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What is the importance of Rangoli?

The two aims of drawing rangoli are revelation of beauty and the acquisition of auspiciousness. The forms drawn in the rangoli are symbolic. A curved line produces a better effect of beauty than a straight one.

Usually it is women who draw rangoli. They do not require any devices such as a ruler, a thread, a brush, etc. to draw them. They freely move their fingers to create various shapes with ease.

Why rangoli is drawn?

When sweeping the floor or smearing with cow dung, subtle lines are created on it. These possess certain frequencies. As these lines are irregular, their vibrations too are irregular. These are harmful to the body, eyes and mind as well. To overcome these unfavourable frequencies if cones and auspicious symbols are drawn systematically with rangoli on the swept or smeared floor; the ill-effects of sweeping and smearing are overcome and favourable results are obtained.

Spiritual significance of rangoli

In Hindu Dharma, Rangoli is drawn during every festival, auspicious occasion, religious rituals, etc. All the festivals, auspicious occasions, rituals, etc. are associated with one of Deity principles. During these days, the Divine principle of a specific Deity is present in the atmosphere in a larger proportion on the day of the respective festival or is attracted to the venue where religious rituals of that Deity are being performed. In order to attract maximum Deity principle, rangolis that attract and transmit respective Deity principle are drawn so that everyone derives spiritual benefits from it.

According to a Principle in Spirituality that ‘word, touch, taste, form, smell and their energy co-exist,’ even if a small variation is made in the form and colour of the rangoli, its vibrations change. The booklet ‘Sattvik Rangolis’ illustrates various sattvik designs of rangolis which attract and transmit various Deity Principles such as – Deity Ganesh, Deity Rama, Deity Krushna, et. al.

The main feature of sattvik rangoli is that due to transmittance of Deity Principle, the devotees get various anubhutis (spiritual experiences) of Shakti (Divine Energy), Bhav (spiritual emotion), Chaitanya (Divine Consciousness), Anand (Bliss) and Shanti (Serenity).

Significance of Rangoli in Diwali

The herald for good luck and of other special relevance, rangoli is a unique practice that depicts various art forms. Most Indian festivals are incomplete without Rangoli and Diwali is one of them. Rangoli designs are usually made with rice powder, colored sand, flowers, diyas, and petals on the floor surfaces of households. Along with glorifying the look of the house to mark the festivities, Rangoli is also believed to have spiritual significance.

Story Behind Rangoli

The origin of Rangoli is multifaceted. Let’s take a look at some of the many legends:

Once Lopamudra, the wife of great Rishi Agastya ( known for his contributions to Sanatana Dharma) wanted to help her husband to worship Gods. She used rice, lentils, flowers, spices, etc. to make rangoli designs and requested the five elements-sky, earth, wind, water, and fire to give her colors to make the design look beautiful for the Yagyakunda Temple. She was granted the wish and the legacy of colors continues even to this day.

A kingdom mourning the death of a boy prayed to Lord Brahma with deep devotion to revive the boy. Touched by his devotees’ call, Lord Brahma appeared and asked the king to create a portrait of the boy on the floor. This was the first ever Rangoli made, as mentioned in the oldest Indian book of paintings Chitralakshana, that brought the boy back to life.

Rukmini (Lord Krishna’s wife) started the Rangoli pattern in Dwarka, Gujarat.

God had once extracted a mango tree juice to paint the portrait of a divine young woman who depicted the beauty of all the celestial beings. 

Significance of Rangoli

Just like the many stories of origination, Rangoli’s significance is also many-fold.

Rangoli represents women’s artistic side while also signifying the beauty of natural creations and divine blessings.

Since women rise very early to clean the surface before making intricate rangoli designs, it signifies purity, good fortune, and developing the aura of positivity.

The design patterns of the Rangoli are symbols of the lotus flower, other floral shapes, peacocks, mangoes, and fish. Although they are traditionally handed over generations, the colors have spiritual benefits. Devotees experience the serenity and the presence of divine energies when they make or see the rangoli designs.

Devotees make pictures of deities, feet symbols of Goddess Lakshmi to welcome the deities into the house, and bless its people.

Traditionally, Rangoli designs were made to welcome guests into the house for a meal and stay. It was also directed to keep evil at bay.

The perishable items used for Rangoli symbolize the transition between life and death and the colors depict love, compassion, and blessings of the divine.

Spirituality and Rangoli

Just like yoga and meditation, Rangoli is an age-old practice that’s transmitted through generations for its deep-rooted spiritual significance. The curved patterns that join the dots reveal the infinity of the universe and also denote sound waves. An auspicious symbol evolved with designs and materials used, Rangoli creates a sense of balance. It brings prosperity, good health, and bliss to the house and transcends space and time.

FAQ on Rangoli

In what names do different states call Rangoli and what is its relevance in each state?

Bihar: Aripan

Aripan is made using rice paste to pray for the fertility of lands.

West Bengal: Alpana

Women who fast make Alpanas to show their respect for deities and to seek their blessings.

Uttar Pradesh: Chowkpurana

The dried rice flour is used to build different art forms and symbolizes creativity.

Andhra Pradesh: Muggu

By drawing Muggu, people used to make a prayer to the smaller creatures like ants, birds, etc.

Odisha: Chita/Jhoti

The semi-liquid rice flour paste called Chita is made at several Odia festivals to welcome Goddess Lakshmi to the house and for the restoration of wealth and peace.

Tamil Nadu: Kolam

Kolam was ideally made to provide a meal to ants, birds, and other small organisms.

Rajasthan: Mandana

Usually made during Navratri and Diwali, Mandana is an auspicious beginning and reflects positivity.

Uttaranchal: Aipan

Having religious significance, Aipan drawings are made in the house yards or beside the front door. The patterns also mark important ceremonies like weddings and other rituals.

Significance of Drawing Rangoli

It’s that time of the year when colours adorn the threshold of your abode and you spend hours making your rangoli look beautiful. But have you ever really wondered why rangolis form an essential part of festivals?

Well, in Hinduism, every religious tradition or gesture is symbolic of a deeper meaning. Rangolis are not meant for mere beautification of the house but are supposed to prevent evil from entering the home.

Here’s the explanation. Both positive and negative energy dwell in the atmosphere. They seek refuge as and when they are provoked by us. The saying ‘You reap as you sow’ aptly fits into this situation. The reason why we say we must think positive is because we tend to invite positivity by thinking constructively

Rangoli designs always look complicated and now you will know why. The negativity that is in the air gets entangled in the complexity of the rangoli design and fails to enter the house. Hence rangolis absorb evil and prevent negativity from harming us. They also remind us to keep thinking positively.

Traditional rangolis were made of rice powder and with time, people started using variety of colours. Many aren’t aware of the principle of `Vasudaiva kutumbakam` in Sanatana Dharma (Hindusim) meaning `the whole world is one big family`, and the concept of ‘live and let live’. The reason why our predecessors used rice powder was to feed birds, insects and the other lives that thrive in the soil.

And this Diwali, when you put rangoli, remember you are not adding to the decorations of your house but also making your house an epicenter of positive energy. Also try using natural colours so that you do not end up harming your skin and the uninvited guests who quietly eat away your rangoli!

Significance and importance of Rangoli colours

Rangoli is derived from the Sanskrut word ‘rangavalli’. Rangoli is an art which precedes sculpture and painting. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ritual. It is a custom to draw rangoli at the site of any auspicious religious ritual such as a holy festival, a religious festival, an auspicious function like wedding, ritualistic worship, a vowed religious observance, etc.

The two aims of drawing rangoli are revelation of beauty and the acquisition of auspiciousness. The forms drawn in the rangoli are symbolic. A curved line produces a better effect of beauty than a straight one.

Usually it is women who draw rangoli. They do not require any devices such as a ruler, a thread, a brush, etc. to draw them. They freely move their fingers to create various shapes with ease.

importance of Rangoli Colours, rangoli powder

Rangoli- Origin and Significance

Rangoli is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli’ which means a creative expression of art through the use of color. Rangoli is an art which precedes sculpture and painting. Rangoli is an artistic celebration of colors. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ritual. There is, across India, a rich heritage of art that is decorative and by its nature – the material used, the place it is created and the purpose for which it is created – temporary. The ephemeral in its truest sense, however, is represented by India’s tradition of decorative floor art.

Using simple materials that are at hand, this is art inspired by daily life, which marks the passing of time. Deliberately transitory, floor art transforms ordinary space into sacred space, but gradually disappears as people walk over the designs or may be purposefully erased as part of a ritual, denoting the impermanence of life and maya.

Cultural practices are common across the length and breadth of India. They also transcend regions. Indians love colours and its natural to show the love for colors in many ways. Indian rangoli is a unique art work which is practiced throughout India. It incorporates designs and patterns that are beautifully created and colored with paints, rice, flowers, fruits and vegetables, spices, grains, shells, lentils, coloured sand, tinsel, salt, chalk, coal, sawdust or white ash(obtained after husks of rice are burnt) at house entrances. This is done, normally by women usually during festivals to give it a traditional look.

On some special occasions, it is painted in every home with or without formal training in Rangoli art.

The two aims of drawing rangoli:

Beauty – elaborate designs and patterns created by the intuitive mind.

Auspiciousness/Spirituality – it has religious connotations; it is associated with religious festivals and also rituals associated with auspicious family functions- births, weddings and other occasions.

Exercise- The air that is breathed in and out while tracing rangolis in the wee hours of  morning is said to rejuvenate the person with ozone which is said to be abundant at that time. The way it is done  bending the body forward activates the Moolaadhaara Chakra in the hip region. The idea of a design has to originate in the brain, eyes have to dart in all directions, fingers must move to trace the design and a person should be able to bend well in the hip region and while giving the finishing touches,  the toes are pressed against the ground. From head to toe all part of the body are exercied and hence drawing rangolis is akin to yoga.

Rangoli emphasizes the combination of these three aspects.

Rangoli is an ancient Indian art form and is a part of the Indian culture. Rangoli also means -rang ( color) and aavalli ( row of colors, creepers). This art can be traced to the ancient Harappan civilization. Rangoli is mentioned in the Chitralakshana , one of the oldest Indian treatises on paintings, attesting to its ancient origins. Many a custom in an ancient country like India is often believed to have an ancient origin and is believed to have continued from time immemorial. On the same grounds it is generally believed that the custom of drawing threshold designs is also very ancient.

It is more like a custom to make a rangoli during festive times and that’s how it has been deeply embedded in our culture. The patterns are usually made on the ground in the middle of yards, to the bearings in the common areas or in the corners.

Rangoli is a floor painting which provides a warm and colourful welcome to visitors. In Indian cultures, all visitors and guests occupy a special place, and a rangoli is an expression of warm hospitality. In particular, Diwali- The festival of lights, is widely celebrated with rangolis, since at this time people visit, each others homes to exchange greetings and sweets and more importantly a rangoli is drawn to welcome Goddess Mahalakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune who loves colourful rangolis and neat and well maintained homes. That’s the reason there is a lot of cleaning prior to Diwali and nice Rangolis during Diwali. It is customary for indian women to draw decorated feet of Goddess Lakshmi-The Goddess of wealth approaching her door bringing in good fortune for her devote family.

Traditionally, a rangoli is drawn usually in front of the house- doorway and around the holy Tulsi plant on occasions and festivals. The threshold is a key concept in Tamilian Culture. Even historical Tamil Literature such as the ‘Sangam Literature’ (Tamil Literature in the period spanning 300 BC to 300 CE)  is divided into the “Akam” (inner field) and “Puram” (Outer field). That’s not all. In one of Namalwar’s (the fifth among the 12 Alwar saints who espoused Vaishnavism) hymns, the God in his poem is the God of the threshold. Ofcousre, every newly married bride formally becomes a part of the household when she steps over the threshold. Kolam deigns can be considered as a celebration of the threshold.

The rangolis are now used to decorate (apart from courtyards, thresholds and wards of indian houses) places of worship, sometimes exhibition halls, hotels, eating places and inauguration ceremonies aswell. In hotels, the decor focusses on offering a striking first impression. Modern hotels have cleverly adapted to rapid social changes with creative solutions. In the middle of large green walls, indoor waterfalls, large chandeliers, multimedia stations and extravagant entrance features, a rangoli stands out.

We may lift the creator of floor art to the position of ‘artist’, but ultimately she, or he, is performing a duty within the framework of domestic life for the welfare of the community and as an invocation to the Divine. We learn that “integral unity is not expressed only in terms of divinity and devotion; transcendence to such a state is also available through art. Since time immemorial in India, art has been a way to connect the manifest and the un-manifest, evoking through form, the experience that is beyond form.”

During auspicious days or occasions, the Divine principle of a specific Deity is present in the atmosphere in a larger proportion on the day of the respective festival or is attracted to the venue where religious rituals of that Deity are being performed. In order to attract maximum Deity principle, rangolis that attract and transmit respective Deity principle are drawn so that everyone derives spiritual benefits from it.

According to a Principle in Spirituality that ‘word, touch, taste, form, smell and their energy co-exist,’ even if a small variation is made in the form and colour of the rangoli, its vibrations change. The booklet ‘Sattvik Rangolis’ illustrates various sattvik designs of rangolis which attract and transmit various Deity Principles such as – Deity Ganesh, Deity Rama, Deity Krishna, et. al.

The main feature of sattvik rangoli is that due to transmittance of Deity Principle, the devotees get various anubhutis  (spiritual experiences) of Shakti (Divine Energy), Bhav (spiritual emotion), Chaitanya (Divine Consciousness), Anand (Bliss) and Shanti(Serenity).

Rangoli is nothing but spiritual distribution of colors. Most of the rangoli designs maintain symmetry, which means left and right side of the rangoli always look similar. It is same like yin and yang symbol, or swastika or Egyptian symbols where symmetry is important. Worldwide in all religions symmetric designs are a symbol of prosperity, luck and growth.

For over 38 years, I considered kolams to be just another ritual among the long list of rituals, Indian women seem to follow. However when i decided to dig deeper to understand the significance of kolam designs, I was surprised at what i discovered.

The patterns vary and are most of the time inspired by natural elements, but it can also be geometrical  or abstract figures. According to Devdutt Pattnaik, author and mythologists- ” A downward pointing triangle represented woman and an upward pointing triangle represented man. A circle represented nature and a square represented culture. A lotus represented the womb and a pentagram represented Venus and the five elements.’.

Symbols, or Utswdhermita, which  are signs auspicious in Indian culture: flower and lotus, creepers, leaves, swastika, trident, conch shells, mango, fish, different birds like the peacock, swan, parrot etc. All over India, floor paintings are essentially white in color. White is a symbol of peace, purity and tranquility. The material used is rice flour or rice paste, because rice to all Indians is a sign of prosperity. Yet another symbol of prosperity is the color yellow. Turmeric yellow or ocher is also often used to fill in the white outlines. More often however, vermilion is used. Vermilion, is considered auspicious. Also used are pea green and rust brown. On occasions or in some parts of india, everyday, women draw and decorate their homes with rangoli, a reminder to live life in all it’s colors for it is transient. Whenever you enter a house with rangoli, the colors used would bring tranquility to you as early rangolis only had colors from powders which were used in prayers. Turmeric, kumkum which were used in rangoli drawings are used as decorating items to idols. These colors used to bring certain tranquility in you as they remind you of temples.

 There is a practice followed in Amazon jungles. In the Amazon jungle ,there is an African tribe which draws art similar to rangoli in the middle of the forest after praying for nearly half a day. Animals in the forest invariably get attracted to this Art and Tribesman wait near the art patiently for the animal, to kill it and use it as their food. This tribe never hunts for animals but they make animals come to them through rituals of art. Rangoli had exactly similar science behind it for different reasons. While creating rangolis, ladies used to sing sacred songs and  believe that this will guard them from evil forces. While creating a rangoli, intention energy behind this creation is of, welfare of the family. When you create an intention spot, it is capable of changing your thoughts. That’s why temples, churches and mosques were created – to basically create energy centers which can aid your inner growth. Similarly -when you visit a church , temple or a hospital – your feelings and emotions in each of these places are so different because of the pool of energy available to you in each of these places.

A wedding calls for an elaborate rangoli which occupies a large floor space. This adds the fun factor to all celebrations. India being a diverse country the designs of rangoli varies from one region to another. Its not strange that each part of the country has its own style and way of drawing rangolis.

The Indian scriptures and Puranas (Hindu mythological literature) mention about the  evolution of this traditional art form. The rangoli illusions created today remind one of this practice in mythological tales.

1.   One of the 64 arts mentioned in ancient India is त浔′ुलकुसुमविलिवकाराः , i.e. Tandula (rice) Kusumavali (array of flowers), Vikara (transformation).  This is an art form of organizing an offering of rice and flowers. Rangoli appears to be an instance of this art form.

2.    It is believed that in the Mahabharata, among the methods employed in the palace decorations that made water appear to look like land and vice versa, was the painting of rangoli on the floors. The Indraprastha palace built by Mayan for the Pandavas employed this technique. This style of rangoli described in the Mahabharata was elevated to heights of transcendental illusion which, as per the tale, caused embarrassment to Duryodhana and further aggravated his anger towards the Pandavas.

3.   References to Rangoli  are seen in legends, such as in the – Ramayana at Sita’s wedding pavilion where the discussion refers to rangoli there. Cultural development of Rangoli in the South originated in the era of the Chola Rulers.

4. The second story describes God in a creative mood and is one of his artistic spells, extracted the juice from one of the mango trees to be used as paint and created a picture of a beautiful woman on a wall. It is said that the painting was so magnificent that it put the heavenly maidens (apsaras) to shame.

5. The rulers of the Chola kingdom of southern India, encouraged the art of rangolis. Buddhist and some Hindu literature also states that the use of sand or powder as a medium depicts impermanence of life.

6. The story which explains why we draw kolam is found in the Hindu Puranas. The story is associated with the churning of the ocean by Devas and Asuras. Numerous items appeared during the churning of the ocean. When Goddess Lakshmi appeared from the churning, she requested Bhagwan Vishnu for a house to reside. Vishnu suggested her to reside in a house in which the entrance is sprinkled with cow dung (entrance is pasted with cow dung) and decorated with kolams. From that day onwards people began to draw kolams to invite Goddess Lakshmi into their homes.

7.  Some Puranas also state that Moodevi or goddess of misfortune appeared during the churning of ocean and she also demanded a house. Bhagwan Vishnu asked her to reside in those houses that are dirty and where they do not draw kolam in front of the entrances.

8.   According to a legend recorded in Chitra Lakshana, the earliest treatise on Indian painting, a king and his kingdom were steeped in sorrow at the death of the high priest’s son. Everybody prayed to Lord Brahma, who moved by the prayers, asked the king to paint a portrait of the boy on the floor so that he could breathe life into it. And with that the art of floor painting came to life. And that is how rice, flour and flowers were transformed into picturesque offerings to God in the form of floor painting.

Why Is Rangoli Made on Diwali Festival – Know The Real Reasons For Making Rangoli in Deepavali

Why is Rangoli made on Diwali?: – When it’s Diwali in your home, you must have seen your mother or your sister drawing a beautiful Rangoli in your home but have you ever wondered why they make Rangoli on Diwali?

Why do we make rangoli on Diwali? What is the significance of rangoli? What is used to make rangoli designs? Why do we put rangoli? What is the significance of rangoli? Why do we make rangoli in Tihar? Why is Rangoli made for the Diwali festival? You will get these answers below. Keep reading and stay happy.

What is the Rangoli?

Rangoli is an art form that was created in the Indian subcontinent. This is where patterns are made on the floor or tabletop with materials like dry rice flour (red ochre), powdered limestone, dry rice flour (red ochre), colored sand, flower petals, and colored stones.

Rangoli is an ancient ephemeral art form that is practiced throughout Nepal. The designs are drawn on the ground, usually with chalk or colored powder, and adorned with sand, rice, candles, or flower petals.

Rangoli is an expression of the creative self, often seen as a form of self-portrait. The designs are composed of geometric and curvilinear motifs, generally derived from nature. Once the Rangoli is completed, the image is simply blown away with the wind, acting as a metaphor for the impermanence of life.

