Hindu Of Universe

“God’s light is within you, It never leaves you.”

Bhagwati Gauri

All the flowers that you offer Lord Shiva are dear to Goddess Bhagwati.

The mother of flowers offering to God.

Apart from this, flowers of Bella, white lotus, Palash, Champa can also be offered.

Palash Flowers For Goddess Saraswati

Goddess Saraswati must be offered the palash flowers.

It is believed that she is fond of white coloured flowers so a puja without Palash is never complete.

The palasha tree (Butea monosperma) is associated with the god Agni, the god of fire, and is said to be the tree under which the sage Valmiki wrote the epic poem Ramayana.

Flame of the Forest

The name itself suggests a lot about the tree.

At the beginning of the summer, the leafless tree flowers abundantly and the scene appears very conspicuous in the forest.

When the tree is in its fullest beauty, it can change the view of entire forest. 

Palash or Parrot tree (Butea Monosperma/पळस) is the state flower of Madhya Pradesh as well as Jharkhand.

It is a very beautiful tree with bright crimson orange coloured flowers and is noticeable even from long distance.

It is said that the nature also plays Holi, the Indian festival of colours, as the tree flowers somewhat in same period. 

It is a bliss to have this tree, not only for human eyes owing to its beauty but for birds & squirrels also.

Even when the tree is not in bloom, it is frequently visited by number of birds. 

Palash is a sacred tree, referred to as treasurer of Gods and symbolise the moon.

The flowers are offered as in place of blood in sacrifice rituals to Goddess Kali.

The tree is said to have sprung from the feather of a falcon impregnated with the Somarasa, the beverage of the Gods and thus immortalised. 

When a Brahmin boy becomes a Sadhu, his head is shaved and he is given a Palash leaf to eat.

the trifoliate formation representing Lord Vishnu in the middle, Lord Brahma on the left and Lord Shiva on the right.  

It is even used in Hindu ceremonies for the blessing of calves to ensure their becoming good milkers.

This decorative tree thrives well on a wide variety of soils including shallow, stony sites, black cotton soil, clay loams, and even in salt lands & water logged places. 

It coppices well & is resistant to browsing.

The tree is very drought resistant and frost hardy.

It is easily propagated by seeds and grows rapidly in full sunlight.

The various parts of Palash have numerous uses.

It is used for resin, fodder, medicine and dye.

In India, being fairly rich in nutrients, its young leaves are good fodder, eaten mainly by buffaloes.

The fibre obtained from the tree is made into ropes & cordage.

The gum from the tree, called Kamarkas in Hindi, is used in certain food dishes.

The gum is also considered valuable by druggists because of its astringent qualities and by leather workers because of its tannin.

The flowers are used to prepare traditional Holi colour. 

A bright yellow to deep orange-red dye is also prepared, used especially for dyeing silk & cotton.

This dye is used by Hindus to mark the forehead. Medicinally also, its flowers are useful in the treatment of liver disorders.

Its seeds has anthelmintic, bactericidal & fungicidal properties. 

Its leaves are believed to have astringent, depurative, diuretic and aphrodisiac properties.

It promotes diuresis & menstrual flow. 

There is an interesting fact about the leaves of Palash.

The tree provides leaves that are used with many pieced together to make a leaf-plate for serving a meal over.

And in tribal communities, a would be son-in-law is tested on his dexterity in making this plate and bowl (for serving more liquid parts of the meal such as daal).

If one could make it gracefully, then he is declared to be acceptable by the would be father-in-law. 🙂 In India, Palash is an important host for the lac insect, which produces shellac.

Of all the lac trees, it yields the most lac stick per hectare.

Usually grown for the decorative flowers, it also has a yellow-flowered rare variety.

The tree is very useful in the recovery of salt lands. Farmers frequently use Palash to stabilize field bunds & for erosion control.

According to experts, this tree can possibly make the livable conditions for other trees on a salty land, where otherwise they can’t thrive.



Palasa is one of the sacred trees worshipped in India.

In Sanskrit, Palasa is known as Kimshuka, Brahmavriksha.

Kimshuka in Sanskrit means “like a parrot” or “what brightness!”

The vernacular names of Palasa are:

In Kannada (Muthuga),

Telegu (Modaga chettu),

Hindi (Palasa, Kankrei Chichra tesu, desuka jhad, dhaak, palaash, chalcha),

Gujarati (Kesudo),

Punjabi (Keshu, Chachra, Sanura),

Malayalam (Plasu Shamata, Muriku),

Marathi (PaLaash),  

Urdu (Palashpapra),

Bengali  (Kinshuk, Polash, Polashi),


Tamil (Parasu, Mullumurugai, Kaliyanamurukkan).

 The Botanical name is Butea Monosperma and it belongs to the family of Fabaceae.  

Some of the English names of Palasa are:Flame of the forest, Bastard Teak and Parrot tree.

Description of the tree

Palasa is native to tropical and sub tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent and South East Asia.

It is found mostly in India, Nepal, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia and Western Indonesia.

The tree is found in the plains and slopes of the hills in India.

Palasa trees are found in some of the temple premises in Tamil Nadu.

Palasa is a deciduous tree which grows up to a height of 10-15 mts. Palasa is a slow growing tree.

The leaves are pinnate with 8-16 cm petiole (the stalk attaching the leaf blade to the stem) having three leaflets.

Each leaf is about 10-20 cms long.

The leaves when tender are soft, thick, and velvety.

They appear in pale bronze green colour.

Old leaves are firm and tough as leather, smooth above and hairy below.

The leaves have a leathery texture.

The leaves which wither during autumn are filled with bright orange coloured flowers that appear like a flame covering the entire tree.

