Hindu Of Universe

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Naga Panchami is a festival of profound significance in India.

Hindu devotees across the country pay their respects to the Naga Gods during Naga Panchami.

They make serpents from wood, silver, or stones for the occasion.

People also use paintings of Naga or snakes.

During this auspicious celebration, they offer milk, sweets, and fruits to the serpent.

People also provide offerings to live snakes, like cobras, on this day.

It is essential to take the assistance of a snake charmer for that.

Here, in this article, we will discuss the origin, stories, celebrations, and significance of Naga Panchami.

We celebrate Nag Panchami on the Panchami Tithi of Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month of Shravana.

It comes either in July or August.

The Nagoba Temple, located in the Nagpur district in Maharastra, is famous for conducting the Nag Panchami Festival.

Through this festival, devotees, especially women, seek the blessings of Lord Naga.

People ask for his forgiveness, and they pray for attaining happiness and fulfillment for their families.

Naga Panchami is also known as Nag Chathruti and Nagil Charithi.

There are different names for the occasion in various parts of the country.

Legends related to Naga Panchami: Naga Panchami is a festival that has been celebrated for a long time in India.

Agni Purana, Skanda Purana, Narada Purana, Garuda Purana, and other Hindu Puranic texts also refer to Naga Panchami.

In the Puranic literature, we can find a reference to how the Naga clan came into existence.

Lord Brahma’s son, Kashyapa, married Kudru and Vinata, daughters of Prajapati. Kudru gave birth to the Naga clan.

In Garuda Purana, there is a description of why we offer milk and sweets to Naga Devas on Naga Panchami.

As per the text, the reason is that it will provide us with good things in our lives.

After we offer milk to snakes, we have to feed Brahmins too.

It is an essential part of the ceremony.

There are different legends associated with its origin.

One of them bases itself on the story of Takshak, the king of snakes.

We can find it in Mahabharatha.

 King Takshak killed Parikshit, king Janamya’s father.

Angered by the incident, king Janamya decided to organize a Yagna.

The Yagna was to remove the Naga clan from the world.

As the Yagna proceeded, Astika Rishi came and stopped the Yagna.

We celebrate the day on which Astika Rishi interfered with the Yagna as Naga Panchami.

Another legend relating to Naga Panchami is that it is on that day, Lord Krishna killed Kaliya Nag or snake.

Lord Krishna removed Kailya from the world to protect the people belonging to Gokul.

Devotees believe that we celebrate Naga Panchami on that basis.

How do we celebrate Naga Panchami?: Celebrations of Naga Panchami differ according to the regions in India.

As we have already discussed, devotees offer milk to live snakes or figures of serpents.

In some parts, they offer rice pudding and lotus flower placed in silver bowls to the Nagas.

During the Naga Panchami, it is essential to clean our houses.

 We can conduct Naga pujas as well.

You can place the image of Naga Deva or an idol and organize the prayers.

It is beneficial to light lamps during the Naga Panchami.

You can also perform Sankalpa during the Naga pujas.

There are places where people draw Rangolis of serpents in their houses as part of the festival.

They make these Rangolis using natural colors.

In some areas, people draw images of snakes in front of their homes or on the door.

In certain villages, people go on searching for anthills.

They offer incenses and milk in front of these anthills.

They also pour milk into the anthills as a way of conveying their reverence.

There are various other ways of celebrating Naga Panchami as well.

Significance of Naga Panchami: There are countless significances associated with Naga Panchami.

Here, we will look at some of the most relevant points.

1. By celebrating Naga Panchami and offering milk to the Naga Devas, we can overcome the “Kaal Sarp Dosh” in our horoscopes.

2. Many people fast on the day of Naga Panchami.

The reason behind it is that they can overcome their fear of snakes and snakebites.

3. During the time of Naga Panchami, it is the rainy season.

Snakes leave their burrows during that time as they would be submerged in water.

There are chances of snakes attacking humans out of fear.

You can overcome such situations by feeding them milk or sweets.

 As snakes have sharp memories, they would remember the person who offered them milk or food.

So, the snakes would not attack these people.

It is yet another reason why people celebrate and provide food to snakes during Naga Panchami.

4. Naga Panchami and the pujas we conduct in association with it show that it is essential for us to respect all forms of life.

There should not be any indifference in viewing other living things.

We have to consider them equal to us.

5. During Naga Panchami, we must not dig the ground.

It is taboo. It is because it can lead to the death of snakes.

6. Naga Panchami is also known as Bhatru Panchami.

Here, women offer milk to snakes as a way of protecting their brothers from any danger.

Thus, Naga Panchami is a Hindu festival of great importance.

Devotees perform different pujas and provide offerings to snakes.

We can attain happiness, prosperity, and well-being by taking part in this festival for ourselves and our families.

Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is one of the unique festivals in India. People perform traditional worship of Nagas or Snakes at this Hindu festival in India, Nepal, and other south Asian countries with Hindu populations. Naga Panchami is celebrated in the Lunar month of Shravana, mainly in July or August. For example, Naga Panchami  falls on the 21st of August . Find the Nag Panchami information in detail below:

Origin, History, and Significance of Nag Panchami

Snakes are worshipped across many ancient cultures in the world. Snakes are considered one of the most powerful creatures due to their poisonous nature and venom. Naga Panchami or Nag Puja in India dates back to 3,000 BCE since Indus Valley Civilization. The Naga tribe majorly celebrated the festival.

In Mahabharata, one of the ancient epics of India, the king Janamejaya performs a yagna to destroy the entire race of Nagas. This was to avenge the death of his father, King Parikshit, who fell victim to the deadly bite of the snake Takshaka. However, the famous sage Astika went on a quest to stop Janamajeya from performing the Yagna and save the sacrifice of snakes. The day this sacrifice was stopped was Shukla Paksha Panchmi, now celebrated as Nag Panchami throughout India.

Snakes or Nagas play a significant role in several Hindu scriptures and epics. Books like Mahabharata, Narada Purana, Skanda Purana, and Ramayana have several stories associated with snakes. Another story is associated with Lord Krishna and the serpent Kaliya where Krishna fights with Kaliya at the Yamuna River and finally forgives Kaliya with the promise not to bother the humans again. According to Garuda Purana, worshipping snakes on Nag Panchami brings good fate and prosperity to a devotee.

When is Nag Panchami Celebrated?

Nag Panchami Puja happens every year in July or August. It is celebrated on the fifth day of the lunar month of Shravan in the Hindu calendar. In , Naag Panchami will be celebrated on the 21st of August in most parts of the country. Since the Nag Panchami festival comes in the rainy season, the water drives the snakes out of their holes; hence, their visibility gets more frequent than in other seasons.

How is Nag Panchami Celebrated and Where to Go?

Since Shravan is considered the month of Lord Shiva and snakes are dear to him, Naga Panchami is celebrated at almost all the Shiva temples across India. There are many Nag temples in the country as well that people visit on this day to offer their prayers. Several real snakes and snake charmers are found around the temples. Some communities also bring home the idols of snakes to worship. People dress in new clothes, collect their offerings for the snakes, and chant a particular mantra. The centre of the offerings is the milk, as the devotees believe it would keep their families safe from the snake bite. Some people also consider it wrong to dig the earth and use black iron utensils on Naag Panchami.

Nag Panchami festivities can be majorly seen in the state of Maharashtra. Battis Shirala Village near Mumbai is famous for its Naga Panchami celebrations. Extensive Nag Panchami festivities can also be witnessed in and around the Nagpur district of Maharashtra. Those interested can reach out by booking MSRTC buses at affordable prices on redBus. In addition to this, the following are the famous places of worship during Nag Panchami:

Mannarasala Temple, Kerala – With 30,000 images of Nag deities inside the temple, the Mannarasala Temple is the largest snake temple in Kerala.

Nag Vasuki Temple, Prayagraj – Dedicated to the serpent king Vasuki, the Nag Vasuki Temple gets flooded with devotees on Nag Panchami.

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh – Varanasi is famous for its akhadas, where special dangals are organized on the occasion of Nag Panchami.

Mahakaleshwar, Ujjain – A special Nag Puja is organized at the Nagchandreshwar shrine of Mahakaleshwar Temple in Ujjain, which is open only for 24 hours on Naag Panchami.

Manasa Devi Temple, Haridwar – Manasa Devi Temple is dedicated to the snake goddess, Manasa, and Naga Panchami is a big event here.

Bhujanga Naga Temple, Gujarat – Located on the outskirts of Bhuj, the Bhujanga Naga Temple is visited by thousands of devotees for Nag Puja.

Suppose you are interested in watching the Nag Panchmi festivities and would like to travel to any of the Naga or Shiva temples on this occasion. In that case, redBus can take you to the desired destination comfortably. Booking a bus ticket online through redBus is the quickest and easiest. Download the redBus app now or visit redBus, India website to book your tickets and participate in Nag Panchami festivities.

Naga Panchami Information For Hindus

Naga Panchami is celebrated by Hindus in most parts of IndiaNaga Panchami is celebrated on Panchami in Shravan month. On this day, they worship Naga Devata (Cobras). Cobras are considered divine in Hindu mythology. People go to temples and snake pits and they worship the snakes. They offer milk and silver snake to protect them from all evils. They also fast. This festival is to celebrate the day Lord Krishna defeated the serpent Kalia.

According to another legend the festival of Naga Panchami is celebrated by Hindus to pay respect to Nagas. The five Nagas worshipped on Naga Panchami are Ananta, Vasuki, Taxak, Karkotaka and Pingala. According to a Puranic myth Brahma’s son Kashyapa had four wives. Kashyapa’s first wife gave birth to Devas, second to Garudas, third to Nagas and fourth to Daityas. The third wife of Kashpa was called Kadroo, who gave birth to Nagas. So Nagas are also known as Kadrooja. They were the rulers of Patal-Loka. The prominent Cobra snakes mentioned in the Puranas are Anant, Vasuki, Shesh, Padma, Kanwal, Karkotak, Kalia, Aswatar, Takshak, Sankhpal, Dhritarashtra and Pingal. Some historians state that these were not snakes but Naga Kings of various regions with immerse power.