Rangoli and its spiritual meaning

Rangoli is considered appropriate to design rangoli in the Hindu Dharma during special occasions and religious ceremonies. Rangolis are believed to have a spiritual perspective and benefits. It is said that with the change in color, design, and shape, the vibration of rangoli changes.

There have been several resources and pamphlets on the Internet for rangoli projects that attract and transmit the energies of the principles of divinity. Devotees are said to have experienced various feelings ranging from spiritual energy to divine energy, to divine consciousness and serenity.

The trends of rangoli are not new. The African tribe of the Amazon rainforest has in practice an art similar to that of the rangoli that is drawn after praying. The prayers are done for half a day and after drawing the rangoli, the tribes sit patiently around the rangoli pattern.

The leaders attract animals and then, the people of the tribe kill them. It is important to keep in mind that the tribe does not kill them, but uses the color and design of the rangoli to attract them and then drive them out.

Earlier in ancient times, women sang sacred hymns and bhajans while creating rangoli and patterns. Above all, if it comes to rangoli for Diwali or other auspicious occasions, to create energy centers, this must-have that spiritual angle, which can have a positive impact on people.

The energy groups created by specific rangoli models motivate and channel positive energy into people. Since only natural materials like sindoor and haldi were used to create rangoli, these were also suitable for nature.

Rangoli and Diwali

Diwali is celebrated throughout the country, primarily as a festival to welcome the goddess Lakshmi. People clean their homes, remove all the garbage and dirt from the house to welcome the Goddess, and decorate the entrance of the house with splendid rangoli.

Rangoli motifs are created with gypsum, crushed limestone, and rice powder. You can simply make a small design or even a large one according to your choice. Usually, people make it small, almost the size of the doormat at the entrance to their home.

The rangoli model also varies based on the ability of the person making the rangoli and the time available. The design usually begins with a simple line or circle made with a pencil or chalk. The next design is filled with different colors that add more beauty to the model.

There is no limit to how large a rangoli can be. Most rangoli is the same size as a mat placed in an entrance. This rangoli is particularly popular among residents of city buildings, where space is a limitation. For larger homes like bungalows, it is not uncommon to find a patio full of colorful rangoli designed.

The variety of patterns and difficulty levels for a rangoli largely depends on the talents and abilities of the person producing the rangoli. A rangoli is always made by hand and all the drawings are carved with fingers. Usually, a line is drawn with a single finger, like a pencil.

In some cases, a model can be outlined using dotted movements, which are joined together at the end. Once a pattern is formed, the desired colors are then filled according to our needs and wants.

Why is Rangoli symmetry important?

The design of the rangoli is very important to channel its energy level. If you want to underestimate it, choose a rounded design. If you want to reach precise energy levels, choose rangoli that have sharper sides. Because spiritual gurus believe that the ranks are a science to create energy, design, symbols, lines, and colors play an important role.

Experts take the example of Leonardo da Vinci’s symbolism and the science behind it so that people understand the design and mechanism of rangoli production. Like the symbolism explained in Dan Brown’s novels, at home we have rangoli and its symbolism that can mean more than it seems.

Diwali means colored rangoli! Beautifully designed and colorful, almost every house in the country will have its entrance decorated with handmade rangoli of various models. And yes, they conquer our hearts with their beauty and colors.

Rangoli and its traditional roots

Rangoli is an ancient Nepali tradition, followed by our ancestors for several years, and has special importance during Diwali. In Diwali, colors play an important role. It is also for this reason that people paint their homes and buy new and colorful clothes and gifts for their loved ones.

Also called Alpona, kolam, and Arizona, the designs and patterns of rangoli have been made for several years and have passed from one generation to another.

The word Rangoli was coined by two words, “Rang” and “Aavali”, which means row of colors. The designs and colors used to make a rangoli vary greatly depending on the region, the tradition, and the culture of the people. You’ll see people doing rangolis with colors, rice powder, and flower petals.

Rangoli Patterns

A rangoli drawn during Diwali generally follows a certain theme. The drawing or central motif is symbolic and represents a deity or the main concept of the subject.

The unity of man and nature can be shown by drawing natural elements such as offerings, snakes, fish, etc. Another common theme for a rangoli is the celestial one, which uses symbols such as the sun, the moon, the signs of the zodiac, etc.

As the central motive. A rangoli pattern generally has a geometric shape, which should indicate the infinity of time. A rangoli is also bounded by a lotus drawing to represent the goddess Lakshmi. If it is drawn as an outline, it could also refer to a heart or a wheel.


Did you know Deepavali is India’s most important holiday. It is a celebration of good over evil with 5 days of religious rituals such as acts of dana (charitable giving) and seva (selfless service), cleaning and decorating homes, stringing up lights and reflecting on deeply-held values. For some, Deepavali is also the beginning of a new year. This is the time where you will see brightly burning clay lamps lined up outside houses.

The history of Deepavali can be traced back to ancient India. It most probably started as an important harvest festival. However, there are several legends pointing to the origin of Deepavali.

One of the main stories behind the history of Deepavali is the day Lord Rama, his wife Sita Devi and brother Lakshmana return to their homeland after 14 years in exile. The villagers lit a path for Rama, who had defeated the demon.

During Deepavali, Hindus also celebrate the Goddess Lakshmi. As the goddess of prosperity, wealth and fertility, the romantic Deepavali story states that she chose Lord Vishnu, one of Hinduism’s most important deities, to be her husband on the night of Deepavali.


Deepavali is celebrated mainly by Hindus but also includes people of a diverse range of beliefs and backgrounds. The festival is celebrated over five days and each day holds a certain significance.

The first day is dedicated to the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, Lakshmi. People make sweets and clean their homes and decorate with oil lamps (diyas) and rangolis which are intricate coloured patterns made with colourful sand, rice grains and can also include flowers. People also wake up early in the morning and bathe in natural oils. This is said to remove all sins and impurities. Prayers for the souls of their departed ancestors are offered too.

The third and main day of celebration of Deepavali involves dressing up in new clothes, visiting temples to perform a Lakshmi pooja (prayer to the Goddess Lakshmi). Devotees will light up the diyas that they had displayed the day before to ensure every corner of their house is brightly lit. It’s a time for a gathering with loved ones and feasting on LOTS of good food.

The fourth day of Deepavali marks the first day of the New Year, a time to feel grateful for the past year and look ahead to the next year. Many exchange gifts and well wishes on this day.


Here are some of the common traditional customs and practices that are carried out during Deepavali.


I believe that this is not something unfamiliar to you. But what makes house cleaning compulsory for Deepavali? The reason behind this is to spread light, positivity and to share the joy. A brightly lit, nicely decorated and clean house will create a positive ambience. Anyone who visits the house will feel happy (and not to mention comfortable). According to popular Hindu belief, Goddess Laxmi resides in cleanliness. So, the cleaner the house is, the greater are the chances for the deity to shower blessings on your house.


During the week to Deepavali, shoppers will go crazy. People shop for decorations to give their house a festive makeover. It isn’t just limited to decorations! With festivity round the corner, it’s also the perfect chance to buy your dresses, sarees, kurtas and jewelleries along with gifts for your loved ones. Ultimately, Deepavali is all about introducing something new into your life and celebrating together.


Rangoli is a must have to grace the entrance of every home during Diwali. Whether you love making it with colours or just by pasting “rangoli” stickers, it never goes out of style when it comes to Deepavali decorations. Prayers are offered to the Goddess Lakshmi, asking for her blessings in the form of wealth. The Rangoli is placed at the entrance of the house, not only to welcome guests, but also the Goddess Lakshmi herself.


Among the many things that Deepavali is synonymous with, food is certainly on top of the list. On the day — and also the days leading up to it, people indulge in different sweets and savouries, and also share the joy of the festival with their near and dear ones, in the form of food. Deepavali wouldn’t be celebrated without these treats as they symbolise happiness and is what makes this festival memorable. Check out All Things Delicious’s Deepavali store for some lip-smacking gifts and sweets here.


On Deepavali, houses are decorated with lights and diyas. In Hindu tradition, the lighting of a diya is a crucial part of prayer and it signifies purity, goodness, good luck and power. Diwali falls on new moon day, a period of metaphorical darkness and it is believed that unwanted spirits gain strength and become aggressive when there is no light. So, diyas are lit to weaken them. The oil in the diya symbolises the “dirt” in the human mind such as greed, envy, hate, lust etc. The illumination of the diyas frees us from all kinds of grief, negative thoughts and materialistic wants, leading the path to enlightenment and connection with God.


Deepavali means a lot of gifts, right? Coming to the gift ideas, food can never go wrong. But if you want to make this festive period special for them, ATD has a remedy for that as well. Surprise your guests with ATD’s specially curated hampers, gift boxes and care packs! The main idea behind the custom of exchanging gifts is to celebrate and to show appreciation and feeling of sharing, love and affection. Heartfelt thoughts, especially for those who are far away, can easily be conveyed with a basketful of curated goodies to the recipient’s doorstep.

Deepavali is a time of joy and togetherness to honour the triumph of Good over Evil. Families and friends gather, and the festival is celebrated with great merry-making. Hope this complete guide helped you understand the significance and importance of Deepavali and how it is being celebrated.

5 Simple Designs of Rangoli for Diwali

Rangoli for Diwali is an exquisite art form that originated in the Indian subcontinent. Its design depicts the traditions, folk customs, and practices unique to each region. Use materials such as colored rice, dry powder, colored sand, or petals to create patterns on the floor or ground.

Especially on the occasion of Diwali, rangoli was made at the entrance to welcome guests, including the goddess Lakshmi himself. We have compiled a list of 5 beautiful designs of Rangoli for Diwali that you can make any time.

Floral Rangoli

Bead and wooden Rangoli

Grain Rangoli

Artificial Rangoli

Floating Rangoli

Floral Rangoli

It is one of the most famous and easy forms of Rangoli. We can make many thick circles to make a large circle rangoli. We can see various types of beautiful Rangoli on Google to make them in a single design. You can try something new by placing beautiful lamps in the middle of it and make it the most unique in every way.

Bead and Wooden Rangoli

If we are looking for some artistic and enchanting Rangoli, then to make beautiful Rangoli in different corners and edges of the house, we must use wooden ‘Shilakhanda’ and artistic ‘Manka’. If we want, we can buy a group of artificial rangoli from the market and decorate it at our doors.

Grain Rangoli

In the past, people used to make ancient beautiful Rangoli for Diwali with rice, flour, turmeric, and various types of grains, to depict the Indian tradition and culture in a great way. However, people often used colored rice to create on the ground. Rice is also a material and a plain white Rangoli for Diwali was made by making a thin paste (paste) from it.

Artificial Rangoli

Rangoli for Diwali is an ‘art’ and ‘color’ plays a very important role in the formation of a magnificent mold! This type of rangoli has become quite practiced and practiced among teenagers and youth! It is available in stores and we can buy it online too!

Floating Rangoli

Sometimes in our homes we do not get enough time to make Rangoli! In this case, we can opt for a floating rangoli. This water rangoli can give an attractive look if it is with different candles, flowers, and oil lamps! These groups of Rangolis swim in a bowl of water and look quite attractive from above!

What is the Significance of drawing Rangoli for Diwali?

The celebration of Diwali is to herald the arrival of Goddess Lakshmi. Pray to her and pray for her blessings in the form of wealth. Therefore, the rangoli design was designed at the entrance of the house to welcome not only the visiting guests but also the goddess herself. Rangoli patterns are usually made using pastel, rice flour, and crushed limestone.

There is no limit to the size of rangoli. Most rangolis are the same size as doormats placed at the entrance. These rangolis are particularly popular among residents of urban buildings with limited space.

For larger houses such as bungalows, the entire courtyard is usually filled with colorful rangoli. The variety of rangoli styles and difficulty levels depends largely on the talents and skills of the person making the rangoli.

Rangoli for Diwali is always handmade and all designs are carved with fingers. A finger (such as a pencil) is usually used to draw a line. In some cases, you can use the dotted line to outline the pattern, and these dotted lines will eventually be connected. After the pattern is formed, it will be filled with the desired color.

What is the Significance of Patterns of Rangoli for Diwali?

The Rangoli for Diwali drew during Diwali usually follows a specific theme. The central design or theme is symbolic and represents the main concept of the god or theme.

The unity of man and nature can be expressed by drawing natural elements such as birds, snakes, and fish. Another common theme of rangoli is celestial bodies, which use symbols such as sun, moon, zodiac signs as celestial bodies.

The rangoli design usually has a geometric shape, which should represent the infinity of time. Rangoli is also bordered by a lotus design, representing the goddess Lakshmi.

Lotus is also a symbol of the beginning of life. When outlining, it can also refer to the heart of the wheel.

How is Rangolis for Diwali drawn in Different parts of India?

The Rangoli patterns are different in different Indian states. The basic rangoli usually consists of two interface triangles. These are painted as a symbol of Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge.

 Twenty-four petal petals outline a triangle. At the four corners of the border, tiny footprints are drawn, which represent Lakshmi’s footprints.

In northern Bihar, Lakshmi’s footprints are painted at the door, and the toes point to the entrance of the house. The typical rangoli drawn in Andhra Pradesh has eight petals of lotus flowers and is composed of various geometric patterns.

This lotus flower is called “Ashtadal kamal“. In Tamil Nadu, the anise star is called “hridaya kalam” and replaces the eight-petal lotus. This means the inner lotus. Gujarat is said to have absorbed nearly a thousand species of lotus flowers during Diwali.

Names of Rangoli in the Different States in India

State    Name of Rangoli for Diwali

Orissa   Rangoli is known by the name of Osa.

Tamil Nadu        Rangoli is known as ‘Kolam’.

Kerala   Puvidal by Flowers – Rangoli! (Pokalam).

Bengal  Rangoli by rice paste and it is known as Alpana.

Andhra Pradesh            Rangoli for Diwali is named ‘Mogu’.

Rajasthan          Rangoli is known as Mandana.

Maharashtra      Rangoli is called ‘Rangavalli’.

Gujarat  Rangoli is called ‘Saathiya’.


In legends, it is said that the tradition of making Rangoli for Diwali with many types of stones was first started by the ‘Maharashtrian’ people and then it continued in different states of India. Here we are telling you some effective ways to make attractive and brilliant Rangoli using illogical materials and imaginations.

No matter which design is adopted, if there is no traditional rangoli to welcome guests, whether it is sacred or human, Diwali is incomplete. Rangoli for Diwali are drawn by families all over the country. In many cases, the drawing of rangoli is a family tradition and a time of unity.

People Also Ask (FAQs)

Why do we make rangoli on Diwali?

It is a day when people light their homes with colorful lights, diyas, and other decorations. Rangoli is made on Diwali, as it is believed that drawing in front of the entrance door or puja room, signifies the welcoming of goddess Laxmi and guests inside the house. For Indians, even the water is sacred.

What is Diwali Rangoli?

Rangoli is an art form, originating in the Indian subcontinent, in which patterns are created on the floor or the ground using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand, or flower petals. It is usually made during Diwali, Onam, Pongal, and other Hindu festivals in the Indian subcontinent.

How do you start making a rangoli?

To make Rangoli, start by choosing your design and picking a flat, quiet place to work. Next, practice sketching your design outline a few times before drawing the final version. After you create your final design, dab it with a little cooking oil to make the surface adhesive.

What is rangoli powder made up of?

The base material is usually dry or wet powdered rice or dry flour, to which sindoor (vermilion), Haldi (turmeric) and other natural colors can be added. Chemical colors are a modern variation.

The making of colorful patterns on the floor using a mix of materials such as sand, flower petals, rice flour, lentils and beans, is what forms a Rangoli — one of the most beautiful Indian folk arts.

Traditionally, Rangoli is an art of decoration drawn on the floor or the entrances of homes. It is thought to bring good luck, prosperity on the house and in the family, and to welcome guests.

Some mothers in India do this activity every morning, or on a special festive occasion like Diwali, Onam, and Pongal. It is a folk art that is passed from one generation to another as mothers teach the art of Rangoli to their kids.

Each state of India has its own way of making Rangoli and they are called by different names.

In South India, Rangoli is known as Kolam. In Rajasthan, the Mandana are drawn on walls. In Kolkata, Alpana is drawn in the courtyard. In Maharashtra, Rangoli is drawn on the floor. Chowk Purana in Uttar Pradesh and Aripan in Bihar refer to decorating the floor with various design using flour and rice paste.Rangoli design can be simple geometric shapes, floral shapes or they can also be very elaborate designs. Some common symbols used in Rangoli are peacocks, lotus flowers, mangoes, and fish. The most important element of Rangoli is being colorful!

Rangoli can be made on the floor, sidewalk, or entrances of homes. The materials used can easily be found in your pantry, yard, or a regular grocery store. Typical materials include rice flour (either plain or dyed), as well as lentils and beans to feed birds and ants. Rangoli is supposed to be meaningful to others, from honored guests to the smallest creatures, as well as being beautiful.

Here are a few things you can use for your Rangoli:

Colorful Flower petals

Rangoli Powder/Chalk Powder

Colored Raw Rice

Raw Beans/Raw Lentils

Raw Colorful Pasta

Rice Powder

Salt or Epsom Salt

Rangoli tools (optional)

Use items available at home like plates, bowls, bottle caps, or bangle bracelets to create perfect circle designs. Use a paint brush tip or Q-tips to fill in the finer details.

Fill an empty salt/pepper shaker with Rangoli colors for an easy shaker to fill in the design.

To make colorful rice, pasta, or salt: measure 1 cup of rice, pasta, or salt into a container that comes with a lid (or a sealable bag). Add food coloring and 1 teaspoon of vinegar. Put the lid on the container or seal the top of the bag, and shake everything up until the color is evenly distributed. Spread the material in an even layer on a paper plate or towel until dry. For faster drying, spread materials on a sheet tray and put in the oven at a low temperature, stirring occasionally until dry.

How to Make Rangoli

Choose the design you want to make — either geometrical, a floral design, or get creative and follow wherever your inspiration leads you!

Decide where to draw your Rangoli. You can draw on the floor or outside of your house.

Give dimension to your outline with white textured material like rice flour, Rangoli powder or chalk powder. Rice flour/Rangoli Powder is usually applied free hand by letting it run from the gap formed by pinching the thumb and forefinger.

Choose the materials you will use to fill in the design. Use natural materials easily found in your house or garden. You can use flower petals, leaves, colored rice,  chalk or Rangoli powder, beans etc.

Significance of Rangolis During DiwaliRangoli is a traditional Indian art of decorating the entrance to a house. Learn more about its importance during Diwali.

Diwali is touted as a festival of lights. However, colours also play a big role in this festival. Houses are freshly painted and adorned with a multitude of decorations. People buy new clothes and gifts for their family and friends. Colours are most noticeable though in the traditional rangoli patterns that grace the entrance of every home.

Rangoli is a timeless tradition that is followed all over India. Rangoli is also known as Alpana, Aripoma, or Kolam. It is an ancient art, practiced by almost all households. In many cases, designs are passed down through generations with some of them being hundreds of years old.

The word ‘Rangoli’ is said to have been derived from the words ‘Rang’ and ‘Aavalli’ which refers to a row of colours. Rangoli designs and colours vary between different regions but they all follow some basic patterns. A Rangoli usually has a geometrical structure that is also symmetrical. The design patterns often consist of natural elements like animals, flowers, etc.

Rangoli at Diwali

Diwali is celebrated, primarily to herald the coming of the Goddess Lakshmi. Prayers are offered to her, asking for her blessings in the form of wealth. As such, a Rangoli design is created at the entrance of the house, not only to welcome the guests that visit, but also the Goddess herself. Rangoli patterns are usually made using coloured chalk, rice powder, and crushed limestone.

There is no limit to how big a Rangoli can be. Most Rangolis are the same size as a doormat placed at an entrance. These Rangolis are especially popular among residents of city buildings, where space is a constraint. For larger houses like bungalows, it is not uncommon to find an entire courtyard filled with a colourfully designed Rangoli.

The variety in patterns and the difficulty levels for a Rangoli is largely dependent on the talents and skills of the person making the Rangoli. A Rangoli is always made by hand and all designs are carved out using the fingers. A line is usually drawn using a single finger, like a pencil. In some cases, a pattern may be outlined using dotted movements, which are joined together at the end. Once a pattern is formed, the desired colours are filled in.