Thus the tree gets the name Flame of the forest. 

The flowers also resemble an orange colour net spread over the entire tree, which is referred to as Kimsuka net.

Each flower consists of five petals comprising one standard, two small wings and a curved beak shaped keel.

The curved beak shaped keel gives its name as Parrot Tree.

The flowers are indicative of the onset of spring season and the colour of love.

Jayadeva in Gita Govindam has compared the flowers to the red nails of the Lord of Cupid, Kamadeva which tear at the hearts of the lovers.

The buds sprout from the stems.

The wood of the Palasa tree is soft and white in colour.

It is used for well curbs (a protective structure used around the rim of a well to prevent objects from falling into it) and water scoops as it is durable under water.

The fruit is a pod 15- 20 cm long and 4-5 cm broad. Palasa tree grows well in dry season.

Puranic Reference

Once all the Devas were discussing the greatness of the Gayatri Mantra sitting under the Palasa tree.

The tree heard the discussion and began to grow three leaves at a time.

The Devas who were astonished at the sight of three leaves growing, named the tree as “Susravas”, meaning a tree with the best hearing ability.

In Vedas it is mentioned as

“Devavai brahmannavadanta tatparna upAsruNot susravAvai namh”.

A brahmachari Vidyarthi should be able to grasp the teachings of the Guru in the Gurukula, just as the Palasa tree.

During the thread ceremony, the brahmachari is given a Palasa staff.

Once when goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva were engaged in private moments, the Devas sent Lord Agni in the guise of a Brahmin to spy on them.

When Parvati saw Agni hiding behind a tree, She cursed Agni and other Devas to be born as trees.

Agni was born as Palasa tree, Lord Vishnu as Aswattha, Lord Rudra as Bel tree etc.

In Mahabharata, Sage Jamadagni performed a sacrifice to the gods in the forest of Palasa.

There is a mention of the Palasa tree in both Ramayana and Mahabharatha.

In Mahabharatha it is mentioned that at the time of the coronation of Yudishtira after the Kurukskhetra war, “there were golden jars filled to the brim with water, also jars made of silver, copper and earth, flowers, fried paddy, Kusa grass, cow’s milk, sacrificial fuel consisting of the woods of Sami, Palasa, Pipal, honey, clarified butter and sacrificial ladles made of udambara and conchs adorned with GOLD.”

In the Puranas, it is mentioned that one who makes offerings to the deities in a vessel made out of Palasa wood gets the benefit of the Yagnas.

In Garuda Purana, it is mentioned that during Margashira Shukla Trayodashi (13th day of the waxing moon, in the month of December- January) Lord Nateswara should be worshipped with Kunda flowers and Palasa twigs.

The tree is considered holy as the leaves which are trifoliate represent the Holy Trinity- Lord Brahma, the Creator in the left, Lord Shiva, the Destroyer on the right and Lord Vishnu, the Preserver in the middle.

The gum which is extracted from the stem is mentioned in the Vedas.

Gandharvas and the Apsaras are said to reside in the Palasa tree.

Buddhists consider the Palasa tree as sacred, as queen Mahamaya is said to have seized a branch of the tree at the moment of the birth of her son Gautama Buddha.

Ayurvedic uses

All the parts of the Palasa tree like the leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, bark and gum are used for medicinal purposes.

The tree has been used as a tonic, astringent, aphrodisiac and diuretic.

Maharishi Samhita has categorized the tree as anti toxin (visaghna), purifies seminal fluids (sukrasodhana) and astringent and anti-diarrhoeal (stambhana).

The properties of the Palasa tree are:

Taste – Pungent, bitter and astringent

Post Digestive- Pungent

Potency: Hot

It is used to treat kapha and vata doshas.

It can aggravate pitta dosha.

Gum: The gum extracted from the wood known as Bengal Kino or butea gum has astringent and anti diarrhoeal properties.  

The gum is rich in gallic and tannic acids. 

The gum is used to treat diarrhoea, chronic dysentery, piles, urinary infections, bone fractures and as a diuretic.

The extract of the stem is beneficial for sperms and helps in securing conception.

The powder of the gum mixed in water and applied with a cotton swab on mouth or throat ulcers gives relief.

Leaves: Leaves having antibacterial properties is used in the treatment of worm infestations, dysentery, amenorrhoea and delirium (general weakness).

A concoction of the leaves is used to treat tumorous piles and ulcers.

A concoction of the tender leaves mixed with cow’s milk is used as a slow sterilizer (prevents pregnancy).

In Atharva Veda, the leaves are used as sex stimulant, thus effective in treating menorrhagia.

Paste of the leaves when applied on the wounds is said to hasten healing. It is also effective in treating pimples and boils.

For treating colic pain, concoction of the leaves when taken at regular intervals alleviates pain.

Decoction of the leaves taken orally is effective in reducing the blood sugar levels.

Bark: A concoction of the bark, rich in astringent properties is used to treat bleeding piles, ulcers, gonorrhoea, bone fractures, diabetes, excessive bleeding during menstruation, dysentery and tumours.

A mixture of the bark mixed in bath water is effective in treating bleeding piles.

A mixture of the bark boiled in water and taken regularly is effective in treating headaches, common cold and cough.

Seeds: The seeds contain proteolytic and lipolytic enzymes which find many medicinal uses.

The alkaloid palasonin in the seeds is highly useful for treating ring worm infestations.

A paste of the seeds mixed with honey for intestinal worms.

The seeds contain a yellow fixed oil known as moodaga oil or kino tree oil, besides small quantities of resin, and largely water soluble albuminoid.