Naga Panchami is the festival of snakes celebrated on the fifth tithi in the month of Shravan. People visit temples specially dedicated to snakes and worship them. Shiva temples are also favored places for veneration as snakes are considered dear to him. In South India, people craft images of snakes using cow dung on either side of the entrance to the house to welcome the snake god. Some go to worship the snake which is believed to be hiding in the holes of anthills. Or else a five hood snake is made by mixing “gandh” (a fragrant pigment), “haldi-kumkum” (turmeric powder), “chandan” (sandal) and “kesar” (saffron) and placed on a metal plate and worshiped. This practice of worshiping the snake on this day is related to the following story.

The thousand-headed Shesh Nag who symbolizes Eternity is the couch of Lord Vishnu. It is on this couch that the Lord reclines between the time of the dissolution of one Universe and creation of another. Hindus believe in the immortality of the snake because of its habit of sloughing its skin.

In Jainism and Buddhism snake is regarded as sacred having divine qualities. It is believed that a Cobra snake saved the life of Buddha and another protected the Jain Muni Parshwanath. To-day as an evidence of this belief, we find a huge serpent carved above the head of the statue of Muni Parshwanath. In medieval India figures of snakes were carved or painted on the walls of many Hindu temples. In the caves at Ajanta images of the rituals of snake worship are found.

It is an age-old religious belief that serpents are loved and blessed by Lord Shiv. May be therefore, he always wears them as ornamentation around his neck. Most of the festivals that fall in the month of Shravan are celebrated in honor of Lord Shiv, whose blessings are sought by devotees, and along with the Lord, snakes are also worshiped. Particularly on the Nag-Panchami day live cobras or their pictures are revered and religious rights are performed to seek their good will.

Naga Panchami Katha and Puja:

Nag Panchami is celebrated throughout India; however, more festivities are seen in the south than in the north. The village of Baltis Shirale, which is situated approximately 400 kilometers (approximately 250 miles) from Mumbai, conducts the most outstanding of all the celebrations. Reportedly, the largest collection of snakes in the world can be found in Baltis Shirale. Visitors from all over the world gather in the village to worship live snakes. Interestingly, despite no venom being removed from the snakes, no one has ever been bitten.

Other popular areas of worship during the Nag Panchami include Adiesha Temple in Andhra Pradesh, Nagaraja Temple in Kerala, Nagathamman Temple in Chennai & Hardevja Temple in Jaipur.

In Bengal and parts of Assam and Orissa the blessings of Mansa, the queen of serpents are sought by worshiping her. Mansa, the Queen of Snakes, is worshiped in most parts of Bengal during Nag Panchami. Protection from the harmful influence of snakes is sought through the worship of Mansa who rules supreme over the entire clan of serpents. On this occasion snake-charmers are also requisitioned to invoke the Snake Queen by playing lilting and melodious tunes on their flutes. In Punjab, Nag-Panchami is known by the name of “Guga-Navami”.

On this day people suffering from Sarpa-dosha or Kala Sarpa Yoga in their horoscope should donate a pair of silver snakes in a Shiva temple and offer prayers to Lord Shiva.

Nag Panchami: The Hindu Philosophy of peaceful co-existence

In a keynote address at an event by Japan India Association, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said “We are no longer snake charmers, we are now mouse charmers”. He was referring to the fact that India is now one of the largest technological hubs in the world and among the top 5 software exporters globally. And he was right, Snake Charming is not a booming business anymore, but worshipping of Snakes on Nag Panchami is still very much an indispensable part of Hinduism.

And it’s heartbreaking to see so many Hindus cracking jokes each year on the Nag Panchami day, comparing evil politicians with Snakes, and dedicating the day to twisted and vile people. It certainly reflects the lack of knowledge about this beautiful festival that underlines the Hindu Philosophy of Peaceful Co-Existence.

Nag Panchami – The Backstory

Pandav Scion Parikshit died due to the bite of a snake called Takshak. To avenge his father’s death Janmejay, performed a Nag Yagya to annihilate all the snakes in the world. Vasuki, the King of the snakes, was extremely worried. He approached his nephew Aasteek who happened to be a great scholar of the Vedas. Aasteek agreed to go to King Janmejaya and request him to stop the Yagya.

When Aasteek reached the venue, he was stopped by the sentries. Aasteek then started to sing chants in praise of the Yagya aloud. His voice reached Janmejaya and he gave him permission to sit beside him and attend the Yagya. In no time, Aasteek impressed every single scholar in the gathering. Pleased, Janmejaya asked the boy for a wish.

In the meantime, Takshak had gone to Indra and Indra had promised full protection to Takshak. The Rishis chanted such powerful mantras that even Indra started falling towards the great fire with Takshak. Indra left Takshak to fend for himself and Takshak continued to be pulled towards the fire with each passing minute.

Back at the venue Janmejaya turned to Aasteek and requested him to ask for anything that he wished for. Aasteek asked Janmejaya to stop the Snake Yagya so that the snakes who were left could survive. Janmejaya tried his best to persuade Aasteek to ask for anything other than this. Aasteek was not one to give up easily, he asked Janmejaya to stop the Yagya. He also explained why snakes are an important part of nature and without them Human Beings will find it difficult to survive. Janmejaya had to relent and he stopped the Yajna, putting the fires out. Aasteek stopped the rapid descent of Takshak towards the fire by chanting counter mantras. It was on Nag Panchami day that this incident took place.

Snakes: An essential part of Indian theology

Snakes are an essential part of Indian theology. All three gods of the divine trinity have direct association with snakes. Devadhidev Mahadev has the king of snakes Vasuki, garlanded around his neck. Lord Vishnu resides on Ananta or Adishesha, the infinite divine snake with its endless coils floating in the waters of the cosmic ocean in Vaikuntha Lok. According to Varaha Purana, Lord Brahma’s son Kashyapa had four wives. Kashyapa’s third wife Kadroo gave birth to Nags (snakes).

Nags Manasa, Vinata and Aasteek find important mentions in Hindu scriptures like Mahabharata, Padma Purana, Varaha Purana and Markandeya Purana. Shiv-Putra Ganesh wears snakes as Upavitam.

The symbolism of Snakes

While Christianity simply denounces Snakes as Evil and Satanic, the symbolism of snakes in Hindu Dharma is highly complicated, they are both evil and upright. While Kaaliya Nag harasses hapless villagers and is cowed by Lord Krishna who performs a celestial dance upon its hood, Nagraj Vasuki offers itself for the noble cause of churning the cosmic ocean. Hindu scriptures mention Nags are a class of demigods who live in Patala Lok – The Subterranean World. They are supposed to be the custodians of the treasures hidden in the earth.

Snakes are peaceful by nature, but they can be extremely destructive if provoked. The worship of snakes in Indian Theology can be accredited to this nature of the snakes. Ancient Indians were worshippers of nature. All Rig Vedic gods like Indra, Yama, Varuna, Mitra (Surya), Agni, Vayu etc. are manifestations of nature. They were both revered and feared. It is the distinctiveness of the Hindu Dharma that allows the veneration of objects that are by and large dreaded or loathed.

The Uniqueness of Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is one such unique Hindu festival when snakes are venerated and worshipped and one of the strongest reasons behind the worship is a silent prayer to the snakes that their wrath doesn’t curse the worshipper or their families.


Nāga Panchamī is a Hindu festival celebrated by Hindus in most parts of India. It is celebrated on Panchami in Shravan month. On this day, they worship Nāga Devata (Cobras). People go to temples and snake pits and they worship the snakes. They offer milk and silver jewelry to the Cobras to protect them from all evils. They also fast. This festival is to celebrate the day Lord Krishna defeated the serpent Kalia.

As this is the day of the serpents, devotees pour milk into all the holes in the ground around the house or near the temple to propitiate them. Sometimes, a small pot of milk with some flowers is placed near the holes so that the snakes may drink it. If a snake actually drinks the milk, it is considered to be extremely lucky for the devotee. All, especially women, celebrates the festival with much enthusiasm.

There is the description of snake prayers and the importance of this day in Puranas. As per Hindu mythology, Prithvi (Earth) is believed to be supported by Sesh Nag (the snake on which god Vishnu sleeps). Therefore the worship of snakes is in gratitude to Sesh Nag.

The festival of Nāga Panchami is celebrated by Hindus to pay respect to Nāgas. The five Nāgas worshipped on Nag Panchami are Ananta, Vāsuki, Taxak, Karkotaka and Pingala. According to a Puranic myth Brahma’s son Kashyapa had four wives. Kashyapa’s first wife gave birth to Devas, second to Garudas, third to Nāgas and fourth to Daityas. The third wife of Kashpa was called Kadroo, who gave birth to Nāgas. So Nāgas are also known as Kadroojā. They were the rulers of Pātāl-Loka.

Nag Panchami is also connected with the following legend of Krishna . Young Krishna was playing with the other cowboys, when suddenly the ball got entangled in the high branch of a tree. Krishna volunteered to climb the tree and fetch the ball. But below the tree there was a deep part of the river Yamuna, in which the terrible snake Kaliya was living. Everybody was afraid of that part of the river.

Suddenly Krishna fell from the tree into the water. Then that terrible snake came up. But Krishna was ready and jumping on the snake’s head he caught it by the neck. Kaliya understood that Krishna was not an ordinary boy, and that it would not be easy to overcome him. So Kaliya pleaded with Krishna : “Please, do not kill me.” Krishna full of compassion asked the snake to promise that henceforth he would not harass anybody. Then he let the snake go free into the river again.

