati. There is reference in Ramayan, that of Sita applying the same, with a wish of long life for lord Rama. There are references of Draupadi wiping off her sindoor with anger & despair, after her sari was stripped off, by Dushasan, in Hastinapur court. Radha also turned her Sindoor in flames like design. The excavation findings of Harrapan culture suggest that the women of that era (3000 B.C) also applied sindoor.

The sindoor adds to the beauty of married women. It is part of 16 adornments (solah shringar) of married woman’s beauty. Some brides apply longer streak of Sindoor in their hair parting line. Some just apply a red spot at the forehead, at the starting of parting line. New age women wear a fashionable, triangle shaped sindoor on the forehead.

Scientific reasons behind applying Sindoor

There are scientific reasons also for applying sindoor at the forehead side of parting line of hair. The area is called Bramharandhra and Adhmi. Randhra means a very small hole. Bramharandhra, on forehead, is considered passage of life. These are the apertures on forehead and considered crown of head. Scholars say that, applying sindoor on that position of forehead, stimulates positive thoughts and liveliness.

Study by scholars suggest that, there are few forms of Sindoor mentioned in Ayurveda. Most authentic is prepared from Turmeric, Lime and hint of non-toxic Mercury. In spite of Mercury being toxic metal, moderate use of this metal has medicinal value. It was used for treating ailments in those days. It has an anti-oxidant properties. It works as stress reliever. It helps brain remain active and alert. Thus, everyday sindoor acts as a therapeutical medicine for women, to overcome stress of married life. It also stimulates sexual drive. That is why unmarried women and widows are forbidden from wearing it. This suggests, advanced knowledge possessed by Hindus, few thousand years ago.

Hope this discussion provokes a new perspective of looking at traditions followed by us and rituals performed by us. We will discuss lot of such rich traditions and rituals, which relates us to our rich heritage.

6 Real Reasons Why Sindoor Is Worn By Hindu Women In India

Marriage holds a great amount of significance in Hindu religion. It’s believed to be a ceremony which binds two people not only for a lifetime but even far beyond.Vermillion has been used in Hindu marriages since ages and it holds great significance. In fact, it holds a great value in the Indian society. Even after the marriage, women continue to apply Sindoor as a symbol of their married life. There are various rumors and misconceptions as to why women use sindoor. In this article, we will talk about the 6 real reasons why sindoor is worn by Hindu women in India.

For husband’s longevity :

Hindu women go to the great extent in order to ensure that their male companion lives a long life. In Hinduism, it is a tradition to wear sindoor after one is married. It symbolizes their covet for their husband’s longevity. Because of this reason, a Hindu widow does not wear sindoor.

To get the blessings of the goddess :

According to Hinduism, marriage is a divine affair and blessing of the gods and goddesses is a must. Red is believed to be a color which shows power and represents the energy of the female goddesses Parvati and Sati. Sati is said to be the perfect wifeas she gave up her life for her husband’s honor. Parvati is also believed to bestow divine protection to the husbands of those women who apply vermillion on their foreheads and even bless them with good fortune.

To please Aries :

The house of Mesha is on the forehead and the color associated with Mars is red. It’s believed to be propitious. Hence red color sindoor is applied by Hindu women in order to bring good fortune and health.

It is an important custom :

The tradition of applying sindoor has been followed for more than 5000 years. It is believed that even goddess Sita and Parvati also used to apply Sindoor for her husband. It has been followed since time immemorial and has now become an important custom in Hindu religion.

Due to the physiological aspect :

Sindoor is applied on the forehead and is made with a mixture of turmeric, mercury, and lime. This is the rationale behind the increased sexual drive of married women. It also helps to regulate blood pressure. Sindoor should be applied up to the pituitary glandwhere all the feelings reside. This gives women a better control on their feelings.

Releases pressure and help to increase calmness :

An unmarried woman does not have any responsibilities and has no stress but when they get married all of a sudden the burden of many responsibilities come on their head and they might feel pressurized. Sindoor, when applied on the forehead, gives calmness and increases concentration.

All in all, sindor has a major significance in Hindu religion and plays a vital role. People believe in the importance of Sindoor and even in modern times, married Hindu women wear it