A paste of the seeds mixed with lime juice is highly effective for treating herpes, eczema, and ringworm or just sprinkling the powder of the seeds on the affected area is an anti dote for ring worm infections on the skin.

Seeds are also used as contraceptive.

According to Chakra Samhita, the seeds or seed powder are useful in treating piles, constipation, leprosy, gastroenteritis and menorrhagia.

For scorpion sting, a paste of seeds applied on the affected area alleviates pain.

The paste of the seeds is a panacea for a host of skin related disorders like eczema, wounds etc.

A powder of the seeds mixed with honey is useful in treating worm infestations.

Flowers: Flowers act as diuretic and astringent agents.

Flowers contain glycosides, butrin, butin and neterosides, and a number of fatty acids have been isolated from the oil.

Flowers are used to treat infertility, fever, leprosy, diabetes, bone fractures, eye infections and skin diseases.

A decoction of the flowers is effective in treating diarrhoea.

A mixture of the dried powdered flowers along with milk and sugar acts as a diuretic, thus effective in treating oedema.

Root: The Root is effective in treating tuberculosis and dog bite.

A concoction of the root mixed with honey and rock candy is effective in treating sexual debility.


The wood of the Palasa tree is used to make utensils or planks used during religious or sacred ceremonies.

It is also used as Samith during Yagna or havan.

The wood is not used as regular fuel.

The Brahmacharin after the thread ceremony is made to walk with the Palasa stick.

It is believed that the grasping power of a Brahmacharin increases, when he walks with the Palasa stick in his hand.

Nobel Laureate Sri Rabindranath Tagore has compared the bright orange flowers of Palasa to fire.

Kalidasa, in his work, Ritusamhara, describes the Palasa forest as “resembling a blazing fire, making the earth look like a newly-wed bride with red garments”.

In Santiniketan, the abode of Sri Rabindranath Tagore, Palasa flowers are part of the celebrations during spring.

A town in West Bengal is named after the Palasa tree as Palashi.  

The historic battle was fought in Palashi, which later came to be known as the as the battle of Plassey.

Palasa is the state flower of Jharkhand. In Jharkhand, the Palasa flower is referred to as the forest fire.

The flowers are described variously in the traditional folk lore.

A postal stamp was issued by the Department of Posts to commemorate the Palasa flower.

In the State of Telangana, the flowers are used in the worship of Lord Shiva on Shivaratri.

The second Buddha called Medhankara achieved enlightenment under the Palasa tree.

The orange red flowers are offered to goddess Kali and Lord Krishna.

The leaves of the tree are used to bless the calves to ensure their becoming good milkers.

In Manipur, when a member of the Meitei community dies and for some reasons, if the body cannot be found, then the wood of the Palasa tree is cremated in place of the body.

In Buddhism, the orange colour flower represents renunciation of worldly desires.

Thus it is common to see the Penitents (repentant) wear orange robes symbolic of having burnt their worldly desires.

Other uses

The leaves which are big and broad are sewed together and made into leaf plates and bowls for serving a meal.

The gum extracted from the wood, known as Bengal Kino is used in the leather industry as it a rich source of natural tannin.

The flowers are used to prepare natural colours used during Holi.

It is also used as a dyeing colour for fabric.

Mosquito repellent: The mosquitoes which get attracted to the bright colour and fragrance of the flowers get trapped once they come into contact with the nectar in the flowers.

The gum is used for culinary purposes in some parts of India. Dried leaves are used as beedi rolls.

Fertilizers: The ash of the bark is mixed with the ash of cow dung and used as fertilizers on rice fields.

Wood pulp is used in the manufacture of newsprint.

The bark is also used as a cheap board wood and for structural work.

The inner bark yields a coarse fibre used in boat making.

The fibre from the root bark is used to make ropes and strings and caulking (one of the processes of sealing the joints or seams) of boats.

The parrot tree plays a significant role in regulating the atmosphere.

It reduces about 75% of dust from one cubic litre of the atmosphere.

It also acts as an air conditioner by liberating 10-20 litres of water per day per tree of average height through transpiration.

Palash Tree in Central India

Palash or Flame of the Forest is best known for its beautiful, radiant flowers that blossom just upon the arrival of Spring, in the month of March and April.

Currently, the forests of Central India are ablaze with a riot of colours that the Palash has rendered it with.

These flaming beauties are imparting the forests and each one of us the much-needed hope we need in the difficult times of a global pandemic, this year.

Its bright orange flame-like flowers emerge once the tree starts shedding its leaves.

The whole tree then glimmers with a fiery blast of colour, giving it the name ‘Flame of the Forest’.

In many states of India like West Bengal, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, the radiant flowers are used in marriages and also served as an offering to Lord Shiva.

People also use them in religious ceremonies at home and for havan and poojas.

Palash, Chula, or Tesu as we locally call it in Madhya Pradesh, is a small medium-sized slow-growing, deciduous tree species, native to India.

Its dark greyish bark, asymmetrical trunk, and irregularly spread branches give it a very distinctive appearance.

It has pinnate leaves that are broad and round in shape.

Some tribal communities also make leaf plates and bowls out of it, for household usage.

The Many Properties of Flame of the Forest:

  1. Palash as a tree is of immense medicinal value and its bark is used to treat cuts and wounds. 
  2. Its gum, Bengal Kino is used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery.
  3. Its flowers are rich in sulphur and used for the treatment of skin-related diseases. 
  4. These flowers when sun-dried are used to make a natural dye for the festival of colors – Holi. 
  5. Its seeds have anthelminthic properties and when mixed with lemon juice provides relief from eczema and ringworm.
  6. It is also used to treat skin ulcers, piles and eye disorders like cataracts. 