On Nag Panchami day the victory of Krishna over the Kaliya snake is commemorated. For this reason Krishna is known as “Kaliya Mardan”. Snakes are believed to like milk. As this is the day of the serpents, devotees pour milk into all the holes in the ground around the house or near the temple to propitiate them. Sometimes, a small pot of milk with some flowers is placed near the holes so that the snakes may drink it. If a snake actually drinks the milk, it is considered to be extremely lucky for the devotee.

Naga Panchami is observed indifferent ways in different parts of India . It is one of the most ancient fasts, and finds mention in the Puranas. It is believed to be one of the most auspicious days of the entire year. According to the Bhavishya Purana, when men bathe the snakes called Vasuki, Takshaka, Kaliya, Manibhadra, Airavata, Dhritarashtra, Karkotaka and Dhananjaya with milk on the fifth day of the bright fortnight of Shriven, they ensure freedom from danger for their families.

How the snakes were saved – A Hindu mythology

(Story from the Hindu epic Mahabharata)

Once upon a time, a great king Parikshit died due to the bite of a snake called Takshak. To seek revenge of his father’s death Janmejay, who is also known as the first ruler of the era of Kalyug (the era of ‘Kali’) performed a Nag Yajna, which would kill all snakes and make the universe free of snakes.

Due to the effect of this Yajna by Janmejaya many snakes died. Very few were left alive.

Vasuki, the King of the snake, was extremely worried. He went to his sister Jaratkaruand said, “Sister, I feel as if I am burning. I am feeling faint and my resistance to the fire of the Yajna is weakening. I am being pulled towards the fire and I feel as if very soon I shall be drawn into the fire as well. I was anticipating that such an incidence might happen, and it is for this day only that I had married you to Rishi Jaratkaru. Now, you are the only one who can save us. According to the prophecy of Lord Brahma, only your son Aasteek will be able stop this Yajna. I know that he is still a boy, but he is a great scholar of the Vedas and is loved by all his elders. I request you to ask him to save our lives now otherwise all the snakes will disappear from earth.”

Hearing these words Jaratkaru went to her son and requested him to save the lives of the snakes. Aasteek went back to Vasuki and said, “O, King of the snakes, do not fear. I shall help you to get rid of the curse. I shall go to King Janmejaya and impress him with my knowledge and request him to stop the yajna.”

Thus assuring Vasuki, Aasteek left for the venue of the Yajna. When he reached there he saw all the eminent people sitting there. But he was not allowed to go inside by the sentries. Aasteek then started to sing hymns in praise of the Yajna so that he would be allowed inside.

The sweet voice of Aasteek reached Janmejaya and he gave him permission to attend the Yajna and called him inside the premises. Once inside, Aasteek sang praises of all those who were present there and this pleased the congregation.

Pleased, Janmejaya thought that he should grant the boy a wish as he was mature for his years and a great scholar. He asked the advice of the wise sages present there what he should do with this young boy. All the wise men unanimously declared that since the boy was a brahmin and a scholar at that, he was venerable.

Having obtained the counsel of the wise men, Janmejaya then requested all those learned sages to ensure that his Yajna was successful and that soon Takshak (the snake who had bitten his father, Parikshit), should fall into the fires of the Yajna and die. The wise men at the Yajna told Janmejaya that Takshak had gone to Indra (the King of the Gods) and Indra had promised full protection to Takshak.

Upon hearing this Janmejaya requested the sages and priests to chant such powerful mantra that even Indra would be powerless before it and would fall into the fire with Takshak. The priests started chanting most potent mantras and soon both Takshak along with Indra were pulled towards the fire. Afraid that he would also die, Indra left Takshak to fend for himself. Takshak started to be pulled towards the fire with each passing minute.

Now that Janmejaya was assured that his enemy would die, he turned to Aasteek and requested him to ask for anything that he wished for. Aasteek, seeing that Takshak would soon fall into the fire, took advantage of the situation and asked Janmejaya to stop the Snake Yajna so that the snakes who were left could survive. Janmejaya tried his best to persuade Aasteek to ask for anything other than this. Aasteek was not one to give up easily, he asked Janmejaya to stop the Yajna and also reminded him that he could not refuse what he had promised. He said that he was asking for this because he had to save his mother’s clan.

Finally, Janmejaya had to relent and he stooped the Yajna putting the fires out. Meanwhile Aasteek stopped the rapid descent of Takshak towards the fire by chanting counter mantras. Takshak was relieved andd grateful that his life was saved and he thanked Aasteek.

Having succeeded, Aasteek then went to Vasuki, his Uncle and Jaratkaru, his mother and narrated the whole incident to them.

The court of Vasuki, the king of the snakes was full of the snakes who had survived the ordeal of the Yajna. They collectively blessed Aasteek and asked him to ask them for a boon. Aasteek said, “I will chant three mantras. I want a boon that that anyone who chants these three mantras at least once a day, should be spared death by a snake bite”.

He then chanted the three Mantras called Asit, Aartiman and Suneeth. The snakes granted Aasteek his wish and it is believed that if someone chants one of these mantras even once a day, he will have nothing to fear from the snakes.

The Mantras are as follows:

“Yo Jaratkaruna Jato Jaratkarau Mahayashah;

Aasteekah Sarpsatray vah Pannagaan Yobhyarakshat;

Tam Samarantam mahabhaga na Mam Hinsitumarhatha.”

“A great sage called Aasteek was born to Saint Jaratkaru and the snake woman, Jaratkaru. Aasteek saved the snakes from the Snake Yajna. So all of you holy and lucky snakes, I am remembering him. Please do not bite me.”

“Sarpapsarpa Bhadram Te Gachcha Sarpa Mahavisha;

Janmejasya Yajnante Aasteekvachanam Smara.”

“Hey, all ye holy and poisonous snakes! Please go away. May you be blessed. Remember all that Aasteek said at the end of the Snake Yajna of Janmejaya and go away now.”

“Aasteekasya Vachah Shrutva Yah Sarpo na Nivartate;

shatadha bhidyate Murdhina Shinshavrikshaphalam Yatha.”

“The snakes who do not return even after hearing the words of Aasteek, their hoods will be split into hundreds of pieces like the fruit of the Shisham tree”

This is how Aasteek stopped the Snake Yajna and saved the snakes from annihilation.

Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is a traditional worship of snakes or serpents observed by Hindus throughout India and also in Nepal. The worship is offered on the fifth day of bright half of Lunar month of Shravan (July/August), according to the Hindu calendar. The abode of snakes is believed to be patal lok, (the seven realms of the universe located below the earth) and lowest of them is also called Naga-loka, the region of the Nagas, as part of the creation force and their blessings are sought for the welfare of the family. Serpent deity made of silver, stone or wood or the painting of snakes on the wall are given a bath with milk and then revered.

According to Hindu puranic literature, Kashyapa, son of Lord Brahma, the creator had four consorts and the third wife was Kadroo who belonged to the Naga race of the Pitru Loka and she gave birth to the Nagas; among the other three, the first wife gave birth to Devas, the second to Garuda and the fourth to Daityas.

In the Mahabharata epic story, Astika, the Brahmin son of Jaratkarus, who stopped the Sarpa Satra of Janamejaya, king of the Kuru empire which lasted for 12 years is well documented. This yagna was performed by Janamejaya to decimate the race of all snakes, to avenge for the death of his father Parikshit due to snake bite of Takshaka, the king of snakes. The day that the yagna (fire sacrifice) was stopped, due to the intervention of the Astika, was on the Shukla Paksha Panchami day in the month of Shravan when Takshaka, the king of snakes and his remaining race at that time were saved from decimation by the Sarpa Satra yagna. Since that day, the festival is observed as Nag Panchami.

Naga Panchami – Hindu Festival

Nagapanchami is a festival dedicated to the snake-god. It occurs on the fifth day (panchami) of the fortnight as is evident from it’s name. This festival is observed sometime in August. It is celebrated with great fervour especially in the rural areas. On that day women and children visit snake-pits and worship the snakes residing thereby performing Aarti and offering milk and honey to the snakes.

On Nagapanchami, Hindus worship the Naag (cobra). Worshipping a slithering reptile whose mere sight makes our flesh creep would appear strange and curious to a person from another part of the globe, unfamiliar with Hindu customs. Snakes have been associated with many Hindu gods. Sheshnaga (Snake with Six hoods) is the vehicle of Vishnu. The world according to Hindu mythology and cosmogony, rests on the head of Sheshnaga, and when he shakes his head we have earthquakes (This explanation, of course is for the devout).

ln another episode Krishna is said to have battled with Kalia who is portrayed as a giant snake with multiple hoods, who resided in the Yamuna river and terrorised people living nearby. But strangely, worship of the snake Naga on Nagapanchami day is not associated with any of these deified snake-gods. Naga is a deity in his own right and is worshipped as such. This indicates that apart from all mythologies which have eulogized and deified this reptile, his worship during Nagapanchami owes its origin to some other source.

Agricultural Origins of Nagpanchami

Naga Panchami occurs at the beginning of the harvest season. The time of its occurrence and the method of its observation reveal the origin of Nagapanchami in the agrarian way of life. At the beginning of the harvest, season crops attain their full growth and the harvest is ready to be reaped.

In countries like India, the reaping of the harvest is (still largely) a manual operation for the performance of which farmers have to mote among the dense crops for cutting them before the threshing, dehusking, etc. In doing so, the farmers expose themselves to the danger of snakebite from reptiles lurking unseen among the dense crop. From this fear and for providing psychological comfort for themselves farmers propitiate worship of the snake god.

Nag Panchami 

Did you know about the festival that honours snakes? In India, there is a festival which does exactly that, and it is known as Nag Panchami. This festival is widely celebrated in various parts of India in the Hindu community. On this day, people seek blessings from snakes and snake dieties for the well-being of themselves and their families. Furthermore, there are many one-of-a-kind rituals of this festival. These rituals are unique, just like this auspicious day. Let’s learn about the festival of snakes and its meaning in Hinduism. Keep reading to learn all about Nag Panchami  date and time, its history, significance and celebrations!