Rangoli Patterns

A Rangoli drawn during Diwali usually follows a certain theme. The central design or motif is symbolic and represents a deity or the main concept of the theme. The unity of man and it could also refer to a heart or a wheel nature can be shown by drawing natural elements like birds, snakes, fish, etc. Another common theme for a Rangoli is a celestial one, using symbols like the sun, moon, signs of the zodiac, etc. as the central motif.

A Rangoli design usually has a geometric shape, which is supposed to denote the infiniteness of time. A Rangoli is also bordered by a lotus design, to represent the Goddess Lakshmi. The lotus is also symbolic for the beginning of life. When drawn as an outline, it could also refer to a heart or a wheel.

Rangolis in Different States

Rangoli patterns vary in different Indian states. A basic Rangoli would usually consist of two interfacing triangles. These are drawn to symbolise the Goddess of knowledge, Saraswati. A twenty-four-petal lotus border outlines the triangles. At the four corners of the border, tiny footprints are drawn, which represent Lakshmi’s footprints.

In the northern parts of Bihar, Lakshmi’s footprints are drawn on the doorstep, with the toes pointing towards the entrance of the house. A typical Rangoli drawn in Andhra Pradesh, has an eight petal lotus which is formed by a variety of geometric patterns. This lotus is called ‘Ashtadal Kamal’. In Tamil Nadu, an Eight-Pointed star, referred to as ‘Hridaya Kalam’, replaces the eight-petal lotus. This means the lotus of the heart. Gujarat itself is said to have almost a thousand variations of the lotus that are drawn during Diwali.

No matter the design, Diwali would be incomplete without the traditional Rangoli to welcome guests, both divine and human. Rangolis are drawn in households throughout the country. In many cases, the drawing of the Rangoli is a family tradition and is a time for togetherness.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to Rangoli

Take a quick look at the frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to Rangoli.

What is Sanskar Bharati Rangoli?

Sanskar Bharati Rangoli is very popular in Maharashtra which is drawn in a free hand style. It is mainly drawn in circular form. It is drawn in big as well as small circles. The way of drawing this style of Rangoli is a little different. In the beginning colours are spread on the floor and then design is made with white Rangoli on these colours. These designs include different holy symbols depicting Indian culture, rituals, customs and traditions. People also use different geometric shapes to make it look even more attractive. Sanskar Bharati Rangoli is an epitome of Indian Culture and tradition which represents the Sanskars of India.

One of the benefits of drawing this Rangoli is that it can be drawn in very less time and anyone can draw it. Therefore, this style of Rangolis are drawn in big areas and spaces not only during Diwali festival but also during many other festivals. Different vibrant colours can be used for making this Rangoli which can make it very attractive. Not only in the circular shape but also it can be drawn in square or rectangular shape. The beauty of this Rangoli is enhanced when it is decorated with Diyas. Watch the following video to learn the basics of drawing Sanskar Bharati Rangoli:

Which are the different occasions when Rangoli is drawn apart from Diwali?

Rangoli is drawn not only on the occasion of Diwali but also on different occasions like Dussehra, Gudi Padwa, Navratri, Holi and almost all the auspicious occasions and festivals. It is also drawn around the places of worship as well as near the places where idols of Gods and Goddesses are placed for worship as a holy omen. It is also drawn when there is Puja at home or if Puja of any kind is done at a particular place. In many households it is drawn every day at the entrance of the door as a holy omen.

Which are the different holy symbols used while drawing Rangoli?

Rangoli has been a part of Indian tradition since many years and it is incomplete without holy symbols. The different holy symbols that are used while drawing Rangoli include symbols like Aum, Shankh (Conch), Sudarshan Chakra (Chakra that is in hands of Lord Vishnu), Swastik, Kamal (Lotus), Chandra (Moon), Surya (Sun), Gadha (Mace Weapon), Dhanush (Bow), Tulsi Vrindavan (Holy Basil Plant), More Pankh (Peacock Feather), Mango leaves, Neem leaves, Stars and faces of Gods and Goddesses. Drawing these symbols are known to invite good luck, prosperity and a lot of happiness in the house. Many people use their own creativity while drawing these symbols. They make these symbols and draw many different patterns around these symbols with different Rangoli colours.

What material is used for drawing Rangoli near the entrance of the door?

White Rangoli powder is readily available in the market which is generally used for drawing Rangoli. Similarly, different Rangoli colours are also available in a form of powder. Apart from that in some South-Indian states, rice flour is used to draw Rangoli. Paint is also used to draw permanent Rangoli outside the house. Different materials like chalk, sand, flowers etc; can be used for making Rangoli. Rangoli colours can also be used to draw Rangoli on water.

How to make Rangoli with flowers or floral Rangoli?

One of the beautiful ways to make Rangoli is to make it with flowers. You can use different kinds of flowers for making floral Rangoli. Such flowers include flowers like marigold, jasmine, rose, chrysanthemum (Shevanti) or any other flowers of your choice. You can also use mango leaves along with flowers for making floral Rangoli. You can use whole flowers or flower petals for making such Rangoli. Floral Rangolis are easy to make and such Rangolis lighten-up the festive mood. Floral Rangolis can be used for decorating the places of worship as well as the entire house. These Rangolis can also be decorated with the help of Diyas.

Is it alright to use Rangoli stickers?

People who are too busy to draw traditional Rangolis use Rangoli stickers. Rangoli stickers can be used but they do not provide the elegance and charm that traditional Rangolis bring to the house.

Which are the simplest ways to draw traditional Rangolis?

If you are too busy to draw Rangoli in a traditional way and you do not want to use Rangoli stickers, you can simply use Rangoli stencils. You can draw a perfect Rangoli with the help of the Rangoli stencil. There are a wide variety of stencils available in the market ranging from the floral designs to holy symbols and pictures of Gods and Goddesses. These stencils come in the form of different shapes and sizes. Nowadays even Rangoli sets are available in the market for adults as well as children which include all the essentials that are required for making a Rangoli. Therefore, even children can draw beautiful and perfect Rangolis with the help of stencils and make Diwali special and memorable.

What are the faiths and beliefs associated with Rangoli?

There is a belief that in the Hindu month of Margashirsha which usually falls between the month of December and January, Goddess Andal worshipped Lord Tirumala in order to marry him and her wish was granted. So, during this month most of the girls in South-India wake-up early in the morning and draw Rangoli in front of their house to worship Lord Tirumala so that they get a good husband. The significance of Rangoli is also mentioned in the great Indian epic Ramayana. The importance of Rangoli is mentioned during the episode of discussion about Goddess Sita’s wedding pavilion.

Which are the different names of Rangoli?

Rangoli is known by different names in different parts of India. In Maharashtra and Goa, Rangoli is known as Raangolee, in Chhattisgarh it is known as Chaook. In South-India, it is referred as Kolam and in Mithila it is known as Aripan. In Karnataka it is known as Hase or Rangoli and Muggulu in Telangana and Andra Pradesh.

What does Rangoli convey?

Rangoli is drawn to convey various messages. During the festivals it depicts the beautiful Indian culture. There are various spiritual reasons associated with drawing Rangoli in front of the main entrance of the door. It is drawn to invite good luck and prosperity in the house and ward-off evil spirit. It is drawn to welcome Goddess Laxmi in the house. There are various messages too that people write with Rangoli like ‘Welcome’ or ‘Happy Diwali’ or ‘God Bless You’. It is also used to write Mantras like ‘Aum Namah Shivaya’ or ‘Hari Om’.

How to make Rangoli powder at home?

There are different ways that you can follow to make Rangoli at home. You can take rice and add acrylic paint to it. Mix the rice and colour well. After the coloured rice dries, you can grind it in a mixer to make a fine powder out of it. You can also use salt and food colour to make Rangoli colour at home. All you need to do is add food colour to the salt and mix it well and your Rangoli colour is ready. You can also make Rangoli colour with the leftover Holi colours. All you need to do is add the Holi colours to Suji (Semolina) and salt and mix these ingredients well to make perfect Rangoli colours.

So, this festive season try making different types of Rangolis to invite good luck, wealth, prosperity and happiness in your home. Make every day of Diwali special with the help of the wide varieties of Rangolis that you can draw. Do not forget to add charm to your Rangoli creation by lighting beautiful Diwali lamps around it. Make this Diwali brighter and colourful with your beautiful Rangoli designs.

Rangoli Pattern

Rangoli is a form of folk art that originated in the Indian subcontinent. A rangoli may be symmetrical and consist of bright colours, intricate patterns and motifs. They are commonly created around Diwali, an important Hindu religious holiday that celebrates the victory of light over darkness.

What is rangoli?

Rangoli is a form of folk art which originated in the Indian subcontinent, where it’s still widely practised today. Rangoli consist of bright, colourful and intricate designs, and they serve a religious and symbolic purpose – to welcome Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, as well as any visiting guests. Rangoli can have other meanings, too, including bringing good fortune and keeping evil at bay!

What’s the story behind rangoli?

By now, we’ve got a working understanding of what rangoli are, but where did they come from?

There are lots of different stories throughout India which explain where this stunning form of art originated from. One story goes back to the Sanskrit epic Ramayana and tells how the people of Ayodhya, an ancient city in India, made rangoli patterns to welcome Rama on his return from the forest he was banished to for fourteen years. Rama is a deity of Hinduism and his story is told at Diwali.

Why do people make rangoli?

Rangoli patterns are often made during Diwali – the Hindu festival of lights. However, you can also see them at events like weddings, special occasions, religious celebrations and other Hindu festivals like Pongal, Tihar and Onam. At these times, families will make their own rangoli patterns to display.

Besides big events like weddings or Diwali, rangoli are sometimes created year-round. Many mothers in India create rangoli every morning and teach their daughters how to make them in order to keep the tradition going. Even outside of India, many people belonging to the Indian diaspora also create stunning rangoli to connect with their culture.

Besides looking beautiful and having deep symbolic value, rangoli can also serve a practical function – to keep the entrance of the home clean and prevent insects from going inside. Materials like limestone or cereal powders can be great for either repelling or for attracting a variety of small creatures.

How are rangoli patterns made?

Rangoli patterns are always made on the floor or on a board that can be carried to the spot where it’s going to be displayed. They are often placed outside a house by the doorstep, and can be created using a variety of materials such as limestone, quartz powder, cereal powders, rocks and even flowers.

First, the outline is drawn and then the pattern in filled in with colour. Rangoli patterns are very colourful and usually inexpensive – this means that everyone can make them using what they have. Before synthetic pigments were available, people would have made dyes from natural things like tree bark and other plants for their rangoli patterns. Rangoli can even be made from edible materials like lentils and rice powder to feed birds and insects!

Rangoli patterns are often designed to be symmetrical, but they can sometimes be much more elaborate and complex. They combine straight lines, curved lines and images like flowers and other things from nature. The symmetry of the designs is a symbol of prosperity, growth, and luck. Rangoli patterns can be small or large. In parts of India, rangoli competitions are held, at which teams of people work together to produce larger designs to be judged and for the public to enjoy.

Are there different types of rangoli?

Yes! All throughout India and elsewhere, different communities all have their own ways of creating rangoli. The shape, design, colours and symmetry can vary quite a bit across different Indian states. In fact, the art form is known by a variety of different names, such as muggu in the state of Andhra Pradesh and aripan in Bihar.

In Bengal and in parts of Bangladesh, people perform a similar type of folk art called alpona. Artists will first prepare a smooth surface using cow dung, and then draw intricate patterns and motifs using a white paste or powder. The results are often beautiful and highly symbolic, and alpona can sometimes stretch across entire streets!

Lots of people in Southern India practise a variation of rangoli art called kolam. In stark contrast to other forms of rangoli, kolam puts a strong emphasis on precision and symmetry rather than lots of bright colours. As you can imagine, it takes a bit of skill, and true masters of this art form can draw freehand or without even needing to lift their hand when drawing.

Now that we’ve taken a look at some of these different types, let’s move on and explore the relationship between Diwali and rangoli art!

How are Diwali and rangoli connected to one another?

Diwali and rangoli are inextricably linked to one another – just like how holly, mistletoe and Christmas trees symbolise Christmas, rangoli are an essential part of the Diwali celebrations!

The holiday of Diwali is commonly associated with the goddess Lakshmi, and so it’s common for people to create colourful rangoli patterns to welcome her into their homes. Typically, women and girls will create rangoli, but men and boys may sometimes take part in this tradition as well.

The triumph of good over evil and light over darkness is an important motif of Diwali, and rangoli floor patterns are created at the entrances to homes, offices and other places to ward off evil. During Diwali, rangoli are often accompanied by lots of small oil lamps called diya, which emit a warm glow and light up the nights during the Diwali celebrations.

Rangoli patterns for learning and teaching

If you are teaching about Diwali, you might like children to complete some rangoli patterns of their own as part of their learning. Our teaching materials and learning resources are made by teachers to help you combine teaching and fun in your lessons. Have a look at some of these recommendations for ideas on teaching about Diwali and rangoli patterns:

Why do Indians make Rangolis?

A rangoli is a beautiful design made with colors. Rangolis are made on special occasions like weddings, Diwali or Navratri. Beautiful designs and motifs are made on the floors using powders of various colors. The lovely combination of colors and the geometric patterns make rangoli a marvelous piece of art.

Why do Hindus make rangolis?

A rangoli is essentially a sign of welcome. The purpose of making rangolis on occasions like Diwali is to welcome Goddess Lakshmi into one’s home. Rangolis also ward off the evil eye.

Rangoli is basically a Maharashtrian art, but now it is practiced all over India. In South India, it is called ‘Kolam’. Actually, a Kolam uses just one color – white. It is made with rice powder. Other colors are not normally used. Rangolis that you find in Maharashtra and other parts of North India are colorful.

Rangolis are typically made by women. The designs are passed down through generations. They are geometric and proportioned.

Rangoli patterns are made with fingers using crushed chalk of various colors and rice powder. Sometimes these patterns are topped with flowers, grains or pulses. Since the purpose of making rangolis is to welcome Goddess Lakshmi into the home, small footprints coming towards the home are also drawn. Rangolis come in various sizes. While some rangolis cover an entire room, others may be the size of a doormat.

The overall beauty of a rangoli depends upon the skills of the maker. Rangolis are always drawn with fingers. The mapping is done with dots. These dots are then connected to make a pattern. Once the pattern is ready, it is filled with colors. There should be no broken lines in the pattern. If there are gaps in the lines, evil spirits may enter through them.

A rangoli is a temporary design made to last one day. During festivals a new pattern is made every day. Certain designs are created on special occasions such as weddings and religious festivals like Diwali.

Rangoli Decoration Themes

Most rangoli designs are based on themes that have been in use for centuries. Common themes include symbols like the sun, moon, stars, holy symbols like Om, Swastika, Chakra, Mangal Kalash, lotus etc. Flowers, plants, leaves, trees, birds, elephants and geometrical figures like circles, triangles, semi-circles, squares and rectangles are also common. During Diwali most Indian homes have a rangoli drawn at the entrance door.

The beauty of a rangoli depends upon the skills of its maker. This is an art. During special occasions like Diwali, rangoli making competitions are organized all over the country.

Rangoli colors

The colors used to make a rangoli come from various substances. In the olden days, the colors were derived from natural dyes. Today synthetic colors are used because of their easy availability. Also synthetic colors are available in a range of hues. Finely ground rice flour is used for the color white. A pinch of the powder is taken and applied with the forefinger and thumb. Nowadays the rice flour is being replaced by white stone powder.

In the South Indian state of Kerala, rangolis are made with flowers. Actually flower rangolis are made on the floor on all ten days of the Onam festival. They aren’t made on other occasions.

It is not easy to make a rangoli. It is a laborious process that requires a great deal of time and expertise. Still these beautiful patterns are made on all special occasions for several reasons. This is a traditional Indian art that reflects our culture. It creates harmony and positivity – a beautiful rangoli instantly cheers up everyone. It is inviting – the rangoli is a symbol of our hospitality. It seeks perfection in art and shows our deep-rooted reverence for the divine.

History of Rangoli

Rangoli at Diwali

Rangoli, which means rows of colours, is drawn on the entrance and filled with colours during


Rangoli designs are created using the thumb and forefinger.

It is drawn to welcome guests and different Gods and Goddesses and to bring joy into homes.

Origin of Rangoli

Lopamudra was the wife of a sage called, Augustya Rishi. She also wrote 2 portions of the Rigveda

(famous holy books). She and her husband lived in a remote place, away from others. People would

describe them as hermits.

Lopamudra wanted help her husband in worshiping the gods, so she started to make rangoli, a

decoration for the Yagyakunda.

Yagyakunda is what we call a place of worship.

Lopamudra asked the Panchatatva (the five elements – sky, wind, water, earth, fire) to give her

colours to please her husband. She was able to collect blue from sky, green from water, black from

soil, red from fire and white from wind. She then added these colours to the rangoli (made from

ground rice, lentils, flowers and spices) which is why they look so beautiful today.

Rangoli Colours

Blue represents the sky and green represents the sea. Both colours bring calm and helps with using our

imagination. These are good colours for story-telling.

Black brings strength and stability.

Red, the colour of fire or danger, represents the code of conduct the artist must follow.

White represents peace and positivity and embodies all colours.

All of these colours in Rangoli bring in elements that we wish for in the new year, when celebrating Diwali.

Types of Rangoli

There are two types of Rangoli: dry Rangoli introduced by Lopamudra and wet Rangoli introduced

from Sita (from The Story of Rama and Sita).

When Sita fell in love with Ram, she ground some rice and prepared rangoli and prayed to the

Goddess Gauri (wife of Shiva) to grant Ram as her husband.

The Rangoli prepared for Diwali is the dry Rangoli created by Lopamudra.

Rangoli in different parts of India

In different parts of India, there are different stories surrounding the origin and use of Rangoli.

In Gujrat, when Lord Krishna (a supreme god, widely worshipped in India) settled down in

Dhwarika, his wife,Rukmani, started the rangoli pattern. In Gujarat Rangoli is called Satiya because

Krishna is the Satiya (partner) of Rukmani.

Below are some other names for Rangoli in different parts of India:

• West Bengal – Alpana.

• Orissa – It is called Joti which is put in front of Lord Jaganath.

• Chattisgarh – Chouk Purna.

• Karnataka – Rangoli.

• Maharastra – Sanskara Bharati.

• Tamil Nadu – Kolam.

Rangoli in different parts of India (continued)

In India despite the different cultures and customs and different names, Rangoli is common and it

brings joy and prosperity.


Rangoli has different origins and names in different parts of India.

Can you find information on these different types of Rangoli listed below?

1. Alpana

2. Joti

3. Chouk Purna

4. Sanskara Bharati

5. Kolam


Rangoli is a beautiful art form originating in India that uses a variety of materials to create beautiful patterns on the floor or a tabletop. Rangoli hold a significant place in the lives of Hindus. The purpose of rangoli is more than decoration – it’s a way to connect with the divine. Rangoli designs can be simple geometric, flower and petal shapes according to the given celebrations. They are often beautiful and symbolic, and can be used to celebrate any occasion. They can also be made with intricate designs crafted by many people. The geometric designs may also be religious symbols that are powerful. Rangoli creation is also found in Hindu mythology. There are also references to rangoli in legends such as Ramayana. There is a modern and traditional Rangoli design. The designs are usually inspired by nature, but they can also be in the form of abstract art or decorative wall hangings. They are often beautiful and unique, and they have the ability to inspire feelings of joy and peace. We often make rangoli designs for diwali, Onam, Pongal etc.

What is a rangoli?

The beautiful patterns created on the floor using a variety of materials such as sand, flower petals, rice flour, lentils and beans, is something that forms a Rangoli – one of the most beautiful Indian folk arts. In India, the art of rangoli is seen as a symbol of beauty, hope, and tradition. The art of drawing unique Rangoli designs is considered an auspicious sign, and they are drawn meticulously and with bare fingers to ward off all evils. It is revered as a divine art. Rangoli, also known as “Sand Mandala”, has different names in India: Kolam, Alpana, Muggulu and Rangavalli. A custom of rangoli is meant for the moment or occasion.