Myths and Religious Importance of PalashPlant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya)  

Botanical name – Butea monosperma

Local Name – Dhak, Dhank

Hindi Name – Palash , Tesu, Tensu

Sanskrit Name – Kimshuka

Economic benefits

Medical uses- Dhak is used for removing skin, cough, cold, stomach, worm, leprosy , dysentery etc.

Furniture, Agriculture Instruments, wood etc and for making coal, roots are used for rope materials and leaves container

Decoration – For color

Myths, Religious Importance and Traditions

The three united leaves of Dhak are considered Brahma (Creator), Vishnu (Preserver) and Shiva (Destroyer) .

People believe that Palash, Dhak is the form of Agni (Fire). In a Purana story, parvati cursed deities for taking birth in tree form and Agni took birth in the form of Palash .

In Grihvasutra, it is advised to use Dhak stick for Brahmin young man in Yagyopavit (thread ceremony) ritual.

In Shrotra Sruti, there are many methods for making Dhak, Palash wood as ‘samidha’  for various Yagya, homa.

In  Vayu Puran, using Dhak wood for Homa or Yagya is called auspicious.

In Indian Hindu astrology, Budh grah is the master of Dhak. Surya is also connected with Dhak  

Palash, Dhak is also an auspicious tree for Buddhist as second Buddha got gyan (Enlightenment)  under this tree.

In Mahabharata, the Dhak, plash is narrated in Aranyaka parva  when Pandavas travel to Garhwal for vanvas  

Dhak leaves are also used for blessing rituals or ceremonies.

Learned people suggest for rooting Dhak tree on est south of village.

People offered Dhlk flower to Devi.

Auspicious Importance in Holi Festival

In Uttarakhand, playing Holi with Palas color is very auspicious important aspect of Holi celebration.

Palash in Astrology

Purva Falguni Nakshatra is related to Palash and astrologers use Kadamb for person effected by Poorva Falguni Nakshatra.         

Palash in Tantric –Mantric Rituals

People use Palash , Dhak (White flower is supposed to be best) in Tantric Vshikran and Smridhi rituals.

There is importance of Dhak, Palash in Shankaracharji Mantra too.

There is uses of Palash in Damar Tantra डामर तंत्र

As per Uddamareshwar Tantra, Palsh is offered to please Kalkarni Yakshani.

Dhak, Palas in Proverb

The Hindi proverb ‘Dhak ke Teen pat’ is famous and common proverb for showing unchangeable.

Palash Tree

The Palash tree is a medium-sized tree characterized by its slow growth and broad green leaves.

Its presence can be observed across the country, accentuated by the stunning display of vibrant red flowers that resemble flames, giving the impression of a tree engulfed in fire.

Furthermore, the Palash tree holds immense significance due to its numerous uses.

It has been specifically chosen for carbon fixation initiatives, contributing to environmental sustainability.

Moreover, the project recognizes the potential of Palash in empowering farmers by providing them with these trees for planting, thereby improving their economic status.

Furthermore, Palash holds cultural significance, evident in various folk literary expressions that liken it to a forest fire.

The dry deciduous forests of Jharkhand, in particular, showcase the pinnacle of beauty when most trees have shed their leaves, and the palash tree flourishes in full bloom.

Its splendor has earned it the distinction of being designated as the State Flower of Jharkhand.

The Palash tree’s captivating appearance, ecological contributions, and cultural importance make it a valuable asset in various endeavors.

By incorporating palash into carbon fixation efforts and distributing it to farmers, the project not only enhances environmental sustainability but also preserves cultural heritage and supports the economic growth of local communities.

Value to the farmer

The versatile nature of this tree provides multiple uses, including timber, resin, fodder, medicine, and dye.

The wood, with its soft and dirty white appearance, is highly valued for its durability underwater, making it ideal for constructing well-curbs and water scoops.

Spoons and ladles crafted from this tree play a significant role in various Hindu rituals, serving the purpose of pouring ghee into sacred fires.

Furthermore, the tree yields high-quality charcoal, adding to its range of applications. While the leaves are typically leathery and unsuitable for cattle consumption, they have played a historical role in food service.

They serve as an alternative to modern-day plastic plates.

The leaves are skillfully transformed into cups, providing a biodegradable and eco-friendly option for eating.

Moreover, the abundance of uses makes each part of the tree valuable.

It enables farmers to sell different components year after year, steadily increasing their income.

This multifaceted tree not only contributes to economic prosperity but also fosters sustainable practices.

This tree offers biodegradable alternatives and preserves cultural traditions in many ways.

The tree’s diverse applications and economic potential make it a valuable resource for farmers, fostering income diversification and promoting sustainable practices.

Its contributions to various industries, from construction to rituals and food service, highlight its versatility and importance in local communities.

Plant a Tree of Palash: About the Project 

Once the saplings are distributed to the farmers, they will receive comprehensive technical knowledge on how to cultivate and nurture them.

The project is designed for the long term, ensuring continuous support to the farmers for a period of 3 years. Furthermore, the farmers will have the opportunity to be part of a group.

They will be motivated and guided by elucidating the various benefits they stand to gain.

Furthermore, the trees provided to the farmers will form an essential component of a comprehensive set aimed at enhancing their economic status.

The project recognizes the pivotal role that these trees can play in improving the livelihoods of farmers and therefore emphasizes the importance of their active participation and engagement.

The project’s commitment to long-term support, technical guidance, and the formation of farmer groups highlights the holistic approach taken to uplift the economic well-being of the farmers.

By providing them with the necessary tools and knowledge, the project empowers farmers to cultivate these trees effectively, thereby promoting sustainable agricultural practices and fostering economic growth within the farming communities.