What is Nag Panchami?

India has a wide range of unique festivals and cultural traditions. These festivals enrich our lives and are filled with stories about our mythology. One such unique festival is Nag Panchami – the festival of snakes. This festival has many names because of the rich cultural diversity of India. Therefore, people also refer to it as Nagula Panhami or Nagara Panchami festival.

Learning about any festival’s meaning becomes easier with learning about what its name means. The word ‘Nag’ means ‘snakes’, whereas ‘Panchami’ means ‘the fifth day’. As the name suggests, this festival falls on the Panchami tithi of the Shukla Paksha of the auspicious lunar month called Shravan. Hindus across the country celebrate this festival with great devotion and sentiments.

Nagula Panchami is a festival to celebrate and respect nature by worshipping snakes and serpents. During Nag Panchami, the snakes leave their houses in search of new ones. This is because monsoon rain fills their caves with water. Therefore, seeing these holy creatures becomes easy on Nag Panchami. On this day, people offer prayers and offerings to snakes and deities, conduct pujas and chant various mantras to seek blessings of snake gods.

Nag Panchami Significance

Every festival in our culture has a deep religious or historical significance. Therefore, these stories and associations make our festivals even more enjoyable and meaningful. Snakes have always been protectors or loyal companions in Hindu mythology. Lord Vishnu rests on the coils of Sheshnag, who is also known as Adishesha. Adishesha holds the universe on its hoods and maintains the balance and functioning of the Earth.

Furthermore, in some regions, the Nagara Panchami festival is a sign of lord Krishna’s victory over Kalia Nag. Kalia Nag was causing havoc in Vrindavan by releasing its venom into the river Yamuna. Krishna, in his Baal form, defeated Kaliya and left his footprints on his head. Therefore, Nag Panchami celebrate Kaliya’s transformation and lord Krishna’s divine qualities.

Additionally, Nageshwar coils three times around Lord Shiva’s neck. The serpent deity represents the three phases of time. Furthermore, snakes represent one’s ego. Therefore, the coils around Shiv Ji’s neck represent his nature of overcoming ego and governing it. This day is the day to worship the Naga gods and seek their blessings. Therefore, people perform various rituals to please the snake gods and pray for their eternal support.

How to Celebrate Nag Panchami

Every festival is incomplete without its interesting rituals. In India, each festival is celebrated differently in each state. However, there are certain common rituals which people perform in order to make these festivals even more spiritual.

1. Preparations of Pooja

To begin with, let’s talk about the Nag Panchami Pooja at home preparations. On this auspicious day, people gather with their families to perform poojas honouring the snake gods. To prepare for this, people wake up early in the morning in Brahma Muhurat. Furthermore, they clean their houses and set up an altar for the snake gods.

2. Preparing Offerings for Nag Dev

Preparing the offering is one of the most important parts of the Nag Panchami Pooja. People prepare a mix of milk, honey, jaggery, gangajal and other holy ingredients to make Panchamrit. Panchamrit is a holy liquid which is offered to gods and then consumed by the family members as prasad. People also offer Kheer to the snake deities.

3. Nag Panchami Vrat

Vrats are a famous way to show our love and devotion to our beloved deities. Therefore, fasting enhances the meaning of each festival in Hinduism. On the Nagara Panchami festival, people observe a day-long fast. They either do not eat for the entire day or only eat fruits. Afterwards, they break the fast by eating the prasad offered to the Naga gods.

4. Naga Panchami Rangoli 

Naga Panchami Rangoli is a fun and interesting aspect of the Nag Panchami celebrations. On Nagula Panchami, people make rangolis in their homes. These rangolis are graceful drawings representing Nag devta. People use turmeric or Chandan to make these beautiful rangolis in their homes. Furthermore, people decorate their Naga Panchami Rangoli with flowers. Some people also make the five-faced naga at the entrances of their houses.

5. Naga Panchami Pooja

To perform the Nag Panchami Pooja at home, people keep idols or photos of Nag devta on their altars. Furthermore, they light a diya and keep it towards the right of the murti or photo. Afterwards, people offer Ganga Jal, rice and Sindur to the gods and ask for their blessings. People also recite the Nag Panchami Mantra to show their devotion and faith in the gods. Women also bathe the idols and decorate them with Chandan and Sindur.

Therefore, performing these auspicious rituals can grant you many spiritual and astrological benefits. People perform these rituals to get relief from the Kaal Sarp Dosha from their Kundlis. Furthermore, these celebrations also give us the blessings of Rahu and Ketu, along with the snake gods.

Nagara Panchami Festival Story

Stories fill bright colours with our festivals.

Since time immemorial, people have passed on these interesting stories to their younger generations.

These stories and Kathas have acted as valuable lessons in the lives of many Hindus.

Therefore, reading and listening to the Kathas behind our festivals is an essential part of the celebrations.

These tales bring various benefits, as well as teach us various lessons about life.

According to Hindu mythology, the legend of Nagula Panchami goes back to the epic Mahabharata.

The epic says that there was a king named Takshak.

Takshak is one of the embodiments of the snake deities, and many people offer prayers to him in today’s times. Once, Arjun’s grandson Parikshit threw a dead snake at lord Takshaka.

This greatly angered the serpent god and, therefore, bit King Parikshit leading to his demise.

King Parikshit haf a son named Janamejaya. Janamyejaya was devastated upon learning about his father’s demise.

Therefore, he decided to perform a yagna to sacrifice snakes out of revenge. Hence, he gathered many priests and started performing the Yagyas.

The power of the yagya forced snakes to come out of their houses. Afterwards, all of them burnt in the fire of the Yagya.

The effect of this ritual reached Takshak too.

To avoid getting into the holy fire, Takshak wrapped his body around Lord Indra’s bed.

Therefore, this led to both of them getting dragged into the Yagna.

The gods were distressed, and hence they went to goddess Manas to ask for her help.

The motherly goddess had a son named Astik, who was a great sage.

Therefore, Astik went to convince Janamejaya to stop the Yagya.

He explained that killing innocent snakes would not bring him any good. Astik’s immense knowledge deeply touched Janamejaya, and therefore, he stopped the Yagna.

As a result, he saved many snakes from the sacrifice, and Nag Panchami is the day to celebrate this event of mythology.


In conclusion, Nag Panchami offers a unique perspective on the blend of traditions, nature, and spirituality.

 By celebrating snakes, Nag Panchami encourages us to embrace the natural world and to find harmony with creatures often misunderstood.

Therefore, this year, celebrate Nag Panchami by knowing its true meaning and bringing various blessings to your life.

To read about more such exciting festivals, visit InstaAstro’s website and download our app!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

1. Is Nag Panchami auspicious day?

Yes! Nag Panchami is an extremely auspicious day.

It is a time to gather with your family and pray to the serpent gods to ask for their blessings for harmony and fortune in your life.

2. What to avoid on Nag Panchami?

You should pay attention to not harming a single living organism on this day.

Therefore, many people do not consume leafy vegetables on Nag Panchami.

Furthermore, you should not cut trees or dig the ground as it may harm snakes residing there.

3. Do we eat rice on Nag Panchami?

Yes, rice is a popular offering for Nag Devta.

Many households prepare various items of rice to offer to the deities on this day.

Therefore, after offering it to the gods, you can consume rice.

4. What are the rules for Nag Panchami?

There are various traditions that people across India follow during Nagula Panchami.

However, you should not consume any non-vegetarian food, fried or salty food and keep a fast till sunrise to sunset to gain maximum benefits.

5. What is the benefit of Nag Panchami?

There are countless benefits of Nag Panchami.

Performing a vrat and Puja on Nagula Panchami gives one relief from Kaal Sarp Dosha in their Kundli.

Furthermore, snakes have been the protectors in Hindu mythology, so performing these rituals gives you protection against evil.

6. Which snake is worshipped on Nag Panchami?

Various snakes and deities are worshipped on Nag Panchami.

However, people commonly worship the Cobra snake on this day.

History of Naga Panchami

Nag Panchami is a major festival of Hindus.

According to the Hindu calendar, Panchami of the Krishna Paksha of the month of Sawan is celebrated as Nag Panchami.

On this day, Nag Devta or snake is worshiped and he is bathed and fed with milk.

The history of Nagpanchami festival is very ancient and it is considered important in Hinduism.

This festival is associated with Puranas, myths, and legends. One of the main purposes of Nagpanchami is to worship and worship the serpent god.

The serpent god is considered important in Hindu mythology and is considered to be a symbol of unique qualities in culture, tradition, and science.

According to Kidwanti, when the Pandavas had to go into exile during the Mahabharata period, they received the education of a Gandharva Nagaraja Astika near Varanasi.

Astika told him about the importance and worship of Nagarajas.

After this the festival of Nagpanchami started, which people celebrate even today.

Story of Naga Panchami

A famous story associated with Nag Panchami is ‘Ashtik Ki Katha’.

According to this legend, there was a Brahmin named the palace priest who used to praise Nagraj Vasuki.

 One day he organized a huge Yagya in the palace and invited all the gods for this Yagya.

While the yagya strategy was going on, suddenly the journey of Nagraj Vasuki and his sons started.

Vasuki and his family reached the place of the yagya and requested the Brahmin to include them in the yagya.

But the Brahmins decided not to include the serpents in the yagya, considering them to be powerless.

In this situation, the snakes were very sad and they went back.

In this situation a young man named ‘Ashtik’ was troubled by the ignorance of his mother and decided to appreciate the serpents.

 Ashtika went to the place of sacrifice and humbly prayed to the Brahmin to include the serpents in the sacrifice and give them respect.