Who invented rangoli?

Lopamudra was married to a sage called Augustya Rishi. She is an accomplished woman with a lot of knowledge. She also wrote two important portions of the Rigveda, which is a famous holy book. She and her husband enjoyed living a life far away from others. Lopamudra felt a need to help her husband in worshiping the gods, so she started making rangoli designs. This decoration is perfect for the Yagyakunda Temple. Yagyakunda is a place of worship where Lopamudra requested the Panchatatva (the five elements – sky, wind, water, earth, fire) to give her colors to please her husband. She was able to collect all the colors from the sky, water, soil, and fire. She added these colors to the rangoli design (made from ground rice, lentils, flowers and spices) which is why they look so beautiful today.

What is the importance of rangoli?

Now, in Hinduism, all traditions and gestures symbolize a deeper meaning. A beautiful rangoli design is created at the entrance of my house to welcome guests and the goddess herself. A rangoli is also adorned with a lotus motif, representing the Goddess Lakshmi. Rangolis are not just meant for the prettification of the home – they’re also meant to keep evil at bay.

The significance of rangoli art is well-known among Hindus, who use it in various rituals and practices. One of the reasons this intricate decoration is placed in front of the house is that it is said to ward off any negative energy and mood before entering one’s home. In addition, rangolis are considered to be ceremonial decorations invoking the good spirits and deities to bring good luck to the family. Each of the different types of rangoli have their own scientific reasons and spiritual meanings behind them.

The line shapes normally drawn in South India and Tamil Nadu are known to enhance the emotions of spirituality babs. The shape of the puja and the lotus rangoli design before the beginning of worship is known to evoke chaitanya or energy. The designs with symmetrical and square shapes have been proven to have strong energy fields that cause bliss in humans. The Divinity principle is at the heart of rangoli. The design has a positive spiritual impact on devotees and people around it. The Sri Chakra, one of the most powerful yantras in Hinduism, is also a popular form of rangoli. It contains immense cosmic power.

What is the scientific reason behind making Rangoli?

Looking closer at the science behind rangoli reveals many fascinating truths. Modern science has shown that geometric patterns can have a positive effect on the surrounding environment. The study of the science behind the patterns created by Hindus in front of their houses has revealed that there is a lot of scientific knowledge hidden behind these designs. There is a scientific reason behind the patterns that appear in traditional rangoli designs. The curved patterns joining the dots symbolize the infinite nature of the universe. Such patterns resemble the wave harmonics of the sound. The world has recognized the potential of sound waves in treating many ailments, including depression and mental disorders. Thus, the scientific reason behind Rangoli implies that these art designs are visual sound and energies.

How to make rangoli?

With just a few simple rangoli and small designs, you can create beautiful rangoli with paper cones, kitchen utensils, dots and tubes. Some are easy Rangoli designs to make, and they can be done with just a few simple steps. With the right guidance and helpful tips, you can learn how to make rangoli designs step-by-step just like the pros! Along with the paper cones, there are many other interesting objects you can use for making different rangoli designs.

What is the importance of rangoli designs?

Kolam (Tamil Nadu)

Originally, Kolams were not made to be decorative objects, but to provide an easy meal for ants and other small creatures. They encourage harmonious coexistence by inviting birds and other small creatures to join in.

Muggu (Andhra Pradesh)

These colorful rangoli patterns are created with a mixture of rice flour, which is used during festivals to pray to ants, insects, and sparrows. This art is often passed down from one generation to the next.

Jhoti (Odisha)

The white line art is created by using a semi-liquid paste of rice flour to create a desired effect. You’ll want to include a few designs and patterns in your jhoti outfit, as Lakshmi’s small foot marks are a must. The gesture is very meaningful and symbolic.

Aripana (Bihar)

Aripanas were often used for magical purposes to make the land fertile and productive. The intricate designs are created with the help of rice paste using fingers.

Chowkpurana (Chhattisgarh)

Chowkpurana is a type of art made from dried rice flour. The intricate designs change with each new generation, indicating the artists’ creativity and good luck.

How to preserve rangoli art?

Nowadays, there is a trend of permanent rangolis that can be used over and over again. These are made from beads, woodcuts, or paper. Made this rangoli out of foam sheets. They are lightweight and water resistant, making them easy to store. Your design will survive longer as it simply acts as an adhesive.When making a rangoli for the floor, just pour some water on the surface before drawing the pattern.


Rangoli is a beautiful art form originating in India that uses a variety of materials to create beautiful patterns on the floor or a tabletop. The geometric designs may also be religious symbols that are powerful. Rangoli creation is also found in Hindu mythology. The art of drawing unique Rangoli designs is considered an auspicious sign, and they are drawn meticulously and with bare fingers to ward off all evils. They are often beautiful and unique, and they have the ability to inspire feelings of joy and peace. Rangoli for diwali are designed as a gesture to welcome Goddess Lakshmi. The fact is, we don’t have the time or space to put intricate rangoli designs with all the bright colors or to make homemade home decor items, so we’re going to stick to simpler designs. Rangolis, made from pre-made designs, are becoming popular at celebrations these days. We can also buy brass diyas online for home decoration.

What is Rangoli? History, Purpose, Scientific Reason and Importance of Rangoli

Rangoli is an art form that is prominently known for its cultural and historic significance in India. History of rangoli, importance of rangoli and its scientific reason finds its roots in the Vedic and ancient times of India. It is an intrinsic part of Indians’ life so much so that no festival or prominent life occasion here happens without this beautiful and captivating art form.

During festivals, they don a grandeur form and amp up the beauty of already beautiful Indian homes. As we move on, we shall delve deep into the various aspects of this beautiful Indian floor art. We have also included tips to draw rangoli easy and many types of rangoli designs with dots and without dots.

History of Rangoli

Rangoli finds its roots in the Vedic times of Hinduism. Also, according to many researchers, this art form dates back to the times of the caveman era.

Researchers found that early man in the prehistoric times believed that the five elements influenced every way of human life:




Soil, and


To protect themselves from the evil and negative energies, early humans used to draw intricate patterns in geometric shapes to attract positive cosmic power.

Many designs found in the Indus Valley and Harappa regions provided proof that earlier civilizations also used such designs in various forms. While some symbolized Talismic energies, others were used as a form of protection of homes and villages from negative energies.

The modern designs have many straight lines and modern shapes. The first forms predominantly contained the elements of nature such as the Sun, Fire, trees, birds, animals, and flowers. Motifs like Swastika, crosses, circles, snakes, and Goddesses existed in cave form paintings in ancient India. One can find their usage in the modern-day designs too.

Mention of Rangoli in Ancient Indian Scripts

The mention of this art was made in many significant ancient scripts of India.

Natyashastra, for instance, the Sanskrit treatise for the Indian arts, drafted by Bharata Muni, mentions them. This scripture was drafted during the period of 200 B.C. to 200 A.D. As per this book, before artists performed an art on the stage, one symmetrical mandala adorned with colors and flowers was drawn on the stage. Then the Gods were worshipped and invoked to occupy their places on the Mandala.

Even today, when beginning a traditional puja or worship, it is a common practice to draw a design of an eight-petaled lotus flower on a cleaned wooden platform. It is decorated with turmeric, flowers, and vermilion, and Gods are worshipped and invoked. 

Mention of Rangoli in Ancient Hindu Texts

The holy epics of Ramayana, Bhagavata, and Mahabharata have mentioned the prominence of this art in various instances.

Mention of Rangoli in Ramayana

The story of Sita Mata being kidnapped by Ravan is well known to most of us. Before leaving her Sister-in-Law unprotected and alone in the hut in the forest, Lakshmana draws a circle of power around the hut and asks Sita Mata not to cross it and come outside. But Sita Mata unintentionally crosses it and the rest is history.

According to folk tales, this circle that Lakshman draws is a form of Rangoli with divine powers. According to Ramayana, Lord Rama killed Ravan at Dasara and Return to Ayodhya with Sita Mata on Diwali.

Also, in Sundarakanda, where the description of Lord Vibhishana comes up, the mention of this art in his kingdom and their beauty emerges.

Mention of Rangoli in Mahabharata

The story about Subhadra And Lord Krishna tell the importance of this visual art.

Once, in the land where Subhadra, the sister of Lord Krishna resided, there was a celebration on an Ekadashi day that needed the playing of drums and Tabor.

It so happened that the cover of the drums and the sticks of tabor was damaged. The king ordered that whoever did not follow the Sankha Chakra Gopadma ritual on that year shall be deskinned and their skin be used as the covering of the drum. Their bones shall be used as the sticks of the tabor.

Everyone in the town, except Subhadra, performed this ritual that year. Struck with fear and guilt, she ran to her brother’s help.

Lord Krishna then suggested she clean the house and the cowshed, draw beautiful patterns of a swastika, Sankha, Chakra, Gada, Padma, leaves, flowers, sugarcane, etc. on the cleaned floor and decorate them with flowers, precious stones, and powdered gold and silver.

Sri Krishna also instructed her to draw a cow shape on the floor and fill the stomach place with 33 lotus flowers and worship it and circumambulate it 33 times. He assured that by doing these with devotion, she shall be freed from the sins of not performing the ritual and also can be freed from the punishment. It is still this practice of GoPadmavrata that is practiced in Maharashtra.

Mention of Rangoli in Bhagavata

Gopikas were ardent worshippers of Lord Krishna. They breathed and lived Krishna at every moment.

It was once when Sri Krishna went out of the town, Gopikas missed him intensely and started to draw his exact form on a clean surface and decorated it with colors and flowers.

They used to see him in that art form and thus used to feel that Krishna was with them all the time.

The Birth of Urvashi Story

According to the scripture Vishnudharmottara, when Sage Narayana was deeply in penance, the apsaras began to appear in front of him to distract him. Angered sage wanted to give a lesson to the apsaras and drew the shape of a beautiful woman from the juice of the mangos from the trees nearby.

On seeing the beauty of shape, the apsaras felt ashamed and left the place. The sage gave life to that beautiful shape of women, who was none other than the Apsara Urvashi.

The Legend of Chitra Lakshana

Once upon a time, there lived a priest and his son in a kingdom. They both were highly revered and respected by the whole kingdom, including the king. Unfortunately, the son of the priest died and the whole kingdom was left in grief. They started praying to Lord Brahma, the Creator of the Universe.

Lord Brahma who was astonished at their love towards the son of the priest, appeared before them. He instructed them to draw the picture of the priest’s son. The people abided by his instructions with devotion and drew exactly the portrait of the son using natural colors and flours on cleaned land.

Lord Brahma then gave life to the portrait and brought back the son to life. It was then the people started drawing portraits and shapes in front of their homes to please Gods for happiness.

Relation between Rangoli and Margazhi month

These hindu art designs are given immense prominence especially in the month of Margasira. In Tamilnadu, this month is revered and dedicated to the worship of Lord Vishnu and Andal Amman.

The story behind Andal Amman and Lord Vishnu is well known. In the 8th century, there was a devotee of Lord Vishnu in the region of Tamilnadu. He had no children for long and prayed immensely for a baby. Then, by the grace of Lord Vishnu, he was gifted with a daughter.

Daily during the worship of Lord Vishnu, her father would ask her to weave flower garland for the same. This little girl, with innocence, used to weave the garland and wear it and test it for length and fragrance before submitting it for worship.

One day, her father found a hair strand in the garland and came to know about her practice. He was upset with guilt as it is a sin to offer to God what we have tested and tried. But Lord Vishnu appeared in the dreams of Vishnuchitta and consoled that those garlands are acceptable for him.

The girl, at the age of 15, used to consider Lord Vishnu as her husband and prayed for him during the month of Margasira (the month of Mid December to Mid-January). Thus, she was considered as the girl who was known to gain the heart of Lord Vishnu.

Thus, it is a norm for unmarried girls to wake up early during Margasira and adore their house fronts with beautiful designs in a wish to obtain good husbands. A good rangoli design is a symbol of Goddess Lakshmi and is worshipped as her other form.

The Thiruppavai is a Tamil devotional poem attributed to the female poet-saint Andal a manifestation of Lord Vishnu).

Scientific reason behind Rangoli

Rangolis are intrinsic lines and shapes drawn with immense talent and attention. The secret in drawing rangoli designs easy is in their drawing lies in the joining dot to dot without any breakage or deformation of the symmetry and the shape.

A closer look at the science behind rangoli reveals many intriguing facts. Modern science proved that geometric patterns can evoke positive vibrations. The study of such science behind the patterns, Cymatics, proved that there is immense science hidden behind the designs drawn by Hindus in front of their houses.

If one has noticed traditional designs, some patterns appear frequently. There is a hidden scientific reason behind Rangoli with dots.

For example, the curved patterns that join the dots symbolize the infinite nature of the universe. Such patterns also resemble the wave harmonics of the sound. The world has already recognized the potential of sound waves in treating many ailments including depression and mental disorders.

Thus, the scientific reason behind Rangoli implies that these art designs are visual sound and energies.

Why Indians draw Rangoli?

When one crosses such geometric patterns in front of the house while entering the house, their negative energies get disseminated and they enter the house with positive vibrations. Similarly, when one sees the freshly drawn designs before heading out to work in the morning, they can get the energy that drives them throughout the day.

This is the reason why Indians draw Rangoli. And also, why orthodox families of India believe that it is important to draw them in front of the houses before their men head out to work in the morning.

Another reason why Indians draw Rangoli is when guests enter the house with beautiful designs, their spirits will be boosted and they find a warm welcome as they enter our house.

Talking about the science behind rangoli, according to Neuro-science, the impact of visual patterns on the mind is drastic. They can hit the neural circuitry, imbibe positive emotions, and stimulate the brain. Various researchers who gave their talks on this topic at TED talks and neuroscience researchers stressed the positive energies of these art forms.

The spiritual significance of Rangoli

There are various types of rangolis that are drawn in different patterns. The scientific reason behind rangoli is that they can evoke many spiritual experiences. Each of the different types of Rangoli has its scientific reason and spiritual meaning behind it.

The lines forms that are usually drawn in Southern India and Tamilnadu are known to boost the Bhav emotion of spirituality.

The Lotus forms that are drawn before the start of pujas and worship are known for their Chaitanya or energy evoking.

The designs in symmetry and square-shaped are proven for their energies that cause Ananda or bliss in humans.

The underlying principle behind rangoli is called the Divinity principle. It imparts related spiritual feelings to the devotees and people around the design. The Sri Chakra, the ultimate powerful yantra of Hinduism is also the form of rangoli that contains immense cosmic power.

Rangoli practice in India

Rangolis are also called Kolam in South India. India is known for its amazing cultural habits that have many hidden secrets in strengthening social and cultural bonds. They are mainly known to be the arena of women.

Women used to get up early before the sunrise and clean the house fronts with water. In some villages, remote places, and places like valparai, people sprinkle the water mixed with cow dung. Once the water dries, they start drawing beautiful patterns, without any gaps or breakages while joining the dots.

Science behind Rangoli

They are usually drawn with rice flour or rice powder. They serve as food for insects and birds. Thus, there lies a message that we should care for other living beings on this Earth.

To draw kolams, women get up early before dawn and do their work. This habit of waking up before the sunrise makes them healthy and wise.

Hindu texts always gave enough proof to depict the greatness of women in designing and guiding their family and children. Drawing kolams in the early morning is a way to strengthen a woman both physically and spiritually.

When drawing kolams, proper care is taken not to bring out any breakages or distorted forms in the designs. Most women would never accept a distorted shape as rangoli and will think no more to clean the whole place again and start afresh. This is because any breakages or distorted forms attract evil energies that are present in the space.

While positive and symmetric forms are a way to invite Gods and positive energies. Therefore, while drawing kolam, immense care is taken to see that the shape is symmetric with no gaps of any sort. This care is taken even while filling the colors too for the same reason.

When women draw kolams and fill colors, they do not use any tools except fingers. This is a form of Mudra technique that helps boost the spiritual stamina of women.

Social and Cultural Significance of Rangoli

Women usually pair up to draw bigger kolams during festivals and occasions. This strengthens their bonds. Also, they plan carefully for the design, the colors to be filled, and try to bring out their best rangoli beating the other women in the locality. This is a healthy way to imbibe sportiveness and strengthen the cultural bonds among women.

In many Indian families, kolams are a lot more than just art forms. Every family will have its designs that are being passed on from generations to the next. Some families never reveal the secrets behind how they draw so intricate patterns with ease and perfections. They take it as their cultural pride and only pass the secrets to their daughters and daughters in law who are socially their heirs.

Diwali Rangoli designs

The drawing of kolam changes from occasion to occasion. While for modern festivals like New Year, the designs reflect joy and happiness, for festivals like Dussehra and Diwali, the designs vary and reflect the occasion. This is why we find many unique Diwali rangoli designs, Sankranti rangoli designs, and Dasara rangoli designs all separate and different from one another.

While Diwali designs have diyas and traditional patterns in them, Dussehra designs come with Durga Mata and her power symbols. In Sankranti designs, you can see the inclusion of kites, Pongal pots, Sun, farmers, harvest, etc in the designs. On similar lines, many festivals will have their unique designs.

How did the name rangoli originate?

The name Rangoli originated from the term Rangavalli of Sanskrit. Rangavalli means creepers in beautiful colors. Thus, this rangavalli slowly transitioned into the term that is widely in use now.

What is rangoli called in different states of India?

Though the origin and the practice are the same, rangoli is called with different names in various states of India.

Andhra Pradesh – Muggu

Bihar – Aripana

Chhattisgarh – Chauk Purna

Gujarat – Sathiya

West Bengal – Alpana

Karnataka – Rangavali

Kumaon region of Himalayas – Aipan or Alokathap

Tamilnadu – Kolam

Rajasthan – Mandana

Orissa – Osa

Kerala – Poovidal or Kolam

Tips to draw rangoli easy

The floor is first cleaned before drawing the design. The cleaning is done usually with water or wet cloth depending on the type of the floor. Then designs are drawn with chalk pieces, muggu rayi, chalk powder, rice husk ash, rice powder, or rice grains, flowers, etc. depending on the local traditions. During Diwali times and also on special occasions, people decorate muggulu with oil lamps.

First clean the floor so that there are no impurities and stones, etc.

Then sprinkle water to make it wet. If the floor is granite or concrete or cement-based, you can mop with a wet cloth to make it wet.

Draw a basic outline with powders or chalk pieces.

When using powder, take a little amount of muggu powder in between your thumb and forefinger. Slowly release the powder and draw the design without any breakages.

Start filling the colors from the center of the muggu and coming towards the outer edges. This way you will lessen the chances of design damage and color mix mishaps.

Ensure that colors are filled in every column and shape and there are no gaps towards the borders.

Once the whole design is filled with colors, give a second outline with powder or chalk once again to give the kolam a comprehensive look.

You can add smooth sand, salt, or muggu powder into colors to make them flow freely while filling the colors.

Some people also fill the shapes and muggu with wet colors mixed in water.

Whatever the form you choose, it is best to practice the design on a paper and color filling technique before you draw on the big day.

Where should you draw rangoli?

They are primarily drawn on the floor that welcomes one into the house such as verandahs and in front of the gates. They are also drawn in backyards at Tulasi Kota, and in the central portion of the house as per Vastu. People also draw muggulu or kolams in the puja rooms and kitchen platforms. They can be drawn anywhere as per Vastu to invite positivity and good energy.

When are rangolis not drawn?

In India, people do not draw them in their houses during mourning. Thus, it is considered for a house to not have rangoli on normal days, as it signifies a bad omen and is considered inauspicious.

Modern Rangoli designs and culture

India has been protecting this kolam culture with great care. One can witness muggulu competitions in colleges and schools especially on occasions like on teacher’s day celebration which is a great way to teach their significance to the next generations.

Rangolis these days are drawn to reflect the social practices, achievements, and any other themes that can be conveyed using the art form. Kolam or muggu is thus a way of expressing a topic with visual impact too.

Modern kolams are drawn using many devices such as stencils, tubes for color filling, etc. This is a good way to modernize the artform. However, the secrets behind their practice should be taught to the children so that they appreciate cultural practices.