The trees are geotagged, ensuring accurate location tracking.

The use of GPS technology allows for precise marking of the area boundaries.

Moreover, detailed information about the farmers, including their personal details and accompanying images, is recorded.

This comprehensive approach enables a complete understanding of the project’s impact on individual farmers.

Furthermore, all relevant data is efficiently captured and securely stored through mobile apps directly from the field.

This streamlined process ensures the timely and accurate collection of vital information.

The amount of carbon fixed annually is calculated using expert-developed equations specific to different tree species.

Moreover, the project places a strong emphasis on maintaining total transparency throughout the entire data lifecycle.

From data acquisition to storage and analysis, every step is conducted with utmost openness.

The incorporation of geotagging, GPS technology, and mobile apps, along with its focus on accurate data capture, carbon calculation, and transparency, underscores its commitment to leveraging technology for effective and accountable project management.

Impact assessment

The team actively measures and assesses the impact it generates for both wildlife and farmers.

Regular intervals are established for capturing comprehensive data, which is then analyzed by comparing it with previous data.

This systematic approach allows for a thorough evaluation of the changes observed and facilitates a comparison against the planned results.

Additionally, the comparison between data offers a clear understanding of the progress made and the extent to which the project’s objectives have been achieved.

This systematic measurement and evaluation process ensures accountability and informs future strategies for maximizing positive outcomes for wildlife and farmers.

The team shows dedication to evidence-based practices and continuous improvement. By consistently monitoring the impact and measuring it against planned results, the project can adapt and optimize its interventions, leading to greater benefits for wildlife and farmers alike.


Also called palash, tesu or Flame of the Forest, the plant grows as a medium-sized tree and is a native to India.

The tree grows up to 40 feet high and has a distinctive appearance due to its grey bark, irregular branches and crooked trunk.

The pinnate leaves have three leaflets each, which also brings to the very famous Hindi saying, ‘dhaak ke teen paat.’ The tree doesn’t flower until January, and even its leaves fall until then.

From January to March, the tree is laden with orange-vermillion flowers, which also lend it the most famous name, ‘The Tree of the Flame!’ The flowers have five petals with a beak-shaped keel.

The keel also earns it another colloquial name- parrot tree. Birds are the main pollinators of the flowers.

The flowers grow in clusters on leafless branches.palash tree flower


Tesu flowers or Butea Monosperma were used to make natural colour during the festival of Holi.

In Manipur, when a member of the Meitei community dies and his body is untraceable, the rest of the family cremates the wood of this tree instead of the body.

The flowers are the perfect way to control and manage indoor pollutants.

In tribal areas, women use the flowers to adorn themselves.

Palash flowers are believed to have religious value and are used in havan or yagna ceremonies.

Palash is considered a sacred tree and Indian Postal Department also issued a postal stamp to celebrate the value of the flower it adds to Indian landscape.

Palash / Butea Monosperma is also the state flower of Jharkhand.

It is also believed that palash is the form of the God of life himself- Agni.palash tree

It is a wonderful thing to notice here that each part of this tree from flowers to leaves, bark, seed, stem and gum, everything is of use. 

The tree has been used extensively in alternative medicines such as Unani, Homeopathy and Ayurveda medicines for its analgesic, aphrodisiac and antifertility properties.

MEDICINAL USE OF PALASH KE PHOOL:palash flower medicinal uses

Palash is a medicinal Indian herb and is used as an external as well as an internal remedy for the management of various ailments.

Palash bark is applied externally to treat wounds and cuts.

Palash seeds have a compound known as palaosin and often used to treat worm infestation.

The seeds are also laxative in nature.

The gum can be used to treat dysentery and diarrhoea.

Dried flowers are used as colour and in bathing to cure skin rashes and infection in summers.

The flowers are rich in Sulphur, which makes them perfect treatment for skin ailments.

The flowers purify and cleanse the bloodstream of free radicals.

The paste of flowers is also applied externally to cure joint pains, swelling, sprains, injury and arthritis.

The bark of the tree also has blood purifying properties.

The concoction made by flowers is beneficial in impotency and menstrual cramps.

Fruits and seeds of the plant are used to treat skin ulcers, piles and disorders related to eyes such as cataract.

Roots of a palash tree is used as an analgesic.

They are also used to cure night blindness.

The vivid orange Palash flowers that grow ubiquitously in numerous geographical terrains of India are indeed a beautiful floral wonder, being aptly titled “Flame Of The Forest”.

However, this small deciduous tree, scientifically called Butea Monosperma and native to India, South-East Asian countries of Nepal, Indonesia,

Thailand, Sri Lanka, is much more than just a pretty sight to behold, being a valuable creation of Mother Nature.

Bestowed with umpteen medicinal traits and therapeutic bioactive components, Palash flowers, as well as the roots, leaves, seeds, fruits are a panacea to heal myriad health anomalies, such as treating stomach infections, alleviating diabetes symptoms, easing bowel movements and even boosting sexual functions.

Not surprisingly then, Palash has been mentioned in the ancient Ayurvedic manuscripts authored by Sushruta, Charaka as a rather powerful and important herb with medicinal, as well as religious and spiritual significance.

In ancient times, when the students offered fruits to their Gurus or teachers to seek their blessings, they also placed Palash twigs as it was considered as auspicious sign.

Also, in Hindu festivals, when praying to the Almighty, Palash flowers are used in the pooja ceremonies as a holy offering to invoke the blessings of God for good   health, fortune and prosperity of all in the family.

Palash is indeed a multifaceted herb, not only featuring prominently in holy rituals but also comprising myriad useful components in its plant parts of flowers, fruits, seeds, for promoting health and wellbeing.