 After Ashtika’s prayer the Brahmin included the serpents in the yagya and praised them.

This freed the serpents and Vasuki and his family entered heaven.

 After this incident, on the day of Nag Panchami, people worship and respect the snake deities and apologize to them.

This famous legend reflects the importance of Nag Panchami and the reverence and devotion towards the serpent deities.

Significance of Naga Panchami

Nagpanchami is a major festival celebrated in Hinduism.

This festival is celebrated to worship Lord Vishnu’s vehicle, the serpent (naga) of Lord Krishna.

This festival is a symbol of reverence and respect for the serpent god in culture and tradition.

It is celebrated with great pomp in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, such as western and northern India.

The importance of Nag Panchami is that by worshiping, praying and fasting of snakes on this day, people get the blessings of Nagrajs and get freedom from snake defects.

On the day of Nag Panchami, people worship Nagraj with Nagmani, vermilion, flowers, incense, lamp etc. and offer them milk, milk trees, Panchamrit, fruits, sweets etc.

Apart from this, by opening the bandanas of Nagraj, he releases them and apologizes to them.

The purpose of Nag Panchami is to seek the blessings of the snake god with devotion, worship, respect and honor.

Through this festival, people wish for happiness and prosperity by getting freedom from snake defect.

How to celebrate Naga Panchami

Nagpanchami is celebrated as a special religious and cultural festival in the Hindu society.

The festival is celebrated in different forms in different parts of India, but some key substances and actions are followed.

Worship:People visit the temples of Nagarajas (serpent deities) to worship and worship the idols of the serpent deity.

They are offered milk, gangajal, milk, tilak, lamp, flowers, panchamrit (mixture of gangajal, milk, curd, honey, ghee), akshat (rice paddy grains), fruits, coconut, paan, bangles, incense, and aarti.

They offer clothes.

Fasting: Some people observe Nagpanchami Vrat and fast on the day of Nagpanchami.

They worship the serpent deity with reverence and devotion and give food as prasad to other members of the society.

Nag Yatra: In some areas, Nag Yatra is organized on the day of Nagpanchami.

In this, snake idols are decorated and taken out on special swings and devotees worship them.

The yatra starts from schools or temples and takes place in different parts of the city.

Nag Puja Griha: Some people set up a Nag Puja Griha (a small set-up of a snake idol) in their homes on the day of Nagpanchami.

The idol of the serpent deity is installed in this house and worshipped.

Tradition and customs of Naga Panchami

Nag Panchami is a Hindu festival that is celebrated with various rituals and customs.

The exact rituals may vary depending on the region and community, but here are some common practices associated with Nag Panchami:

Worshiping Snake Idols: On Nag Panchami, people worship snake idols or images.

These can be in the form of statues or pictures of Nag Devatas (snake deities).

The idols are bathed with milk, water, and other auspicious substances, and then adorned with flowers, turmeric, and sandalwood paste.

Offering Milk: Milk is considered a sacred offering for Nag Devatas.

Devotees pour milk over the snake idols or images as a symbol of worship and devotion. Some people also offer other items such as honey, rice, and sweets to the Nag Devatas.

Snake Puja: Special prayers and rituals are performed to invoke the blessings of Nag Devatas. Mantras and hymns dedicated to Nag Devatas are chanted during the puja.

Priests or knowledgeable individuals may conduct the puja ceremony, while devotees participate by offering prayers and making offerings.

Fasting: Some people observe a fast on Nag Panchami as a mark of devotion.

They abstain from consuming food and water for the entire day.

The fast is broken after performing the necessary rituals and prayers associated with Nag Panchami.

Visiting Snake Temples: Devotees visit temples dedicated to Nag Devatas on Nag Panchami.

They offer prayers, perform rituals, and seek blessings.

Famous snake temples such as Nageshwar Jyotirlinga in Gujarat, Mannarasala Temple in Kerala, and Subramanya Swamy Temple in Andhra Pradesh are popular pilgrimage sites during this festival.

Applying Turmeric and Vermilion: Devotees often apply turmeric and vermilion (kumkum) on their foreheads, as these are considered auspicious symbols associated with snakes. Some may draw snake patterns or symbols using these substances.

Snake Charmer Shows: In certain regions, snake charmer shows are organized as part of Nag Panchami festivities. These shows feature skilled individuals who handle and display live snakes.

It is believed to be a form of homage to Nag Devatas.

It’s important to note that while Nag Panchami is celebrated by many, snakes are protected species, and it is advisable to avoid any practices that harm or exploit snakes.

Instead, the focus should be on promoting awareness, conservation, and reverence for these creatures during the festival.

More info about Naga Panchami

Celebration of Nagpanchami is done in different ways.

This shows that the beliefs and practices of Nagpanchami can change in different regions and communities according to their local cultural traditions.

In the South Indian states, devotees stand in a riot at the call of Nagraj. They are blessed by the grace of the deity by worshiping the deity with devotion.

 After this, he is offered money, flowers, and food as prasad.

In Gujarat, on the day of Nagpanchami Jal-Jeevani (somewhere with live snakes also known as Saanpwada) is organized.

People worship Nagraj in the court and offer milk, flowers and snake-gray to Nagraj as prasad.

In Rajasthan, Nagpanchami is also called “Madhumash” and a Madhumash fair is organized on the occasion.

In the fair, people enjoy various games, dance-songs and organize colorful festivities. The idols of Nagraj are also decorated and people worship them.

In North India, Nagpanchami is celebrated as Sarpetiya Vrat.

In this fast, mothers fast their children called Sarpetiya.

They worship the serpent god and offer him offerings in the form of milk, fruits and sweets.

Significance of Celebrating Naga Panchami

Nag Panchami is an auspicious Hindu festival, celebrated on the fifth day of the darker fortnight of the lunar month of Shravan, that mostly falls in July or August. On this day, Hindus in Nepal and other south Asian countries with Hindu populations attend temples to worship snake deities, and in some cases to snake pits to worship real snakes, wherever they create offerings like milk, sweets, and flowers to the snakes.

Naga Panchami is the festival dedicated to snakes and the serpent deities.

As a part of the festivities, a Naga or serpent divinity fabricated from silver, stone, wood, or a painting of snakes is given a respectful tub with milk and their blessings are searched for the welfare of the family.

Everyone knows that the snake is related to Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu.

Therefore, in order to please Gods, people worship them.

Nag Panchami is actually celebrated because of the heavy rainfall in Shravan.

During this time, due to the rain filling their burrows with water, snakes often come out of their burrows and can kill people to save themselves.

In order to avoid this situation, people celebrate the Nag Panchami festival, which is the day when snakes are fed with milk and worshipped.

It is believed that snakes have a keen memory and can remember the face of the person who hurt them.

Once the snakes avenge it, they additionally harm the members of the family of that person.

Therefore, to please them, serpents are worshipped on this day.

There are various stories and mythological beliefs to explain the reason people started celebrating Naga Panchami and worshipping snake god.

According to the Hindu Mythology, a very dangerous and large snake named Kaliya was sent by Kansa to kill Lord Krishna.

While playing with his friends, Lord Krishna came to the river and Kaliya attacked him.

But Lord Krishna conquered the Nag Kaliya and put an end on his evil deeds on the day of Naga Panchami.

People believe that celebration of Naga Panchami started to remember this day and bring them good luck. 

It is also said that after humans drained the water from Kathmandu valley to make it livable, the Nagas became really angry.

In order to protect themselves from their anger people gave their certain lands as pilgrimage sites for Nagas and vowed to worship them on this day so as to return the harmony of nature.

 Another legend says that the world rests on the top of Shesh Naag (the king of all Naags) and therefore Naga Panchami is celebrated.

The great 8 powerful snakes; Ananta, Vashuki, Padhmanavha, Kambala, Shankhapala, Dhartarashtra, Takshaka, and Kaliya are worshipped this day. On this auspicious day, devotees wake up early in the morning and take a holy bath.

 After that they put or draw a picture of Naga high above their doorway and perform puja and rituals with necessary items.

People make cotton garlands and they make a sculpture of serpent out of rice flour and cow dung.

They worship it with cow’s milk, sesame, nuts, lava, barley, dubo grass, Kush and with other religious puja materials.

The offerings for the snakes are left in the courtyard and rice fields.

Most of the people go on fasting before offering kheer to the snake god and do not consume fried or salty foods throughout the day.Shravan is called the month of lord Shiva and the snakes are dear to him.

So, devotees visit to Shiva temples, ponds, and Naag temples on this day to worship the serpent gods.

On this day, the Naag temples in the Nagpohari, Taudaha and Nagdaha valleys are crowded with Hindu devotees.

Religious masses are also held in the Nagdahas or ponds where Nag (snake god) are supposedly believed to reside. For example:

Nag Pokhari in Naxal, Dhapakhel in Lalitpur, Siddha Pokhari in Bhaktapur, and elsewhere in the country.

The farmers do not work in their field on this day because it is believed that the Naags come out of their place and digging at the fields would possibly kill or harm these naags, creating them commit a sin.

People believe that buying snakes from a snake charmer and releasing them will bring good luck.

On this day people avoid digging the earth and using needles or any sharp objects to not harm any organism of nature.

Every festival has a great importance and significance for the people of that religion, culture, etc.

Naga Panchami is also a very important festival for the Hindu devotees.

Even though there are various stories and myths about it, the main reason for celebrating Naag Panchami is to appreciate nature.

We as well as the snakes are a part of our nature. So, this day helps us to appreciate the nature and worship serpent gods.

During the rainy season, the burrows of snakes get filled with water so they tend to come out.

Even though these reptiles might be really poisonous and dangerous, they are also a part of nature.

On top of that, snakes have especial role in Hindu mythology, and are believed to be really close to Hindu gods.

This day allows us to ask for forgiveness for our sins that we have committed knowingly or unknowingly.  

It is believed that winter begins on this day with the end of the rainy season.