What countries are Rangoli designs popular?

This practice has been in existence in many countries in various forms. For instance, in Africa, Australia, etc. there were proof that their ancestors used to practice this art for various reasons. However, it is in India that this practice is still in use and that is what is making this culturally rich land more beautiful!

Frequently Asked Questions

Rangoli originated from which country?

India, Rangoli have been originated from India

Where is rangoli usually drawn?

Rangoli is drawn upon the ground or floor.

In which festival is rangoli made?

Rangoli are majorly drawn during Diwali festive, but now it’s made on all festivals

When was rangoli art invented?

It’s believed rangoli art was invented 5,000 years ago during the Aryan period.

Why make Rangoli in Tihar?

There’s some time to go for Tihar but she’s already looking up rangoli designs online. She is determined to craft a bigger and better Rangoli this year. But making a rangoli during Laxmi Puja gets mixed reactions from her family. While her mother and sister enjoy it as much as she does, her dad and aunt think it’s an ‘Indian’ thing—something they learnt from the many Hindi serials they watch. But Swati Thapa, who works for an NGO in Kathmandu, says making a rangoli fills her with a sense of calm. It also amps up the festive vibe at home, she says.

Many homes make rangoli in Tihar, and quite elaborate ones too, but views on whether this is imperative to the way we celebrate the festival are divided. Like Swati’s dad and aunt, many feel it’s a ‘borrowed’ ritual and that we are heavily influenced by the Indian way of doing things. Several years ago, a young boy vented his frustrations on social media. The post read: What is up with Nepalis making rangoli? Are we trying to be Indian?

However, ApEx spoke to over two dozen people who believed there is nothing wrong with emulating rituals and adding to our way of marking festivals. Creating a hullabaloo over such things shows our narrow-mindedness and unwillingness to change and adapt. Tihar, they agreed, is a fun festival and there’s no wrong or right way to celebrate it as long as what we do is safe and sparks joy.

Anjali Rai, diagnostic radiographer, says rangoli creates positive vibes and energy at home. She is all about embracing the good things, irrespective of culture or religion. Rangoli, she adds, is so pretty to look at. It perfectly encapsulates the spirit of Tihar. Dibya Karki, program development manager at CECI Nepal, says rangoli is very much a part of our Tihar decorations too. “When we say it isn’t a part of our culture, we are forgetting that it is an important tradition in the Tarai region of Nepal,” she says. “We celebrate festivals like Halloween and Christmas now, don’t we? There’s no harm in adding rituals to our own culture if we feel like it.”

Though making rangoli might be a relatively new practice in many households, to call it ‘Indian’ couldn’t be more wrong, argues Pratibha Rawal, mother of a five-year-old girl, who loves making rangolis because it’s interesting and engaging. It has long been practiced in the Tarai and even in hilly regions of Nepal, like Kathmandu, where there is a tradition of decorating areas set up for pujas and hawans with colors and flowers. In Tihar, we decorate our homes to welcome Goddess Laxmi. Rangoli is just one of the many ways in which we prep our spaces for that.

And let’s for a minute assume we have been influenced by Indian culture, what’s the harm in that when it makes us happy? Some might argue that letting other cultures seep into ours will mar their essence but isn’t inclusiveness the need of the hour? Rather than letting cultures divide us, shouldn’t we use it as a tool to bring us together? Indeed, the undivided opinion was that cultures and their merging should be ties that bind rather than tools that create rifts. For Renu Halwai, who is from Siraha and has been working as a house help in Kathmandu for two years, watching her employers make rangoli in Tihar fosters a sense of connectedness and kinship. She feels good and included in the family rituals, she says. 

Bhairabi Ghimire, executive at Chaudhary Group, says rather than harping about what’s borrowed from where and why we could focus on the fact that every rangoli design has some significance or the other. The main purpose of rangoli is to beautify your space while creating positive energy and warding off bad luck. Bhairabi usually makes the swastika, which is a symbol of luck and well-being, or the satkon which is associated with Goddess Laxmi’s Shree Yantra that stands for power and money.

Traditionally made using colored chalk, rice powder, and crushed limestone, most rangolis had a symmetrical design to signify prosperity and good luck. Round designs supposedly have a calming effect. But today, with people experimenting with different patterns and forms, there are many variations of it—from flowers and idols to abstract art. Shreya Joshi, founder of Pinches Artcore Pvt. Ltd, says she makes rangoli primarily because it’s a form of art and she loves it. “Why make a fuss about where it comes from? Art is art,” she says.

On a similar note, Isha Upadhyay, founder of Homemade Flavors, says she finds it therapeutic. Making rangoli, after a day of backbreaking work getting everything ready for Laxmi Puja, helps her relax. “It’s an IRL coloring book, what’s there not to like about it?” she says. The healing effect of art aside, the vibrancy of rangoli lifts your mood too, adds Brinju Thapa, a computer engineer based in Denver, Colorado. For her, Tihar is more than a culture or religious festival—it’s a reminder of how life should be celebrated. Rangoli acts as a cue to appreciate and be grateful for the life she’s been blessed with, she says.

As Avinashi Paudel, mother of two boys and a working professional in Kathmandu, says, there isn’t any culture that is pristine and totally unique. Everything is borrowed and tweaked according to personal preferences. The ability to accept and embrace different rituals even when we can’t understand them—especially if we can’t understand them—is perhaps the first step to a more inclusive society.

What is Rangoli?

In India, the name Rangoli symbolizes Beauty, Hope, and Tradition.

The ritual of drawing Rangoli patterns, a skill handed down from mother to daughter is considered an auspicious welcome sign.

Women start their chores by drawing Rangoli designs in front of the threshold, prayer area, courtyards, walls, and in front of the sacred plant Tulasi.

Drawn meticulously and with bare fingers, it is meant to ward off all evils and is revered as a divine art.

Rangoli patterns involve a floor design and are usually drawn using rice flour, chalk, fine quartz powder, flower petals, grains or other natural materials made of vegetable dyes.  Drawing and connecting simple dots or lines is what usually creates these exquisite floor designs.  Most of the motifs are either geometric or they imitate the flora and the fauna.  Women draw more elaborate designs during special occasions, such as weddings, temple ceremonies, and festivals.

With this daily ritual, the women hope for the day to bring peace, health, good luck, and prosperity.  Rangoli, also referred to as ‘Sand Mandala’, has various names throughout India: Kolam, Alpana, Muggulu, and Rangavalli.  Rangoli is meant for the moment or the occasion. Like that of a flower, its freshness is short lived.  To the uninitiated, the impermanence of the Rangoli art can be a candle in the wind.  Once its purpose is served, it is erased and the ritual is repeated with the same intention and zeal.

Scientific reasons behind drawing colorful lines called Muggu during Makar Sankranti

HIGHLIGHTS Muggu the colourful lines even called Rangoli all over the world is an art drawn in front of the houses in South India especially during Makar Sankrantri It has its own importance traditionally This is mostly followed in South India It is called Muguu, Ranga valli, ie Rang colors and avalli colored creepers and also Rang avalli a row of colors Daily in the mornings we could observe that

Muggu the colourful lines even called Rangoli all over the world is an art drawn in front of the houses in South India especially during Makar Sankrantri. It has its own importance traditionally. This is mostly followed in South India. It is called Muguu, Ranga valli, i.e Rang – colors and avalli- colored creepers and also Rang+ avalli – a row of colors Daily in the mornings we could observe that all the ladies drawing rangolis in front of their houses which is considered to be the good luck This is actually drawn for Goddess Lakshmi like a symbol welcoming her to their homes. Rangoli plays an important role in all the occasions like marriages and festivals. Rangoli / Muggu is also known as various kollam in malayalam in kerala, we have festival basing rangoli.

DO YOU ALL KNOW THE CULTURAL IMPORTANCE OF RANGOLI? Usually, It is believed that a rangoli has to be drawn in front of the house before the males in that houses crosses the home. In Andhra and Telangana, at the time Pongal festival, all ladies draw a rangoli and dances rotating around it by singing songs and they place a piece of cow dung decorated with a flower in the middle and place it at the centre of rangoli manely called Gobbemma.

LET’S GRAB FEW INTRESTING FACTS RANGOLI brings welfare to the family or home by eradicating the evil forces without attacking. The lines drawn are considered as the fear to evils that is why most of the rangolis has a design of star. A dot of rangoli has got a capability of changing negative thoughts to positive thoughts. The tribes of Amazon forest in Africa will draw a design which is similar to rangoli in the hunting area. Animals get attracted to the design and become prey. This ritualistic tradition in Africa that they kill animals which they come to them, they won’t hurt the animals.

SCIENTIFIC REASONS: The rounded design of rangoli creates a positive energy in the humans bringing down their negative energy levels. The atmosphere has got both positive and negative energies. We usually advise everyone to think positive as we invite positivity in our nature thinking constructively and we will be optimistic. Rangoli usually attracts the first sight of a visitor to the home, so we draw complex designs of rangoli as it is usually and so the negative energies get struck in that complexity and fail entering the house. By this lives become prosperous.

Human senses created in way that if they experience any good thing there body starts to vibrate positively and eliminates negative energy . Need prrof? check the feelings of people who went to religious place and check the people who went to graveyard. The design patterns without any sharp edges will calm the mind and gives peace by generating positive energy. people feel good before entering a house and exit good after leaving the house. A rangoli should be mainly drawn using rice flour as it is also considered as a food offered to to all the insects. These creatures will satisfy to the food which was offered in front of home and they will not enter into home. The colors used in rangoli will create centrifugal force for dispelling negative thoughts. Now- a – days, the rangoli is drawn using different colors but in our olden days there are only two colors used in rangoli i.e, the white color of rice flour and the red colour of brick powder whick makes the epic centre for positive energy. wish you all a very happy Makar sankrantri.


The word ‘Rangoli’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli’, which means rows of colours. The mention of this art was found in many significant ancient scripts of India. The Hindu epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata have given this art form much prominence in various instances. The sanctity and significance behind this artwork are so profound that considering it is done on the floor, it is never deliberately stepped upon. Rangolis signify good times, and homes in mourning go without a rangoli.

Rangolis are usually drawn at the entrance or the threshold of the home with colours and other common materials like flour, ground rice, flowers, etc. The history of Rangoli can be traced to the Indus Valley Civilization. What was practiced as a part of the daily routine, has now become intrinsic to Indian culture and traditions. The beauty of this art is that it is drawn freely without the use of any tools like a ruler, thread, or brush. The artwork relies on dexterous fingers that move freely in an artistic manner, so akin to that of a skilled artisan.

While all rangolis are very beautiful to look at, they come in different forms, use different mediums, yet have more or less the same significance. While on one hand, one of the primary reasons why a rangoli is drawn, made, or placed at the entrance, is because it is believed to ward off any negative energy and vibes from entering one’s house, on the other hand, rangolis are considered to be a ceremonial decoration invoking the good spirits and deities to bring good luck to the family.

Rangolis are known by other names too: in Maharashtra, it is simply Rangoli, in Tamil Nadu Kolam, Muggu in Andhra Pradesh, Alpana in Bengal, Chowk Pujan in Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, Osa in Orissa, Sathiya in Gujarat, Mandana in Rajasthan, etc. Before applying rangoli, the women clean the specified floor area with water and only after it dries do they apply the rangoli. Rangolis come in different forms.

Chowk pujan is one of the oldest forms of Rangoli in India. It is made with a mixture of wheat flour, vermilion and turmeric.

Alpana is a traditional Bengali rangoli. This rangoli is usually white since the liquid paste used for alpana is rice powder mixed in water.

Kolam (Tamil Nadu), in its traditional context, is a daily ritual and is said to be drawn to announce auspiciousness and that all-is-well in the household, while its absence implies otherwise. Pookalam is rangoli made with flowers (pookal). Done mainly in Kerala during the harvest festival Onam, it is considered auspicious, and on all the ten days of the festival, a different pookalam is made.

Yet another form of Rangoli is the dotted rangoli found predominantly in South India. The design is made by making dots in equal lines and equal numbers in different shapes like squares, circles, stars, etc., and then it is filled with beautiful colours.

Rangoli making competitions are popular across educational institutions and other offices now, so much so, that this ancient cultural practice is being preserved and passed down the generations with great reverence and pride.


Rangoli is a form of Indian folk art that dates back centuries. The word rangoli comes from the Sanskrit word meaning “colorful.” Rangoli are typically created on the ground using brightly colored powders or sand. The designs are often symmetrical and can be quite elaborate. Rangoli are typically used to decorate the entrance of homes or temples during festivals and special occasions. They are also believed to bring good luck. Many people believe that rangoli help to ward off evil spirits. Today, rangoli are still a popular form of art in India. They are often created during the Hindu festival of Diwali, which is also known as the “festival of lights.” Rangoli can also be found during other holidays and celebrations throughout the year.

The art of ragumanli, also known as kolam or muggu, is a folk art from India in which patterns are made on the floor using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand, and flower petals. Ringoli are traditionally associated with good fortune because of their role as decoration. This section’s translations of rangoli from English to other languages using automatic statistical translation have been made. This term is commonly used in the English dictionary and ranks 69th, as one of the most widely used words. The map below depicts the number of times the term appears in various countries. rangoli are hand-crafted decorations by women decorating their homes’ entrances. The ritual is performed to welcome the goddess of prosperity, Laxmi, to our home.

It is said that the first rangali were made of about two to three small patterns. A square foot of floor is sufficient, but it is now possible to create intricate patterns on the entire floor. In India, people use ragoli, a type of ground rice or stone sand painting, to express themselves. Flour or corn meal are used to make intricate designs on the ground by women. Find out what the national and international press are saying about rangoli and how the term is used in context of the following items. The Muse Art Gallery in Hyderabad hosted a fine art exhibition by Rangoli Garg on a beautiful day. During an episode of India Poochchega Sabse, Shah Rukh Khan demonstrated how to makerangoli. On Wednesday, students from Andhra Gymnasium University took part in a Rangoli competition.

Ringsoli, also known as alpana, saaz, muggu, kolam, zuti, mandana, and others, are traditional Indian arts that involve decorating courtyards and walls with their colors and patterns.

Every day, ragoli are drawn in the courtyard or in front of the door. What was your review of this answer?

The art of ragoli was a part of Hinduism for centuries. This vibrant color is associated with the Sanskrit word ‘Rangavalli,’ and is frequently found in homes, courtyards, and even walls to commemorate auspicious occasions.

What Do We Call Rangoli In English?

Rangoli is a form of Indian folk art that involves creating patterns and designs on the ground using materials like colored rice, flour, sand, and flower petals. The designs are usually created during festivals and religious occasions, and they are believed to bring good luck. In English, we sometimes refer to rangoli as “sand paintings.”

During Hindu festivals, a rangoli is a decorative design that is traditionally made on the floors of living rooms and courtyards. Materials like colored rice, dry flour, sand, or even flower petals can be used to create patterns. The shapes can be geometric, deity impressions, or flowers and petals in rangoli.

Each state has its own way of naming its own version of ragoli in India. In South India, it is also known as “Loma.” In Rajasthan, a Mandana can be found on a wall. In Kolkata, an image of Alpana can be seen in the courtyard. In the state of West Bengal, Alpana is commonly found on the floors of houses. In Chattisgarh, a wall is painted with the image of Chouk Purna. Rangoli is an architectural style in Karnataka.

What Is Kolam In English?

Kolam is a geometric drawing in which straight lines, curves, and loops are formed by drawing around a grid pattern of dots. In Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, many women in their families perform this ritual in front of their house entrances.

Who Started Rangoli?

This year, the dry ragoli was created by Lopamudra, who is known for his dry ragoli. It is debatable whether or not the origin and use of rangali can be traced back to a single location in India. When Lord Krishna (a supreme god of India who was settled in Dhwarika) was still in Gujrat, his wife, Rakmani, began the rangoli pattern.

What Is Another Name For Rangoli Art?

It is known as Kolam in South India. In Rajasthan, the Mandana is a piece of art on a wall. In Kolkata, the courtyard is where Alpana is drawn. The floor is used in Maharashtra to depict the Rangoli.

Colorful floor art in symmetrical patterns is thought to have first appeared around 4500 years ago in temples and homes. A visit to a rangali drawing is still an offering to the gods, as well as a warm welcome. When festivals are in full swing, the rangoli is vibrant in colors and shapes. There is no change in the location of the rangoli in any given household. An additional motif can be found in homes with a separate pooja room if the main entrance is located at the front of the house. As India’s population migrates to urban areas, the rich Indian tradition of caste-based living is under threat.

rangali is a traditional floor decoration in India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. Rice flour, water, and color are the most important ingredients in this cake. daridra (bad luck) is thought to reside in Hindu households with clean entrances and rangoli. Ringoli serve a dual purpose.

The Different Names And Forms Of Rangoli

There are several types of ranga in this country, with different names depending on where they are found. It is also known as Alpana, which is a combination of the Arabic word for artist and the word for artist. In India, it is known as rangoli. There is no doubt that ragoli is an Indian art form. To create a rangoli pattern, you can use colored rice, flowers, colored sand, or paint. The significance of rangoli goes beyond decoration. The Hindu belief holds that a household without a clean entrance and rangoli is considered a daridra (bad luck) household. The two types of rangoli are both form-dominant and ornamental. Ringoli with form-dominant stripes are made up of circles, cones, and lines. Bird, animal, tree, flower, and flower gods are some of the ornamental rangoli images. It is a tradition that many people enjoy. It is an excellent way to share Christmas joy with everyone in your family.

Why is Rangoli Done On Diwali?

With Diwali right around the corner, Rangoli designs will start being shared on Whatsapp groups and on Social Media. Ornate rangoli patterns and designs are an essential part of all Hindu rituals, including the upcoming Diwali celebrations. So, we thought why not spend some time telling the history of Rangoli and why it is such a vital part of everyone’s favourite Festival of Lights.

It is a traditional art style from India, which precedes even the classical arts of sculpture and painting. The name “Rangoli” originates from the Sanskrit term— Rangavalli. In this art, designs are drawn on the ground using powders of coloured rice or stone dust, red brick powder or flour. Floral rangolis are designed using flowers, leaves, and petals.

Rangoli is also called kolam, ossa, muggu or alpona in different states of India. These patterns are traditionally designed for events and occasions, from festivals to weddings.

The Underlying Philosophy

In Diwali, the patterns are embellished with diyas and lanterns to signify the triumph of light over darkness and evil. Rangolis are a way to welcome the Hindu Gods, and it is thought that Gods like to enter places where rangolis are drawn. Though they add a touch of beauty, they are primarily considered to invite in prosperity and good luck.

It is usually depicted with elaborate and intricate designs in a spectrum of colours at the doors or the outer courtyards. During Diwali, Goddess Lakshmi is said to enter the homes of devotees, and the rangoli is drawn to welcome her in.

A rangoli is also believed to guard homes and prevent evil qualities from entering. The negativity that surrounds a house is thought to get entangled in the elaborate patterns of the rangoli. This is the main idea behind the complicated and intricate designs.

Rangolis also function as a motivation for positive thinking to encourage us to lead a prosperous life. The two primary objectives for creating Rangolis are to invoke devoutness or auspiciousness and to produce beautiful aesthetics.

The Rangoli Designs

The patterns are diverse and vary from pure geometric patterns, flowers and petals, to highly complicated impressions of deities. There is no constraint on the shape or size of a rangoli. Rangolis can also be created together by a group of people, especially in the famous festivals of Ganpati Festival and Diwali.

 In ancient India, Rangoli was considered a family tradition, and a way to bring the whole family together. Whatever the size of the patterns, Indian celebrations like Diwali and Pongal are not celebrated without a Rangoli. Also, the patterns alter to reflect traditions, customs, and folklore unique to the different areas of India.

Different motifs are used on various festivals and occasions. The design includes diyas, lamps, lotuses on Diwali or the Ganesha, Om symbol, during the Ganpati festival. But some patterns stay the same throughout the creations like the Swastik and foot symbols for Goddess Lakshmi.

Many patterns are passed down from generation to generation. The system has served to preserve the art form, the tradition, and the stories behind it.