The Butea Monosperma Plant:

The Butea monosperma is originally grown in all regions of India, thriving in the dry season being a deciduous tree.

It grows up to a height of 15 meters, being short and sprouting at a slow pace.

The dark green leaves are in pinnate shape, arranged as three leaflets arising from the stems.

The flowers of Palash are vibrant orange in colour, with many wide petals, aligned in a cluster or raceme form and are edible, being very bitter.

Upon budding, the fruit is a small pod with a sharp acerbic taste.

Common Names Of Palash:

The Palash flowers, bearing a dazzling orange-yellow shade and resembling a fire, provide the general term for the tree as Flame of the forest.

Its other common English names include Bastard teak, Parrot tree, Butea gum and Sacred tree.

In the several regional languages in India, Palash is known by distinct names in the local languages, in Hindi as Dhak, Palas, in Assamese as Bipornok, in Bengali as Polosha, in   Gujarati as Khakara, Khakda, Khakhado, Khakhar, Khakar, Kesuda, in Oriya as Porasur, in Marathi as Palas, Dhak, Palas, and in Punjabi as Chichara.

In South India, the Palash tree is widely used not only for medicinal and holy purposes but also to serve food in the fresh green leaves.

In these regions, Palash is called in Kannada as Muttagamara, Muttulu, in Malayalam as Pilacham, Palashin, in Tamil as Palashmaram, Chamata, Parasa and in Telugu as Modugai, Paladu, Chettu.

The ancient Ayurvedic texts refer to Palash by various Sanskrit names of Vakrapushpa, Bhramavruksha, Raktapushpa, Yagnika, Samidha.

Ayurvedic Properties Of Palash:

Palash is bestowed with countless beneficial traits, as mentioned in the Ayurvedic scriptures of Sushruta Samhita, Charaka Samhita and Ashtanga Hridaya, which make it a powerful medicinal plant.

These comprise anti-diarrheal, anthelmintic, anti-diabetic, anti-stress, hepatoprotective, antifungal, astringent, aphrodisiac, laxative, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant qualities.

The Palash flowers and leaves are diuretic, aphrodisiac, astringent and increase the flow of blood in the pelvic region.

The seeds of the tree have purgative, diuretic to stimulate the production of urine and anthelmintic i.e. anti-parasitic properties.

The seed powder is used in the case of intestinal parasites.

Palash tree bark yields a gum which is known as kino, that houses astringent properties to treat haemorrhoids.

Palash/Butea Monosperma Benefits For Health:

Alleviates Diabetes Symptoms

Palash formulations can be taken regularly by those people who are strictly following a diet regime to lose weight, especially in the case of those with diabetes.

Rich in dietary fibers that can be processed easily in the stomach, Palash helps in keeping one feeling full for longer, reducing cravings and assisting in burning fat at a quicker pace.

It also improves insulin sensitivity by stimulating glucose absorption in muscle cells and thus lowering blood sugar levels in diabetics.

Treats Hypertension

Having negligible cholesterol content and high in potassium, Palash can be safely consumed in a diet regularly for promoting heart health.

The flower and leaf extracts can be effortlessly added to many standard homemade Indian dishes, as it improves the circulation of blood to and from the heart, lessening force between blood vessel walls, lowering high blood pressure and ensuring optimal functioning of cardiac muscles.

Detoxifies The Kidneys

Palash stimulates the normal elimination of body wastes via the excretory system in the body.

It boosts the secretion of fluids within the kidneys, promptly getting rid of accumulated toxins and at the same time, guaranteeing proper hydration of the internal organs in the body.

Palash leaf juice supports the routine tasks of kidneys and bladder.

Enhances Digestive System

Palash has a significant fiber content and carminative properties, which helps to prevent instances of constipation, bloating and cramping of the stomach, upon ingestion of a heavy meal.

Moreover, its laxative nature regulates bowel movements, thereby easing any discomfort experienced in the gut.

Strengthens Respiratory Processes

Palash has an intrinsic expectorant quality, which implies that it can readily loosen any excess phlegm or mucus secretions and remove them from the respiratory tract.

This immensely benefits lung function and also prevents any allergies and breathing difficulties.

Naturally Moisturizes Skin

Palash has innate content of the smoothening or emollient Vitamin E, that also has antioxidant properties.

The extract from the leaves and flowers, when applied on sunburns and rashes, pacifies the aggravated and dried up regions of the skin, leaving it soft and completely moisturized.

Combats Skin Infections

The residue derived from Palash leaves has astringent traits.

This helps in neutralizing the highly enflamed spots on skin.

It also efficiently reduces any boils, pus or carbuncles on the areas of the skin affected by allergies, fungal infections, environmental pollutants and sun rays.

Promotes Hair Growth

Palash has a multitude of phytonutrients which provide nourishment and vigour to the hair strands. Moreover, when applied as a gel of leaf or flower paste, it penetrates deep into the layers of the scalp and protects follicles, thereby maintaining the thickness and stability of hair.

Palash is an ideal natural option if you are looking to gain long and strong hair.

Tackles Excessive Dandruff

Palash has potent chemicals that can reduce the intensity of flakiness and dandruff on the scalp of hair. It can also shelter the roots of the hair strands, known as follicles, from the dirt and fungus particles that trigger dandruff.

Palash leaf paste or gel, when applied routinely to itchy and peeling scalp and dry hair, can significantly revamp the appearance of dull hair, giving it an incredible sheen.

Treats Alopecia

Extract of palash flowers and leaves, when prepared and applied in instances of severe hair fall, invigorated the blood circulation and nerve function in the scalp, promoting rapid hair growth.