This day allows us to start the winter season by doing something good and impressing Naag devatas so that, their blessings would always remain with us.

If they are happy with us then, they will bless us and our family with good fortune and health.

Every year this festival is celebrated by devotees with great respect, trust and joy.

It is one of the festivals that has been passed down since generations from our ancestors.

In a nutshell, we should never forget our culture, our motive of life to care nature and its beautiful creatures, and serve happiness to others.

The festival, Naga Panchami, is a symbol of our history, culture and nature. 

We should do good and avoid doing bad because God is watching us and everything that goes in, comes back.

So, let’s celebrate this festival together with our family to express our greatest gratitude towards serpent gods, spread happiness and preserve culture, and have a good fortune by the blessings of Naga Deva.

“May lord Shiva bless us all with luck on this auspicious day of Naga Panchami”

Naga Panchami

Naga Panchami habba or Festival  is one of the auspicious day for Hindu women.

India, the land of  cobra, and snake charmers as it is famous for, has  special reverence to the snakes.

The serpents are associated with many Gods in the Hindu mythology.

Naga (snake) Panchami is the 5th day of the Shravana month of the Hindu calendar.

On this day sculpt images or idols of snakes are made and worshipped through the country.

In South India figures of snakes are drawn with red sandalwood paste on wooden boards, clay images are made in yellow and black colour.

Off late people buy Snake Gods made of silver, gold or Pancha Loha (combination of 5 metals prefer ed specially of worship).

People visit the Naga temple or “Ant hill” is worshipped with reference that snakes lived in Ant hills. People decorate the ant hill  with vermilon, turmeric, flowers and fruits.

They prepare special sweets and savouries out of  till seeds, pop corn from jawar etc. They offer milk and honey.

Some also perform Puja to actual cobra, considering it as the sacred and the favourite of Lord Shiva.

There is also special significance of this festival that the brothers invite sisters and offer them gifts and presents, enhancing the bonds between the families.

This is similar to “Raksha Bandhan” which comes in the same season.

Naga Panchami is held to honour the Serpent God. But due to the festive rituals, people tend to catch snakes in the wild and torture the poor creatures. 

They force them to drink milk, their fangs are forcible taken out to join the rituals of the day. Festival goes can celebrate and enjoy themselves without torturing snakes.

Importance and Significance of Naga Panchami Festival

According to the Hindu calendar, Naga Panchami falls on the fifth day of the bright fortnight of the lunar day in the month of Shravan.

Interestingly it is also termed Garuda Panchami – Garuda is the natural enemy of the Snakes and serpents.

Worshiping Lord Garuda on this day also grants a protective shield against all snake-related malefic conditions.

It is celebrated in India and Nepal.

The Hindu dharma respects and idolizes all aspects of nature; it may be the docile cow or the ferocious Snake.

The snake or the Nagas have been long feared and respected in Hindu dharma for what they represent.

This dates to the ancient time when the Nagas, a highly developed and advanced clan, resided in India.

It is said that the snake-worship amongst the Nagas was extremely popular, and it can be proved according to the evidence derived from the Indus Valley civilization of 3000 B.C.E. 

After the Naga culture gradually got incorporated into Hindu Dharma, the Indo-Aryans also gradually accepted many of the snake deities as their God.

Importance of Naga

Shesha Naga (Snake with Six hoods), where Lord Vishnu in Ksheer Sagar resides during his Yog Nidra. The world, according to Hindu scriptures and cosmogony, rests on the head of Sheshnaag.

Snake is also given due importance because it is considered the ornament of Lord Shiva around his neck. The celebration of Naga Panchami in the month of Shrawan also explains the deep association of Lord Shiva and the commemoration of the snake as his companion.

In the 8th Ashtaka of the Rig Veda, It is mentioned about Sarpa-Rajni or “the queen of the serpents or the queen of all that moves.

” The Yajur-Veda provides a more definite account of serpent worship; the Samhita of this Veda contains prayers to the Sarpas(snakes) who are addressed as denizens of the heavens, the skies, the rays of the sun, the waters, the vegetables, and the like.

In the Brahmanas of the Samhita part of the Yajur-Veda, invocations are addressed to serpents, and sweet sacrifices are offered for their acceptance.

Manu, the ancient law-giver of the Hindus, also mentions the Nagas and the Sarpas (Snakes).

Carved or painted figures of snakes can be found on the walls of many Hindu temples that exist from the medieval era.

Images of snake worship rituals can also be spotted in the world-famous Ajanta caves.

A detailed description of the cobra snakes can also be discerned in Arthasastra, the classic ancient Hindu political text by the great Hindu philosopher Chanakya.

In the Bhagavata PuranaVasuki and eleven other Nagas are mentioned as forming the string of the sun god Surya’s chariot, one serpent being held to be sacred to each month.

The Markandeya Purana embodies the well-known story of the marriage of Madalasa, a Naga princess, with King Kulvalasva.

Lord Krishna tells Arjuna that Vasuki and Ananta represent him amongst the Sarpas and the Nagas, respectively.

Significance of Naga Panchami

According to mythology, a deadly snake, Kalia, had invaded and poisoned the Yamuna river and wreaked havoc on the people of Brindavan.

Krishna, as a child Avatar of Lord Vishnu, one day on the pretext of a ball falling down in the river, ended up wrestling with Kalia and eventually defeating him and emerged dancing on the head of the ferocious naga.

The Snake thus acquired the feet impressions of the Lord.

The story is called the “Kaliya Mardan” It is also believed that seeing the footprints of Lord Krishna– the Avatar of Lord Vishnu, Garuda(the vahana of Vishnu), who is the natural enemy of the serpent, does not harm it.

Kalia then took away all the poison from the river, and Lord Krishna, in return, blesses him that on this day of Panchami, whosoever will offer milk and prayers to the snakes will get expiated of any hardships in times to come.

A popular legend also says that the elder brother of Lord Krishna, Balram was the incarnation of Seshnag on earth.

While according to other stories, Lord Brahma created Sheshnaag (King of snakes) on this day hence the celebration.

According to certain beliefs, ancestors take the form of snakes on this day, due to which it is a widely celebrated festival.

Some fast one day before Naga Panchami which is called Naga Chaturthi or Nagul Chavithi

The practical aspect of Naga Panchami

Naga Panchami is observed in the month of Shravana (July/August), the arrival of the rainy season in many parts of South Asia.

It is when snakes leave their holes in the flooded fields and jungles and enter the habitations of men – thereby throwing them into great alarm.

During this period, the greatest number of deaths from snakebite occur.

The people of the countryside labor under the impression that the only way of obtaining immunity from a snakebite is by propitiating the snake-goddess Manasa.

This fear seems to be one of the reasons to celebrate the Naga deity.

Appeasing the snake god provides psychological relief to the poor rural folk whose main occupation is agriculture.

A symbol of a bond between brothers and sisters

In South India, this day is celebrated to strengthen the bonds between brother and sister.

On this day, as an important ritual, sisters rub milk or ghee on the back, spine, and navel of brothers by sisters.

The folklore mentions a brother-sister duo.

The little girl asks her brother to get some Ketaki (screwpine) flowers for Naga Puja. Ketaki is popularly offered to Nagraj the Snake God while performing prayers.

Unfortunately, the brother dies from a snake bite while searching for Ketaki.

The sister then prays and performs fast and pleads Nagaraja to take the poison away, and the brother is brought back to life.

The sister, therefore, rubs the ointment on her brother’s back to protect them from any hardships in times to come.

The rubbing of the milk also signifies their umbilical connection and strengthens the love between a brother and sister.

The Snakes in Samudra Manthan

Another story says that when Lord Shiva drank the poison that came out during Samudra Manthan, some drops of the poison fell on the ground and were drunk by the snakes, making them deadly and poisonous. Thus, people worship snakes on this day to be spared from the wrath of these poisonous snakes.

The Snake with Lord Shiva

Everyone knows about the snake that adorns the neck of Lord Shiva.

It has spiritual significance.

The three coils around Shiva indicate past, present, and future.

The five hooded snake surrounds the Shiva-lingam, which indicates the culmination and protection of the Yin and Yang energies, the materialistic and spiritual combination. (Symbols of Lord Shiva)

Activation of Root Chakra

According to Chakra science, the activation of kundalini or kundalini awakening is symbolized by a coiled serpent rising up from the root chakra, also known as the Muladhara chakra to the higher levels (7 Chakras).

When the Sadhak evolves spiritually, and as the spiritual energy rises up, it is said that snakes appear in their visions to indicate that they have progressed spiritually.

Kaal Sarp Dosh and Nag Panchami

The horoscopes generally in the grasp of Rahu and Ketu nodes are commonly known as the Kaal Shrap Dosha and have great importance on this day.

Rahu is the head of the snake, while Ketu is the tail, and when the planets fall in between them, it is said that all of them are in the grip of the snake.

During this time, the snake negates the impacts of other planets as their energies are imprisoned by the head and tail of the snake.

The Vedic astrologers say that if one offers a pair of snakes made of silver to Shivalingam, it can help reduce the effect of this dosha.

It is said that Shiva is known for taking away poison from life, and doing so would be beneficial.

Anyone suffering from this Dosha does special prayers to Snake God and Shivalingam.

Performing Naga puja

While snakes, in general, are worshiped on this day, twelve snakes, in particular, are prayed to by people who follow the custom and tradition. 

Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, Padma, Kambala, Karkotaka, Ashvatara, Dhritarashtra, Shankhapala, Kaliya, Takshaka, and Pingala are the twelve snakes mentioned in the Hindu scriptures.

Popular places where Nag Panchami is celebrated include Adiesha Temple in Andhra Pradesh, Nagaraja Temple in Kerala, Nagathamman Temple in Chennai, and Hardevja Temple in Jaipur.