All about rangoli

The term “rangoli” is derived from the Sanskrit word “rangavalli” which means rows of colours

In India, most Hindus put Rangoli in front of their houses and courtyards by using common materials like dry flour, coloured sand and sometimes with flower petals as a decoration. It is a traditional and practiced Indian art, and is designed in various colourful patterns and dimensions. It is customarily observed on special occasions like festivals such as Diwali, marriages, birthdays, engagements, house warming ceremonies and so on.

Considered to be an auspicious sign, rangoli is usually placed either at the threshold of the house, tulsi plant or pooja room. During festivals and other auspicious events, it is customary for the women to have a bath first, and then decorate the courtyard with rangoli before moving on to the rest of the activities scheduled for the day.

Rangoli is said to have 5000-years of history. The ancient Indus civilization had Rangoli art, and its history reveals that they practiced it in their daily routine, and thus Rangoli has become a part of Indian culture and tradition. Right from Kanyakumari to the Himalayas rare rangoli patterns are said to be prevalent among the tribes as well.

Rangolis can be also decorated with flowers – as popularly seen in Kerala

In Kerala, during Onam, rangoli is decorated with various flowers, which is a special attraction.

The term “rangoli” is derived from the Sanskrit word “rangavalli” which means rows of colours. The beauty of this art is that it is drawn freely without the use of any tools like a ruler, thread or a brush. Their dexterous fingers move freely in an artistic way like a skilled artisan. Usually, a coarse powder obtained by pounding a lustrous mineral called shirgola is used in rangoli.

Before applying rangoli, the women  cleanse the specified floor area with water and after it dries, the floor is smeared with cow dung as it is believed to have cleansing properties in it. They, then apply the rangoli to the floor in various patterns, sizes and colours.  The most commonly-seen designs are the star and lotus.

What Is Rangoli? History And Importance Of Rangoli

Rangoli, which means a row of colors or layer of colors, is a traditional Indian form of art where women decorate the entrance of their houses early in the morning, especially during the Diwali festival. Rangoli designs competition is often held time to time in different regions of India. These designs are created using the thumb and the forefinger. Rangoli is a form of welcoming guests and different deities into the house. As it is said ‘Athithi Devo Bhava’, which simply means that guests are a form of God, so everyone should treat them with hospitality. Rangoli brings joy and happiness to everyone. Rangoli designs often brings out an artist in you. It is also believed that with Rangoli, you are inviting all the gods to visit your home and give the blessings.

What is Rangoli?

The term Rangoli is a Sanskrit origin. In other parts of the world, there are different names for Rangoli. In Tamil Nadu, it is called Kolam, in Bengal, it is called Alpana, in Rajasthan, and it is called Madana, and so on.

History of Rangoli

Rangoli was first made at the time of Chitralakshana. During that period, the son of the King’s highest priest had passed away and Lord Brahma asked him to draw a portrait of the boy, which was an exact replica of the deceased. Life was then breathed into the portrait and the boy was made alive. This was the first time that the Rangoli design was made.

In the story of Ramayana, the people of Ayodhya painted Rangoli designs to welcome Shree Rama back after fourteen years of migration in the forest. In Mahabharata, this form of art, had been used by the gopis in their free time. It helped them refresh their mind and ease away the pain of separation from Lord Krishna. There are many other legends as well that are associated with Rangoli. Rangoli is made using various materials like rice flour; a flower petal, colored sand, and have been practiced for ages. In the ancient times, natural dyes like indigo, barks of trees, etc. were used to color these designs. Nowadays, synthetic dyes have replaced these natural dyes. Along with the Rangoli, diyas are lit and placed, in order to welcome Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity.

Rangoli is of any shape and size and a common Rangoli design that you will often see is the feet of Goddess Lakshmi. There are many more designs that are drawn by women like a peacock, many free-form images, flowers; religious icons, etc. The main motive of creating Rangoli designs is that it brings good luck. However, these designs are made with no gaps in between, as it believed that an incomplete Rangoli would attract evil spirits.

The most interesting fact about Rangoli is that, it is drawn in two ways: Dry as well as wet. Women and young girls make different Rangoli designs everyday during special occasions, festivals, or maybe a wedding celebration. Some women are so talented that they can make temples, deities, birds, landscapes, etc. so artistically that you would marvel their piece of work. For those who are not so good at drawing, there are ready-made stickers or stencils available in the market, which will help them to draw the designs and fill it with colors later on. It is not very easy to draw a Rangoli, as it needs more creativity and imagination. The design used to make Rangoli includes geometrical patterns, lotus, the swastika, conch shells, trident, footprints, idols, animals and so on. Each state in India has a different way of making Rangoli, based on the artist’s imagination and creativity. An interesting fact is that, Rangoli is being encouraged among young children in many schools by holding competitions, every year, during the festival of lights, Diwali. In a very near future, we shall provide some really good rangoli designs for the inspiration of our Indian readers. Keep following trend in India blog to learn more about the culture and history of India.

Reason For Drawing Rangoli? – History – Importance Of Rangoli In Hinduism – Religious Significance

Rangoli is an important part of Hindu festivals and celebrations. But ever wondered why do we draw Rangoli?. The reason for drawing rangoli is that it symbolizes happiness and prosperity. It is a welcome sign for Goddess Lakshmi. The origin and history of Rangoli is associated with Pandavas of the Mahabharata. It is believed that Draupadi drew three lines before cooking showing her gratitude to Surya, the sun god.

Rangoli are basically a sign of welcome – part of Atithi Devo Bhava – guests are equal to god.

The popular belief across India is that Rangoli invites Goddess Lakshmi into the home. It also stands for cleanliness.

Importance Of Rangoli In Hinduism

Rangoli is the auspicious drawings of intricate decorative patterns, created  using colors, flowers and rice flour. It is customarily placed on the ground before the deity in the puja griha (the place of worship in homes), in front of the house and also in other places.

The custom is still practiced throughout India. It is drawn during auspicious occasions and festivals throughout India. It is drawn daily in many regions in South India, especially in Tamil Nadu daily – known as kolam. Urban conditions and modern developments have not hampered with this practice of Tamil Hindus.

It represents auspiciousness, positivity, hope, happiness, plenty and fertility. It also signifies unity and happiness within a family.

History Of Rangoli

The word rangoli comes from the Sanskrit expression ranga-valli, which is found in Udara Raghava of Sankalya Malla around the middle of the 14th century. He refers to these designs as a collection of unharvested pearls.

Rangoli is known as Muggu in Telugu and kolam in Tamil.

Bhakta Potana’s Bhagavatam in Telugu in the 15th century also describes this custom.

Bana Bhatta in the 6th century refers to them as auspicious drawings in the Kadambari.

Vadibha Simha, around the 12th century, in his Gadya Chintamani, mentions the custom as the drawing of auspicious lines with red powder.

In Kannada, Marathi, and Hindi, the drawings are known as Rangoli, as mentioned, from the Sanskrit ranga-valli.

Religious Significance of Drawing Rangoli

The custom of drawing rangoli appears to be very old and may have had its origin in the days of the Pandavas. It is believed that during their exile period in the Mahabharata, Draupadi before cooking used to draw three lines of rice flour on the traditional cooking hearth. This was for expressing gratitude to sun god for giving them a divinely blessed vessel to cook food.

The practice was followed by Hindu women. They offer their gratitude to the rising sun – who is the pratyaksha Brahman or the visible god.

It is believed that the sun’s energy will drive out all kinds of negative forces  and it will usher in goodness.

The three symbolic white lines on the hearth was later extended to other places and with different colors. They were drawn on thresholds, walls and other areas and with different designs based on the imagination of the individual.

A Language of Symbols: Rangoli Art of India


Rangavali or Rangoli is an ephemeral floor art practiced in India since ancient times. The sources of the rangoli diagram lie in the protection sought by Homo sapiens in the magical drawings, which were believed to prevent the auras of bad spirits from coming into the house. This tradition continues down the history of man till date.

Rangoli, essentially a woman’s art, carries connotations of anonymity, collective wisdom, spontaneity and simplicity. It reflects the larger philosophy of life through patterns of memory and an extensive visual and geometric vocabulary.

The art of rangoli is a storehouse of symbols. Beginning with the auspicious dot, the symbols go on expanding to form a line and the basic geometrical shapes like the circle, triangle, square and so on, each having its own significance. The geometrical figures as the point, line, circle, triangle and square, have a symbolic value in representing the basic energies of the universe.

The survival of rangoli symbols through space and time and their facility for absorption in new environments can be attributed to their simplicity, flexibility and elemental appeal and most importantly to the beliefs of the people.

This paper attempts to trace the meaning of symbols hidden in the rangoli diagrams.

Rangoli or Rangavali in Sanskrit – rang (colour) and aavali (row), is an ancient Indian folk art created on the floor. Literally, it means creepers drawn in colours. In India, traditional place to draw rangolis is the threshold of the house, a zone of passage from the known – the house, to the unknown outer world. It is also drawn in places of worship and around the holy plant of tulsi and sometimes eating places as well. The drawing of rangoli patterns is often combined with rituals associated with auspicious occasions like weddings and naming ceremonies and major festivals like Deepavali.

The women of India have kept the art of rangoli alive. The tradition is passed down in families from mother to daughter thus maintaining continuity. No brush or tool of any kind intervenes between the hand of the artist and the ground. This direct contact of the finger, powder or paste and ground allows the direct translation from her inner vision and experience into visible form. The designs drawn range from geometrical diagrams to curvilinear patterns or those inspired by nature. These spell binding configurations are known under many names, such as Sathiya in Gujarat, Kolam in Tamilnadu, Muggulu in Andhra Pradesh, Rangavali in Karnataka, Chowkpurana in Northern India, Mandana in Rajasthan, Aripana in Bihar, Alpana in Bengal, Chita or Osa in Orissa, Aipan in the Himalayan region and so on. In fact the term rangoli, as the art is known in Maharashtra, is a synonym for any kind of Indian floor art.

The creation of rangoli patterns in ritualistic and domestic settings are layered with meanings rooted deeply in culture. The significance of rangoli is much wider than the aesthetic and decorative purpose. Besides being a symbol of auspiciousness, it is often described as magic diagrams for rituals, to ward off evil, to invoke the deity, to fulfill the wishes when taking a vow, for meditative purposes, to create a sacred space within the confines of home and many more. These are to be drawn every morning or in the evening and at each sacrament of life, from birth to death.

The main aspect of any rangoli pattern is the use of symbols. All of these motifs depicted naturally or symbolically represent particular forces or qualities embodied in some aspect of creation, evolution or dissolution and are considered to be sacred.

Basic Geometrical Symbols Basic geometrical figures as the point, straight line, circle, triangle and square, have a symbolic value in representing the basic energies of the universe.

Dot: The most comprehensive and minimal symbolic expression, the dot is the point of origin and end, all beginnings and all dissolutions. It denotes seed which has the power of recreation. The central point representing zero dimensions is the fundamental point of repose from which emerges transformation and evolution. It signifies the starting point in the unfolding of inner space, as well as the furthest

Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions

point of ultimate integration. It is the pointlimit from which inner and outer space take their origin, and in which they become one again.

Dot forms the base of geometric rangoli designs. A grid made of calculated dots serve as the guideline for the design. Just as the tree, flowers and fruits proliferate from the seed and sprout, the rangoli begins with a dot.

Each movement of the dot takes on a new graphic significance, forming line, spiral, triangle, square and so on, unfolding new vistas for visual vibration and evolution.

Line: The dot moving with length without breadth forms a line. The straight line signifies development and growth. Linear patterns suggest sound vibrations or dimensions of space. In rangoli the dots are joined together forming lines so as to create beautiful patterns. The lines may be drawn straight (Fig. 1) or curvy (Fig.2).

Figure 2: Curvy Line Pattern Around the Dots

Intersecting lines (Fig. 3) lie at the base of some important auspicious symbols like the Swastika, sixpointed star or the hexagon and eight-pointed star or the octagon.

The arrangement of three intersecting lines is also known as hagal-rune, a Germanic letter, symbolising protection and procreation (Diringer 1949: 514- 16).

Four intersecting lines symbolise the eight cardinal points, each having its own guardian or dikpala. These cardinal points with the centre are also identified with the nine planets.

In the representation of the Panchamahabhutas, or the five elements, the circle symbolises- the water, the square- the earth, the triangle-the fire, the air is represented by a crescent. The ether which is endless space is present in all the forms. Thus the geometric shapes drawn in rangoli symbolise the worship of the five basic elements of nature.

Figure 3: Intersecting Lines forming Patterns

Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions

Symbolism of some common rangoli motifs: Swastika: The term Swastika (Fig. 4) is believed to be a fusion of the two Sanskrit words Su (good) and Asati (to exist), which when combined means ‗May Good Prevail‘. Thus the symbol implies auspiciousness and good fortune. The Hindus, along with Jains, Parsis and Buddhists regard it as an auspicious symbol or mangala- chinha. It is believed that the Swastika is much in favour with the gods as a seat or couch, and as soon as it is drawn it is immediately occupied by some deity. It is therefore customary to draw the Swastika on most auspicious and festive occasions such as marriage and thread ceremonies, Diwali festival and fulfillment of vows

(Fig. 5), a very popular motif in rangoli are drawn at the entrance of the house indicating the arrival of Goddess Lakshmi. If the foot marks are pointed in the right direction, i.e. towards the house, they are considered auspicious and a symbol of goddess Lakshmi. But the upturned feet are considered inauspicious and indicative of goddess Alakshmi- the negative aspect of Lakshmi. In another custom followed in South India at the time of Janamashtami- the birthday of Lord Krishna, small footprints are drawn with rice flour, from the altar of the house to the kitchen suggesting that baby Krishna after taking birth has entered their kitchen to steal butter. Thus the presence of the divine being indicated through footprints is considered to bring prosperity to the household. Some footprints like those of a tiger are drawn out of fear and

reverence. These are believed to be especially powerful in scaring away the evil spirits and are found in the rangoli, tattoo as well as embroidery designs in South India.

Knot or loop motif: A knot is a complex symbol embracing several important meanings mainly related to the idea of tightly closed link. It expresses the idea of binding, of creating an enclosure and of protection. In the broadest sense, loops and knots represent the idea of binding. Mircea Eliade has made a special study of the symbols of knots and notes that in magic cults there are two types of knots and bonds: (a) those which are beneficent and a protection against wild animals, illness and sorcery and against demons and death and (b) those employed as a form of ‗attack‘ against human enemies (Cirlot 1962: 182). The first type applies to the knots drawn in rangoli, especially in the kolam (Fig. 6) of Tamilnadu. Kolam is believed to be a labyrinth to ensnare harmful spirits and prevent them from causing harm

The knot used in kolam designs is believed to be a universal symbol of protection which originated thousands of years ago. It is seen on the seal of Mohenjo-daro in the remains of the Indus Valley and also on the shields of the Celtic people, the ancient people of Europe. It was used to ward off evil spirits. Similar patterns are common in Egypt and in the Sumerian civilisation where they are known to have had a talismanic significance.

Animal motifs:

Naga or cobra: The naga has the power to bestow fertility, to dispel sterility and to heal sickness. They also operate as donors of prosperity and opulence, grantors of wishes, owners and guardians of valuable treasures (Bosch 1960: 136). The nagas or serpents are believed to bestow all the boons of earthly happiness – abundance of crops and cattle, prosperity, offspring, health and long life on mankind. Women invoke the naga’s blessings of prosperity and fertility when they draw it in their rangoli. The polyvalent characteristics of the snake have not only led to its association with cure, life, rebirth and immortality but also with disease, death and destruction (Vogel 1972: 277). Due to its casting of its skin it

symbolises rejuvenation and as such it is worshipped as a tutelary deity. The annual rites for the nagas are performed for two specific reasons – for honouring and seeking blessing from them and warding off any evil from them. Besides the diagrams made by women, huge naga-mandalas (Fig. 7) in coloured powders are drawn by the priests in South India and Bengal to propitiate the nagas (Fig. 8).

Figure 7: Nagamandala with Sixteen Knots Figure 8: Naga

Fish – Fish (Fig. 9) is one of the naturalistic positive symbols of fertility, abundance, conjugal happiness, providence and a charm against the evil eye. Fish are the easily gained food of all nations. As creatures of boundless liberty, not threatened by the flood, they appear as saviours in Indian myth, avatars of Vishnu and Varuna. The fish is considered as a symbol of good fortune among the Hindus and finds mention in the description of 108 auspicious signs in the Harivamsa. The Matsya-yugma is regarded as one of the Ashthamangala chinha or eight auspicious signs by the Svetambara Jains. The fish is also one of the auspicious symbols on the palm of Buddha in the Lalitavistara. The antiquity of this symbol cannot be doubted as we get representation of a fish in faience at Harappa and in ivory at Mohenjo-daro besides their representation on pottery and the seals.

Fish is a common motif drawn in rangoli all over India. It finds a place of prominence in the Bengal alpanas and the rangoli of the Parsis. Kurma (tortoise) – In rangoli, the tortoise is commonly depicted in a hexagonal shape. In Indian mythology, it is one of the avatars of Vishnu, a mount of river goddess Yamuna and also a lanchana (cognizance) of certain Jain Yakshas and Tirthankaras. The tortoise is the Lord of creation in Vedic mythology. Because of its shape, the tortoise is regarded as a symbol of the three worlds; its lower shell is this terrestrial world, upper shell the sky and in between is the atmosphere. This concept is also seen in Chinese cosmology (Desai 2008: 36).

The tortoise (Fig. 10) is believed to carry the world on its back and its long life no doubt account for its appeal as longevity symbol. It is able to withdraw its limbs within its shell. This imagery gives rise to the concept of tortoise as a model of self-restrained man, who has command over his indriyas (senses) and withdraws from sense objects (Desai 2008: 41). Kurma being an emblem of stability is placed in the form of Kurma-shila in the foundation of buildings at the time of Vastu pooja or worship of the deity of the site. Due to its support the building remains firm (Desai 2008: 41). This belief is also prevalent among the Gond tribals who draw a tortoise on the floor of the house to ensure that the building will be secure (Elwin 1951:102).

Peacock – A beautiful bird that can eat snakes and therefore associated with power. In Hindu mythology, the patterns on its wings, resembling innumerable eyes, are taken to represent the starry firmament (Cirlot 1962: 239). It signifies love and beauty. It is the vehicle of Kartikeya and Saraswati. The peacock (Fig. 11) is not only held to be efficacious against poison but on account of its plumage, is believed to protect a person from the evil eye.

Owl – The owl is a bird of ill omen and does not seem to be associated with auspiciousness except in Bengal where it is depicted as Goddess Lakshmi’s vehicle. The owl associated with Lakshmi is known as Pechaka and is worshipped in Bengal during Lakshmi Pooja (worship of Goddess Lakshmi). Owl is a nocturnal bird and eats rodents in the field. Thus it protects the crops and therefore must have gained importance and acquired the status of being Lakshmi’s vehicle. It also symbolises wisdom and intelligence because of its ability to foretell events. An owl is an indispensable part of the Lakshmi Pooja alpana (Fig. 12) of Bengal.

Butterfly – Butterfly is a symbol of fertility. The fact that the butterfly lays large number of eggs and also the belief that the butterfly brings children supports its symbolism. In Bengal and Assam, the butterfly is called as Prajapati. In Indian mythology Brahma, the Lord of creation, is also called as Prajapati. Probably because of this association, the butterfly is also believed to be the creator of the universe. It is considered to be a good omen for marriage in Bengal. In the invitation letters for marriages the picture of a butterfly is usually printed at the top. It is considered a good fortune if a butterfly enters the room of a bridegroom

or the bride before their marriage. Prajapati Padma alpana (Fig. 13) is executed on the floor on the day of finalisation of a proposal of marriage.

of finalisation of a proposal of marriage. Cow – The sanctity of the cow is perhaps the foremost sentiment of Hindus. It is natural that in a predominantly agricultural and pastoral country like India, cows were and to some extent still are, considered to be the real wealth of the people. In the Hindu world view, to donate a cow or gau daan is considered the highest act of piety.