Alopecia is characterized by prominent bald spots and excessive hair loss, and the high carotene content in palash extract counters these factors, to reduce constant hair fall and enhance the strength and smoothness of hair.

Battles Fevers

The phytonutrients or plant compounds in Palash have an inherent temperature reducing potential.

The leaves, when rubbed on a person suffering from high fever, provides immediate relief, reducing body temperature and symptoms of fatigue.

Moreover, since normal metabolism is affected during fevers, palash leaves also expel excess water and salts from the body, in order to help maintain ideal electrolyte balance.

Fights Jaundice

The leaves of palash contain substances called cucurbitacins, which play the crucial role of boosting the defense system and liver function in the body.

In addition, palash leaves also contain remarkable amounts of Vitamin C, which adds to the defense function and antioxidant capacity in those suffering from jaundice.

The ayurvedic remedy comprises crushing the leaves of palash and consuming it twice a day in warm water, to treat jaundice.

Remedies Heart Ailments

Palash extract is considered as one of the best remedies for cardiac ailments such as palpitations, irregular heartbeats, chest pain, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease.

In traditional Indian medicine, a dose of two cups of palash extract is given to those suffering from heart problems, to promote blood circulation and ameliorate the difficulties in performing normal day to day activities.

Eases Joint Pain

Being an effective anti-inflammatory, palash juice actually reduces bone and muscle pain and heals joint disorders such as arthritis, osteoporosis, gout and fractures.

In addition, it is packed with the three essential bone-fortifying minerals namely calcium, magnesium and phosphorous, which in turn increases bone mass and helps regain flexible movement in muscles and joints.

Uplifts Immunity

Being a powerhouse of vitamin C and a host of flavonoids and carotenes, palash is a potent agent to boost immune system function in situations of illnesses.

Since function of organs is below the optimum during disease, consuming palash decoction instills vitamin C to blood cells, which is subsequently transported to other organs to recover their peak functioning levels.

It also helps to recuperate from tiredness.

Regulates Thyroid

The thyroid hormone levels tend to fluctuate and rise above the normal range in some people, causing hyperthyroidism.

Palash is profuse in iodine content, which is vital to reduce elevated thyroid hormone levels, as well as zinc, which plays a central role in facilitating enzyme function for optimizing thyroid concentrations.

Alleviates Insomnia

The prominent neuroprotective antioxidant content in palash bark juice is very beneficial in monitoring brain functions and allowing the unobstructed conduction of nerve impulses.

Hence, during instances of insomnia or severe lack of sleep, having a glass of palash bark juice can lessen the activity of neurotransmitters and promote sleep.

Effect On Doshas By Palash:

The bright-hued saffron flowers of Palash, as well as the fruits, seeds, roots, leaves of the Butea Monosperma are considered vital herbs in the ancient practice of Ayurveda with potent antidotal qualities.

The age-old scriptures of Sushruta Samhita and Charaka Samhita enlist numerous distinct features of Palash flowers and plant derivatives on the doshas of the body.

This beneficial herb possesses Gunas or qualities of a dry texture i.e. Rooksha, being Laghu i.e. light to digest.

Palash has a Katu (pungent) Rasa or taste, also being Kashaya (astringent) and Tikta (bitter).

The flowers have a unique Madhura Vipaka, meaning a sweet taste after assimilation.

While the fruits have an Ushna Veerya i.e. hot potency, the Palash flowers portray a soothing cooling effect or Sheeta Veerya on the body.

The three energy elements or doshas of the body – Vata, Pitta, Kapha are present in varying amounts in the different organs and are impeded in times of illness.

Palash flowers are rather useful in balancing Kapha and Pitta doshas, while the fruits are known to rectify the problems of Vata and Kapha doshas.

Palash Dosage:

The recommended dosage of Palash formulations for safe ingestion  in the body on a daily basis for adults are:

1 – 2 tsp of Palash Churna with warm water and honey after meals

10 – 20 ml of leaf juice

50 – 100 ml of bark decoction

3 – 6 grams of flower powder

3 – 6 grams of seed extracts

1 – 3 grams of gum resin

These concentrations of Palash infusions are generally safe and effective when consumed along with the regular diet.

However, it is advised to consult with a certified Ayurvedic practitioner prior to ingesting Palash formulations, in order to ensure taking only the required dose and avert any side effects from excess consumption.

When giving to children, it is recommended to serve very small portions of Palash extracts along with warm milk and jaggery or honey, to facilitate smooth digestion.

Topical application of Palash pastes on the skin can be done in moderate amounts after making sure that no allergic reactions occur.

Side Effects Of Palash:

Palash is generally well-tolerated by most individuals, when taken as powders, pastes, decoctions, in the correct dose.

Nevertheless, it is advised to avoid consuming Palash formulations regularly for a prolonged period of time, since it hampers kidney functions.

Pregnant and breastfeeding women should not take Palash in any form as it could influence the reproductive and lactating hormones.

Moreover, for people with sensitive skin and very dry scalp, Palash paste preparations trigger allergies, rashes and hence must not be used.


Palash, clad by the scientific nomenclature Butea Monosperma, is truly an invaluable gift from Mother Nature and the time-tested system of Ayurveda, to enhance overall health.

Packed with strong antioxidants, phytonutrients and anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and aphrodisiac traits, Palash plant extracts aid in mitigating numerous health anomalies such as skin infections, joint pain and low sex drive.

The best way to reap the superb benefits of the Palash plant is by taking the herbal formulations in the right dosage, to steer clear of any side effects and uplift wellbeing.