In Ujjain, in the Mahakaleshwar Mandir, on the third floor resides the Nagchandreshwar Mahadev. On Nag Panchami, the doors to this deity are opened, followed by a huge celebration throughout the city.

In Nagpur, the people from the city undertake Nagdwar Yatra to Pachmarhi, which is considered quite a tough and arduous one.

In some regions of the country, milk is offered along with crystallized sugar, and rice pudding (kheer).

A special feature is offering a lotus flower placed in a silver bowl.

In front of this bowl, a rangoli (colored design pattern) of the snake is created on the floor with a brush made of wood or clay or silver or gold with sandalwood or turmeric paste as the paint.

The design pattern will resemble a five-hooded snake. Devotees then offer worship to this image on the floor.

In Nepal, earthen representations of snakes are made, and prayers are performed on them.

Some even offer milk to live snakes to get their blessings.

Doorways and walls outside the house are painted with pictures of snakes; auspicious mantras (spells) are also written on them.

It is believed that such depictions will ward off poisonous snakes.

In Jainism and Buddhism snake is regarded as a sacred creature with divine qualities.

Some ancient texts say that a Cobra snake saved the life of Buddha and the Jain Muni Parshwanath.

Benefits of Worshipping the Snakes

It is said that praying for the snakes removes fears in life and brings good health, wealth, peace, and prosperity in life.

It is an auspicious day to meditate on the Muladhara chakra (first of 7 chakras), and it helps to achieve peace and happiness in life.

Mantra for the Naga Deity

नाग प्रीता भवन्ति शान्तिमाप्नोति बिअ विबोह्
सशन्ति लोक मा साध्य मोदते सस्थित समः||

Let all be blessed by the snake goddess, let everyone obtain peace, and Let all live peacefully without any turbulence.

Om Nagkulaya Vidmahe Vishadantaya Dheemahi Tanno Sarpa Prachodayat

Naga Gayatri Mantra

Naga Panchami: A Hindu Festival to Worship Lord Shiva

Naga Panchami is the day Lord Shiva the ‘God of snakes’ is prayed and celebrated.

This festival starts with Naga Chaturthi which is followed by Naga Panchami and Nag Shashti.

The women from Indian culture keep a fast on this day to get the blessings for childbirth and happy married life.

It is believed that taking fast on this day also provides protection to the children.

The celebration of Naga Panchami happens on Shukla Paksha during Sawan month to revereLord Shiva.

There are other names of this Festival too such as Bhratru Panchami, Bishari Puja, Naga Vardhini Panchami, and so on.   Significance of naga panchami 

The Significance of Naag Panchami Naga Panchami or Garuda Panchami is an important festival, which is celebrated all over India, all the more highly in southern parts of India.

Married and unmarried women take fast and wholeheartedly appeal to God for the prosperity of their family and younger ones.

This ritual reduces the power of the negative energies and planets such as Ketu and Rahu.

Snakes are accepted as holy creatures in Indian myths and act as the symbol for numerous deities.

Lord Vishnu has Ananta Sesha (holy snake god) as his bed, and that is why it is called as Lord Vishnu in Ananta Sayanam.

Lord Shiva has adorned the snake around his neck and Lord Muruga is also revered as a snake.

In the Treta Yuga (second age), Lord Rama’s (seventh manifestation of Lord Vishnu) his younger brother Lakshmana was none other than Adisesha.

In the Dwapara Yuga (the third age), Adisesha appeared as Lord Balarama, Lord Krishna’s (eighth manifestation of Lord Vishnu) as an elder brother to him.      

How is Naga Panchami celebrated? Naag Panchami is joyously celebrated by devotees in Hindu culture.

Devotees clean the house and temple, worship the snake (in some parts) and doing Shiva Puja, offer organic food and reciteShiva mantras.

 A snake is created out of cow dung on the day of Naga Panchami and placed at the doorstep.

Milk, Kusha grass, sandalwood, Akshat (blessed grains of rice) are offered to the snake.

The murti of Shiva is washed with milk and water which also pardon the doer from any wrong Karma.

Devotees prepare special food such as Sevai (vermicelli), rice food and laddoo. According to Skanda Purana, revering the snakes can fulfill all your desires.   

 Benefits of celebrating Naga Panchami

  • Offering Lord Shiva Puja on Naga Panchami can reduce the evil impacts of Kala Sarpa Dosha (7 planets encircled among Rahu and Ketu) in your natal chart
  • Blessing of children if you are married and wishing for a healthy child
  • It also blesses you with healthier and strong children
  • Praying to Shiva can shield you from any accidents

What Is Nag Panchami 

The month of Shravan is said to be one of the most auspicious months in the Hindu Vedic calendar.

The month is believed to be dedicated to Lord Shiva and brings with it numerous festivals.

One such festival which is celebrated with huge enthusiasm among the devotees of Lord Shiva is Nag Panchami.

Every year, the auspicious festival of Nag Panchami is observed on the Shukla Paksha Panchami Tithi of Shravan month.

This year, the Shukla Paksha Panchami of Shravan month is falling on August 2. On this day, devotees worship the god of serpents or Nag Devta and seek their blessings for good health and prosperity.


According to Panchang, Panchami Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month will begin at 5:14 am on August 01 and will be in effect till 5:41 am on August 02.


Nag Panchami Puja is usually done early in the morning.

This year, the auspicious timings of conducting Nag Panchami Puja is from 05:43 am to 08:25 am on August 02.

It is believed that once who perform Nag Panchami Puja gets rid of Kaal Sarp Dosha in the horoscope.


On this day, people worship the live snakes and offer milk to them.

As snakes hold a special significance in the Hindu mythology, they are worshiped along with Lord Shiva, Lord Krishna and even alone.

According to astrology, snakes are known to hold great power to remove hurdles and Kal Sarp dosha.

Therefore, the devotees buy serpents made of silver, stone, or wood on this day and make them bath in milk before beginning the Puja.

While there are numerous snakes, but twelve snakes including Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, Padma, Kambala, Karkotaka, Ashvatara, Dhritarashtra, Shankhapala, Kaliya, Takshaka, and Pingala are worshipped during Nag Panchami Puja.


There are multiple mythological tales associated with the celebration of Nag Panchami in Hinduism. One such popular story is of Lord Krishna and Kansa.

As Lord Krishna was said to be the cause of Kansa’s end, the ruler sent a snake named Kaliya to kill Lord Krishna. One day while Lord Krishna was playing with his friends near the river, his ball fell in the water.

When he went down in the water to find his ball, he was attacked by Kaliya. But due to his special powers, Krishna not only defeated the snake but conquered it and played the flute while sitting on its head.

Kaliya apologised to Balkrishna and promised to never come back to harm the villagers.

The day marks the victory of Balkrishna over Kaliya.

Nag Panchami

Naga Panchami is a day of traditional worship of the snake God, also known to us as Lord Shiva as well as snakes.

It is celebrated on the fifth day of Shukla Paksha during the Sawan month according to the Hindu calendar and is an auspicious day for Hindus, Jains, and Buddhists.


There are many legends associated with the importance of worship of snakes.

According to the legend of the Puranas and the Mahabharata, Lord Brahma’s grandson, Kashyapa married two daughters of Prajapati Daksha, Kadru and Vinata. Kadru is the one who gave birth to the race of Naga while Vinata gave birth to Aruna.

There are several other mentions of snake worship in our scriptures.

In Mahabharata, Janamejaya, the son of King Parikshita of the Kuru dynasty is seen performing a snake sacrifice known as Sarpa Satra, to avenge the death of his father, who was killed by a snake bite from the snake king named Takshaka.

He was successful in creating such a powerful sacrificial fire that all the snakes were falling into the Yagna kunda. Takshaka was hiding in the realm of Indra and coiled himself around Indra’s cot.

However, the sacrificial yagna was so powerful that even Indra along with Takshaka was dragged towards the fire.

Manasadevi sent her son Astika to go and request Janamejaya to stop the Sarpa Satra yagna. He listened to Astika which resulted in Indra and Takshaka being saved. This day has been then celebrated as a festival of the Naga.


Nag Panchami, a famous Hindu festival, is dedicated to snake worship, which represents protection, fertility, and cosmic energy. Regional rites differ, however some typical practises include:

Snake Idol Worship: Snake idols are made of metal, wood, or clay and are decorated with flowers, vermillion, and turmeric. After that, the idols are put in homes or temples, and prayers are offered.

Offerings: As a symbol of respect and to request blessings for the safety and prosperity of their families, devotees present milk, honey, rice, and sweets to snake statues.

Saffron Turmeric Paste: It is claimed that applying a paste of saffron and turmeric to the forehead in the shape of a snake can protect you against snakebites and other sorts of danger.

Nag Panchami Puja: Special prayers and pujas are held in temples and homes to invoke the snake deities’ blessings. To honour the Nagas (snake deities), mantras and hymns are performed.

Fasting: On Nag Panchami, some people practise a partial or total fast. As a show of commitment, they abstain from eating grains and specific foods.


This year Nag Panchami is going to be celebrated on August 21, .

The snake deities will be worshipped with milk, sweets, flowers, lamps, and even sacrifices. It is said that one can get rid of Kal Sarp Dosh by offering prayers to the serpent god on this day.

In many places, real snakes are also worshipped.

People also observe fasts during this day.

Nag Panchami

Celebrating Naga Panchami

Snakes are revered, feared or despised. No other species evokes such extreme reactions from us.

If, in Biblical stories, snakes are portrayed as the Devil Incarnate, Greek, Chinese and Hinduism repose the snake with wisdom, fertility and immortality.

In some cultures, the snake symbolises the umbilical cord that connects us to Mother Earth.

Since they live underground, snakes are also regarded as guardians of the netherworld. Ancient Egyptians worshipped a number of snake gods, including Apophis and Set.

Sumerians revered serpent god Ningizzida. In America, the rattlesnake was thought to be the king of snakes who could give fair winds or cause tempests.