No havan or fire ritual is complete without the presence of panchgavya or the five gifts of the cow, namely milk, curds, melted butter, cow-dung and urine. In Maharashtra, on the day of Vasu-baras, a rangoli with a cow and its calf with the many auspicious symbols is drawn traditionally (Fig. 14). Similarly, in Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu cow is depicted in the rangoli and worshipped on Sankranti festival corresponding to Pongal.

The foot-prints of the Holy cow (Fig. 15) are also commonly marked in the rangolis at the entrance and in front of the Gods. These are made by the women as an acknowledgement of the unconditional services provided by the cow and also as a request for the continuation of those services for the wellbeing of their family.

Parrot – It is a vehicle of Kamadeva, deity of love and sex. Parrot (Fig. 16) sensual desires and forms an important part of marriage decorations. The parrot is a love bird, and has special value as a charm in tattoos.

Rooster – Parsi ladies draw a rangoli of white rooster on the day holy to the Yazata Srosh (a divine being). A white rooster is the protective bird associated with the Yazata Srosh. The crowning of the rooster is said to frighten away the Evil spirit. The cock is held sacred to Yazata Srosh and is never killed or eaten after it has begun to crow. The widespread belief is that the crow of the cock scares evil spirits (Seervai and Patel (eds.) 1898: 25). Orthodox Zoroastrian would never kill a cock of any colour since he is the bird of Srosh, who crows to put an end to demon-haunted night and to bring in God‘s new day; and white being the Zoroastrian colour, a white cock is especially holy (Boyce 1977: 257).

Plant motifs:

Kamal/Padma (Lotus) – The Lotus is considered to be the most sacred flower and has great religious significance and many symbolic meanings. Rooted in the dark mud, the lotus plant grow up through the murky water to leaf and flower in the air and light, this growth represents the journey of the soul from the mud of materialism, through the waters of experience, to the arrival at enlightenment.

The faculty of bestowing life, fertility and wealth is attributed to the lotus-plant and its vital points (Bosch 1960: 49). The lotus has much importance in Hindu, Buddhist and Jaina pantheons. It symbolises self-creation; hence Brahma sits on a lotus (Srivastava 1998: 21). In the aripan of Mithila, the Hridav kamal (Fig. 17), the centralised lotus motif or the Sahasradala padma, the thousand-petalled lotus signifies the universal life-force and the opening of the consciousness of the divine. Padma is also a significant yantra or mandala in the Tantric doctrine, on which all the magical creations are built upon.

The multi-layered petal structure of lotus with one layer opening into the other resembles the Sun who emanates brilliant rays from its central core. Here the resemblance or correspondence to the form or shape makes the lotus flower a potent symbol capable of representing certain aspects of the Sun, which in this case is its radiating nature. Divakarvrata is performed by drawing twelve-petalled lotus with the names of sun written on each petal. This lotus is worshipped with

Vedic mantras for gaining knowledge and prosperity (Joshi and Padmaja 1967: 374).

Tulsi or Ocimum basilicum or Ocimum sanctum – Since time immemorial, tulsi has remained an integral part of Hindu way of life and is considered to be one of the holiest and most useful plants. It is planted on a little mound of sand or on a square pillar of about four feet in height, hollow at the top with its four sides facing the four points of the compass. This structure is called the Tulsi Vrindavan. Hindus, especially Vaishnavaites consider it a peculiarly meritorious act to carefully watch and cultivate the plant. It is praised as destroying all the evils and it is considered sinful to break its branches. Hindu women worship tulsi every morning and evening and draw rangoli around it

Tulsi Mahimamritya records that if a dying person gets tulsi water he goes to Vishnu Loka. It is popularly believed that tulsi even wards off the messengers of Yama, the ruler of the dead, who would not enter a house containing a sprig of tulsi

However, tulsi worship is not limited to man‘s theosophical aspirations alone as tulsi’s curative effect has been widely acknowledged by the Ayurvedic system of medicine, based on the Atharvaveda. Tulsi leaves are considered as a potential preventive medicine. It has a sweet aromatic scent and act as a cough elixir. One or two leaves swallowed after meals helps digestion. Since long there is a practice among Hindus to put leaves in cooked food to prevent germination and in stored water to prevent bacteria formation during solar or lunar eclipse. The tulsi plant possesses many curative properties and is an antidote to snake-venom. It is acknowledged as a great destroyer of mosquitoes and other pests.

On the day of Tulasi-vivaha, an image of Hari and Tulsi plant are worshipped and then married. A rangoli of Tulsi Vrindavan (Fig. 18) is drawn.

Creeper pattern: Signifies fertility, growth and progress. In alpana patterns, shankha-lata or the conch-shell creeper and champa-lata, creeper of champa flowers are drawn. Man-made objects are also depicted in growing on creepers such as shovel or khunti-lata, bangles or banti-lata, pearls or mukta-lata. Sometimes the creeper patterns (Fig. 19) are referred to as vansha-vel, i.e. creepers of progeny or heir, symbolising continuity of family lineage.

Thorny or prickly plants: Prickly plants are useful guardians against evil in many regions around the world. Depiction of thorny or prickly plants is believed to ward off evil spirits. Thus we see such plants drawn in rangolis in various parts of India. In the mandanas of Rajasthan, motifs like Baingan ka binta (stem of brinjal) (Fig. 20) and Singhada ka chowk (water chest-nuts) (Fig. 21) are drawn.

Similarly Nimbu ki dali (stem of lemon plant) aipan is made in the Kumaon region. The pineapple finds a special place in the kolam drawn during Pongal festival. Rangoli using thorny motifs are generally made on the occasions of marriage and welcoming the bride. These are not drawn in a natural realistic manner. Rather they are drawn in such abstract and symbolic form that it is possible to identity these motifs only through minute and repeated observations. Many times it is the name of the design which gives clue about its form.

Thus we see the symbolic ideas behind the use of various geometric and natural motifs in rangoli art. The understanding and interpretation of this symbolism leads to the conclusion that these motifs were employed in this ancient art of rangoli to denote an indirect or figurative representation of a significant idea, conflict or wish. These are symbols of fertility and procreation or the cosmic life force and regeneration and all of them are in one way or the other, ‗symbols of life‘ and therefore highly auspicious.

Significance Of Rangoli: The art and cultural significance of rangoli designs

On an auspicious day you must have seen your mother or sister making rangoli on the floor. Diwali Rangoli was artfully and enthusiastically created in Indian households on Deepawali day. It’s completely expressed in multiple respects and we Indians enjoy the colors.

Rangoli is a distinctive instance of architecture performed by individuals from all over India. Rangoli is essentially an artistic job that is made to decorate the buildings. The use of shiny colored powders with wonderful Rangoli styles and patterns create for the decoration of households at unique celebrations such as Diwali and marriage occurrences.

Charm Of Rangoli

Indeed Rangoli is a major component of Diwali! Each house has a Diwali Rangolis charm to paint its lives. It often happened in our minds why we made these Rangolis and in the days of Diwali in particular. We’ll say here, why it’s accomplished so ardently! The term Rangoli was obtained from “Rangavalli” in Sanskrit. In the Indian section, creating rangoli offers an auspicious beginning to any particular opportunity, whether it’s a wedding, a festival or a spiritual event. And therefore Diwali is marked at a favorable node by creating Rangoli around the house.

Rangoli Styles

The day will give wealth and great will It is accomplished in anticipation. During Diwali, Rangoli is essentially produced for divulging the pleasure and understanding! All Rangoli forms have significance and man makes Rangoli according to his requirements and the element he wants in his lives. Like that, a bent row is better than a direct row.

In Hindu religion, Rangoli allows the atmosphere plain and calls the special deity at a festival. In short, this enables individuals to make the most of it. The deity considers the nearby area simple enough to attend Diwali at any favorable moment. Diwali Rangoli makes you all homes pure, prosperous and peaceful.

Concept Of Rangoli

All energy, like smell, taste, contact and smell, exists together, in accordance with a religious concept. According to the concept, a little different in creating the Rangoli can generate different energy in these types. There is a special sheet called “Sattvik Rangolis,” which obviously illustrates different Rangolis kinds and the deities they draw. Diwali Rangolis could convey diverse goddess values throughout the house.

People in the house encounter different kinds of spiritual experiences such as intelligence, awareness, happiness, serenity and divine consciousness. There are few popular Rangoli styles and motifs, but the variety of Rangoli models has no end. It is so common that Rangoli contests are conducted in colleges, departments and organisations, so as to popularize Rangoli among the older generation.

Those looking for the finest Rangoli styles or simple Rangoli styles are invited to discover many lovely suggestions for designing this Diwali in Rangoli…

Here is an incredible design of Rangoli for Diwali!

1. Standard Rangoli Designs

A major aspect of the festival of Diwali is Rangoli! You must feel no wonder for simple, less-time models by Rangoli, which adds a lighter appearance to your home’s aesthetics. And this is why we have developed our full range of Easy Rangol models, which can be drawn by even a careless person.

2. Peacock Rangoli Designs

Peacock is India’s national bird and is known for its colored and lively plumage with orange, black and purple patterns, representing happiness and joy. It’s fun observing the excellent display when peacocks dance with their tail. We all Indians are inspired by this lovely creature from centuries who regard it as a sign of joy.

3. Flower Rangoli Design

Peacock is India’s national bird and is known for its colored and lively plumage with orange, black and purple patterns, representing happiness and joy. It’s fun observing the excellent display when peacocks dance with their tail. We all Indians are inspired by this lovely creature from centuries who regard it as a sign of joy.

4. Flower Rangoli Design

Ganesha is thought to call for success and happiness, so Ganesha Rangoli is thought to be very fortunate in Diwali. On the Diwali’s day they worship Ganesha and Lakshmi in the hope it will bring joy, joy and joy to their house. While Rangoli painting is deemed to be particularly advantageous during Diwali, Ganesha Rangoli is completely advantageous.

5. Semi-Rangoli design

Rangoli production has long been an essential component of Indian culture and remains to be so today. Even today festivals such as Holi, Onam, and Diwali are unfinished without a dash of various colors as Rangoli, at the very entrance to the family. In this rapidly changing world where most apartments are especially compact, Corner Rangoli design is the preferred choice. We, therefore, offered a plethora of lovely Corner Rangoli designs, which could help in choosing Rangoli designs. In this rapidly changing world where most apartments are especially compact, these designs are mostly preferred for the same.

Diwali Rangolis

Rangoli is the traditional art of decorating courtyards and walls of Indian houses, places of worship and sometimes eating-places as well. It is also known as Alpana, Kolam etc .The ingredients used to draw rangolis are white stone, lime, rice flour and other paste.

The tradition of Rangolis

Rangoli is used from the early days as an expression of warm hospitality.People uused to beautify their houses with colourful rangolis.The tradition is still popular. In particular, the Diwali festival is widely celebrated with rangolis.It is used in Diwali decoration.

Significance of Rangolis Rangolis are a symbol of auspiciousness. It is believed that during Laxmi Puja, the Goddess Laxmi actually enters the household .The geometrical patterns & designs applied with rice flour at the entrance to a home, invites Goddess lakshmi into the household, and drives away the evil spirits. It is also created to please her, in the hope that she may bless the house and to ensure that she stays for the full year.

The other reason for using rice flour is that we are providing food for the ants & other small insects. Diwali is also a time when friends and relatives visit each other’s houses. So rangolis are also used to give them a warm welcome.

Rangoli Ingredients

Powdered colors are used on cleaned floors to form decorations. The powder primarily consisting of rice flour is ground very fine. In these days finely ground white stone powder is used, for this is easier to apply & also the rangolis are brighter & well finished. Even if ground stone powder is used, one could mix rice flour in it. The powder is usually applied ‘freehand’ by letting it run from the gap formed by pinching the thumb and the forefinger. Rangolis can be vivid, three-dimensional art complete with shadings or they can be the traditional plain, yet as beautiful as, two-dimensional designs.

Importance of Rangoli in Griha Pravesh

A rangoli is a beautiful colour pattern that is drawn usually on the door steps in every Hindu household on the occasion of some puja, festival or wedding in the family. Rangoli in ancient times were made using rice flour which were not only very artistic to look at, but also had a pleasing effect on the mind and the body. Nowadays, people use different kind of coloured powders to draw rangoli.

The art of drawing rangoli can be divided into two wide variations namely geometric formations and random designs. The art of drawing rangoli has its own significance both in terms of religion as well as science.

Religious Significance

Hindus are quite particular about auspicious dates and timings for starting any eventful work. The main reason behind such rigidity can be attributed to the fact that all religious or festivals are associated with deity principal according to whom a particular deity is present in abundance in the atmosphere on certain days. A family seeking to invoke a particular deity gains a significant advantage if they follow this deity principal.

As per the book Sattvik Rangoli, certain rangoli patterns and colours play a big role in changing vibrations and attracting the positive energy as per the deity principal. There are several different rangoli designs depending upon which deity you wish to invoke.

Scientific Significance

As per neuro science visual patterns play a significant role in altering the brains response to a certain situation. Besides shapes colours also play a very important role on the neurological centre of the brain. Sometimes these patterns can be used to heal a person’s mind and body. Rangoli is drawn on the entrance of every house, so that it can produce a calming effect on the mind and the soul of the person about to enter the household, thereby making him calm and peaceful.

Rangoli and its significance in Indian Tradition

Rangoli, also known as Kolam is a traditional art of decorating courtyards and walls of Indian houses, places of worship and sometimes eating places as well. The powder of white stone, lime, rice flour and other paste is used to draw intricate and ritual designs.

Rangoli is an ancient cultural tradition and folk art from India. The name and style of rangoli in different regions may vary, but the spirit and culture behind it have many similarities.

“Rangoli” is an amalgamation of two words-Rang or Rangam and Holi. Rang or Rangam means colour/s and Holi means play or celebration-So, It is playing with colours.  Colours and significance of colours called Spectroscopy, Spectrum are chapter in Physics and Psychology. Our ancestors perhaps had in depth knowledge of the colour and impact of sunlight and so on. 

In other way it is Mathematics too- “Symmetry” on both Left and Right side. Some call it as similar to “YIN-YANG” or “SWASTIK” symbol.

Rangoli, also known as Alpana, Kolam and by other names is a traditional art of decorating courtyards and walls of Indian houses, places of worship and sometimes eating places as well. The powder of white stone, lime, rice flour and other paste is used to draw intricate and ritual designs.

When we look back to the history, it is amazing to find the reference made of rangoli in Hindus Valley civilization. Alpana is a name of rangoli. Mohen-jo-daro and Harappa were also Alpana Ommandi meet the mark. Vatsyayan Alpana’s work – the formula is described in Chausst arts. Usually in terms of its origin is known that ‘Alpana’ word Sanskrit’s – ‘Oalanpeen word is derived from, Oalanpeen means – to plaster. In ancient times people believed that these funds artistic painting the town and villages – are able to contain cereal is full of magical effects and reserve assets. This approach was Alpana art practiced religious and social occasions. Many fast or worship, which is given the Alpana, Aryan is the era before.

But today, one can see the practice of drawing rangoli and its significance maintained in South India. Though the apartment culture has made many to give up this practice, still some hold to practice drawing rangolis with chalks if not with rice flour.  It is marvelous to see that each state of India has its own way of painting Rangoli. One characteristic of Rangolis is that it is painted by the masses. 

Rangoli is made in two ways. Dry and wet. Both a generous and is created by adding other points. The rangoli made by adding points to the first white paint on the ground in a particular size are made certain point then shaking the points is a beautiful figure takes shape. After creating the desired shape, there are full colours. A freehand rangoli image is created directly on the ground.

 Traditionally Rangolis are drawn or painted with rice powder. A symmetrical pattern or picture of Gods, Goddess, Dancers, Diyas etc. is drawn and by adding edible colours with rice powder is then layered on top to form a picture. A symmetrical rangoli pattern can be drawn on paper or card and then decorated by children with crumpled tissue paper.  The main objective behind is to feed the insects and at the same time arresting them from entering the houses. It is only in our rich tradition ‘Annadanam’ and feed others is equal to feeding almighty. See God in all beings.

Most of the patterns are circular indicative of the endlessness of time. The day-to-day Rangoli patterns are simple or intricate. The most common rangoli designs start with dots which are connected to form lines and other geometrical shapes such as the swastika, aum, stars, squares, circles, triangles etc. These geometrical patterns must be formed in continuous, unbroken lines.

Spaces can be created within the rangoli design to place diyas. One can also use flower petals of different colors such as golden marigolds, bright red roses to add that extra dimension to the pattern. With a little bit of imagination, a dash of aesthetic sense and dollops of patience, one can create a piece of art with colours.

Drawing Rangolis by women has many significances, one it gives a way to the creativity and imaginations. Secondly, bending once body and drawing also prevented from pot-belly and other backache problems. In olden days, all the household chores right from grinding, pounding, crushing, sweeping, mopping, was purely done by women at home. These chores acted as physical exercises as, all parts of the physical body received ample of exercises every day. Women seldom complained about arthritis and other ailments.  Drawing rangolis also reveals good mood, patience and creativity parlance of women.

Most of the rangolis drawn are of geometric patterns and peripheral. One thing common across all the states in India is the raw material used is edible rice flour, pulses,leaves and the floor painting is invariably white in colour. Along with rice flour, turmeric and vermilion are used as they considered auspicious.

Each state of India has its own way of painting Rangoli. One characteristic of Rangolis is that it is painted by commoners. On some special occasions like Dipavali it is painted in every home, with or without formal training in Rangoli art. The art is typically transferred from generation to generation and from friend to friend.

On some special occasions like Deepavali it is painted in every home, with or without formal training in Rangoli art. The art is typically transferred from generation to generation and from friend to friend.

Traditionally Rangolis are painted or created out of colored sand/rice powder.

1. Introduction to Rangoli

The basic Sanskrut word is rangavalli. A design created by allowing the powder of a special soft white stone to flow freely, with a pinch of the hand is called Rangoli. Rangoli is an art which precedes sculpture and painting. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ritual. It is a practice to draw Rangoli at the site of any auspicious religious ritual such as a holy festival, a religious festival, an auspicious function, ritualistic worship, a vowed religious observance, etc. When performing the act of moving lit lamps about the face for someone (arti) too, Rangoli is drawn around the wooden seat (pat) on which he is seated and also in front of him. At public functions also during a meal Rangoli is drawn around a wooden seat and the plate or leaf on which the meal is served. During Diwali various Rangoli designs are drawn at the doorstep and decorated with different colours. In the ancient times it was a practice to sweep and sprinkle every doorstep with cowdung everyday and draw Rangoli. Ground smeared with cowdung but not decorated with Rangoli is said to be inauspicious.

2. What is Rangoli made of?

 Rangoli is a coarse powder obtained by pounding a cleavable and lustrous mineral (shirgola). In the Konkan region (near Maharashtra and Goa states in India) the husks of rice are burnt and the white ash obtained is used as Rangoli.

3. How is Rangoli executed?

A pinch of Rangoli powder is taken using the index finger and thumb. As the Rangoli is a coarse powder of special soft white stone, it can flow freely when slowly released from the pinch of index finger and thumb.

To make a Rangoli on floor, following steps are used –

a. The surface on which the Rangoli is to be drawn is prepared by cleaning it thoroughly. Traditionally, the surface was smeared with cow dung, and after it dried, Rangoli was drawn on it at specific locations. In the ancient times it was a practice to daily sweep and sprinkle every doorstep with cow dung and draw Rangoli.

b. A design or auspicious symbols or signs are selected for drawing.

c. After the selection, the required numbers of points are created on the floor using the Rangoli.

d. Then these points are joined with the appropriate design shapes, lines, curves, etc.

Lastly, colours are filled in the Rangoli as per the design recommendations.

4. Where is the Rangoli drawn?

  Rangoli is generally drawn on mud floor, cow dung smeared floor, tiled floor, etc.

a. When performing the act of moving lit lamps about the face for someone (Arati) too, Rangoli is drawn around the wooden seat (pat) on which he is seated and also in front of him.

b. At public functions also during a meal Rangoli is drawn around a wooden seat and the plate or leaf on which the meal is served.

c. During Diwali various Rangoli designs are drawn at the doorstep and decorated with different colours.

d. After smearing the ground with cow dung one should not forget to draw at least four lines of Rangoli on it. Ground smeared with cow dung but not decorated with Rangoli is said to be inauspicious.