Importance of Palash tree in Hinduism

According to Hindu scriptures, some trees and plants have the abode of gods and goddesses, such as Sri Hari Vishnu in the banana tree, and Lord Shiva in the Bael tree.

Many plants are planted in the house for happiness, peace and positive energy.

There is one such tree which has special importance in the religious rituals and functions of Hinduism.

 This tree is also known as Palash or Parsa tree.

These are of two types, one orange and the other white.

It is believed that Tridev resides in this tree. Palash flowers are used for many special remedies in astrology.

Apart from religious remedies, Palash flowers are also used in Ayurveda.

In today’s article, we will tell about the importance of Palash and its use.

Importance of Palash tree

Palash means sacred leaves and this tree has an important place in Hinduism.

Palash leaves, wood and flowers are used in religious rituals in Hinduism.

According to Hindu belief, the Palash tree originated from a fallen feather of an eagle immersed in Somras.

There is a legend about the Palash tree in which Goddess Parvati cursed Brahma Dev to become a Palash tree.

The religious significance of this tree begins with the triangular formation of its leaves, with the centre of the leaf representing Lord Vishnu, the left and Brahma, and the right representing Mahadev.

In the scriptures, the Palash tree has been called the treasurer of the gods.

Also, it is considered the symbol of the moon.

Because a beautiful view of the moon is visible in the centre of its flower.

White Palash is very dear to Lord Shiva

It is a religious belief that the flowers, leaves and bark of white Palash are very dear to Lord Shiva.

Its flowers are not only used for the makeup of God but Mahakal is also anointed with its leaves and flowers.

Use of the Palash tree in religious rituals

Dry twigs and sticks of Palash are used for burning in Havan in Hindu Yagya.

Dona made of Palash leaves is used for Shraddha work.

It is believed that the bhog offered to God in Palash leaf is like the prasad offered in a golden vessel.

The Palash leaf is considered like gold.

Palash leaves are used in Yagya and Havan.

Palash wood is used for making utensils used in religious works.

Its flowers are offered to Goddess Saraswati.

Palash Tree in Hinduism – Religious Significance of Palash Tree

Palash means having sacred leaves and is an important tree in Hinduism.

As per Hindu belief, the tree originated from the fallen feathers of a falcon soaked in Somarasa – the drink and offering made to Devas in Vedas.

The religious significance of the tree starts with the trifoliate formation of the leaf – the middle part of the leaf represents Bhagwan Srihari Vishnu; Brahma on the left and Mahadev Shiva on the right.

Palash Tree in Hinduism 

Palash Tree, in scriptures, is also referred to as treasurer of the gods.

 In some text it symbolizes the moon as the moon shining through the flowers is a spectacular sight.

As per Hindu belief, the tree originated from the fallen feathers of a falcon soaked in Somarasa – the drink and offering made of Devas in Vedas.

It is believed that once Gayatri in the form of eagle went to get somarasa from the celestial mountain Mujavana.

 While carrying back the somarasa, a guard of the mountain shot an arrow at the eagle, and a feather dipped in soma fell on earth.

Palash tree grew from the feathers.

As per another legend, Brahma was cursed by Goddess Parvati to become the palash tree.

Palash Tree Uses Rituals – Pujas and Yagnas 

In Hindu yagnas, the twigs and wood are used for burning in havan.

The leaves are used to pour ghee in havan.

The wood of the tree used to make utensils for pujas and yagnas.

Flowers are offered to Goddess Saraswati.

Those students who study Vedic scriptures wear the leaves as a sign of Brahmacharya

During Upanayana ceremony, the young student who is initiated into the world of scriptures hold a staff made of palash wood.

In some regions the blood red flowers of the Palash tree are offered to Goddess Kali.

The flowers are offered instead of the blood of animals.

There is a famous Marathi proverb related to palash tree – “Till the time the palash tree have leaves, don’t think of yourself as poor.”

During Holi festival, the flowers of palash dried and mixed with dal powders are used to make colors.

Medicinal Properties of Palash Tree

In Ayurveda, the tree is referred to as Brahmavrksha.

The tree and its flower have numerous medicinal properties.

The flower of the palash tree is referred as Tesu.
The palash tree needs little water and its leaves are used to make disposable plates.

It is believed that eating on palash leaves is equal to eating on silver plates.
The gum, flowers and leaves of the tree are commercially useful.

The glue is used in making medicines and food items that provides strength.
Boiling the flowers of the tree in water then bathing in it will help in curing skin diseases.
The wood, fruit, root, flowers, leaves, and seed of the tree is used in preparing various medicines.
The flower is crushed and mixed with milk and given to pregnant mothers.

This will improve the strength of the mother and child.

The powder of flower is used in medicine used to treat sexual disorders.

Some Unique Facts about Palash Tree

Meitei community uses a portion of the palash tree trunk for cremation if the body of a drowned person is not recovered.

In some regions, the trunk of tree is burned instead of the dead body.

This is when the corpse is never found.

This is the reason why some people do not grow palash tree in gardens and plots.

The tree is known as

  • English Bastara Teak, Butea Gum and flame of forest
  • Sanskrit – Kimsuka, Kinsuka, Palasa
  • Bengali – Palas
  • Kakara
  • Gujarati – Kesodo, Khakara, Khakhado, Khakhro Cichro, khakkarnu Jahada
  • Hindi – Dhak, Kakria, Kankrei, Palas, Tesu-ka-per
  • Kannada – Muttuga, Thoras
  • Marathi – Kakracha Jhada, Palas, Parar
  • Malayalam – Brahma Vriksham Murukku maram
  • Tamil – Murukkam, Purashu
  • Telugu – Modugu, Mohtu, Palas , Tella-madugu