The serpent figures prominently in the ritual dances of the Hopi tribe.

Stories of snakes taking human forms as nagas and nagins abound in Indic folklore. Shiva wears a cobra on his neck.

His son Ganesha wears one as a waistband. Anantasesha coiled up to serve as bed for Vishnu in the cosmic milky ocean.

After the cow, the animal held most sacred by Hindus is the snake.

Naga Panchami, celebrated on the fifth day of the Shravana month, is a day dedicated to snake worship.

The faithful offer prayers at temples, and make offerings of milk, ghee, sweets, water and rice to snakes. Farmers in particular give thanks to the reptile for protecting their fields and food grain from pests.

On this day, ploughing the field is forbidden as one may unwittingly hurt a snake.

The five Nagas worshipped on Nag Panchami are Ananta, Vasuki, Taxak, Karkotaka and Pingala. In many regions, offerings of milk, ghee, water and rice are made.

It is believed that in reward for this worship, snakes will never bite any member of the family.

Snake temples are crowded on this day and worship is offered to stone or metal icons of the cosmic serpent Ananta or Sesha.

Altars in many Hindu homes have a silver or copper cobra that is worshipped and offered milk and sweets as families pray for the welfare of their children and for prosperity.

By: Ranjeni A Singh


  • Snakes are reptiles, not mammals to drink milk. Milk cannot be digested by reptiles and they eventually die!
  • The Reason why snakes drink milk on Nag Panchami is because they are dehydrated and stressed 30-45 days before nag Panchami by the Snake Charmers.
  • The commonly displayed snakes by snake charmers on Nag Panchami are common Indian cobra and Indian rat snake These snakes are caught from wild in perfectly healthy condition 30-45 days before Nag Panchami. They are then put through a lot of cruelty. They are defanged unsurgically using cutting pliers and at times their mouth is stitched so that they cannot give the bite.
  • Later they are closed in the round wooden basket for more than a month without any feed or water which makes them weak, dehydrated and they are left with cramped muscles which kills their speedy movement . ( Because of cramped muscles a cobra takes 20 min to 25 min to move one feet distance! )
  • Snakes after Nag Panchami are killed for their skin. The skin of the snake can fetch the snake charmer with anything between Rs 3000 – 5000.
  • Killing a snake like cobra or rat snake is a non-bailable offence under the Wildlife Protection Act (WLP- section 09- Prohibition of Hunting) and considering the fact that the cobra is protected under the Schedule II, Part II of the act.
  • The punishments may vary from a three year imprisonment to a fine, or both as per the placement of the species under the schedules.

However, it is to be noted that in rural areas and villages, milk is offered into burrow where people pray with faith and there is no money making scheme behind their milk offering.  

Nag Panchami – The Hindu Snake Festival


While snakes (especially the venomous ones) are feared in most parts of the world and shunned for their ability to deal fatal bites, in India and Nepal there is a Hindu festival makes people see snakes in a completely different light.

During the festival of Nag Panchami, Hindus worship the snakes of the snake world.

The festival is held as per the Hindu traditional calendar and is usually celebrated in the months of July or August.

During this festival, the Hindus pray to the snake god for the welfare and prosperity of their family.

Origins Of The Festival

A very interesting mythological tale is related to the initiation of snake worship in Hinduism.

According to the Mahabharata epic, a king of the Kuru Dynasty, King Parikshit, suffered death when bitten by the snake king Taksaka.

Parikshit’s son, Janamejeya, was so angry at his father’s death that he decided to seek revenge and kill all snakes residing in the world.

So, with the help of learned Brahmin sages, he set up a massive sacrificial fire, the Sarpa Satra.

The power of the sacrificial fire then started pulling all snakes of the world into it, where they burnt to death.

Taksaka, foreseeing his death, went to the Hindu God, Indra to seek refuge and coiled himself up against the cot where Indra sat.

However, the power of the sacrificial fire was forceful enough to start dragging in Indra and Taksaka together into the fire.

Fearing the consequences, the gods in heaven prayed to Manasadevi, a Hindu folk Goddess of snakes, to stop the devastation triggered by Janamejeya.

She then sent her son, Astika, a learned Brahmin to convince Janamejeya to stop the sacrifice. Impressed by his wise words, the latter asked Astika to seek a boon from him.

Taking the opportunity, Astika asked Janamejeya to stop the proceedings of the sacrifice and forget all that happened in the past.

Unable to put down his promise of gifting a boon to a Brahmin, Janamejeya yielded and the mass sacrifice of snakes soon stopped.

From then on this day began to be celebrated as Nag Panchami and the serpents became objects of worship.

People believed that since the serpents were gifted with renewed lives on this day, out of joy, they are ready to bestow their powerful blessings to all who worship them on this auspicious day.

Significance To Hinduism

Snakes have been an integral part of Hindu religious worship since time immemorial.

The snakes are associated with the supreme Hindu gods, Lord Shiva (who has a snake coiled around his snake) and Lord Vishnu (who is pictured resting on a giant multi-headed snake).

Snakes are thus believed to posses superpowers that humans lack.

Snakes are also believed to influence the horoscope of a person and those with a kalasarpa dosha (an astrological problem caused by black serpents) are held to be doomed in life.

Thus, snake worship is an integral part of the lives of these Hindus who fear the wrath of the serpents.

Nag Panchami helps them exhibit their respect for the serpents of the world and seek blessings from the serpents for a long and safe life.

Rituals And Observances

A number of interesting rituals are observed by Hindus on the day of Nag Panchami.

They believe that by paying respect to the snakes, they will avoid poisonous snakes striking them or their family members in the future.

They feed the Brahmins on this day while fasting themselves.

While in some places, images and idols of snakes are worshiped, in other places real snakes are also worshiped.

Digging grounds on such days is considered inauspicious as this act might kill a snake.

Bowls of sweetened milk and rice pudding are often left in the open near termite holes or other places where snakes might reside.

Sisters also try to appease the snakes by offering them milk and worshiping them to protect their brothers against snake bite.

Overall, the entire proceedings of Nag Panchami reveal the deep respect the Hindus feel for the most venomous creatures of nature and instead of treating these animals with disgust, they revere them highly for their incredible power to kill.

Pilgrimages And Tourism

Celebrations of Nag Panchami in various parts of India as well as in Nepal involve their own distinct rituals, customs, and flavors.

The uniqueness of the festival attracts many tourists to visit India and Nepal to witness the festivities of snake worship.

The Indian cities of Nagpur in Maharashtra, Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, Bhuj in Gujarat, and Coorg in Karnataka are famous for their elaborate Nag Panchami celebrations.

The Changu Narayan temple in Kathmandu, Nepal is also renowned for its worship of snakes on Nag Panchami.

Nag Panchami is a Hindu festival

Nag Panchami is a Hindu festival that is celebrated in India and Nepal.

It falls on the fifth day (Panchami) of the bright half of the lunar month of Shravana, which usually occurs in July or August.

The festival is dedicated to the worship of snakes, particularly the cobra.

Here are some key aspects of Nag Panchami:

  1. Snake Worship: Nag Panchami is primarily a day for worshipping snakes, which are considered sacred in Hinduism. The cobra, in particular, is revered, and people often make offerings of milk, sweets, flowers, and other items to snake idols or images.
  2. Religious Significance: This festival is rooted in Hindu mythology. It is believed that on Nag Panchami, the snake god (Nag Devta) is appeased and offered prayers to seek protection from snake bites and to ensure the well-being of family members.
  3. Rituals: People often visit temples dedicated to snakes, such as the Nag Temple in Varanasi, India, and offer milk and other offerings to snake idols or images. In some regions, live snakes are also worshipped, and people carry snakes in pots during processions.
  4. Fasting and Pujas: Many devotees observe a fast on Nag Panchami and break it after performing the puja (worship) to the snake deity. Special prayers and rituals are conducted in homes and temples.
  5. Cultural Significance: Nag Panchami is not just a religious festival but also has cultural significance in many regions of India. It is an occasion for family gatherings, feasting, and community celebrations.
  6. Symbolism: Snakes, in Hinduism, are often associated with protection and fertility. They are also linked to various deities, including Lord Shiva, who is often depicted with a snake wrapped around his neck.
  7. Conservation Awareness: Some organizations and individuals take the opportunity of Nag Panchami to raise awareness about the importance of snake conservation and the need to protect these creatures.

It’s important to note that while Nag Panchami involves reverence for snakes, it is crucial to treat all animals, including snakes, with respect and care.

Handling of live snakes should be done by trained professionals to ensure the safety of both humans and the snakes themselves.


Nag Panchmi is a Hindu festival on which snakes are worshipped.

Hinduism is a religion of faith and is surrounded by common search of truth.

For Hindus all this means a way of life and worshipping forces of nature has been a part of Hinduism from ancient times.

Nag Panchmi is celebrated throughout India and falls on the fifth day of the moonlit fortnight of the month of Sravana, which falls in the month of July or August. 

The main reason of celebrating this day must be that snakes are a great threat to mankind during these months.

They usually come out of their holes as rainwater seeps in and while looking for shelter they might harm humans.

However, this is why they are worshipped this day and fed with milk.

Reason behind celebrating Nag Panchmi 

It is believed that Krishna, a Hindu God had saved the lives of people from the harassment of Kaliya, the snake.

It is believed that one day, when Krishna was still quite young, was playing by the side of river Yamuna and his ball got stuck in the branches of a tree that was just by the side of the river.

While trying to get that ball, Krishna fell into the river.

When Kaliya, the snake attacked him, he fought and after some time the snake understood that he was not an ordinary child.

This was when he pleaded Krishna not to kill him and Krishna spared him by taking a promise that he will not harass the people anymore.

Nag Panchmi is celebrated as the victory of Krishna on Kaliya, the most dangerous snake

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