5. Why Rangoli is drawn?

When sweeping the floor or smearing with cow dung, subtle lines are created on it. These possess certain frequencies. As these lines are irregular, their vibrations too are irregular. These are harmful to the body, eyes and mind as well. To overcome these unfavourable frequencies if cones and auspicious symbols are drawn systematically with Rangoli on the swept or smeared floor; the ill-effects of sweeping and smearing are overcome and favourable results are obtained.

6. What are the various types of Rangoli?

6A. Rangoli is of two main types

6A1. Form dominant: In this type of Rangoli, lines, cones and circles are drawn proportionately.

6A2. Ornamental: In this type of Rangoli, importance is given to flowers, leaves, trees, creepers, animals and birds. This Rangoli is more appealing than the form dominant one.

6B. A conch, Swastik, Moon, Sun

6C. Two parallel lines of Rangoli are drawn. In the middle of the lines two curved lines are drawn so as to create a chain. This chain represents a serpent couple.

6D. The eight petals represent the universe with eight directions, as well as the sun and Shri Vishnu. The lotus is symbolic of Shri Lakshmi as well as the energy for procreation, so it is given special importance in the worship of Shri Vishnu.

6E. Besides Rangolis with a one-sided auspicious emblem (ekalingatobhadra), eight-sided propitious emblems (ashtalingatobhadra) and those which are auspicious on all sides (sarvatobhadra) are also drawn pertaining to religious acts. In this type, a big square is divided into small squares. The small squares are then filled with vermilion (kumkum) in a specific manner so as to create the form of Deity Shiva’s linga. These rangolis are seen in the Shaiva sect.

6F. Another type of Rangoli is drawn with the help of dots. First the dots are made on the ground and then vertical and transverse lines are drawn joining these dots so as to create various figures such as a peacock, a tortoise, a lotus, a creeper, etc. Though this Rangoli with dots is complicated, it is attractive.

7. Spiritual significance of Rangoli

 In Hindu Dharma, Rangoli is drawn during every festival, auspicious occasion, religious rituals, etc. All the festivals, auspicious occasions, rituals, etc. are associated with one of Deity principles. During these days, the Divine principle of a specific Deity is present in the atmosphere in a larger proportion on the day of the respective festival or is attracted to the venue where religious rituals of that Deity are being performed. In order to attract maximum Deity principle, rangolis that attract and transmit respective Deity principle are drawn so that everyone derives spiritual benefits from it.

According to a Principle in Spirituality that ‘word, touch, taste, form, smell and their energy co-exist,’ even if a small variation is made in the form and colour of the Rangoli, its vibrations change. The booklet ‘Sattvik Rangolis’ illustrates various sattvik designs of rangolis which attract and transmit various Deity Principles such as – Shri Ganesh, Shri Rama, Shrikrushna, et. al.

The main feature of sattvik Rangoli is that due to transmittance of Deity Principle, the devotees get various anubhutis (spiritual experiences) of Shakti (Divine Energy), Bhav (spiritual emotion), Chaitanya (Divine Consciousness), Anand (Bliss) and Shanti (Serenity).

A maximum of 10% of the Deity’s Principle can be attracted by these rangolis. Rangolis available elsewhere contain -1 to +1% (negative or positive) Principle.

Importance of drawing Rangoli as a part of Puja preparations

When preparing for the puja, the worshipper should first purify the venue of the puja. In the present times, attack of Raja-Tama has increased greatly, which help negative energies to envelop the temple at home, implements of the puja and the venue with black energy. As a result, the worshipper does not get expected benefits from the puja. Sweeping of the floor of the room housing the temple at home followed by sprinkling of gomutra (Cow’s urine) and burning of frankincense is done for purifying the room.

When sweeping the floor and smearing it with cowdung, subtle-lines are created on the ground which generate a specific type of vibrations. These lines are irregular in nature and so are the vibrations. That makes them harmful for the body, eyes and mind. To overcome these unfavourable vibrations, through the medium of rangoli conical designs and auspicious symbols are drawn on the floor. Rangoli regularises the vibrations generated by sweeping and smearing, and thereafter, eliminates the inauspicious effects and bestows auspicious effects.

1. If possible, why should rangoli be drawn by women ?

A. Only women should draw rangoli for a puja, because women can easily imbibe the subtle-Principle of a Deity and are sensitive in generation of designs that portray the subtle-vibrations associated with the respective Divine Principle. As a result, the Divine Principle active in the universe gets easily attracted to the rangoli and gets activated. That is why, for an individual in the preliminary stage, getting the rangoli drawn by a woman is beneficial. However, when a man with unexpressed bhav (Spiritual emotion) or spiritual level above 50% draws rangoli, the process that takes place is identical.

B. Greater activation of the Divine Principle, benefiting the entire atmosphere and the individuals performing the puja.

C. Since rangolis are associated with waves of art to some extent, the Anahat- chakra of the women drawing it is activated. As a result, their sensitivity in imbibing Chaitanya (Divine consciousness) increases and it enables them, to an extent, to easily imbibe the subtle and even the higher level Principle emanating from the puja.

D. A Man who accompany their spouse in the puja also participate in its preparations. Hence, their ability to absorb the Divine Principle increases to an extent and they are able to easily imbibe the Principle emanating from the puja.

2. Why should rangoli associated with the Deity Principle be drawn ?

When drawing the rangoli for a puja, the pattern should, as far as possible, be such that it attracts the Principle of the chief Deity of worship. When worshipping a specific Deity, rangoli associated with that Deity should be drawn. Rangoli is conducive in imbibing the nirgun (Non-materialised) Principle of the Deity and emitting it as per the capability of the environment and the individual. Hence, a rangoli associated with the Deity Principle proves to be favourable for the mission, and the Principle of the Deity begins to move towards the environment and the individual in greater proportion.

3. Why should a rangoli pattern not depict the Name or form of a Deity ?

When a rangoli pattern is drawn depicting the Name or form of a Deity, it acquires the restrictions of the sagun (Materialised) form of Shakti (Divine Energy). This reduces the functional ability of the rangoli. On the other hand, since the rangoli drawn with swastiks or dots has the support of the nirgun Shakti, it enhances its capability and it becomes capable of functioning to a greater extent with the help of manifest Shakti. Hence, the rangoli pattern should be created on dots.

4. Why should haldi-kumkum be offered to a rangoli pattern upon its completion ?

Due to white particles of the rangoli, it is more capable of attracting the Divine waves when compared with other colours. However, the white colour is primarily associated with the non-functioning nature of Sustenance. Hence, the pure white rangoli does not attain momentum, and remains functional in a restricted area. Offering haldi (Turmeric) to the rangoli activates Ichha-shakti (Energy of will), which is Raja- predominant and in the form of Sri Gaṇesh Principle. Similarly, when kumkum is offered, the manifest Shakti of Sri Durgadevi is activated. As a result, the Divine Principle getting attracted to the rangoli acquires momentum and causes disintegration of polluted vibrations and particles in the environment. In addition, the negative energy attacks from Patal are arrested. Hence, haldi-kumkum should be offered to a rangoli pattern upon its completion.

5. Why should colours complementary to the Deity’s Principle be used in a rangoli?

The white colour in rangoli powder is associated with the nirgun and hence, attracts waves associated with the nirgun Principle. To activate the Principle of a particular Deity for achieving the desired objective, it is beneficial to use colours that match the Principle of that particular Deity; for example, red colour should be used in rangoli pattern for Sri Gaṇesh and saffron colour for that of Deity Hanuman.

Spiritual and Cultural Significance of Making Rangoli Outside the House

If you are an Indian, you must be thus far aware of rangoli or muggu (in Telugu). Nevertheless, for people who don’t know – Rangoli is an art form in which patterns are created on the floor in living rooms or courtyards using materials like colored rice, dry flour, colored sand, sindoor, haldi, flower petals, or other natural colors.

Depending on the local culture, there are different reasons for drawing rangoli.

In general, it is women who draw rangoli needless of any devices such as a ruler, a thread, a brush, etc. to draw them. They freely move their fingers to create various shapes with no difficulty.

Ancient Reasons Why Making Rangoli Is Spiritually Healthy

Derived from a Sanskrit word, ‘Rangavalli’, symbolizing a celebration of colors, is an ancient Indian art, which precedes even paintings and sculptures. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ceremony.

In Hindu Dharma, rangoli is drawn during every festival, auspicious occasion, religious rituals, etc. All the festivals, auspicious occasions, rituals, etc. are associated with one of the deity principles.

In the course of these days, the divine principle of a specific deity is existence in the ambiance in a larger proportion on the day of the respective festival or is attracted to the venue where religious rituals of that deity are being carried out.

In order to draw maximum deity principle, rangolis that attract and transmit respective deity principle are drawn so that one and all derive spiritual benefits from it.

According to a Principle in spirituality that ‘word, touch, taste, form, smell and their energy co-exist,’ even if a small variation is made in the form and color of the rangoli, its vibrations change. The booklet ‘Sattvik Rangolis’ exemplifies various sattvik designs of rangolis which attract and transmit various Deity Principles such as – Deity Krushna, Deity Rama, Deity Ganesh, et. al.

The primary feature of sattvik rangoli is that due to the transmittance of deity principle, the devotees get various anubhutis (spiritual experiences) of Shakti (Divine Energy), Bhav (spiritual emotion), Chaitanya (Divine Consciousness), Anand (Bliss) and Shanti (Serenity).

How Is Rangoli Executed?

The reason a Rangoli is drawn at the entrance of a house is because of its calming effect on a visitor who is about to enter the house. It manifests into vibrations (brainwaves) in the visitor’s mind, putting them at ease, making them comfortable and happy. Not just shapes, colors also play a role in stimulating the brain.

Like we get pleasing sounds when the right harmonics are combined in the sound waves, that soothe and calm our mind; in the visual domain too, we have corresponding harmonics for every frequency which when combined, leads to artistic patterns that are pleasing to the eye and have a calming effect on the mind.

Most of the rangoli designs maintain symmetry in their designs, that is, left and right side of designs look similar. It is same as yin and yang symbol, or Swastik or Egyptian symbols where symmetry is important. All over the world, in all religions, symmetric designs are a symbol of prosperity, luck, and growth.

The symmetry of the Rangoli also brings undivided attention. It soothes the mind when one is getting into or leaving the house. Rangoli is the science of creating an energy pool in the house.

Every so often Rangolis are symmetric around both X and Y axis, and sometimes have rounded edges and seem to be a combination of several simpler designs superimposed over each other.

Therefore Rangoli is not just an art but in fact, it is a science which was discovered by Indians thousands of years ago and has been a part of the culture since then for religious, aesthetic and scientific purposes.

10 Easy Ways To Make Chemical-free Rangoli Colours at Home

Rangolis are hand-painted designs made from coloured sand. Unfortunately, the commercial products you get nowadays are loaded with harmful chemicals and toxic substances that can damage your skin when used over a long period of time. To prevent this, you can make rangoli powder at home the DIY way using ingredients easily available in a nearby store.

How To Make Rangoli Powder at Home

Making rangoli powders at home is not difficult. In fact, you’ll even find yourself saving up on a bit of cash and time by taking the natural route. Here are a few ways you can make natural rangoli colours.

1. Yellow Rangoli

Take equal parts of turmeric powder and rice flour. Mix them well to get a nice texture. This is one of the best rangoli colours with rice. Alternatively, you can mix chickpea flour with rice flour to make yellow rangoli powder.

2. Vermilion Rangoli

For this, you need to dehydrate and grind pomegranate peels and carrot peels to get their shades of red and orange respectively. Alternatively, you can add some dried rose and hibiscus petals. Grind these ingredients together to make red rangoli powder.

3. Orange Rangoli

Take a bunch of orange peels and marigold petals. Dehydrate them in the sun and grind them together. Mix well to make orange rangoli powder.

4. Green Rangoli

To make natural green rangoli colour, you need spinach, coriander leaves, and some green herbs. Dry them and grind to a powder.

5. Brown Rangoli

You can make brown rangoli at home by using a bunch of cinnamon sticks. Just grind them into a fine powder.

6. Purple Rangoli

If you’ve got dried lavender flowers lying around the house, you can make beautiful purple rangoli powder from them.

7. White Rangoli

White rangoli is also not really difficult to make. You just need one ingredient for this and that is rice. Just dry and grind the rice to a fine powder.

8. Magenta Rangoli

Magenta rangoli powder works best when you’re trying to make beautiful designs. Use dried beetroot flakes to make the powder. That’s all there is to it.

9. Black Rangoli

Black rangoli is a unique colour that you’ll rarely find in stores. For this DIY black rangoli powder, you need whitestone powder and non-toxic black ink. Pour the ink on the powder and mix well. Keep adding ink until the white mixes well with the black. And there you go! You have a nice and black rangoli colour that you can use for your designs.

10. Mixed Rangoli

Can’t decide between the different colours? Go for a mixed rangoli then! Take rose petals of different colours and dry them. Grind them to a powder and mix with coarse salt. If you don’t have salt, you can use all-purpose flour too.

Lift up the festive spirit by making these DIY rangoli colours at home. They are chemical-free and not loaded with toxins, unlike the synthetic or commercial ones. Plus, as the ingredients are very cheap, you can make a whole year’s supply and use it whenever you want.

How to Make A Rangoli Powder at Home In Different Colours?

Want to celebrate the traditional festive day with colour powder?? This article brings out top 9 tips on how to make rangoli powder at home, rather than using rangoli powder purchased from the shop which may quite expensive and for those people who are allergic to rangoli powder with non-organic elements.

How to Make Rangoli Powders At Home In Different Colours:

Here is the top 9 rangoli powders which you can make at home on any day of festival use.

1. Rose Rangoli Powder:

Girls who like pink colour and want to paint them with rose rangoli powder then here is the idea, dry rose flower petals and grind them and add with fine all-purpose flour, here is the best homemade rangoli powder ready to use.

2. Yellow Rangoli Powder:

The yellow bright colour which suits very well for rangoli, one can make yellow colour powder by using turmeric sticks as the main ingredient. These sticks are dried and ground into semi-fine powder; this can be very well used as rangoli colour powder. You can try this yellow powder for your regular use for home.

3. Cherry Red Rangoli Powder:

Cherry red is a rich and attractive colour which can be used in painting rangoli during the festive day. Here is the best idea for it, use those dry beetroot fakes as the main ingredient. Grind it and here is the best cherry red rangoli powder.

4. Orange Rangoli Powder:

The orange colour is the bright and colourful colour which is the colour of the summer definitely. This summer cool colour Orange coloured fruit, Orange peel is dried and ground in semi coarse powder and mixed with chickpeas powder. Take a few drops of scent with this, mix it well you will get good smell after use.

5. Shades of Green Rangoli Powder:

To make your world bio loaded products, here is the best idea of using green leaf’s spinach, coriander and other green herby in making this green rangoli powder. The green leaves are dried and ground into fine rangoli powder. This one is a good type of powder which you can try at least once.

6. Purple Rangoli Powder:

The purple colour which is a favourite colour among girls and ladies who are into designing rangoli then try making purple colour powder for rangoli at home by using the dried lavender flower as the main base.

7. Brown Rangoli Powder:

Dark brown colour rangoli powder could best choice for using as homemade rangoli powder, this powder is achieved by using cinnamon sticks as the main ingredient. The cinnamon sticks are dried and powder. But another way could be using already powdered cinnamon.

8. White Colour Rangoli Powder:

How to make white rangoli powder at home? Which can be the simplest and effective rangoli powder which can be made very easily by using one main ingredient which is the rice? The dry rice is ground well and used as rangoli powder.

9. Mixed Colour Rangoli Powder:

Mixed colour rangoli can be made easily by using different colourful rose petals as the main ingredient. The colours can be selected according to one’s choice. These petals are dried and powdered. This colour is mixed with coarse salt or with all-purpose flour.

Going green is the main aim of making things from natural material instead of using nonorganic materials. One way for ladies whose daily decorate their house entrance with colourful rangoli powder, for them this homemade rangoli powder is absolutely a phenomenon idea.

Homemade Rangoli Powder -non toxic-Replacement for podered lime stone

During Sankranthi in India women and girls like to decorate their front yard with beautiful rangoli designs. Rangoli is made with powdered lime stone. Since powdered lime stone is not available where I live I came up with my own idea. Here is a simple homemade Rangoli Powder / Muggu Podi which is a replacement for powdered lime stone. Ingredients
1/2 cup rice flour
1/4 cup of all purpose flour which is also called maida.

Mix them together and store it in a bottle. Do not use wet hands. This is a small batch I have shown. But you can make a large batch and store depending on how much you use.

Why hindus draw rangoli

Reason behind drawing rangoli

drawing rangoli in front of home is a common practice in many hindu homes. even my parsi neighbour aunty does it everyday. during my visit to shirdi sai baba temple in maharashtra i saw people selling moulds/structure for making readymade rangoli designs.

many people draw the rangoli everyday. some do it only on festive occasions. the design of rangoli varies from region to region. it not only look aesthetic but is also considered auspicious. although many people love the rangoli pattern but not many people know the reason for drawing rangoli.

reason behind drawing rangoli:

you are not an island. everything around you affects your emotional state. through your five senses you are absorbing the energy patterns around you. the sound, the sight, the smell, the touch and the subtle energy around you makes a difference in your psyche and in your emotional state.

e.g. when you chant Om mantra then it creates very harmonious vibrations around you. it relaxes you. the western scientist noted the pattern which sound creates on the sand. they observed that chanting of Om mantra creates very harmonious pattern in the sand. whereas when you shout or get angry then the resultant design created on sand is very ugly. similarly, when you see a beautiful painting or a person then you feel good from within. if you see an ugly face then it does not leave a good taste inside you. the beautiful scenery or the sight of sunset or sunrise creates harmony and peace inside you. thats why in hinduism lot of importance is given on seeing auspicious things. because it leaves a positive state inside you.

as far as beauty is concerned, one should be beautiful from within. one should not think bad, act bad or feel bad about anyone. although outer beauty is not in your hand but everyone should try to remain neat and clean in the outer world as well. because your appearance makes an impact on the people who sees you. it also makes an impact on you when you see yourself in the mirror.

when women draw rangoli everyday or during festive occasions, then it creates a subtle harmony inside them. they feel good from within. this is because most of the rangoli designs are harmonious. they are passed from generation to generation. our ancestors have discovered these harmonious rangoli designs.

moreover, anyone who enters the house also feel good seeing the beautiful and harmonious pattern of rangoli. over a period of time, when you enter your home many times, then this subtle difference which rangoli pattern makes over your psyche becomes big. slowly over a period of time it can make you more peaceful and harmonious.

drawing rangoli is an attempt to bring harmony inside you. it is like giving opportunity to you to change your mood and become peaceful from within. but one need to be sensitive to pay attention to rangoli. nowadays in this fast paced life we often ignore such subtle things like rangoli.

so for many people who are totally engrossed in their thinking, rangoli design may not make a big difference. but for someone who loves beauty or is a art lover or is a sensitive person, the rangoli design can trigger a beautiful experience inside him. it can create harmony inside him. so it varies from person to person.

Why Do We Draw Rangoli? – The Story in Hindu Religion

The story which explains why do we draw Rangoli is explained the Hindu Puranas. Hindus draw Rangoli daily in front of their homes and some people draw it only during auspicious occasions.

The story is associated with the churning of the ocean by Devas and Asuras. Numerous items appeared during the churning of the ocean. When Goddess Lakshmi appeared from the churning, she requested Bhagvan Vishnu for a house to reside. Vishnu suggested her to reside in a house that where the entrance is sprinkled with cow dung (entrance is pasted with cow dung) and decorated with Rangoli.

From that day onwards people began to draw Rangoli to invite Goddess Lakshmi into their homes.

Some Puranas also state that Alakshmi, or goddess of misfortune, appeared during the churning of ocean and she also demanded a house. Bhagvan Vishnu asked her to reside in those houses that are dirty and where they do not draw rangoli in front of the entrances.